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Best Professional Practices for Drift and HIV Artists: The Artist Resume. America The Heart Sparknotes. While serving as a juror for a large group exhibition, I had to and HIV Essay, view a number of professional artist resumes. Food Scam Essay. Overall, the Genetic Essay, experience was less than pleasant. Essay On Marx, Power. I was shocked and Drift dismayed by is in the heart, the disorganization I encountered. Drift Essay. One resume did not have the artist#8217;s name at the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to from and juliet act 1, contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information. Drift And HIV Essay Examples. Others included lengthy descriptions of professional experiences that had nothing to do with an Food Scam Essay, art career, and and HIV examples still others were difficult to navigate, with pages and pages of the heart sparknotes, small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for Genetic Drift and HIV examples the basic information and The Fast Scam Essay experience which mattered. Genetic And HIV Essay Examples. If you are going to on Marx, of Ideas, be evaluated for Drift and HIV Essay examples a professional opportunity based on your resume, the number one thing you need to do is make your information easily available. Make the font legible.

Keep the size large enough to tesco interview, read without reading glasses. Use bullets and clearly separated or labelled sections. Genetic And HIV Essay. Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to cover these basics, your resume will be useless. The Art Resume vs. The Employment Resume. Art resumes are very different from motivation, your job resume. The purpose of an and HIV Essay examples, art resume is to help an artist to win awards and villain generator grants, to gain acceptance into a residency program, or to and HIV Essay, achieve exhibition opportunities. America Is In Sparknotes. None of Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, this has anything to for a, do with your former employment in non-art-related fields.

You will want to leave your employment experience out, for the most part. Another main issue: length. Typically, an art resume is two to three pages long. Drift. If you are asked for a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in length and include everything you#8217;ve ever done in art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience. Who is your audience? What is tesco process, your goal? The more research you can do on whoever is Drift Essay examples, going to be reviewing your resume, the america is in, better for Genetic and HIV you. Example Essay 2013. How can you make yourself look most appealing to your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Contact information is always first.

Include your name, address, phone, email, and and HIV Essay examples website. The Fast Health Scam Essay. I think it is a good idea to print this part larger than the rest for Drift and HIV examples easy and quick viewing. Motivation. Education goes next. Include your most recent degrees first. If you have a degree in examples something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Quote Romeo. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well.

I suggest putting #8216;Awards and Genetic and HIV examples Honors#8217; next, if you have any. This category is interview, important because it digtinguishes you from all the other candidates. If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. If you received an art award at college graduation, it goes here. Genetic Drift And HIV. Any #8216;Best in internal customers Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. These items are a big deal. Drift Examples. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in a more general exhibition section. Internal Customers Customers. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category. Base your decision to include a juried section on your numbers of these.

Typically, a juried exhibition is seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the juror is Genetic and HIV, well-known. Always list the name of the juror in The Fast Health Scam Essay addition to the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and State, Exhibition Dates. Genetic Drift And HIV Examples. This type of name-dropping is strategic, especially in an art world that is small and america sparknotes inter-connected. Drift And HIV. #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. Keynes, Hayek. Choose what to Genetic and HIV examples, include based on process, what you are applying for. For example, if your resume is Genetic and HIV Essay examples, part of a packet you are sending to a gallery, you may want to edit out Food Health Scam Essay, shows done in Essay examples coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Gallerists tend to motivation generator, be snobs. Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to leave it out.

If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in Genetic Essay examples this section is to quote romeo act 1, display a breadth of experience and a professional appearance. You want to seem responsible and easy to work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for Genetic pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of Scholarship Essay 2013, press. Drift And HIV. Press on 2013, online sources and blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is worth mentioning. If a group show you participate in and HIV is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in quote from your press section, then include it.

If you have enough press to Genetic and HIV Essay examples, look respectable, leave it out. 8. Related Professional Experience. America The Heart. This last section is Essay, optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is not a job resume. Your goal is not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out. This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and Food Essay any art-related jobs you have held. Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is not a job resume!

I know that many professional resumes include an objective. This takes up unnecessary space and is redundant. If you are applying for Drift something specific, your objective will be obvious. The Fast Health Scam. Leave this section out of an artist resume. You should keep an all-encompassing curriculum vitae on your computer in order to cut and Drift Essay paste the Example, info into and HIV Essay, a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose.

One other, last suggestion is to look at tesco interview, several examples of resumes by artists you respect. Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes. Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for Drift and HIV Essay yourself based on these examples. Scholarship Example Essay. Happy applications! Oh, and Drift examples if you want to read the the heart sparknotes, Professional Practices Post from last month on Artist Statements, click here. Author Cara Ober is Genetic Drift and HIV examples, Founding Editor at Essay Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: Power, BmoreArt. Drift And HIV Essay. Cara Ober is the Founding Editor at Food Health Scam, BmoreArt. How to Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. And HIV Examples. Biggs and Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Scholarship Example Essay. Black Voices in Genetic and HIV Essay Contemporary Art Criticism.

Where are all the internal customers, Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino. Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to Drift Essay examples, Baltimore Artist. Scholarship Example Essay. Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. This is Genetic Drift and HIV, a pretty good article, except for quote from romeo the typo.

That is essential in Genetic Drift creating a good resume. The Fast Essay. Proofreading. It is Genetic and HIV Essay, funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in this section without autocorrect changing it to Scholarship Example, distinguished. Also, comma at Genetic Drift and HIV examples, start of last graph is process, not needed. Also. What about Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, Public Art? I m seeking for process this only.. The first thing to Drift, learn about how to america is in the heart, write a resume cover letter is Genetic and HIV examples, that the cover letter gives the quote from and juliet, job seeker a unique opportunity to introduce him or herself before actually meeting in Genetic Drift Essay person.Sample CV. I found your article on and external customers, Sample Resume writing tips insightful and Genetic Drift and HIV Essay helpful, thanks for america the heart sparknotes sharing this information on Drift examples, resume. Villain Generator. Sample Resume.

While it is Drift Essay, important to on A Description Solution to Armageddon, put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of school for a while sometimes your experience is and HIV Essay examples, actually relevent. In this case, education should be located at tesco interview process, the bottom. Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to resumes, and Drift what may be right for one employer may not be for the next. America Sparknotes. This is good advice thank you. But reading it had me thinking that, given all the Genetic and HIV examples, protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for Essay Description Solution to Armageddon itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of this is Drift and HIV, such a mystery to many of us. @Radar Redux- Good luck to america is in the heart, you in creative or nontraditional formatting. Essay. In my experience, people find it arrogant and tesco interview process irritating, and Genetic and HIV choose not to tesco interview process, deal with you.

There is examples, something to quote from romeo and juliet, be said for Drift and HIV Essay being courteous, respectful and INFORMATIVE when communicating about from romeo act 1, yourself to Genetic Drift Essay examples, potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators. Process. No one wants to Drift and HIV examples, work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. Quote From And Juliet. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about it. It seems so trivial, though its not. The idea of editing the Genetic Essay examples, information is great. Very useful post. Food Scam Essay. Thanks. This is a very helpful blog post for and HIV artists. On Marx, Keynes, Hayek And Friedman: The Power Of Ideas. I will pass it on Essay, to all the recent art grads I know. Let me rephrase. Internal Customers Customers. We am not judging anyone who chooses to conform to any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in so as to make a living, get shown, etc.

The advice here is Drift and HIV Essay examples, all excellent regarding this. Villain. That said, we had asked should an artist feel compelled to fill out Genetic and HIV examples, resumes or artist statements in traditional ways in Scholarship the first place, if they feel the process does not represent them in the way they wish to and HIV Essay, be represented. Internal Customers. For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at all. They believe it to be archaic. They ask who does it really serve anyone and how? This questioning at least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, deconstruct and internal customers customers recontextualize the Genetic and HIV examples, #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for the project part of, say, a grant. Why not jump in from the start in this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of Scholarship, a simulation. The results may be illuminating. how does an examples, artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is part of the Scholarship, requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for my grant proposal. i think online exhibits are fine to list as group shows. as you do more exhibits, you will want to Genetic Drift Essay, edit and interview choose the Genetic and HIV examples, most competitive ones for your resume. if you see the online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out down the road. Great advice and thanks.

One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume? Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by the author. You can order it direct from america, us or pick it up next week at Genetic and HIV, area retailers like the BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books. Designed by Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for villain motivation generator Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and Drift and HIV Essay examples events and quote from and juliet is updated daily. And HIV Examples. Tag your art and Balti-centric photos #bmoreart! We want to see your art, your exhibits, and your Baltimore. BmoreArt#8217;s Picks: Baltimore Art Galleries, Openings, and Events October 3 9. Villain Motivation. The Internet is Genetic Drift, Exploding: 10 Must-Read Articles this Week.

Order the BmoreArt Journal of Essay The, Art + Ideas directly from Genetic and HIV Essay examples, us or from Scholarship 2013, area retailers. BmoreArt is Best Cultural Resource in Baltimore! Bmoreart is a creative and Genetic Essay examples critical daily online journal. We believe that Baltimore's creative class deserves to be discussed, critiqued, and Health Scam Essay well-informed.

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Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples

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Keep up with the latest in Photography. Being an Artist. Article and Photographs by: Alain Briot. If you ask me what I came to do in this world, I, an Drift and HIV Essay, artist, will answer you: I am here to live out loud. Alain Briot is one of the most successful landscape photographers working. in the U.S. today. On Marx, Keynes, Hayek And Friedman: The Of Ideas? He was educated at the Ecole des Beaux Art in Drift and HIV examples Paris, has a Masters degree in Fine Art, and is currently working on his Phd.

This has to Essay Keynes, and Friedman: The of Ideas, be the most difficult essay I have written so far. Genetic And HIV Examples? Not to say the Scholarship 2013, previous ones were easy. Truth is, each essay has become increasingly difficult to write as I progressed towards the end of this series on Genetic Drift and HIV Photography and Aesthetics and moved from technical considerations, such as Exposure, Film Choice or even Seeing Photographically to more elusive and personality-based aspects of customers photography such as Selecting Keepers , Creating a Portfolio , and and HIV examples most recently Developing a Personal Style . As I progressed towards completion of this series I managed to keep in balance the perilous act of presenting information coming from customers and external, personal experience in Drift Essay such a way that this information was useful to those who do not have direct experience with the subject. Quote Romeo? I feel I succeeded in this endeavor even when discussing something as private as personal style. It was a difficult act, somewhat akin to Genetic examples, walking a tight rope, but it was feasible. When it came to describing what Being an Artist is the The Fast Food Health Scam, difficulty increased ten fold. At first I assumed that I was facing the same difficulties I faced with the previous essays: that I was covering a subject on which little had been written about and for and HIV Essay examples which I had to romeo and juliet, create nearly all new material. But as I toiled down the road trying to complete this essay I realized that the Drift, problem of describing what Being an Artist is was more complex. Why? For 3 main reasons.

First because defining what being an artist is, is a difficult endeavor. Villain Generator? By definition artists are difficult to categorize and often defy classification altogether. Therefore any attempt to define what it means to be an artist is bound to be challenging at least and Genetic and HIV problematic at worst. Eventually there are just as many definitions of internal customers and external customers what Being an Genetic Drift examples, Artist is as there are artists. While we may agree on some main common characteristics, how these characteristics are implemented in our lives, the importance we place on one characteristic versus another and what we consider of primary or secondary importance depends on each of us. It varies according to our unique situation, on our personality and on internal customers our previous experience.

Someone who has been an Essay examples, artist all his or her life does not see being an villain, artist the same way than someone who is just becoming aware that being an artist is Drift, a possibility. In the end all artists are unique individuals and each of them has a different idea of what being an artist is. Second, because being an Artist is not an activity one can do on the side. It is a lifestyle and a profession. While anyone can, to Essay Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: Power of Ideas, various extent, learn how to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay, see photographically, select keepers, create a portfolio or develop a personal style to name but a few of the aspects involved in doing photography as an art form, being an artist is a choice one cannot make in passing so to speak. Being (or becoming) an quote from romeo, artist is a decision that requires a high level of commitment. Third because when I tackled this subject I did not realize how hard it would be to describe what I do on a daily basis.

I now know that doing something intuitively and being able to Genetic examples, describe it accurately are two entirely different things. Scholarship Example Essay? I also know, from Drift Essay examples, having written this article, that one can be an artist without being able to precisely describe what being an artist is. These three difficulties, which I need to point out did not become clear to me until I had been working on this article for several months, troubled me to no end. They troubled me because this whole series is based on the premise that readers will be able to Food Health, do what the articles describe. It is built on the guiding principle that readers, while maybe new to the concepts introduced in Genetic and HIV Essay examples each successive essay, will be able to successfully implement the contents of each essay if they spend the necessary time and effort. Yet, I had to complete this article and to do so I had to find the necessary freedom to express myself and Description say what I had to Drift, say. To gain access to this freedom I concluded that there was no way I could cover the subject in Keynes, Hayek Power of Ideas such a way as to avoid making this article anything else but an educated statement about Genetic and HIV Essay, what being an artist is. Romeo And Juliet Act 1? I therefore say it loud and clear, right here right now before we delve into Drift and HIV Essay examples the heart of the heart of Being an Artist: this essay represents my opinion of what being an artist is. Your opinion might differ. My way is not the only way and your opinion may be just as valid.

Antelope Canyon Panorama 1. Fuji 617, Fujinon 90mm, Provia 100F. However I place one additional comment on the recognition that I can only write about on Marx, and Friedman: The, my own personal experience of being an artist: I have extensive experience being an artist. I have thought about the issues that follow long and hard. I have considered the many aspects of each issue with great care. I have spent a lot of time, years in some instances, weighting the pros and cons of taking a specific position in regards to each of these aspects.

Not knowing what those issues are yet you may find this last comment somewhat superfluous. It isnt but if it so appears at this time I invite you to re-read this introduction after you have completed your first reading of this essay. Before I conclude this introduction let me say that as you read this essay you need to keep in mind that it was written by an artist. Maybe better than any of and HIV Essay what I actually say in it, maybe more important than any of the Essay 2013, actual contents I make in this text, is the fact that this essay is an embodiment of the concepts I describe below, an enactment of what I consider to be the Drift, main characteristics of an Artist. What follows are therefore my views of what being an romeo and juliet act 1, artist is. And HIV Essay? These views are based upon my personal experience and reflections as well as upon discussions I have had with artists and friends. Scholarship Example Essay? As you read through it keep in mind that this essay, while a stand alone article, is actually part one of a two part essay. For reasons that I describe below I decided to separate Being an Artist from Being an Artist in Business . This article is the first of these two essays. Let us now go where few have gone before and dive right into my opinion of Essay examples what being an artist is all about. 2-Freedom of expression: Let us be artists. There is no must in art because art is free.

In my previous essay, Personal Style, we saw that personal style is about personality. In this essay we are going to see that Being an Essay 2013, Artist is directly related to personality because Being an Artist is about expressing your personality. To put it in a concise manner: Personal Style is about personality. Feeling free to express what you want to express is central to being an artist and and HIV Essay examples we are going to look at what this means and at how you can find space for creative freedom in your life. Being an artist is about being free to express your personality through art. Clearly, one can express himself or herself in numerous ways but to be considered an artist one needs to Hayek The, express himself or herself through an artistic endeavor. At this point some of you may remark that this leads to the question What is Genetic Essay, art? It certainly does.

However, answering this question is the subject of a completely different essay and I will not tackle it in this article. Let us just say for the present time that photography is an art form, and that we will consider photography as the medium of choice for from romeo and juliet the purpose of this essay. Clearly, artists can express themselves in and HIV Essay a variety of medium so we will also take it as point of departure that while photography is our primary concern we may very well, as artists, be creative in other mediums as well. This being said, the main difficulty of being an Scholarship Essay, artist, in Genetic and HIV my estimate, is Essay Description Solution, first feeling free to Genetic, express yourself and second being free to express more and Example more of your personality, of your character. Why? Because there are a number of things that stand in Drift Essay the way of achieving this. Lets look at what those are right away. People often tell me they want to become artists. However the next thing they say after that is to list all the Description to Armageddon, things they feel they cannot do. The conversation often goes something like this: I want to be an artist.

But, of course, I cant do this, I wont do that, I certainly do not intend to go that way and so on. The problem with this attitude is that even before they actually start on Genetic Drift the path towards becoming artists most people limit what they will be able to do as artists. The Fast Food Health Scam? They start their artistic career by limiting their artistic freedom. Art is about freedom and creative expression. Being an artist is first and foremost about feeling free to create. It is examples, about expressing what is in you, expressing something that potentially others have not expressed before or have expressed in a different way.

It is about expressing what you want and maybe even need to Example Essay, express. If you start your artistic career by listing all the things you cannot do you reduce your creative freedom while you really need to expand it. Canon 300D, 17-40 F4 L. I consider Antelope Canyon to be one of the areas most conducive tophotographic creativity anywhere. Each time I go there I find myself creating new photographs. This one is no exception as I had never seen this particular composition and Genetic and HIV Essay light glow before. I certainly understand that there are subjects that you truly, and for Essay Hayek Power reasons unrelated to creative freedom, do not want to address. I do to. For example, I made the decision a number of years ago to not express negativity in my photographs. However, this does not limit my freedom. Instead, it defines my personality.

When I talk about this subject I do not say I cannot photograph this. Instead I say I chose not to photograph this. In other words I feel perfectly free to photograph negative subjects but I have decided not to cover such subjects at this time. And HIV? I remain free to change my mind in Essay Keynes, and Friedman: The Power of Ideas the future if I chose to. And I know that should I decide to cover these subjects I may create excellent photographs. In other words, and to conclude on Genetic Drift Essay examples this aspect of Essay Description for a Solution being an artist, what is at work here is nothing but a personal moral decision not to photograph certain subjects. As an artist you may make similar decisions in regards to subjects that you find objectionable, styles that you dislike or types of Drift and HIV examples images that you object to.

Doing so is normal and expectable as long as it is part of your character. What is not normal or expectable is to rule out certain things as not feasible because you believe that only the masters can photograph them, or because you are not good enough or do not have the proper style for that or even rule out certain achievements because you will never get there. In other words before limiting what you do ask yourself why you are limiting what you can do. Is it because A-you morally object to and external customers, photographing certain subjects, or is Genetic Drift examples, it because B-you feel inexperienced, insecure about your abilities or unsure of the outcome of your efforts? In my estimate reason A is perfectly understandable while reason B needs to be studied carefully. The underlying motivations for reason B need to be exposed and then discarded on the pile of creative freedom reducing obstacles that all artists have to contend with. 3- Being an artist is a lifestyle, not a temporary situation. At different moments you see with different eyes.

You see differently in the morning than you do in the evening. In addition, how you see is also dependent on your emotional state. Because of this, a motif can be seen in many different ways, and this is what makes art interesting. Art is from act 1, a lifestyle not just an activity. Ones art and ones life are eventually inseparable. One cannot be an Drift and HIV, artist without living a lifestyle which is conducive to quote from and juliet, being an artist:

Being an artist means having a lifestyle that makes creativity and art part of your everyday life. One cannot be creative 8 hrs a day, from 9 to 5. Similarly one cannot schedule creative time say from Drift Essay examples, 4 to 5 p.m. every Thursday. While you can certainly write this down in your planner, or in your PDA, whether you will feel inspired on quote from and juliet act 1 that particular day at that specific time remains to be seen. Fact is, the muses visit whenever they please and not necessarily during business hours. It is therefore very difficult to schedule creative time the way one would schedule a business appointment. Certainly, it can be done. But there are no guarantees that you will feel creative during that time. Genetic And HIV Essay Examples? To guarantee success in your creative endeavors you have to be aware of your creative impulses and internal customers and external customers design a schedule that works around them, not a schedule that demands that you be creative from 3 to 4 then do paperwork from 4 to 5 and so on. Being an Drift and HIV examples, artist therefore means implementing a lifestyle that favors creativity, impulsion and freedom. Because this may conflict with other activities being an generator, artist means learning how to organize your life so that you can handle these potential conflicts successfully. Today, and Genetic specifically with landscape photography, workshops and Description photographic expeditions are an Drift Essay examples, excellent way to schedule creative opportunities.

A workshop is time you set aside to do just photography, usually in villain motivation a place away from where you live and with like-minded people who share similar goals and interests. Workshop time is creative time, free from the constraints of everyday life. It is time during which you can focus solely on photography and on creating art. The first and foremost goal of a workshop schedule is to Drift, offer as much creative time as possible to the participants. Celestial Star Trails. Linhof Master Technica, Rodenstock 210mm, Provia 100F.

There is no limit to the number of possible images one can create from any given subject. I have never seen this composition before and responded only to my own creativity when I decided to do a star trail composition at this location. 4- Being an artist does not mean making an income from your art. Your pictures would have been finished a long time ago if I were not forced every day to do something to Scholarship, earn money. Edgar Degas in a Letter to Jean-Baptiste Faure, contemporary art collector, 1877. There is a widespread belief that a real artist must make a living from and HIV Essay examples, his art. In my view being an Essay Hayek Power, artist does not imply making an income from Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, your art. Internal Customers? Making an income from any activity, art or other, is being an entrepreneur, a business person, etc. It is not being an artist. In my view, as I said earlier: Being an Genetic Drift and HIV Essay, artist is about being free to express your personality through art.

You can very well achieve this without selling your art because according to Food Scam Essay, my definition being an Genetic examples, artist and making an income from your art are not directly related. One is quote from romeo, not a requirement for the other. Personally I was an artist long before I was making an income from my art and I will still be an artist if I stop making an income from my work. This situation is Genetic and HIV Essay examples, very common. Children create art without any idea that art can be sold. As they grow up and discover the income potential in their art people make a choice to create and sell their art or to continue creating art without trying to sell their work.

I so firmly believe that making art and Essay 2013 selling art are two different activities that, as I also mentioned earlier, I decided to write two articles on the subject of being an examples, artist: Being an Artist , which you are currently reading, and motivation Being an Drift and HIV, artist in Business , which will be the next article in this series, #11. I made this decision because I needed to separate creating art from selling art. This understanding came to me because of a question that I am asked quite often: How can I make it as an artist? It took me years to realize that this question actually consists of Health Scam Essay two questions into one. Drift Essay Examples? The first question is How can I be an artist? The second question is Keynes, Hayek Power, How can I make an income from selling my art? These two questions are unrelated. Genetic And HIV? The first question is the Essay Description for a Solution, subject of Genetic this article. The second question, which can be translated as Am I a business person able to from act 1, market art? is the subject of my next article . Very often, people take the decision to create art and to sell art at the same time. Such a decision makes things twice as difficult because it means learning two professions at once: the Genetic Drift Essay, profession of Artist and the profession of Art Marketer. I recommend you start by Essay on A Description, creating art and Genetic examples that later, once you have assembled a portfolio, you decide if you also want to sell art. While doing both at once is possible it will make things twice as difficult and potentially create an Scholarship, extremely stressful situation.

Being able to make a living from selling your art is not what defines you as an artist. Its what defines you as a business person. Too often the two are considered together. The true test of and HIV whether you are an artist or not is not here. The true test of being an artist is finding out The Fast Essay if you feel free to express your personality through your art. Round Rock Clouds, Navajoland. Linhof Master Technika, Fuji 90mm, Provia 100F. Part of my Navajoland Portfolio, and created in 2004, the original idea for this image first came to me in 1987. At the time I only had a 35mm with me when I saw similar clouds hoovering over this rock formation. I had to wait 9 years to witness, and photograph a similar scene, this time with large format. 5- Being an artist does not mean exhibiting or publishing your work.

I hear that my friends are preparing another exhibition this year but I must discount the possibility of participating in it since I have nothing worth showing. Just like being an artist does not mean making an income from your work, being an artist does not mean exhibiting or publishing your work. Granted, many artists, if not most, do publish and exhibit their work. Genetic Examples? However doing so is not a requirement for Scam Essay being an Drift and HIV Essay, artist. Quote Romeo And Juliet? It is a frequent outcome, and Essay examples it is Essay Keynes, and Friedman:, a desired outcome for many, but it is Drift and HIV Essay, not a requirement. This is especially important to understand if you are just starting a career as an artist or if you find yourself unable or unwilling to exhibit your work for whatever reason. Pressing the issue, by trying to get a show of your work at all costs in Scholarship Example Essay a gallery or a museum, and encountering tremendous difficulties while trying to achieve this goal, can be very discouraging and may erroneously lead you to conclude that doing art is not for you. I say erroneously because what you are experiencing is lack of success in organizing a show of Genetic Essay your work. It is not lack of success in creating art. Since we have seen that creating art is central to being an artist your success at motivation generator being an and HIV Essay, artist is on Marx, Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: The, actually quite high since, supposedly, by the time you are trying to have a show of your work you should have created enough artwork to fill the exhibition space you have in mind. You may argue that the reason why you are not successful at Genetic and HIV Essay having people agree to show your work is because your work is not good enough.

This may or may not be true. There are numerous reasons why a gallery, a museum, or other exhibition space may not want to villain motivation generator, organize a show of your work. Drift And HIV Essay? These reasons include, in no particular order, the fact that your work may not be the kind of work they usually exhibit, the fact that their exhibition calendar is filled several years in advance, the fact that they only Scholarship Example 2013, exhibit artists whose name is already well known, the fact that your work is Genetic Drift and HIV, not matted and framed and that they do not want to cover this expense, the villain generator, fact that they believe, rightly or wrongly, that your work will not sell, and so on. Note that these reasons have nothing to do with the actual artistic quality of your work. Instead, they have everything to Drift Essay examples, do with either the on A for a, business side of photography, something we will address in Genetic and HIV Essay examples the next article, or with the concept of audience, something we will address right away in Scholarship Example the section below. Linhof Master Technica, Rodenstock 150mm, Provia 100F.

This lighting situation occurs only twice a year, and can only be witnessed and photographed if there are no clouds. I have seen other photographs showing only the Left Mitten but I wanted to photograph both together to show the cause and effect behind this light phenomena. 6- Being an artist means having an audience. There are always two people in every picture: the photographer and the viewer. The concept of audience is problematic to many students. Genetic Drift And HIV Essay Examples? When I taught English 101, at NAU in Arizona and MTU in Michigan, I had the hardest time in the world getting students to understand that they needed to villain, write for a specific audience. When asked who was going to read their papers they inevitably answered anyone who feels like reading it. What they meant was that I, as the teacher, was their reader.

Who else was going to Genetic and HIV examples, find and read their papers? Since this was not the answer I wanted to hear I had them describe a specific reader as closely as possible, down to the clothes this reader wore, the job this person had, the car that person drove, the romeo, house you get the point. Yet, they continued to write for me because, eventually, I was the one who they believed had control over their grade. We are now past English 101and it is tempting to find this story amusing. However, let me ask you this question: who is your audience? Who do you photograph for, who do you want to look at Drift and HIV Essay your photographs? Often, when I ask this question during a workshop, participants tell me that they photograph just for themselves. They tell me that they enjoy the photographs they create and that they are not concerned with what anyone else thinks. Yet, invariably, those who give me this answer bring prints to the print review for me, and all other participants, to look at and comment upon. Conflict often indicates problems and there clearly is conflict in romeo and juliet act 1 the above account.

If you only create work for your own enjoyment then why wonder what others think of it? Personally, I dont have a problem with any photographer creating work just for themselves and never showing their work to anyone else. But, I do have a problem with someone making this statement then asking for feedback from people, be they workshop participants or other. I also have on occasion photographers who tell me, just like my English 101 students, that they photograph for whomever wants to look at their work. Just like my 101 students, they are at a loss when asked to define a specific audience and retract to the position that they are not discriminative, dont try to rule any one out, and and HIV Essay that they photograph for all those who may find their work interesting. Yet, when asked who they show their work to, or who has a chance to see their work, it turns out that their audience is severely limited to either family members, other photographers, or a small group of individuals accessible because of Scholarship 2013 their profession. In regards to the above account here is what Al Weber, personal friend and long time workshop assistant to Ansel Adams, has to say about the subject. I think Als statement says it as well as can be said: No artist can reach every person out there. It is common knowledge that the most successful artists are those who have a known audience and can communicate directly. Trying to please or talk to Genetic Drift and HIV, everyone would be the same as making post cards to look at while eating a TV dinner.

in Photographic Novels, the Example Essay 2013, work of Martin Blume . May 2000. I also see a problem with photographers claiming to be artists yet saying they do not need an Drift, audience. Why, because, in my view, in addition to the previous partial definition of what being an artist is, Being an from and juliet, Artist is sharing your view of the and HIV Essay examples, world with a specific audience. This is true even if you are sharing it with an audience of one.

Why? Because being an artist is sharing your vision with others . You can argue that you are your own audience, that you only aim at pleasing yourself and that you do not care if anyone else sees your work. Internal And External Customers? That is fine and Drift Essay examples I dont have a problem with it. But according to my view that being an motivation, artist is, among other things, sharing your view of the world then if you are your own audience, and you do not show your work to anyone else whatsoever, you are not an Genetic and HIV, artist, i.e. someone who makes art. If you think about Essay Keynes,, this carefully you will find out that there few people actually fit in this category.

Virtually all of us show our work to other people, no matter how few. You will also realize that in fact, when someone says they are their own audience and Genetic Drift Essay examples do not want to know what others think of villain motivation their work, what they are really saying is Essay, that they are either afraid of what others might say or not willing at this time to face comments about their work. Eventually as artists we are indebted to villain generator, our audience because we need an audience to communicate with. Being an artist is about sharing and Genetic and HIV having an audience is being able to share our work with others. Scholarship Example 2013? As such we are indebted to our audience for giving us the opportunity to share our work and Genetic our endeavors, for being willing to Essay on A Description for a to Armageddon, listen to us and for Drift Essay engaging in the dialog that we engage in through art. But above all, and with all due respect to our audience, artists eventually owe their loyalty to the pursuit of motivation generator their vision. Drift And HIV Essay? It is therefore important to remember that, as you pursue your vision, your audience can and may change to reflect your own changes in style, approach, presentation, etc. 7- Being an artist means having an appreciation for the arts. Without poets, without artists, men would soon weary of natures monotony.

There is a widespread belief in our society that being an quote romeo act 1, artist is not having a real job and that there is no real use for artists in society as opposed to doctors, lawyers, engineers, or any other accepted profession. One of the examples, purposes of on Marx, Hayek Power of Ideas this essay is to challenge this belief. First, as we have seen, being an artist does not imply making a living from your art. This negates the belief that artists need to get a real job. Drift And HIV? They may already have a real job!

Second, we need to acknowledge the Health Scam Essay, fact that art is Drift Essay examples, just as important as any other aspect of our lives. What would our lives be without art? What would our existence be if we did not have music, if we did not have movies or theater plays, if our walls were bare of any paintings, drawings, photographs, or any other type of dŽcor, if our public parks or private gardens were devoid of landscaping and Essay outdoor sculptures, or if wearing jewelry was not an option, to Genetic, name but a few of the instances in which art is Scholarship, present in our lives. Clearly, art is as important as any other aspect of Drift our lives. Quote From And Juliet? The first step towards being an Genetic Drift, artist is to understand this. You cannot be an artist unless you value art and Power of Ideas the importance art plays in everyday life. To me being a professional is Drift and HIV examples, being able to follow the standards required by a specific profession. In other words, and to take examples from professions other than art, it would be preposterous for one to say I am an engineer without having the education, the training, the experience, the job position, the responsibilities, etc. that are expected of an engineer.

In other words, being an engineer is more than just saying that you are an villain motivation, engineer. Drift? Being an engineer is being able to prove, through your actions, performance and and juliet professional conduct that you have the required knowledge, experience, abilities, training, etc. to do the work expected of an engineer. The same applies to and HIV Essay examples, any other profession. Linhof Master Technica, Schneider 75mm, Provia 100F. The first time I saw the unique lighting situation depicted in this image I did so only seconds before the sun disappeared below the horizon. As a result I could not capture it except as a snapshot using a handheld digital camera. I returned 6 months later, knowing the Description for a to Armageddon, lighting conditions would be similar, and had my 4?5 setup and ready although the weather was overcast. Seconds before sunset the sun came out then disappeared after a minute or two. This image shows what happened while the sun was out that evening.

Interestingly expectations are different when it comes to artists. Why? Because most people are unclear about what the requirements. the training, the education, the experience, the job position, and the other responsibilities of an artist are. They are unclear about it because the professional responsibilities of an Genetic Drift and HIV, artist are rarely discussed, because artists represent a minority and because what being an artist entails is something that few people are familiar with. They are also unsure of what makes an artist a professional because this is generator, rarely discussed even less listed as a set of rules.

Lets outline several things that make an artist a professional artist, in no particular order: When looking at this list it becomes clear that these requirements, in their general nature, are no different than the requirements of any other profession. What is different is not the fundamental requirements that are asked of an artist. What is different is how people perceive what being an Essay, artist is all about. In the light of the The Fast Health Scam Essay, above remark it becomes important to make sure that people take you, as an artist, seriously. If people do not consider being an artist a legitimate activity, and therefore do not take you seriously, they will not respect you, will not respect your work and Genetic Drift and HIV examples will therefore not enable you to internal and external, succeed. Instead they will undermine what you do and work against you. If you cannot change the mind of such people get away from them as fast as you can. Dont push the issue, just let them be. Seek people who understand what being an artist is about, people who respect you, take you seriously and are willing to help you. It is also important that you do not feel guilty about being an artist, about your creative freedom, or about doing what you like instead of Genetic getting a real job.

Being an artist is just as difficult as any other occupation, if not more difficult. Generator? There is Drift and HIV, nothing about it that makes one more privileged, or more fortunate, than if one had chosen another occupation. When someone tries to make you feel guilty it is Description for a to Armageddon, nearly always because they are not happy doing what they are doing and hence jealous that you are doing what you like. This is a reflection of Essay examples their choices, not of yours. There is no reason to feel guilty about having made the right choices for and external customers yourself. If anything, tell them to make different choices, to change their lives so they stop resenting what you do and start doing what they like, so they let you live your life without feeling the need to make you feel guilty about it. 8- Being an artist is knowing how to react when you are told that Artists are Lucky!

It is essential to do the same subject over Drift and HIV again, ten times, a hundred times. Nothing in art must seen to be chance, not even movement. The belief that those who are successful are lucky is quite widespread and artists are particularly plagued by it. I have yet to find an Essay, engineer being regularly accused of being lucky with his or her engineering. Bridges, cars, buildings, power plants, machines, computers, software, etc. are rarely said to be the result of plain luck. Most people realize, without being experts, that a lot of thinking, knowledge, training, effort, know how, planning, money and more are behind any successful engineering endeavor.

However, when it comes to art in general and to photography in particular, luck is very often cited as the reason behind the existence of a particularly stunning image or series of Genetic Drift and HIV Essay images. From Romeo Act 1? At shows and Drift and HIV exhibitions, or during personal conversations, I regularly hear statements such as: I guess you just hang out at (place your favorite location here, lets say for now the Grand Canyon) and get lucky. Or, You cant plan that (meaning a rainbow, lightning strike, snowstorm, etc.). Internal And External? You just have to be lucky to Essay examples, be there and have everything work right for you. Or, Luck plays a big part in what you do, doesnt it? By extension the belief that luck does it for internal customers and external artists extends beyond the artists creations and right into the artists life. In this regard it is common for me to be told: You are lucky to be doing what you like. I, on the other hand have to __ or, You are lucky to make a living doing what you like. I on the other hand, have to Drift and HIV, I used to from romeo, argue endlessly about the lack of validity of the comments above.

In fact, I built a library of quotes, remarks and smart comments about the uncanny nature of luck such as luck favors the prepared mind, luck is preparedness in the face of expectation, The older I get the more lucky I seem to become, I wonder why I am so lucky and you are not and so on. Last year I finally saw the light, so to speak, and made a decision which transformed my existence. I decided, quite simply, that in regards to luck resistance was futile and that it was better to subsume rather than eternally argue a moot point. I therefore gave up my arsenal of Drift and HIV Essay counterpoint quotes about the nature of luck and adopted a very simple response to any and all statements about me being lucky in any and Essay 2013 all aspects of my life: yes. Today, when I hear any of the Genetic Essay examples, above statements my answer is automatically a resounding yes. Luck plays a big part in what you do, doesnt it? Yes. You cant plan that, you just have to The Fast Scam, be lucky. Right? Yes. You are lucky to do what you like, me, on the other hand _ Yes. You are lucky making a living doing what you like, most people have to Genetic Drift Essay, _ Yes.

Two things happened after I switched to villain motivation, yes as the Essay examples, answer to the assumption that success as an artist is the result of plain luck. First, I freed myself from the desire to to Armageddon, argue the point. When you agree 100% to something there is no argument possible. I agree, therefore you are right, case closed. Second, these conversations now end just as fast as they start. Obviously those who make such comments about luck are interested in seeing what my reaction will be and when they realize that I agree with them they lose interest. But something else happened which I find to be the most interesting consequence. After hearing me say yes a number of people go back on their initial statement and start to say things such as Well, I guess its not that simple. Or Luck is only part of it, you have to Genetic and HIV Essay, know what you are doing. In other words, they make the case I used to make themselves. Essay On Marx,? From my unwavering Yes answer, my lack of concern for arguing the and HIV, point, my agreement to their preposterous statements, they deduct rightfully so- that something is up and Scam Essay they go back on their statement, amending it ever so slightly. My point is Essay examples, that if someone is willing to believe that the internal and external, results of Genetic and HIV a lifetime of villain generator study, passion, devotion, efforts and much more are caused by Genetic and HIV, pure and simple luck there is nothing I can do about it.

To destabilize such a belief will take more time and effort than I am willing to spend. I much prefer to villain generator, save my energy to Genetic and HIV Essay, create art. Laughter, in this instance, is the best remedy. Motivation? Lets laugh at the preposterousness of this statement, and lets laugh by agreeing with it. And then, after all, maybe I am lucky? Who knows and Genetic Drift and HIV examples who cares.

Does that change anything? No! I still have to know what I am doing, I still have to do everything I was doing so far, I still have to have the knowledge, experience, passion, devotion, drive etc. that I need to have in quote from and juliet act 1 order to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, do what I do. Maybe I am lucky? Well, if so, great. Ill take it because it cant hurt. Quote And Juliet Act 1? Why fight it? Why not free myself from the belief that my art has to be the Genetic and HIV Essay examples, result of hard work? If certain people want my work to be the result of luck I see nothing wrong with it.

After all, luck maybe just another term for inspiration. The final point in this regard is that it doesnt really matter to me, as an artist, how good art comes about. What matters is that it does come about and that it exists. That some people explain the creation of art through luck is internal customers, fine with me. Drift Examples? That others explain art as being the result of talent is fine with me. That others explain it as being the result of fortuitous situations is equally fine with me.

That others say that thanks to my parents I led a sheltered life and romeo act 1 therefore was able to Genetic Drift and HIV examples, preserve my artistic sensibility is similarly fine with me. And if some want to believe that it is the result of from and juliet act 1 years of training designed to foster an Drift Essay examples, inherent talent, that is internal and external, also fine with me. In short, any and all explanations about how art comes about Genetic Drift Essay examples, are fine with me. Why? Because I am an artist, not an Keynes, and Friedman:, art critic. How this position plays out is the subject of the and HIV Essay examples, next section in this essay.

Antelope Arch Light Shaft. Linhof Master Technica, Schneider 75mm, Provia 100F. I have photographed this arch in on Marx, and Friedman: The of Ideas numerous different lighting conditions, but this is my first successful image with the light shaft going through the and HIV examples, arch. The creative possibilities offered by Antelope Canyon are endless and the technical difficulties offered by Scam, the location offer a true challenge to any artist. 9- Being an artist does not mean being an art critic.

The painter must enclose himself within his work; he must respond not with words, but with paintings. Being an artist and being an art critic are two different professions. Genetic Essay Examples? When you are an artist and show your work to your audience, people will write, talk and make comments about your work. And Friedman:? Dont fear this, welcome it. Avoid labeling your work or explaining it too much for in doing so you remove the mystery that others perceive in your work. Allow the viewer to interpret and discover the work for themselves. Drift Examples? Provide an The Fast Food, open door through which people can look at your work in different ways.

Keep the window open for your audience to interpret your work. It goes along with claiming ones freedom and with providing this freedom to Genetic Drift, your audience as well. As we have seen being an artist is defined by from act 1, the ability to create art and live a lifestyle conducive to art. Now what defines being an art critic? For me being an art critic, when looked at Genetic as a whole and from a distance, is having an opinion about what is good and bad art. In some ways, being a critic is seeing the world in black and white, as a dichotomy, in romeo and juliet terms of what the critic likes and is therefore good and what the critic dislikes and and HIV is therefore bad. Being a critic is Health Scam Essay, not about shades of grey, about nuances, about Drift and HIV Essay, slight variations between tones. Internal And External Customers? It is about sharp demarcations, about taking sides about being critical. Certainly, being an art critic is Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, also, and ideally, being knowledgeable about the Essay Description for a to Armageddon, history of art, about art theory and, in respect to the visual arts, about visual art theory. A good art critic will be intimately familiar with the writings of Roland Barthes, John Berger, Walter Benjamin, Edwin Panovsky and many others. But one can have read all these authors and not necessarily be a critic, as we are going to see.

At this point you may want to say I can do both. I have knowledge of art history and theory, I have an opinion about what art I like and dislike. I like to share my opinion with others and I think that all this is part of being a well-rounded artist. You can say that and if you do you are 100% right. All this is true. However what matters is who you are. Drift Essay? Are you first and foremost an artist, or are you first and foremost an Scholarship Example Essay, art critic? That is the Drift examples, real question and it is for you to for a, answer, not for me. I know that, personally, I am first and Drift Essay examples foremost an artist. However, as I just said, I am very well read in art theory having worked on a PhD. in Visual Theory, having a comprehensive knowledge of both the history of art and the history of photography and having spent countless hours reflecting upon motivation, what is art as well as studying the work of Genetic and HIV many other artists in numerous mediums.

I also have an Food Health Scam Essay, opinion regarding what art I like and Essay dont like. Notice that I dont say an opinion about which art is good or bad. To me, that is for the critics to decide. Personally, I know what I like and dont like. That is all. Finally I have a desire to share my opinion in Essay Keynes, Hayek Power these matters. Genetic? However, I dont do this as a critic either. I do this as a teacher and as an artist who wants to share his knowledge. Again, I am first and Scam foremost an artist, then a teacher knowledgeable about art theory and history. What I am not is Genetic Drift and HIV examples, a critic. As I said who you are is for Scholarship 2013 you to decide.

My goal is to help you make the distinction between artist and art critic, not decide which one you are. Now you may add that many artists are highly critical of their work. And you may ask does that make them art critics? My answer would be that it depends how their critical outlook on their work manifests itself, what shape this outlook takes, what appearance it presents. Let me explain. It is normal, expected and encouraged for Essay an artist to reflect on his or her work. After all, this is how we progress, evolve, and Solution move forward in general. We need to Drift and HIV, be able to say If I did this again I would do things differently.

I would try this other approach for example. Or we need to be able to Essay 2013, say, I wish this cliff wasnt so red, or this water so blue, and I intend to and HIV Essay, change that. But notice that we make these comments to ourselves or to others only in passing, as if we were thinking aloud. This is internal customers, part of the Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, process of growth that all artists experience. It becomes a different matter when such comments about ones work are made in public. The Fast Food Essay? Imagine an artist giving a talk at Drift and HIV Essay the opening of a gallery show of his work and imagine hearing this artist say that his work isnt very good because he wishes he had done this and that differently, that the work would be better if he had got the foreground sharp instead of blurry, that he would have a much better print quality if he had used ImagePrint instead of the Epson print driver and from romeo and juliet act 1 so on. Drift? This attitude, which it turns out is rather commonplace, is not part of being an artist. Instead, such an attitude is indicative of an artist who has become his own critic.

My point is: do your art and leave the critique to the critics! Dont do their job for them. If your points are valid, if the flaws you are concerned with are indeed visible in your work, let the critics find out and juliet act 1 about it. They should be able to see them. If they dont see them your concerns are most likely to be due to fears rather than to actual shortcomings in your work. The point is that what you are so concerned about may not matter at all to your audience. These defects that you are pointing out may be more the result of your own lack of confidence, your own insecurity, than the result of actual shortcomings on your part. The thing is that no matter where we are from examples, a technical or artistic standpoint, we can all improve and get better. In that sense there is on A for a, always something that needs improving, something that is and HIV, not working as well as we wish. Essay Description To Armageddon? Let it be and let the critics find out about it.

It is their job. Your job, as an artist, is to and HIV Essay, create art. The job of The Fast Health Scam Essay a critic is to and HIV Essay examples, critique art. While you may be aware of your own shortcomings, keep them to yourself. Why? Not because doing so is hiding the truth or being dishonest about your art. Health? It is not. After all, what you have done is visible to all in your work. It is hard to hide the and HIV examples, contents of visual arts since by definition it is The Power of Ideas, after all, visual! No. Keep it to yourself because bringing attention to what you perceive as defects will in turn bring your audiences attention to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, that aspect of your work and very possibly reduce their enjoyment of Food Health Essay your work.

You see, they may never have seen it if you hadnt mentioned it, but now that you did they cant think of anything else. I recommend you let the audience, and the critics, be the Genetic Drift and HIV, judge. I also recommend that when you talk about your work you focus on positive things and not on internal what you think you did wrong or what you think doesnt work. When you listen to what people have to say about your work you will be surprised at how few actually share your concerns. You will also be surprised at what else they see that you didnt notice, probably because you were so absorbed in finding out all of your mistakes. Dont forget that mistakes are the foundation of art. As Picasso said the goal is not to Drift, prevent mistakes but to foster them. Antelope Canyon Panorama 2. Fuji 617, Fujinon 90mm, Provia 100F. Another example of how Antelope Canyon can be continuously rediscovered if one visits this incredible place with fresh eyes and an open mind. For this essay I have purposefully selected a large number of photographs from Antelope Canyon to illustrate the fact that certain places foster creativity more than others.

Genius is the ability to renew ones emotions in from romeo and juliet act 1 daily experience. I once had a discussion with two friends. One said Art cannot be taught. The other said Art can be taught. They asked me my opinion. I said they were both right because while talent cannot be taught there is Drift and HIV Essay, a lot one needs to learn about art before one can make use of Scholarship Example Essay their potential talent. Granted, talent may arguably be responsible for Drift and HIV making a huge difference in the final outcome, in the creation (or lack of) of a masterpiece. The Fast Scam Essay? However, without the required artistic knowledge on which to and HIV Essay examples, base ones potential talent no work of artistic value will be created. So what is Example Essay 2013, talent? In a way talent can be defined as being: The ability to Genetic and HIV, make the best artistic use of the resources available to you at quote from romeo and juliet act 1 a specific time.

Talent by definition involves competition. Why? Because how can you tell you are talented without comparing yourself with those you believe are not talented? Similarly, how can you be more talented than others if you do not compare yourself to others? Mozart was, or so we are told, more talented than Salieri. Dali offered himself as the leading painter of the Surrealist movement and as, or so we were asked to believe, the Genetic Drift Essay, one whose talent was showing the way. Others, such as Magritte, followed suit.

Ansel Adams and Edward Weston traded paint, so to speak, with the Health Scam Essay, generally accepted conclusion that while Weston was unquestionably a pure artist, Adams had a more well-rounded set of Genetic Drift Essay skills which eventually allowed him to internal customers and external, gain fame and Genetic Drift fortune while the later eluded Weston all his life. Was Mozart more talented than Salieri, Dali more talented than Magritte, Adams more talented than Weston, or vice versa, for each of these three pairs of The Fast Food Health artists? Fact is, we dont know, cant tell and are left with personal opinions about which artist(s) we like or dislike. Genetic Examples? Talent cannot be quantified. One has it or not, it is about that simple. Any discussion of talent, when it comes to comparing artists of a certain caliber, is Essay Description for a Solution to Armageddon, eventually an exchange of opinions and not a scientific conversation. Talent is present in all disciplines, not only in art. Talent is eventually that spark that some have and Drift others dont.

It is this elusive quality that makes all the difference between something good and something great. It is the villain, ability to use available resources in Genetic Drift and HIV examples a way that no one else has thought of, whether that use is more creative, more all-inclusive, more thorough or something else altogether. Talent has different names in different disciplines. For speakers and writers it is eloquence. The story of Demosthenes, a gifted orator in Ancient Greece who learned to overcome stuttering by quote romeo and juliet, practicing speaking with pebbles in his mouth, shows perhaps better than any other story the relative importance of talent versus physical limitations as well as the importance of talent versus training. Cyrano de Bergerac, whose eloquence is at the epicenter of Edmond Rostands story, overcame a physical malformation, namely a huge nasal appendage, by learning to make fun of himself better than any of those who were trying to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay, ridiculize him. In many disciplines talented practitioners are simply referred to as gifted, or as brilliant, or again as geniuses. What is similar in all professions is the lack of a specific definition, the absence of a consensus of what this gift, this brilliance, this genius actually consists of. Talent, eventually, is a mystery. While we enjoy its presence and its outcome we can say but little about its implementation. But what are those resources that talented individuals make better use of than common mortals?

It depends of the field you are involved in since talent is present in any discipline. There are talented engineers, talented accountants, talented racecar drivers, pharmacists, masons, mechanics, etc. And of course there are talented artists, working in all artistic mediums. So what makes a talented photographer? Well, for one, as the story I first told shows, talent is but little without technical excellence. Why? Because talent cannot make up a lack of knowledge. The Fast? If talent is being able to best use the resources available to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay, you at a given time, then you have to learn exactly what those resources are made of and how they can best be used. You have to quote from romeo and juliet, become the expert in what those resources consists of. Then, and only then, can you go above and beyond what anyone else has done so far with those resources. What is too often the case in art is believing that talent alone will make up for any and all shortcomings.

It will not. Talent is not a remedy for Genetic Drift Essay lack of villain knowledge, lack of study, lack of work, lack of passion and so on. Talent is the icing on the cake so to Drift, speak. You have to have a cake for talent to Essay 2013, shine. Genetic Essay Examples? Talent is inspiration, imagination, thinking out of the box (or inside if you drive a Scion ; -) , etc. Talent is the Food Scam, ability to exceed your limitations and those of your equipment, within limits.

If you follow Formula One racing you know that no amount of talent on the part of a driver will allow that driver to turn a Minardi into a Ferrari. One may become the Genetic and HIV examples, best Minardi there is only to be outdone (greatly) by a less talented driver in a Ferrari. Thats just the internal and external, way things are. It is not necessarily fair, but it needs to be understood for what it is. Antelope Canyon Panorama 3. Fuji 617, Fujinon 90mm, Provia 100F. I have been asked why I photograph Antelope Canyon so much and not other comparable places such as, say, The Wave, a favorite of many photographers. Simply because I see no limit to creativity in Antelope while I find other locations more limiting, at least at this time. Exercises for this article are somewhat more challenging than for the previous articles in this series. This is because, as I explained in the introduction, this subject is far more involved and requires a more important commitment on your part. Nevertheless I planned the exercises below so that they prove helpful towards helping you discover if you are an Drift and HIV Essay examples, artist or help you become a more well-rounded artist, whichever your situation may be.

A-Write an artist statement. There is nothing quite as useful as explaining why you do what you do, how you got to be where you are, and where you plan to go from here. B-write a history of on A Description to Armageddon you as an artist. Do a history of your life as an artist. Find old drawings, photographs, sculptures, paintings or any other artwork that you did over Genetic Drift and HIV the years, from the time you were a child until today, and put them together in motivation generator a collection. If you no longer have these drawings describe them in Drift Essay writing as well as you can, on a single page of paper, and add this page to the collection in place of the original. Better, re-create the missing piece now, as best as you can. It will be different from the original but this re-creation may lead to some interesting artistic breakthroughs. C-Portrait of the artist as a young man (or woman) Describe yourself as you were (or as you remember yourself) when you just started your artistic career. The exact age you were at that time will vary from one person to the next.

This may be you as a young child, or you as a young adult, or you at middle age, or later, or earlier, or at some other time. This is personal, but what matters is that you describe yourself as precisely as you can the way you looked, what you thought, what your dreams were, your goals were, your aspiration were at that time. This is a sort of Essay on A Description Solution resurfacing process, a sort of going back to the source, of remembering what things were like back then, before the baggage of life accumulated upon and HIV examples, you, upon your goals, your aspirations, your dreams, etc. It is a return to the source, to the spring of Keynes, Hayek The of Ideas inspiration, and the key to this return is your memories of this past time. Make these memories as vivid as possible in your description. If you do not feel like writing then draw, or paint, or create a musical piece, or a sculpture, or anything else that embodies your memories. Do not let the disappointments of life, the many turns and twists that your existence took between then and now, prevent you from making as complete a description as you can. You need to return to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, the state in which you were back then. D- Make a list of the misconceptions you had about art before reading this article. E- Do you hesitate about internal and external, whether to be an and HIV, artist or not? If yes, what stops you from becoming an artist?

Make a list of what stands in act 1 the way. F- What is your position in regards to examples, Being Lucky? Have you been told by other people that you are lucky in regards to your photography? Do you think you are lucky? Take time to reflect upon this issue. Specifically, consider how your position in regards to luck influences first your own work and Essay on A second the way you look at the work of other artists.

G- Go out and create the photograph(s) you have always wanted to create. Do it right now! We all have photographs, or artwork, that we have wanted to create for a long time but have been waiting until we get better at it to and HIV Essay examples, create. With this exercise I ask you to wait no longer and instead go out and create this artwork or photograph right now. Dont hurt yourself and dont do anything silly, but do face your fears and the reasons you havent created these images yet. The Fast Food Health? In my estimate the only true manner to face these fears is to go out and do it. Art is about creating, not about Genetic Drift examples, thinking when we are going to create. So go out and create the one image, or the images, you have wanted to create for years. I know it isnt easy but if not now, then when? Horseshoe Bend with Flowers. Linhof Master Technica, Schneider 75mm, Provia 100F.

This is Food Health, my most creative photograph from a location I visit just as often as Antelope Canyon. It is Genetic Drift examples, also the least classical in the sense that to include the flowering bush I had to on A Description to Armageddon, hide half of the Drift Essay examples, Horseshoe Bend. However, in doing so I created tension and conflict in the image while inviting a visual comparison of circular shapes: the flowers in on Marx, and Friedman: of Ideas the foreground and the Horseshoe Bend in the background. We live in a world that fosters the technical rather than the artistic, the mechanical rather than the organic and a financial rather than a mechanistic approach. Art goes against all of that. While it can have a technical aspect, such as digital photography has, art is eventually about expressing yourself, about what inspires you, about Drift and HIV, sharing your view of the world with others. And External? What medium you use, as well as all the technical intricacies of this medium, eventually fade away when compared with the message expressed in your work. Genetic? Who knows the size of the chisels used by romeo and juliet, Michael Angelo and whether they were made of hardened steel, Damascus steel, or some other metal.

Only experts know which film Ansel Adams used to create Moonrise, Hernandez, NM. I am sure you can find additional examples to further this argument. If you can you know how little people will care10 years from now about whether you used Microdrives or Compact Flash cards to examples, store your Raw files. Case closed. We also live in a world that loves placing boundaries on what we do. By definition being an artist is not having boundaries about what we can create. However, this is less and less the case these days due to the limitations that artists impose or see imposed upon customers and external customers, them. During a recent workshop, while talking about my Paris photographs, I was asked what was my definition of examples landscape photography. Essay Hayek And Friedman: Power Of Ideas? My answer was just about any subject that is Genetic and HIV examples, found outdoors. This question surprised me until I realized that it emerged out of the perceived conflict between my wilderness landscape photographs and my Paris (or other cities) landscape photographs. I had never perceived this as a conflict as I consider the Natural Landscape and the Urban Landscape (to simplify) as being both Landscape photography.

However, to Scholarship Essay 2013, a purist I suppose there can be a difference. Not to me though, and that is my freedom to decide. A lot of photographers feel bound by similar limitations. If you are not free to Genetic Drift and HIV, create, how can you be creative? And if you are not creative how can you be an romeo and juliet, artist? On a different level art cannot be judged by Genetic Drift and HIV examples, how much money it brings back to you. Scholarship 2013? Whether you make no money at all, or make an obscene amount through the sale of your art, are not accurate commentaries on the actual artistic quality of Genetic Essay examples your work. I have experienced both, and I know that neither situation was generated by the quality of my work. The artistic quality of your work, and the amount (or lack) of money your work generates, are two separate things. Finally art is by Essay on A, nature a mechanistic activity. I believe one doesnt choose art as a career.

Instead, art chooses us, for better or for worse as they say. Examples? In this regard you have to quote romeo act 1, make the Drift examples, best of a difficult situation and in this endeavor several options are open to you. You can decide to try and quote from act 1 make a living with art. Some are very successful at Genetic Essay this, and in this respect I can only send you back to paragraph two, above, of this conclusion. You can also decide that art is something you want to do for yourself and for a limited audience, without trying to make money with it. Scholarship Essay 2013? That is a fair decision, one that will go a long way towards protecting your artistic sensitivity from the school of hard knocks that you will be forced to attend should you want to make an Genetic and HIV Essay examples, income from your art. That decision will also go a long way towards freeing a lot of your time from activities such as marketing, salesmanship, show attendance, record keeping, taxes, and other activities that are required of you as an artist in business. You can also decide that art is art, that it is your sacred haven the part of and juliet act 1 you no one but a select few will ever get to see. Genetic Drift Essay? You can decide to shun the public spotlight, the t en minutes of fame promised by quote from romeo, the media that lure many of us towards creating a public identity and presence.

This last choice, which in Drift and HIV a sense is at generator the opposite and HIV examples extreme of the art for quote from and juliet riches approach, is Drift and HIV examples, maybe the one that will give you the most creative freedom. Whether the results of this choice are worth it or not is for you to decide. Finally, keep in villain mind that art is supposed to be a fun and Genetic Essay examples creative endeavor. If doing art is Description for a to Armageddon, stressful, problematic, gives you headaches and keeps you awake at night you are definitely not doing it right. You need to free yourself from what is stressing you out when you are trying to be creative. I mentioned the expression artist in business and in this essay I made a sharp distinction between being an artist and making a living from Genetic Essay examples, your art.

This is generator, because I truly believe that those are two entirely different activities. The former involves being an Drift Essay, artist while the Scholarship Example Essay, later involves being a businessman. I therefore decided, as I mentioned already, that the 11 th article in Genetic Essay this series will be Being an Artist in Business. Essay The Power? If this sounds like something you want to read, or if you have any comments on this article, make sure to drop me a line atalain@beautiful-landscape.com. In the meantime, as all the other installments so far, this series continues to and HIV, be a suivre. You can now find all my articles, in PDF format, on my Briots View Articles CD-1 and my Alains Marketing CD-1. Both can be ordered from my website athttp://www.beautiful-landscape.comor by emailing me atalain@beautiful-landscape.comor by calling me at Essay on Marx, of Ideas 800-949-7983 or 623-561-1641.

Beaux Arts Photography. Alain Briot creates fine art photographs, teaches workshops and offers DVD tutorials on composition, raw conversion, optimization, printing and marketing. Alain is the Genetic Drift Essay, author of Mastering Landscape Photography,. [ Authors Page and Articles ] Alain Briot creates fine art photographs, teaches workshops and offers DVD tutorials on composition, raw conversion, optimization, printing and from romeo marketing. Alain is the author of Genetic examples Mastering Landscape Photography,. [ Authors Page and Articles ]

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NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. This section describes the dissertation format that all NYUSteinhardt doctoral candidates are required to Genetic Drift and HIV examples follow. Dissertations must adhere to these requirements in order to be accepted by the Office of The Fast, Doctoral Studies for the scheduling of the final oral examination. Drift Essay Examples! Please read this section carefully and contact the Office of Doctoral Studies if you have any questions. Faculty policy leaves the choice of a style manual to Essay Description to Armageddon the doctoral candidate with the advice and consent of his or her committee. Generally, candidates are urged to Drift Essay learn and use the manual most often required for scholarly writing by journals within their disciplines. Typically, the following style manuals are used by on A NYUSteinhardt students: The most recent editions of the chosen style manuals should be used. Your printer must produce consistently black letters and consistent margins.

Sufficient darkness is also necessary for any supporting materials, such as tables, figures, drawings, pictures, etc., -- either as originals or as copies -- that you may need to append or insert in Genetic and HIV Essay, your manuscript. Your dissertation will be published by ProQuest UMI which requires clear, high-contrast characters and images. As a guide to the quality that will be obtained, you can photocopy a sample page at 75% reduction to evaluate the readability and Essay on A for a, clarity of the print. The School and Drift examples, ProQuest UMI allow students to use typefaces that are between 10 and on A Description for a to Armageddon, 12 points; however, because 10 point can appear too small in most typefaces, 12 point is generally preferred. A smaller or condensed typeface can be used for tables that otherwise might not fit across a page within the Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, correct margins, however, mixing typefaces is otherwise not recommended. Underlining or italics may be used for statistical symbols, book titles, or definitions (but use either one or the other consistently throughout your manuscript, including tables). Headings should be underlined when appropriate and not italicized. Scholarship Essay! Bold type should not be used in the manuscript.

Do not justify the right margin of Drift examples, your text; keep it left aligned like the text shown here. To assure proper binding and for ease of reading, the following margins are required: Left margin : one and one-half inches for all pages . Right margin : one and one-half inches for all pages , with no intrusion of letters or anything else into the right margin. Essay Description For A Solution! Top margin : one-and-one-quarter inches for all pages except the first page of the and HIV, Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, List of Tables, List of Figures, each chapter, Bibliography, and Appendices which should begin two inches from the top edge of the page. Bottom margin : one-and-one-quarter inches for all pages.

Page numbers for all pages preceding page 1 of Chapter I (lower case roman numerals for Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, etc.) should be placed three-quarters of an inch from the bottom of the page, centered between the internal customers, left and right margins. Page numbers from page 1 of Drift and HIV examples, Chapter I through the internal, last page of the last appendix should be placed three-quarters of an inch from the top or bottom, centered between the left and right margins. See the next section for Genetic Drift and HIV examples, sample dissertation pages. Avoid leaving more than two inches of villain motivation, white space without type. This applies to Genetic tables and Essay Keynes, Hayek The, figures as well as to text. A table or figure should be inserted in the text as soon after it is first referred to where it will fit in its entirety on one page.

Leave three blank lines between a table and text or text and a table; the Drift Essay examples, same for motivation generator, figures. Continue your text if you can fit at least four lines after it. You may have more than one table on a page and you may have a table, discussion, and a table. The same procedure applies to all illustrative material. Double space the and HIV examples, entire manuscript with these exceptions (which should be single-spaced):

chapter titles, appendix titles, headings, and subheadings of more than one line; block quotations; column headings and quote romeo act 1, lines that run on Genetic and HIV in tables; bibliography or references entries -- double space between entries; footnotes; figure captions; explanatory material for figures, tables, and illustrations; and appendices -- the spacing will vary depending on the source and content. APA style requires writers to double space all typed material, including the internal, exceptions noted above. If you are using APA, the above rules supersede APA rules in most cases. You have the Genetic, option, however, of double spacing your references and block quotations; MLA style users also have this option. The title page is counted as page one and the copyright page as page two, but numbers do not appear on them. Essay Keynes, The Power Of Ideas! Lower case roman numerals (iii, iv, v, vi, etc.) are used for all subsequent pages up to Genetic and HIV Essay examples the first page of the text (page 1 of Chapter I) and should be placed three quarters of an inch from the bottom edge of the paper, centered between the margins. Beginning with page 1 of Chapter I, Arabic numbers are used and are continuous through the last page including all appendices. Page numbers for all pages in the chapter, including the first page of each chapter or major section, should be placed three quarters of an inch from the quote and juliet, top or bottom edge of the paper centered between the margins. The material of your manuscript should be ordered as follows: title page; copyright page; acknowledgments; table of contents; list(s) of tables, figures, charts, graphs, musical examples, illustrations, etc., if used; preface or forward, if used; the text; bibliography; and Genetic and HIV Essay, appendices (if any).

Please see the sample title page below. You are required to follow that format exactly. You will have the option to have your dissertation copyrighted when you submit it to Proquest/UMI for publication. You should include a copyright page with your name and copyright date in the middle of the page, centered left to right (between the on A for a Solution, margins) and top to bottom. Please note that the copyright date is the year of your degree conferral. Drift And HIV! Follow this format: The copyright page is page ii of the pages preceding the internal and external customers, text (the title page is understood to Genetic Drift be page i), but no number should appear on either the title page or the copyright page. Table of Contents and Lists of Tables and Figures. Because a dissertation does not have an index, your Table of Contents should be as comprehensive as possible.

Include all headings and subheadings, exactly as they appear in the text, up to motivation generator and including Level 2. Including lower level headings is optional. Genetic! (See sample Table of Contents in Example Essay, the next section.) Note that the Genetic examples, indentation of a heading used in the Table of Contents corresponds to the level of the heading. The following illustrates this: You should supply the reader with lists of tables, figures, and Example 2013, any other illustrative material used in Essay examples, your dissertation. See the sample lists in the next section. Scholarship Example 2013! Lists of musical examples or reproductions of Drift Essay examples, art, or information about films, follow the same form as that used for lists of tables and figures. Chapter headings and titles appear as follows, beginning two inches from the top of the page:

Headings within the The Fast Food Scam, chapter should indicate the weight you assign to particular ideas by the form of headings suggested in the style manual you have selected or the form suggested below. Leave three blank lines (i.e., begin typing after two double spaces) before each heading and after each major section and chapter title. If one heading immediately follows another, leave only one blank line (a double space) between the two. Leave one blank line (a double space) after each heading. Capitalize the first letter of each word of headings except for articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. The following is Genetic Drift Essay examples one way in which to Scam Essay order headings and to type them. Students following APA style may use the Genetic examples, format in the APA Style Guide, however, the format below is preferred for NYU Steinhardt dissertations. See the sample page 1 in the next section for an example of heading placement.

Be sure that no heading appears at the bottom of internal customers, a page without at least two lines of text beneath it. And HIV Examples! The Table of Contents will contain all Level 1 and Food Health Essay, Level 2 headings exactly as they appear in the text. It is not necessary to include Level 3 or lower-level headings in the Table of Contents, but you may if it provides the reader with more useful information. Chapter numbers are upper case roman numerals (with no period), e.g., CHAPTER IV, to differentiate them from any other numbers in the text. All other items requiring numbers should have Arabic numbers. Appendices, should be designated by capital letters, e.g., APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, etc. Use numbers or letters for Genetic Drift and HIV, other items only customers when necessary. Use 1) in the text and 1. in a set-off list; a) in the text and a. in a set-off list -- not (1) or 1). Genetic Drift Essay Examples! or a.), etc. If items in a numbered list run onto Solution to Armageddon, two or more lines, you may let the Genetic Essay examples, additional lines begin at the margin or indent the entire paragraph to the right of the quote from and juliet, numbers.

Numbers beginning a sentence, as well as numbers below 10 (or, if you prefer, 12) should be spelled out when they appear within the text. Reduction of Tables and Genetic and HIV Essay examples, Other Materials. If a table, appendix, illustration, or graph is too wide or long, or both, to fit within the specified margins, have it reduced, or if textual material, type it using a smaller font. Whenever possible, avoid inserting tables which must be read by turning the book sideways. If such a table is necessary, be sure to insert it with the heading to Solution to Armageddon the spine or binding. You may also use a condensed typeface. For style guides other than APA, if you have more than one work by the same author, do not repeat his or her name over and over.

Use ten underscore characters, ending with a period if the and HIV Essay, author is exactly the same as the previous one, or with a comma if the Scholarship 2013, author is the first of a series of new authors, as shown below. Single space the Essay, entry; double space between entries. Indent the second and subsequent lines one-half inch. Note that authors with two initials have a space after the period between each initial, e.g., Smith, A. B., Jones, M. J. Do not allow initials to break between lines; keep them together on one line or the other. Regardless of the style guide you use, avoid having one or two lines of an entry on motivation one page and the rest of the Essay, citation on the next page. The entry should be cited in its entirety on one page or the other. The way you cite an author in your manuscript is based on the context.

If you are attributing an idea that you paraphrased to someone, use the name and romeo and juliet, date (according to Drift and HIV examples APA style) such as (Jones, 2002), or as shown in the first sentence below. If you are. using a direct quotation, use the same format, but you must include the page number where you found it, as shown in the second sentence below. Also, specific information or ideas need a page number even if paraphrased. For example, the following brief passage refers to the same publication by Essay a hypothetical author:

Review the whole manuscript to be sure that every work referred to in the manuscript is cited in the text (or footnotes) and included in the bibliography. Four or more lines of a quotation should be set off from the main text with a double space, typed single spaced with no quotation marks, and the entire block indented one-half inch. Quotations within these block (or indented) quotations may use double quotations. The first line of the quotation is Drift not indented; however, the Essay Keynes, The, first lines of new paragraphs within the quotation should begin with an additional indent of one-half inch. Students using APA or MLA style may double space block quotations. Each appendix should have the proper designation at the top of the first page. And HIV! A title page does not need to Essay Keynes, and Friedman: The be inserted before each one. Use the following format, centered between the left and right margins, beginning two inches from the top of the page:

PARTICIPANT CONSENT FORM. If you have material that, because of its format, needs to have a title page (because the title doesn't fit on Genetic Drift and HIV examples the same page as the material), you need to Essay on A for a consistently use title pages for all appendices. Avoid it if you can. Again, all material in an appendix must fit within the overall page margins. It is necessary to obtain letters of permission for the reproduction of any copyrighted material which exceeds the Genetic, Federal law pertaining to Fair Use. Copies of those letters will be uploaded to Proquest UMI with your final dissertation. Copies of the letters do not need to be included in the dissertation. The abstract is a brief summary of the Essay on A Solution, contents of the Drift Essay, dissertation.

Begin typing the abstract two inches from the top of a blank page with no heading. The abstract should be typed double-spaced with the same typeface and margins as the The Fast, dissertation. Drift Examples! The length of the abstract should be limited to 350 words. The abstract title page is identical to the dissertation title page with one exception: the abstract title page has the words An Abstract of directly above the title (see Sample Title Page in the next section). Each abstract is stapled in the upper left corner and kept separate from the dissertation. The chairperson of the dissertation committee should sign one copy of the abstract title page. The following section includes sample dissertation pages which should be followed carefully. Internal Customers Customers! Refer to the preceding section for more detailed information on format requirements. Drift! Students should follow the instructions on quote romeo act 1 these sample pages rather than using a dissertation from the library (or elsewhere) as a guide. Format requirements differ from year to year and from school to school.

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Alcohol Essay Essays and Research Papers. ALCOHOL : SHOULD IT BE ABOLISHED? Malaysia is known as the tenth largest consumer of alcohol in and HIV Essay, the world and very . Quote Act 1! few studies have been done to find the accurate magnitude of the problems caused by this consumption. Although not many studies have been carried, the facts and figures show that it is Genetic Drift and HIV Essay increasing each year. Malaysians spend about USD$500 million on alcohol yearly and among the drinking population, the Malaysian Indians who are 8 per Essay on A Description for a Solution cent of the countrys population are. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Beer 2068 Words | 6 Pages. Essay on Alcohol Alcohol is not only the Genetic Drift reason why prohibition took place . in the 1920s, but it is also the reason why many persons wake up not remembering their pervious nights events. It has always been evident that alcohol has an Essay for a effect on brain function, which in-turn impairs the behavior of a person. Alcohol can be separated into two separate groups: what is expected to happen, and what actually happens. Alcohol is expected to play social lubricant and.

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Lawmakers and active voters should put an outright ban on alcohol . The. Alcohol , Crime , Drug Enforcement Administration 1051 Words | 3 Pages. Alcohol Addiction An Argument Essay Have you ever been pressured into doing something you would rather not do? Many people . have been in many different ways. It seems that teens are pressured more and more into drinking than anything else. If you choose to drink it is your choice but are you doing it to fit in, or just because you want to? There are many different ways an adolescent might take a drink even if they know it is wrong. Some reasons are the risk-taking, the expectancies, how sensitive.

Addiction , Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage 961 Words | 3 Pages. to not drink at all and customers and external stand up to peer pressure. The advice he gives to Genetic and HIV his children is to stay clear of alcohol and if you are brought into . a situation involving alcohol excuse yourself from the party or wherever that may be. He explained that even if you aren't drinking and are in an environment with alcohol that new laws in Essay on Marx, Keynes, and Friedman: The Power, Pennsylvania claim you are still in Genetic examples, the possession of alcohol and you can get charged for that. He touched on the fact that its becoming socially acceptable by quote from romeo and juliet act 1, some parents. Addiction , Adolescence , Alcohol abuse 1779 Words | 6 Pages. ? ALCOHOLS , ETHERS, AND PHENOLS Juris Marie G. Garcia Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City Date . Performed: February 27, 2015 Date Submitted: March 06, 2015 Answers to Questions: 1.) Balanced equations: A. Lucas Test Test Sample Equation Ethyl Alcohol C2H5OH + HCl + ZnCl2 ? C2H5Cl + H2O Isopropyl Alcohol (CH3) 2CHOH + HCl ? (CH3) 2CHCl + ZnC2 + H2O Tert-butyl Alcohol (CH3) 3COH + HCl + ZnCl2 ? (CH3) 3CCl + ZnCl2 +H2O Benzyl Alcohol C6H5CH2OH + HCl + ZnCl2. Genetic Examples! Acid , Alcohol , Carbon dioxide 431 Words | 2 Pages.

If you are too young to choose, then lay off the booze. Youth drinking alcohol is dangerous. According to www.drinkaware.co.uk the young . body is not developed enough to properly digest alcohol until the age of 20. Alcohol and youth is a safety hazard because according to Food the same website drinking when in your youth can cause, diabetes, liver failure and other organ failure, just to name a few. A young persons brain is not fully developed until they are in Genetic Drift Essay, their twenties.

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compilation thesis Compiled by Brad C. Sparks. W. A. Bartlett 1848, St. Catherine's Monastery and Mt. Sinai. The Bible Puts Mt. Sinai in the Sinai. Adventurers Larry Williams and Genetic examples, Bob Cornuke in their recently reprinted book claim that the Bible over and over states clearly. that Mount Sinai is in on A Description to Armageddon, Arabia 1 -- an admittedly crucial point upon which the thrust of our argument will fall if disproved Biblically. 2 Howard Blum has retold their story in Drift and HIV examples, a new book, The Gold of Exodus , published by Simon Schuster (1998), and Cornuke has now come out with his own separate book (2000).

There is a certain amount of irony if not implausibility in quote from romeo and juliet act 1, their argument which in essence tries to take Mt. Sinai out of the Sinai. What they mean by Arabia is modern Saudi Arabia and there is no statement in the Bible or any other ancient source that places Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia by whatever ancient name (in this case Midian). In fact, it is quite the reverse, Mt. Sinai is clearly placed outside of Saudi Arabia and right on Drift and HIV, the Sinai Peninsula as we would expect.

Exodus 18:27 states that, while the Example Essay 2013 Israelites were camped near Mt. Sinai, 3 Moses sent his Midianite (Saudi Arabian) father-in-law Jethro back to his own country of Drift examples, Midian (NIV, emphasis added). Villain Generator. Clearly, Mt. Genetic Drift Examples. Sinai and northwestern Saudi Arabia (Midian) were in two different locations . Motivation. The making of the statement signals the importance of the action, it was not a trivial event or insignificant journey for Jethro to go back to Midian from Mt. Sinai. This incident was repeated about a year hence on Drift and HIV, a later visit to Essay Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: of Ideas Mt. Sinai by Moses' Midianite father-in-law or nephew Hobab (Numbers 10:29-31). Moses asked him to stay and guide the Israelites to Genetic Drift Essay the Promised Land, but he declined, saying he would return to my own land (Midian) and my own people (Midianites) from Mt.

Sinai. (NIV, emphasis added) He did not want to go on Scholarship Example 2013, a long journey to Moses' land with Moses' people. Hobab's land (in what is modern Saudi Arabia) was clearly not the same land where they were at (Mt. Sinai) and not the same land where they were going (Canaan), which were national or geopolitical entities spread across a great distance and requiring an expert guide to Genetic examples navigate. The only romeo response to these difficult arguments from the Drift Essay examples Bible has been to suggest that everything was really happening at Mt. Essay Hayek And Friedman: The Power Of Ideas. Sinai in Drift and HIV examples, Midianite Saudi Arabia and internal and external customers, that Hobab merely meant that he was going back to his own tent nearby, which trivializes the watershed decision and is frankly absurd. If this conversation at Mt. Sinai was really taking place already in and HIV Essay, Hobab's homeland of Midian among his people the Midianites then Hobab would have said to Moses You go on your journey but I am staying here in my land with my people. And External. Hobab obviously did not say that. It was a parting of ways with the two going their separate routes.

Another variation of Genetic and HIV Essay examples, this back-to-his-tent counterargument tries to split the difference and elevates Hobab's tent to a city. But that makes no sense either, the verses are not talking about Moses going to his own city (the Promised City instead of Promised Land?) and Hobab going back to his own city . This devastating Biblical disproof of Sinai-in-Arabia was first made in a book that Williams and Cornuke quote and use as an important reference, yet they never mention the disproof to their readers. It was in Food, Prof. Menashe Har-El's 1983 book The Sinai Journeys: The Route of the Exodus. It was again repeated to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples Cornuke and customers and external, Williams in Dec. 1996 when the draft of this article was presented to them in advance of publication on this website in and HIV Essay, Jan. 1997 and again there was no response, though one was promised in writing. Four years later an unofficial rebuttal has been presented privately but hasn't been made public as of this date. Biblical geographer Har-El of Tel Aviv University was evidently the quote from romeo act 1 first to develop this disproof of examples, Sinai-in-Arabia notion in his critique of Charles Beke's theory, which goes back to the 19 th century. Williams and Cornuke got their theory from still another adventurer Ron Wyatt, 4 but they make no mention of the theory's origin in modern scholarly theories (which in turn may originate in medieval Muslim polemics against internal customers and external customers Christians). Genetic Drift And HIV Examples. In 1834, Beke proposed that the Scholarship Essay 2013 land called Mizraim where Israel was held in Drift Essay, bondage was not Egypt but Arabia, that the Israelites crossed the Red Sea over the Gulf of Aqaba instead of Suez and so Mt.

Sinai was to be sought in Arabia. By 1871 Beke suggested that Mt. Sinai was a volcano in Food Health, what is now Saudi Arabia. (5) His posthumously published book in 1878 specified a mountain called Ertowa near Jebel Bagir about five miles northeast of Elath. (6) Har-El comments that the passage in Numbers shows that while the Israelites were still at Mount Sinai, Moses' father-in-law was outside his own country, Midian, to which he wished to Genetic examples return, and Example Essay 2013, it also proves that Mount Sinai was not in Midian [Saudi Arabia] . (7) The latest desperate effort to save Sinai-in-Arabia, the back-to-the-city theory, was in Bible Review magazine for April 2000.

The suggestion is that Midian was a city and that Mt. Sinai was close by, thus supposedly solving the problem of the Genetic Essay Bible verses in Exodus 18 and customers customers, Numbers 10, which we just reviewed (above), and again putting Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia. However, this flies in the face of the passages in Exodus and Genetic Drift and HIV examples, Numbers that clearly indicate that Midian was a land not a city and that it was a substantial distance from Essay Keynes, Power, Mt. Sinai requiring a special effort by Jethro to send word back and forth and to come out and Drift, meet Moses (Exod. 18:1, 5-7). There may have been a capital city of customers, Midian with the same name as the land (as indicated in a few places in the Septuagint Greek translation of the Bible) and this was often the case with ancient nations and their capitals. But it is irrelevant to Genetic examples the circumstances in the Bible describing the land of Midian not a city.

As previously noted, if Midian was a city near Mt. Sinai then Hobab should have told Moses he was staying where he was when the Israelites set out for the Promised Land, instead of and external, saying he was returning to his own land (Num. 10:30). The Bible treats locations close to Genetic Drift and HIV Essay Mt. Sinai as interchangeable or virtually identical sites, e.g., Horeb was near Mt. Sinai and the two place names are used interchangeably. (7a)

If Midian was a city near Mt. Sinai then it was effectively the same location in Biblical terms and so Hobab would have stayed and from romeo and juliet, waved to Moses and the Israelites as they left him behind. Bible archaeologist Gordon Franz has published an outstanding critique of the Sinai-in-Arabia theory in the most recent issue of Bible and Genetic Essay, Spade journal for Food Fall 2000, published in February 2001, by Essay the Associates for Biblical Research (see website at http://christiananswers.net/abr/abrhome.html). Franz thoroughly reviews the archaeological evidence of the Jebel al-Lawz site and its surroundings, and the lack of evidence for the Israelites. He explains very persuasively the romeo and juliet seeming anomalies put forward by Drift the adventurers as proof of their claims. He also has learned that the official Saudi archaeologist is generator soon to release an exhaustive site analysis in a formal archaeological survey report. Josephus Puts Mt. Sinai Between Egypt and Arabia. Jewish historian Josephus, ca. Genetic And HIV Examples. 100 A.D., lauded in Essay Hayek of Ideas, the Williams-Cornuke book as perhaps the Drift and HIV examples greatest Biblical scholar of all time, (8) vindicates the traditional location of Example Essay, Mt. Sinai on the Sinai peninsula (9):

JOSEPHUS: Moses went up to a mountain that lay between Egypt and Arabia , which was called Sinai . Genetic And HIV Essay. It has been suggested in on A Description Solution, rebuttal that Josephus was here quoting Apion whom he was attacking, so therefore everything Apion said was a lie. This is a desperate and absurd argument. Josephus merely objected to a discrepancy in Apion's account of the Genetic Essay examples Israelites' Exodus about the internal customers and external number of days of travel versus remaining camped, and Genetic Drift Essay, evidently agreed with this statement of Mt. Sinai's location between Egypt and Arabia otherwise he would either have attacked it as well (especially since it had bearing on Food Essay, the travel time issue) or he would not have quoted it in the first place. Moreover, how on earth did Apion in ca. 40 B.C. Examples. even get the idea that Mt. Sinai was, well, in Example Essay, the Sinai, if as Williams and Cornuke allege, this was actually a fabrication of the 18 th century designed as a tourist scam to attract visitors to the traditional site at Genetic Drift Essay St. Catherine's monastery?

Josephus agreed with Apion on placing Sinai between Egypt and Arabia (Apion 2:2 [2:25]) and nowhere disputes that fact when he could easily have omitted it if he disagreed. Or he could have made a point of disagreeing with it and counted it as another error by Apion, since he was taking apart Apion's contradictory statements phrase by phrase, including quoting a phrase as short as they came to Judea in six days' time. It was relevant to Josephus' argument against Apion's misinterpretation of the travel time of the Israelites across the Sinai. The full context shows that Josephus had disputed Apion's slur that claimed the Jews' Sabbath was due to their taking 6 days to reach Judea from Egypt then resting on Essay on A Description Solution, the 7th day because of groin disease. Josephus disputed this slur by pointing out, among other things, a self-contradiction where Apion elsewhere had said the Jews had taken at least 40 days to cross the Sinai by stopping at Mt Sinai for 40 days between Egypt and Arabia, which statement Josephus agreed with. If Josephus did not agree that Sinai was between Egypt and Genetic Drift Essay examples, Arabia but thought that Sinai was in Arabia he should have said so and racked it up as another gross error by Apion, or just omitted that altogether if the only issue was the 6 days vs. the 40 days travel. But he didn't.

Mt. Quote And Juliet. Sinai-in-Arabia Started as a Muslim Polemic. Placing Mt. Genetic Drift Essay Examples. Sinai somewhere in Arabia is Scholarship Essay not new, contrary to Drift and HIV Essay what has been implied by Essay on A Description for a Solution to Armageddon Williams and Cornuke, but the Genetic and HIV Essay examples specification of a particular mountain is relatively recent. The general idea goes back to Essay on A Description for a about 1225 AD, when Muslim geographers began to arbitrarily shift Biblical place names #151; largely because they had been identified by Drift and HIV Christians #151; from the Sinai to Arabia, as a kind of polemic against the Crusades. But this Mt. Sinai-in-Arabia concept was purely a product of motivation, scholarly theories and propaganda, not of long-standing local traditions which often can preserve genuine information about ancient geography and Biblical sites. (10) Nor does not compare in antiquity with the traditions attached to the southern Sinai Peninsula, which can be traced back to Genetic and HIV Essay examples about 100 A.D. Among modern scholars Charles Beke was the Food Essay pioneer arguing for Sinai-in-Arabia, starting in 1834 (without pinpointing a specific peak) and culminating in his book, Mount Sinai a Volcano , published in 1873. (11) But upon his firsthand exploration of the Arabian mountains shortly before his death, Beke retracted his novel thesis of examples, a volcanic origin for the smoke, fire and rumblings on Mt. Sinai, thus weakening his case for Sinai-in-Arabia. (12) At the turn of the century Pan-Arabianism was popular among critical Bible scholars of the The Fast Food Health Essay Wellhausen school.

This was a theory, or passing scholarly fad, that put almost the entire Bible story in Arabia, including the Israelite Bondage, Exodus, Wilderness Wandering, etc. Essay. The Pharaoh was just an obscure Arab sheikh in this scheme. Its heyday was the generator 1880s through about the 1910s. The entire Encyclopaedia Biblica was written with this North Arabian slant. (13) The specific Jebel al-Lawz site for Mt.

Sinai has been occasionally indicated in some scholarly references as a possibility, going back at least two decades prior to Genetic the Williams-Cornuke and romeo and juliet, Blum books. Such references include a map published in an encyclopedia in 1972, a map in the Har-El book published in 1983 (used by Williams-Cornuke without credit for Genetic and HIV examples the site location), maps in two popular books in 1975 and Essay The of Ideas, 1985, and in a well-known archaeology magazine in Essay, 1977. (14) None of these sources give any documentation that the Jebel al-Lawz site had a genuine local geographic tradition as Mt. Sinai. No early map or reference has been cited specifically giving Jebel al-Lawz the motivation generator name Jebel Musa (Mountain of Moses in Arabic). The only evidence is stories allegedly told Williams and Cornuke by local residents and not even claimed by the locals to have come from Genetic Drift, ancient tradition and is not documented from Essay of Ideas, ancient sources. And HIV Essay. (15) The name Jebel Musa remains strongly attached to quote act 1 the traditional site near St. Catherine's monastery, as it has for nearly 2,000 years (see next section). Traditional Southern Sinai Site is Ancient. The Williams-Cornuke book is unclear as to Genetic Drift Essay when and how the customers and external traditional Mt. Sinai was supposedly picked, and this of course has a bearing on how substantial and legitimate a geographic tradition it is. Genetic. An unnamed psychic or seer is said to be responsible for choosing the traditional Sinai site for Emperor Constantine (plate 7 caption of the book).

But elsewhere their book says this myth has arisen only within the 2013 last almost 250 years as a long-running tourist scam, and prior to that time [about 1740], numerous other mountains were claimed to Drift Essay be Mt. Sinai though no example is given (pp. 17, 50) and the claim is patently false. Nearly 1,700 years ago it was Constantine's devout Christian mother, Empress Helena, ca. Essay 2013. 330 A.D., who chose the site for a church. She did not do it to set up a tourist scam but for Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples humanitarian reasons -- to build the church to protect monks from quote from, murderous raids by nomads. Genetic And HIV Essay Examples. (16) According to the tradition, the church was built at the place where the local monks pointed out what they believed was the Burning Bush. (17) Hence the site was already well known as Mt. Sinai by that time. About 550 A.D., Emperor Justinian built a fortified monastery to replace this church, likewise also dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which still stands today. (18) Much later, the monastery took on the name of internal and external customers, St. Catherine, the earliest mentions perhaps about 1244. (19) Contrary to the claim that prior to about 1740 numerous other mountains were claimed to be Mt. Sinai, it was not until Lepsius' proposal in 1845 that any other specific mountain but the Genetic Drift and HIV traditional Jebel Musa was ever suggested for Mt.

Sinai. (20) (Earlier, when Muslim scholars arbitrarily placed Mt. Sinai in Arabia, they did not single out a particular mountain.) There is evidence of early Jewish pilgrimages that led to identifications of sacred sites later adopted by Christian travelers, though it is in customers, some dispute. One careful scholar of the geography of the Exodus route, Graham Davies of Drift and HIV examples, Cambridge, has argued that in the late Tannaitic period (about 100-200 A.D.), for example, rabbinical literature described the villain motivation distance between Pharan and Mt. Sinai as 36 Roman miles, almost exactly matching Egeria's later figure of 35 Roman miles Pharan-to- Jebel Musa . In other words, Mt. Sinai = Jebel Musa . To Davies this shows that Jebel Musa (the later St. Catherine's) had already been identified as Mt. And HIV Essay. Sinai by Jewish pilgrims around 100 A.D. (21) The current book (pp. Hayek And Friedman: The Power Of Ideas. 57, 69-70) completely misses the following statement in and HIV, quoting from the Sinai entry in Harper's Bible Dictionary: In that reference, it states that among many possible sites one can safely say that Jebel Musa , or another mountain in its immediate [southern Sinai] vicinity, remains the most likely candidate [for Mt. Act 1. Sinai]. (22)

Many early travelers confirm the monks' tradition locating Mt. Sinai at Jebel Musa, beginning with a visiting Syrian monk Julian Saba who built another church there ca. 360 A.D., then Egyptian monk Ammonius ca. 372-3, and the intrepid Lady Egeria from France/Spain ca. 383. (23) Egeria wrote with such sharp observation of the landscape (23) on her extensive travels through the Holy Land, giving estimated mileages and travel times, that Egyptologists and Bible archaeologists minutely pour over her story for clues to Drift and HIV Essay the whereabouts of the Pharaoh's store-cities of Pithom and Raamses, the sites along the from romeo and juliet act 1 route of the Exodus, the Essay examples conquered cities of Bethel and Ai in customers and external customers, the Promised Land, and other Biblical places. (25) The current book likewise attributes the traditional Red Sea crossing site at the Gulf of Suez to an unnamed 16th century mystic who claimed she had a revelation (pp. 140-141). But the Genetic Essay identification of the Suez site dates back at least to Egeria ca.

383, then Orosius ca. 415, Cosmas Indicopleustes (Cosmas the India-Sailor) ca. Romeo Act 1. 550, and Antoninus ca. 570. Genetic Essay Examples. Even earlier, the name Clysma, given in ancient Greco-Roman days to a place near the for a modern town of Suez, reflects local tradition of a watery cata clysm (Greek for flood or surging inundation) that overwhelmed the Pharaoh and his army. (26)

In Paul's Time Arabia Included Sinai Peninsula. In Apostle Paul's time, Arabia covered a wide area that included the and HIV Sinai Peninsula as well as what we now call Saudi Arabia, according to Cambridge scholar Graham Davies. (27) A glance at Example Essay 2013 most Bible atlases will show this. Thus, Paul's remark in and HIV Essay examples, Galatians 4:25 is Example Essay quite consistent with Mt. Sinai's traditional placement on the Sinai Peninsula. Too Much Reliance on Strange Methods or Devices.

One investigator of the Jebel al-Lawz site states he discovered the gold from the Golden Calf there using a molecular frequency generator (p. 107), which one knowledgeable source (Dr. John Morris) says is actually a dowsing or divination rod. (28) A molecular frequency generator is not a familiar piece of scientific equipment, despite the Essay impressive technical-sounding name. The current book refers to site surveying by pendulums (p. 75), another form of dowsing. The Bible cautions against such practices (Deut.

18:10-11; Levit. 19:26, 20:27) or consulting those who use them. (Levit. 19:31; Deut. 18:14). The molecular frequency generator may be the same as the metal detector sometimes mentioned. (29) However, the metal detector's reported detection of gold from a distance of two miles seems to Essay Description Solution to Armageddon be an impossible range for the usual electromagnetic induction metal detectors, which are limited to a maximum range of just a few feet. The Sinai was Not Part of Egypt in Ancient Times. The current book states in some places that the Sinai in ancient times was part of Egypt (pp. 26, 58). We can call this the Sinai/Egypt territory for Genetic examples simplicity. If so, this would prove that Mt. Sinai was not on the Sinai peninsula because the Scholarship Essay 2013 Israelites would have to leave this Sinai/Egypt territory in Genetic, order to be totally free of Egypt and then to travel to Essay Description the holy mountain.

The book quotes the Father of and HIV, Modern Archaeology, William Flinders Petrie, to support this point (p. 56). But the Petrie quote in the book actually states the exact opposite , that the southern Sinai was, quote outside the territorial border of Egypt ! Elsewhere, the book contradicts itself and correctly states that leaving the land of Egypt is necessary to get to the base of Mount Sinai. the traditional site (p. 125). (30) Petrie was supposed to prove that during Moses. Essay On Marx, Keynes, And Friedman: Of Ideas. time the traditional Mt. Sinai and Drift and HIV, environs formed a province of Egypt, and that Egyptian troops patrolled the copper and turquoise mines in that southern Sinai region (pp. 54-57). Health Essay. However, according to a scholar who was a student of the renowned Dean of and HIV Essay examples, Biblical Archaeology, William F. Albright, an villain motivation Israelite march toward these mines would NOT have brought them into: John Bright : . collision with Egyptian troops, for the Egyptians did not maintain a permanent garrison at the mines . Drift And HIV Essay. Except at intermittent periods when mining parties were at work, the Hebrews could have passed unmolested. Customers And External Customers. (31) Traditional Route of the Exodus and Traditional Location of Mount Sinai. Climate was Wetter in the Past #150; Sinai Covered in Forests.

The current book states that if you look closely at the photographs of the St. Genetic Drift Essay Examples. Catherine's area you will see there is no vegetation (pp. 60-61). But there is an oasis behind St. Catherine's and looking closely one can see the tops of trees towering over the back wall of the monastery even in Plate 7 of the book.

The book states (p. From And Juliet Act 1. 62): I don't think there is anyone who will contest that it is impossible to graze a flock of sheep at the base of the supposed Mount Sinai [Jebel Musa]. But the Grollenberg Atlas of the Bible has a large photo of just such a flock of sheep grazing at Genetic Essay the base of Essay 2013, Jebel Musa, the traditional Mt. Drift And HIV Essay Examples. Sinai, in the plain of Er-Rahah. Internal Customers And External. (32) The shrubbery looks exactly like the vegetation in the photos of the Jebel al-Lawz site (plate 21), which is praised in the book as excellent pasturage and totally different from the supposedly barren traditional site in Drift examples, the Sinai (pp. Internal Customers. 66, 158-159). The book inconsistently asserts elsewhere that the great Al-Lawz site itself is in a Saudi Desert more rough and rugged than our U.S. Southwest and is dry and uninhabitable (p. 152). Of course, if the Saudi Arabian site was truly dry and uninhabitable then it could not be the true Mt. Sinai, could it? The truth is Genetic Drift examples that there was a much wetter climate in ancient times, in the Sinai and elsewhere (see Judges 5:4), which sustained much more vegetation than at present. Villain Motivation Generator. (33) The book claims no brook or dry stream bed can be found around the traditional Sinai site (pp.

65, 68-69), which is odd considering that the surrounding wadis themselves by definition are stream beds. Genetic Drift Essay Examples. Travelers have reported for centuries up to four running streams around the traditional Sinai. Egeria saw a stream there about Health Scam 383 A.D. Genetic Drift Essay Examples. There were bubbling springs seen there about the year 550. (34) Petrie's student and scholar, Lina Eckenstein, in her History of Sinai, has also described the reckless deforestation. which has gone on unchecked for thousands of years, turning a Sinai of great fruitfulness into a vast wasteland. Forests once covered the Sinai valleys. Proof of the heavy forests can be found in the massive, possibly 100,000 tons, of quote from romeo act 1, slag-heaps left from the copper smelted by burning huge loads of wood in the Sinai's Wadi Nasb, and in the great bed of ashes from sacrifices burned with tons of wood at the mines of Genetic Drift Essay, Serabit el-Khadem. (35) The current book concedes these places are not far from the traditional Sinai mountain (p. Food Health Essay. 54).

Gone are the Sinai's extensive tamarish groves , the Genetic Drift examples enormous plantations of palms and dates, such as the grove of 10,000 date-palms reported in 1335, the numerous fruit and vegetable gardens , and the numerous herds of gazelles, all of internal customers and external customers, which were still in existence as late as the Middle Ages, according to Eckenstein. pasture lands which formerly fed sheep and goats were turned into Genetic Drift examples, spreading desert by from and juliet the introduction of the camel, a most destructive animal, she states, like a huge goat. (36) Moses Could Have Wandered Well Outside of Midian. to Reach the Burning Bush at Mt. Sinai. The book argues that Moses could not have wandered outside of Saudi Arabia when he found the Burning Bush at Mt.

Sinai because Moses was like the Genetic Drift and HIV Midianites who were not nomads but, in fact, were a sedentary culture; they didn't move around, they stayed in one place. They stayed in Midian, which is now associated with Saudi Arabia. (p. 16) But then the book actually quotes two of its leading reference works (pp. 69-70, 73), the Harper's Bible Dictionary and Smith's Bible Dictionary, both saying the Midianites were nomads . The Bible reports Midianites traveling long distances into Egypt for trade (Gen. 37:28, 36) and into Western and Northern Israel for war (Judges 6-8). Like his Midianite hosts, Moses could have wandered far outside of Scholarship Example Essay 2013, Midian in reaching Mt. Sinai. Drift Essay. In fact, the Bible seems to Keynes, of Ideas say just that: In Exodus 3:1, where Moses is said to have led Jethro's flock to Genetic and HIV Essay examples Horeb (Mt. Sinai), the Hebrew verb nahag actually means to forcibly or exhaustingly drive , not gently lead, (37) suggesting Moses traveled a great distance. The Amalekites are another case like the Midianites. The Israelites fought the Amalekites near Mt.

Sinai, while Moses had his arms held up (Exodus 17). Customers And External. The book argues that the Amalekites stayed in Drift Essay, Arabia, never venturing as far as the Sinai or Egypt, so the battle must have occurred in Saudi Arabia and on A for a to Armageddon, that must be where Mt. Sinai is to be found (pp. 111-115). But Josephus also located the Genetic Drift Essay examples Amalekites i n the Sinai , the romeo act 1 whole district extending from Pelusium in Drift examples, Egypt to the Red Sea, based on 1 Samuel 15:7. (38)

Confusion About Biblical Geographic Clues to motivation Mt. Sinai. At first, the book correctly reads Exodus 3:1 to mean Mt. Sinai must be WEST of the wilderness. The book states that the Jebel al-Lawz site for Mt. Genetic Essay. Sinai in Saudi Arabia meets this condition (p. 62). But elsewhere the book claims the al-Lawz mountain lies to the EAST of the wilderness (p. 99).

Melted or Burned Rocks From Jebel al-Lawz are Volcanic. The book contends that God's presence on top of Mt. Sinai supernaturally burned it (Exodus 24:17; Deut. 5:23) -- though the Burning Bush was not burned up (Exodus 3:2-3). The book is inconsistent in doubting at one place whether any evidence of such burning would be left after three millennia (pp. Villain. 77-78), but then claiming there is a present-day blackening of the top of Genetic Drift and HIV Essay examples, Jebel al-Lawz that is unexplained (p. 99) and customers, that analysis of rocks from the base show they may have been burned (p. 98). Plants may have been supernaturally melted right into and HIV Essay, solid rock, it is said. (39) Geologist Dr. John Morris told me the Jebel al-Lawz rock he examined is normal metamorphic rock typical for the volcanic area it came from, there was nothing strange about it nor any sign of plants melted into the rock. (40) The book does not mention that Jebel al-Lawz is in customers and external customers, a volcanic region.

One of the al-Lawz investigators still maintains that rock from the site has plants melted into it and promises to Drift Essay examples make available slides and other documentation. (40a) Cut Polished Stones Cannot be from Exodus Israelites. The current book seems to refer to various cut and polished stones as related to the Exodus, yet occasionally admitting they are of motivation, much later date (pp. 97, 217). The Israelites were not allowed to cut the stones (Exodus 20:25; Deut. 27:5). Altar at Mt.

Sinai was EARTHEN NOT STONE. The book insists that when Moses built an altar for burnt offerings and fellowship offerings , at Drift and HIV Essay Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:4) it was made of STONE. The Bible states that God instructed Moses on Mt. Sinai to Scholarship Essay 2013 make an Genetic and HIV Essay altar of earth, not stone (Exodus 20:24, 24:4), for burnt offerings and fellowship offerings: Exodus 20:24: Make an Essay on Marx, The altar of earth for me and sacrifice on Genetic Essay examples, it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings , your sheep and goats and your cattle. (Emphasis added.) The Bible then qualifies the instructions for future circumstances at other locations that, Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you. if you make an altar of stones for Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: me, do not build it with dressed stones, for Essay you will defile it if you use a tool on Scholarship Example Essay 2013, it. (Exodus 20:24-25, emphasis added.) Later, the Drift and HIV Essay examples Israelites did indeed build such an uncut stone altar , but in the Promised Land of Example Essay, Canaan, not Sinai (Deut. 27:5; Joshua 8:31). The book author states, I seriously doubt that an altar of earth would have survived all these years (p. 75, emphasis added). But at another place he almost seems to admit the altar on Sinai was made of earth and long since destroyed (see p. 96).

In that case, there would be no mystery why the altar has never been found at Mt. Genetic. Sinai. One flash flood might have washed it away in an instant. (41) Over the centuries surely nothing would be left. The book states that after many centuries of people searching for Mosesaltar (Exodus 24:4) at the traditional Mt. Sinai, no one has found anything remotely resembling it. Nor has anyone found Aaron's altar (Exodus 32:5) for the Golden Calf there, we are told (pp. 75-76). But travelers long ago, such as Egeria again, found what they thought were stone altars built by Moses and Aaron. (42) When stones are not cut it is hard to tell if a given pile is a natural formation or manmade. So, whether travelers were right or wrong in their observations of Essay Solution to Armageddon, landscape or in their interpretations of Scripture, it is not quite correct to say that absolutely nothing has ever been thought found at the traditional Sinai.

Because it is certainly not correct that no one has ever claimed , or even discussed the Drift and HIV Essay possible finding of altars there as the book insists (p. 109). As for the survival of the Essay and Friedman: The of Ideas 12 pillars of Moses at Drift and HIV examples Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:4), the book author finds it difficult to comprehend that a mountain as important as this one would be defaced or that its stones would be whisked away by from act 1 someone (p. 75). But one must consider the power of destructive relic-mongering following Constantine's conversion. After Helena's pilgrimage Mt. Sinai was becoming one of the Genetic and HIV Essay examples most favored Christian [pilgrimage] sites. (43) Even the famous supposed Burning Bush, though carefully protected by Helena's church and later the (St.

Catherine's) fortress monastery, did not survive. By 1216, it was gone, having been taken by relic-seekers. Quote And Juliet. (44) It is often said that pilgrims carried away so many pieces of the true Cross that a warehouse could be filled with them. It is most likely the Genetic examples 12 pillars set up by Moses have been disturbed or removed through the ages so that they are not recognizable as 12 stones set aside in one defined place. PILLARS at al-Lawz are Actually RINGS of Small Stones. The book admits that rather than pillars, these might better be described as low-lying tepee rings of small stones, arranged some 18 feet across and quote romeo act 1, just three or four feet tall or deep (p.

90), possibly only one to two feet deep (p. Genetic Examples. 210). These sound suspiciously like Early Bronze II-Middle Bronze I rings, which are usually made of small uncut field stones arranged in The Fast Food Scam, circles from 6 to Genetic and HIV examples 20 feet in diameter and about 2-1/2 feet high. (45) Since only one or two of the rings were barely visible from under the dirt and rock, and customers, none of this debris was cleared, it is difficult to see how one can know if any other such pillars existed or that there are exactly 12 of them. Smooth Marble Pillars at al-Lawz are Probably Nabatean. The smooth marble pillars at Drift Jebel al-Lawz are most likely Nabatean. Recall the spectacular ruins of Petra as seen in the recent popular movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.

The huge marble-columned Nabatean temple at quote from and juliet Petra, ca. 40 A.D., (46) appears out in the middle of nowhere, to paraphrase the current book. The unexpected appearance of such products of Genetic Essay examples, high civilization in a remote place is not proof of a link with the Exodus. In fact, one must consider the wetter climate and vastly greater foliage at the time of the Exodus (see Problem No. 8, above). In ancient times, such sites might have been constructed in a green pastureland or forest that has now been rendered a barren desert. Caves of Moses/Jethro near Al Bad, Saudi Arabia, are Well Known. The book under review states that the Caves of Moses or Jethro near Al Bad were previously unknown. Many people in Saudi Arabia were contacted in an effort to find an archaeological site list showing these caves, but nothing was found (p.

183). There appears to be no research on or explanation of this site in any Arabic literature, according to the caption to Plate 19 of the book. However, the Caves of Shoeib near Al Bad are well known, and at least one is sometimes called the Description Solution Cave of Moses or Moses. Servants. (47) A Cave of Shoeib is a Cave of Jethro, too, because in the Koran (11:89) Shoeib was an early pre-Islamic prophet often identified in later Arab works as Jethro, Moses. Midianite father-in-law. (48) Bedouins confused the different prophets, Moses, Jethro, Mohammed, Shoeib, Saleh, et al., often recording the same place as having been visited by each. (49) Satellite Photos of Israelites. Trail Not Shown.

None of the alleged satellite photos that are supposed to show the ancient Israelite marching trails and campsites along the and HIV Essay Exodus route (pp. 220-221) have been published as far as I know. This makes it difficult to study the assertions that have been based on the photos, or even to verify whether the The Fast photos exist. Israelites Marched in One Direction from Mt. Sinai--Direct to Kadesh Barnea. The book asserts that the Israelites. trail can be followed in the (unpublished) satellite photos from the Genetic and HIV examples Sinai peninsula, then into Saudi Arabia, and it just disperses at the Jebel al-Lawz site, the claimed Mt. Sinai. It does not continue on in any one direction from on Marx, Hayek The, Jebel al-Lawz (pp. 220-221). The explanation is that from Mt.

Sinai the Israelites supposedly started their aimless wandering in the wilderness for and HIV 40 years (see p. 57). However, there is a misconception and misreading of the Bible here as the Israelites did march on in one direction from Mt. Sinai. It was to Kadesh Barnea, from where they sent out the spies into the Promised Land. Only at Kadesh-Barnea were they condemned to Scholarship Example 2013 wander in the wilderness for the next 38 years (Deut. 2:14) for their rebellion, not at Mt. Sinai . (Deut.

1:19-2:1; 9:23; Numbers 10:12, 33; 13:26; 14:25.) If the real Mt. Sinai is at Genetic Drift Essay Jebel al-Lawz then there must be a continuation of the trail at least to Kadesh Barnea. But admittedly there isn't. No satellite pictures are shown of the romeo and juliet act 1 allegedly inferior trails around the Genetic and HIV Essay examples traditional Mt. Sinai. No scientific explanation is given, or technical reference cited, for the high-tech space photography method of precisely dating these traditional-site trails at internal and external customers only 300 or 400 years old, at most (p.

221). Seven Days. Genetic. Travel to Red Sea Most Likely. The book states that Bible scholars and archaeologists have poor math in misplacing Mt. Sinai in the Sinai (p. 71). A glaring math error has been committed for thousands of years in internal, figuring that the Israelites reached the Red Sea from Goshen in only three days. march (p. Drift. 118). This mistake is said to be due to the widespread assumption that Moses. Motivation Generator. request of Pharaoh for three days. journey into Genetic Drift Essay examples, the wilderness to The Fast Scam Essay worship God (Exodus 5:3; 8:27) also represents the travel time to the Red Sea upon Essay the Israelites. escape. However, the real reason scholars have thought (mistakenly) that it took three days to get to the Red Sea is that the Bible lists three stops (Succoth, Etham, and Pi-ha-Khiroth) and from and juliet act 1, it is assumed each stop represented one overnight rest. (5) But it cannot be simplistically assumed that the Israelites always camped at night since the pillar of cloud that led them by day was a pillar of fire by night so that they could travel by day or night according to Exodus 13:21 (emphasis added). Ancient Jewish tradition identifies the eating of Genetic and HIV, unleavened bread in haste for seven days in the Passover (Exodus 12:11-19, 37-39; 13:6-7) as the time occupied in hasty travel to the Red Sea.

For seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste , states Deuteronomy 16:3. If so, the Israelites took seven days to on A Solution to Armageddon get to the Red Sea. And HIV. (51) The current book concedes the possibility that the Israelites reached the Red Sea in as little as only five to seven days . (p. 125). Midian Partly Overlapped into the Sinai Peninsula. The book states (p. 70, emphasis added): There is NO mention in any work we have been able to uncover that the land of Midian was ever reputed to be in the Sinai Peninsula. It was always to the east of the Sinai Peninsula across the Gulf of Description for a Solution to Armageddon, Aqaba, where the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is now found. The argument is that if Mt. Sinai is in Midian, and Midian is only in Saudi Arabia, then Mt. Sinai had to be in Saudi Arabia, too.

But as we have seen, Mt. Sinai and Midian were in two different places according to the Bible (Exodus 18; Numbers 10). The book's highly praised ancient author Josephus wrote that the land of Midian was located in the Sinai , in Drift and HIV, the whole district extending from Pelusium in Egypt to the Red Sea, where kinsmen of Moses. Midianite father-in-law had settled. (52) (Notice that Josephus does not make Sinai part of Egypt.) Midian was placed at least partly in Essay, the Sinai by later authors (Antoninus of Placentia, Italy, ca. 570 A.D., Arab historian Makrizi, d. Examples. 1441). (53) So have some of the leading Bible archaeologists and scholars of modern times-William F. Essay Hayek Power. Albright, H. H. Rowley, G. Ernest Wright, Roland de Vaux, Avraham Negev, and Drift and HIV Essay examples, others-who overlap Midian part way into the Sinai. (54) Yet the Essay on A Description current book says one would be e xtremely hard put to find an archaeologist or Biblical scholar who would locate Midian in the Sinai (pp. 16, 70, emphasis added). Drift And HIV. The book author challenges the reader to from romeo act 1 check one's own Bible atlases and see if he is right (p. 69). But he is not.

See for example the Genetic and HIV Essay Grollenberg Atlas of the Bible, Westminster Historical Atlas of the on Marx, Keynes, The Bible, the map section of the revised Hastings. Dictionary of the Bible, and the Jewish History Atlas, all showing Midian partly in examples, the Sinai. (55) The Harper's Bible Dictionary is not correctly quoted in the book to Essay on Marx, Keynes, Hayek Power of Ideas support the idea that Midian was limited to Saudi Arabia (pp. 69-70). The correct quote only refers to the center of Midian as located in and HIV, Saudi Arabia, as it includes the following capitalized portion omitted from the book under review here: The Land of Midian (Exodus 2:15) probably refers to the center of the romeo and juliet act 1 Midianite territory , that part of northwestern Arabia bordering the Gulf of Aqabas eastern shore. (56) This distinction between a center of Midian and an outlying territory of Midian does not preclude the outlying Midian region from overlapping into the Sinai peninsula, contrary to what the book would lead one to believe with its selective quotation. The map in another key source for and HIV examples the current book, the internal customers customers Harper's Bible Commentary, puts Mt. Sinai (Gebel Musa) at Genetic Drift the traditional spot without the question mark that the book claims is used in almost every Bible atlas (p. 49) -- and without showing any alternative site in Saudi Arabia. The book mentions neither of Essay on Marx, Keynes, Hayek and Friedman: The, these facts.

Jebel al-Lawz is unquestionably an interesting archaeological site worthy of further investigation, if Saudi authorities will allow it. Drift. The identification of this site as the true Mt. Sinai needs to overcome a host of problem areas outlined above. I remain interested in reviewing the evidence for this site and am in internal customers and external customers, the process of gathering further data. Copyright 1990-2001 by Brad C. Sparks All rights reserved. (1) Larry Williams, The Mountain of and HIV examples, Moses: The Discovery of Mount Sinai (Wynwood Press, New York, 1990; reprinted as The Discovery of Mount Sinai , 1997) p. 182. (2) Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) p. 70. It will be assumed here that the place where Moses fled after killing the Egyptian (Exodus 2), the land of Midian, roughly corresponds to Saudi Arabia's northwest quarter (see PROBLEM NO. 20 regarding some overlap into the Sinai).

(3) Near the villain generator mountain of God (Exodus 18:5). Essay. The Israelite camp at Rephidim was literally within a short walking distance of Essay on Marx, Keynes, The of Ideas, Horeb (Mt. Sinai), where Moses struck the rock to get water (cp. Exodus 17:1, 5-6). Mt. Horeb = Sinai approximately (cp. Exodus 33:6, 34:29-30).

See the main text for discussion of the similar incident located directly at Essay examples Mt. Sinai (Numbers 10). (4) Har-El's book is quoted in Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 61, 223. (5) Charles T. Beke, Origines Biblicae (London, 1834) vol. 1, cited in Thomas K. Cheyne, Exodus sec. 5, in Cheyne and J. Sutherland Black (eds.), Encyclopaedia Biblica (Macmillan, New York, 1901) vol. 2, col. 1434. See also Beke, Egypt not the Mizraim, nor the Gulf of Suez the Red Sea, of Food Health Essay, Scripture, Asiatic Journal, new series, vol. 13 (1834) p. 258; On the localities of Horeb, Mount Sinai, and Midian, connexion with the hypothesis of the distinction between Mizraim and Drift and HIV Essay, Egypt, letter in The British Magazine (1835), cited in Ibrahim-Hilmy, The Literature of Egypt and the Soudan (Routledge Kegan Paul, London, 1886 [Kraus Reprint, Nendeln, Liechtenstein, 1966]) vol.

1, p. 58. Beke, The Idol in Horeb: evidence that the Golden Image at from and juliet act 1 Mount Sinai was a cone, and not a calf (London, 1871); Mount Sinai a Volcano (Tinsley, London, 1873). (6) Charles T. Beke (ed. Emily Beke), The Late Dr. C. B.'s Discoveries of Sinai in Arabia, and of Midian (London, 1878) p. Essay Examples. 404, cited in Menashe Har-El, The Sinai Journeys: The Route of the Exodus (Ridgefield Publ.

Co., San Diego, Calif., 1983 rev. Eng. transl.) = [ Mase Sinai (Am-Oved Publ. Ltd., Tel Aviv, 1968)] pp. 252, 294 n. 441. Upon his firsthand exploration of the on A Description for a Solution Arabian mountains in 1873-4, Beke seemed to retract his novel thesis of a volcanic origin for Genetic and HIV Essay examples the smoke, fire and rumblings on Mt. Sinai, but without repudiating the general Arabian locale. Villain Generator. Beke, Sinai in Arabia (1878) p. 436, as partly cited in Ian Wilson, Exodus: The True Story (Harper Row, San Francisco, 1985) [= The Exodus Enigma (Weidenfeld Nicholson, London, 1985)] pp.

128, 195. (7) Har-El, Sinai Journeys (1983) p. 250. (7a) See note 3 (above). (8) Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 62, 84. (9) Josephus, Against Apion 2:2 [2:25]: William Whiston (transl.), Josephus: Complete Works (London, 1734 [Kregel Publs., Grand Rapids, Mich., 1960 reprint]) p. 623b; Henry St. J. Thackeray (transl.), Josephus (Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1926) vol.

1, pp. 301-303. (10) Graham I. Davies, The Way of the Wilderness (Cambridge Univ. Press, London, 1979) pp. Drift And HIV Essay Examples. 51-55. (11) Exodus entry, Cheyne-Black, Encyclopaedia Biblica (1901) vol. 2, col. 1434. (12) Beke, The Late Dr. C. Motivation Generator. B.'s Discoveries (1878) p. 436 as cited in Wilson, Exodus (1985) pp. 128, 195, and in and HIV, Ibrahim-Hilmy, Literature of Egypt/Soudan (1886) vol.

1, pp. 58-59. (13) Cheyne-Black, Encyclopaedia Biblica (1899-1903). (14) Oded Bustanay, Exodus, Encyclopaedia Judaica (Keter Publ. House, Jerusalem, 1972) vol. 6, p. 1043; Har-El, Sinai Journeys (1983) pp. 357, endpapers; David Daiches, Moses: The Man and his Vision (Praeger, New York, 1975) pp. 84, cf. 90, 98; Wilson, Exodus (1985) pp. 154, 196; Siegfried H. Quote From And Juliet. Horn, What We Dont Know About Moses and the Exodus, Biblical Archaeology Review, vol. 3, no.

2 (June 1977) pp. 22a-31b at 30, cf. 29a. Har-El's book is quoted in Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 61, 223. (15) Williams, Mountain of Drift, Moses (1990) pp. 13, 56. (16) Nectarius, Bishop of Sinai at on Marx, Hayek The Power of Ideas St. Genetic And HIV Examples. Catherine's Monastery ca. 1658, drew on quote from romeo act 1, the monastery's vast manuscript collection (which included the now famous Codex Sinaiticus) to write the monastery's official history and Drift, he is the authority for on A Description to Armageddon Helena's role in building the original church ca. 330.

Lina Eckenstein, A History of Sinai (London New York, 1921 [AMS Press, New York, 1980 reprint]) pp. 99 fn. 1, 178-179; James Bentley, Secrets of Mount Sinai (Doubleday, New York, 1986 [Orbis, London, 1985]) p. 58; Edith Deen, Great Women of the Christian Faith (Harper Row, New York, 1959 [Barbour Co., Westwood, N.J., reprint]) pp. 7-10. (17) Bentley, Secrets/Sinai (1986) p. 58; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 99. (18) Contrary to Genetic Drift Essay examples the arbitrary dating of Justinian's accession in 527 that is sometimes cited, the villain motivation generator monastery must have been built after Empress Theodora died in Genetic Drift and HIV Essay, 548 as a roof inscription still extant is dedicated to her posthumously (Bentley, Secrets/Sinai, pp. 64-67). Justinian's building activity began ca. 535 and a decree of Justinian dated to 551 guarantees political independence of the monastery (Eckenstein, Hist. Quote Act 1. Sinai, pp.

121-122, 177). Though the decree is probably an Genetic Drift Essay examples ancient forgery, it nevertheless may reflect early information on the construction date of the monastery. (19) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 147. A SHRINE for St. Catherine on an elevated portion of Mt. Sinai (Jebel Musa) had been mentioned as early as ca. 1096 ( ibid., p. 140) but the name evidently was not yet applied to the MONASTERY itself, located in Essay on A Solution, the wadi next to Mt. Genetic Drift Essay. Sinai. (20) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 63, 109.

Karl Richard Lepsius in a letter of April 6, 1845, suggested for the first time that the Onomasticon of Eusebius, ca. 330 A.D., revised by Jerome ca. Quote Romeo And Juliet Act 1. 390 A.D., had identified a mountain AT a place called Paran (not a Mt. Paran), three days. journey from Eilat (Elath), as Mt. Sinai. But his theory was based on a misreading of the Drift and HIV examples text, which clearly distinguished Paran and Mt.

Sinai as separate locales. Quote From Romeo And Juliet Act 1. Lepsius also believed this Mt. Sinai-at-Paran meant Jebel Serbal near Pharan or Feiran, about 20 miles northwest of Jebel Musa, but this is much farther than three days. travel from Elath. Examples. Lepsius (transl. Charles H. Cottrell), A Tour from Thebes to the Peninsula of Sinai (London, 1846 Eng. transl.) pp.

65, 74; Briefe aus Aegypten, Aethiopien und der Halbinsel des Sinai (Berlin, 1852) pp. 345-354, 416, 447-451; as cited in the critiques below: Henry Hayman, Sinai, in villain generator, William Smith (ed.), A Dictionary of the Drift Essay Bible (Murray, London, 1863) vol. 3, pp. 1325a-1328a at villain motivation generator 1326b-1327a; James G. Murphy, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Exodus (T. T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1866 [Klock Klock, Minneapolis, Minn., 1979 reprint]) pp.

204-205; C. F. Keil and Friedrich Delitzsch, Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament (T. T. Drift And HIV Essay Examples. Clark, Edinburgh, 1878) vol. 2, p. 90 fn. 1 [on Exodus 19:1, 2]; J. Rendel Harris, Sinai, Mount, in internal and external customers, James Hastings (ed.), A Dictionary of the Bible (T. T. Clark, Edinburgh; Scribner's, New York, 1898 [Hendrickson Publ., Peabody, Mass., 1988 reprint]) vol. 4, pp. 536b-538a at 537b; Eckenstein, Hist.

Sinai, p. 4; Davies, Wilderness, pp. 43-44, 63, 109 nn. 5, 6. Davies refutes the Genetic Drift Essay examples mistaken notion of Hare-El, and a J. Baker Greene writing in 1883, that Burckhardt also had advocated Serbal as Sinai prior to Lepsius. Davies, p. 109 n. 6. (The same mistake was made still earlier in the Smith Bible Dict., 1863; see Hayman, ibid. ) (21) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 14-28, esp. 23-24. (22) Paul J. Achtemeier (ed.), Harper's Bible Dictionary (Harper Row, New York, 1985) p. 957, emphasis added. (23) Eckenstein, Hist.

Sinai (1921) pp. Motivation. 98-101, 104, 119; Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 100-101 n. 23; John Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels to the Holy Land (Aris Phillips, Warminster, Eng. Ariel Publ. House, Jerusalem, 1981 rev.) pp. 29, 237-239; see A. Thomas Kraabel review in BAR, vol. 9, no. 2 (March/April 1983) pp. 20-23.

Egeria is also known in the literature as Etheria or Silvia, but the name and spelling as Egeria has been fairly well established. George E. Genetic Drift. Gingras, Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage (Newman Press/Paulist Press, New York, 1970) pp. 6-7; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels, pp. Motivation Generator. 235-236. (24) Davies, Wilderness (1979) p. 42. (25) Alan H. Genetic Drift And HIV. Gardiner, William F. Hayek The Of Ideas. Albright, Edouard Naville, and others, cited in: John Van Seters, The Hyksos (Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, Conn., 1966) pp. 148-149; Gingras, Egeria, pp.

21-23, 149-150 nn. 96-102, 183 n. 103; Wilson, Exodus, p. 47; John Bimson, Exodus and Conquest-Myth or Reality? Journal of the Ancient Chronology Forum, vol. And HIV. 2 (London, 1988) pp. 37, 39; Itzhaq Beit-Arieh, Fifteen Years in Sinai, BAR, vol. 10, no. 4 (July/August 1984) p. Internal Customers. 28; Aviram Perevolotsky and Israel Finkelstein, The Southern Sinai Exodus Route in Ecological Perspective, BAR, vol. 11, no. And HIV Essay Examples. 4 (July/August 1985) pp. 28-32.

(26) Davies, ibid., pp. 40, 43, 46; Eckenstein, Hist. From Romeo Act 1. Sinai (1921) pp. 93-94, 115; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels (1981) pp 28-29, 100-101, 205-207. Etymology of Clysma: J. Rendel Harris and Arthur T. Chapman, Exodus and Journey to Canaan, in Hastings, Dict. of the Bible (1898) vol. 1, p. 803b; Joseph Henry Thayer, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Associated Publs., Grand Rapids, Mich., reprint 1889 rev.) pp. 332a, 350b. (27) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 30, 99 n. 1, emphasis added. In Herodotus ca. 450 B.C., not only was the Sinai Peninsula considered PART OF ARABIA but, surprisingly, so was all of the eastern desert half of what WE now call EGYPT on the continent of AFRICA.

In Greek and Roman Empire days, the bulk of the Sinai Peninsula was left to the Nabateans as Arabia Petrea, until their conquest by the Romans in 106 A.D. The southern and central Sinai were then merged into the new Province of Arabia. Even in modern times, Wilhelm Gesenius listed both MT. SINAI and the Sinai Peninsula as PART OF ARABIA, in his famous 1834 Hebrew Lexicon. (Herodotus II:8, 11, 158; Michael Avi-Yonah, Sinai, Encycl. Judaica, vol. 14, p. 1595; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai, p. 91; Davies, Wilderness, p. 30; Avraham Negev (ed.), The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land [AEHL] (Thomas Nelson, Nashville, Tenn., 1986 rev.) pp. 65, 221-223, 276, 292, 351; Samuel P. Tregelles (transl.), Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon (Baker, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1979 reprint [London, 1847, 1857]) p. 584 (Strong's no. 5514).) (28) Telephone interview with John D. Morris, ICR, Oct.

26, 1990; Morris, The Search for Noah's Ark: Status 1992, Impact, no. 231 [ Acts Facts, vol. 21, no. 9] (Sept. 1992) p. Genetic Drift Essay. iii. (29) Bob Cornuke slide presentation, Calvary Chapel-Costa Mesa, Santa Ana, Calif., Oct. Villain Motivation. 25, 1990 (tape transcript). See also Cornuke, Trinity Broadcasting Network television program, Dec. And HIV Examples. 18, 1991 (audio tape available from TBN, Tustin, Calif.). (30) Also Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) p. Quote From Romeo And Juliet Act 1. 123 (to go out of Goshen is to go OUTSIDE OF EGYPT), emphasis added. (31) John Bright, A History of Drift and HIV examples, Israel (Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1959) pp.

114-115. (32) Louis Grollenberg, Atlas (Thomas Nelson, London, 1956, 1965) p. Hayek The Of Ideas. 51. (33) Alessandra Nibbi, Ancient Egypt and Some Eastern Neighbours (Noyes Press, Park Ridge, N.J., 1981) pp. 1-5, 9, 11; William H. Genetic Drift Essay. Stiebing, Out of the Desert? (Prometheus Books, Buffalo, N.Y., 1989) pp. 184-186. (34) Frederick W. Essay On Marx, Keynes, Hayek The Power Of Ideas. Holland in Charles W. Wilson, et al., The Recovery of Jerusalem (R. Bentley, London, 1871) p. 524, quoted in Claude R. Conder, Sinai, in Genetic Drift Essay, James Orr (gen. ed.), International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1929 rev. [1986 reprint]), vol. 4, p. Health. 2804; Samuel C. Bartlett, From Egypt to Palestine (Harper Row, New York, 1879) pp.

270-272, as cited in and HIV Essay examples, Wilbur Fields, Exploring Exodus (College Press, Joplin, Missouri, 1976) p. 394; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) pp. 118, 122-123. (35) Eckenstein, ibid., pp. 6-7, 39-40. (37) R. The Fast Essay. Laird Harris (ed.), Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Moody Press, Chicago, 1980) vol.

2, pp. 558-559 (no. 1309); Gesenius Lexicon, p. 536 (Strong's no. 5090). (38) Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 6:7:3 [140]; edition of Genetic Drift and HIV examples, Henry St. Essay 2013. J. Thackeray and Ralph Marcus (transls.), Josephus (Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1934) p. 237. See also Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai, p. 45. (39) Cornuke presentation, Oct. 25, 1990 (tape transcript).

Cf. Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 77-79. Genetic Drift. See also Cornuke, TBN television, Dec. Essay On Marx, And Friedman: Of Ideas. 18, 1991 (audio tape). (40) Telephone interview with John D. Morris, ICR, Oct. Drift And HIV Essay Examples. 26, 1990; Morris, Search for Noah's Ark, Impact [ Acts Facts ] (Sept. 1992) p. Essay 2013. iii.

(40a) Bob Cornuke telephone interview, Dec. 30, 1996. (41) Flash floods at St. Genetic Drift Essay Examples. Catherine's or southern Sinai generally: Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) pp.

5-6; George H. Forsyth and Kurt Weitzmann, Saving the Mt. Sinai Mosaics, BAR , vol. 4, no. 4 (Nov/Dec 1978) p. 20. (42) Egeria 2:2, 4:4; Eckenstein, ibid., pp. 117-118; Gingras, Egeria (1970) pp.

50, 54-55; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels (1981) pp. 91, 95-96. (43) Bentley, Secrets/Sinai (1986) p. 58, emphasis added. (44) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. Essay On Marx, And Friedman: Of Ideas. 151; Bentley, ibid., p. Genetic Drift And HIV Examples. 67. (45) Negev, AEHL (1986) p. 351. Eckenstein, ibid., p. 118. Interestingly, Egeria (5:5) saw low-lying circular stone foundations near the traditional Mt. Sinai, which she thought were remains of houses built by from the Israelites under Moses. Egeria also saw the and HIV examples so-called Nawami stone huts (Eckenstein, p. 90; Wilkinson, pp.

209-210, 213, 216, 328) on her way to Mt. Essay On Marx, Keynes,. Sinai. These have been found in various spots across the Sinai and Genetic Drift and HIV, Negev, some with the stone roofs amazingly still intact. Based on pottery chronology, they are dated to the Chalcolithic age. (Beit-Arieh, BAR , July/Aug 1984, pp. Act 1. 34-36.) (46) Avraham Negev, Understanding the Nabateans, BAR , vol. 14, no. 6 (Nov/Dec 1988) pp. Drift Essay Examples. 32, 34. (47) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp.

49, 106 n. 2, 110 n. 17. (48) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) pp. Scholarship Essay 2013. 81-82. Arab historian Masoudi ca. 951 A.D. disputed this identification of Shoeib with Jethro. (50) Exodus 12:37; 13:20; 14:2; Numbers 33:3-8. See Keil-Delitzsch, Comm. Essay. Exodus (1878) pp.

26-27 (on Exod. Customers And External. 12:37-42). (51) Ancient Hebrew tradition of Genetic and HIV examples, 7-day travel on Food Health Essay, Abib/Nisan 15-21 from Egypt to the Red Sea: Johann David Michaelis, Essai physique sur lheure des marees dans la Mer Rouge, comparee avec lheure du passage des Hebreux (Paris, 1755; rev. Gottingen, 1758) as partly cited in Alexander Wheelock Thayer, The Hebrews and the Red Sea (Warren F. Draper, Andover, Mass., 1883) p. 11 fn. 1; see also Howard B. Rand, Primogenesis (Destiny Publishers, Haverhill, Mass., 1953) pp.

166-167, as quoted in examples, John J. Davis, Moses and the Gods of Egypt (Baker, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1986 rev.) p. 174; Fields, Exploring Exodus (1976) pp. 260, 289 (3 days to Succoth then 4 days to Red Sea). (52) Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 6:7:3 [140]; Thackeray-Marcus, Josephus (1934) p. 237. (53) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 81; Davies, Wilderness (1979) p. Customers. 46.

(54) Grollenberg, Atlas (1965) pp. 44, 157; G. Genetic Drift. Ernest Wright and F. V. Filson, Westminster Historical Atlas (Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1956 rev.) p. 33; James Hastings (ed.), Frederick C. Grant and H. H. Rowley (rev. eds.), Dictionary of the Bible (Scribner's, New York, 1963 rev.) map 5; Negev, AEHL (1986) p. 262. (55) Ibid.; Martin Gilbert (ed.), Jewish History Atlas (Weidenfeld Nicholson, London, 1985) map reprinted in Martin Gilbert (cons. ed.), Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization (Macmillan, New York, 1990) p. 15. (56) Achtemeier, Harper's Bible Dict. (1985) p. 634. Customers. Harper's next sentence confusingly talks about the Midianites roaming far beyond this ancestral homeland as far as the Sinai , which might suggest to Genetic Drift examples a cursory reader that the Sinai was outside of Midian but apparently means the Sinai was outside of the ancestral center of Midianite territory. However, there is no Biblical basis for internal distinguishing between a central Midian and an outer Midian.

(57) Ibid., p. 957; James L. Genetic Drift And HIV. Mays (gen. ed.), Harper's Bible Commentary (Harper Row, San Francisco, 1988) map 2. Copyright 1990-2001 by Brad C. Sparks. Addendum: Prof. The Fast Health Scam Essay. K.A. Kitchen addresses the possible routes of the Exodus and the overwhelming evidence that the traditional location at the South end of the Sinai Peninsula is Essay correct. See his new book, On the Description for a Solution to Armageddon Reliability of the Old Testament , Wm. B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2003. See especially pages 241-274.

Route Maps, from Drift Essay examples, K.A. Kitchen. Another Traditional route map with major place names. (added 3/18/04). Online version created January 30, 1997. Modified January 31, 1997, April 21, 1997, February 9, 1999, Last revision April 23, 2001.

Formatting changes: Thursday, February 6, 2003. January 1, 2004. April 17, 2004. October 7, 2004. March 24, 2005. April 2, 2005. Food. August 7, 2006.