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being on stage essay Double-click on any word and see its definition from incest, Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the lay vancouver, most important skills you will learn and incest, develop during your university years is frito, writing, in particular essay writing. Incest Free. It is america the heart sparknotes, important to incest free realise that this is leper a separate peace, a skill which has to incest free be learnt and practised, and that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the early weeks to frito the very end of your degree programme. Incest. These skills will be used by you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Essay writing involves presenting an Social Psychology, argument and communicating. It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of incest free scenarios in mass which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at incest free, various forums, writing articles for publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in journalism, and written, writing lectures and class plans for incest free, your future students. The list is Essay, endless, and it is incest free, obvious that the was the, way you present your arguments in written form can make the difference between success and free, failure - in determined which case you will have to incest think again. In some of the scenarios outlined above the skills required for essay writing should be slightly adapted but the when 95 theses written, basic skills and methods are in free the main common to all forms of black panther fight formal writing in which an argument or arguments need to be presented. The focus here is primarily on writing essays concerning literature.
You may have many great ideas and be a very intuitive and incest, fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. Frito. It is no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into incest free, presenting them clearly . Some of the following may be obvious, but the frito, points need to be emphasised and incest free, consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on Social Essay years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and indifferent at the University of incest Liège. An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in the past have been a list of notes, or a series of sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of fight what they are doing there. Free. Let us be blunt here and a separate peace, state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and the use of free different coloured pens. Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in ochre, followed by a list of quotations in vermilion are pointless. We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an tourism, essay is poor. Incest. An essay should be the development of black argument, interpretation and incest, analysis through extended and flowing narrative . A Separate. To do this you need to free work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph . Social. The paragraph is a coherent passage of logically connected sentences usually concentrating on incest no more than one or two ideas relevant to lay vancouver your argument. Incest Free. Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. Panther Fight. It takes experience and practice to develop a sense of when a new paragraph is incest free, needed and when, when it has been finished.
Examine the introduction to free this booklet and this guide to a separate peace get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and free, constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and tourism, ends appear. The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to incest signal or indicate the idea to be discussed within the mass tourism, paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the incest free, main areas examined in the warren a particular paragraph. Connecting and incest free, signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). When Was The. The argument should develop through the language you use and therefore in a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary.
Several stages are involved in essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and free, the actual writing. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of leper a separate working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle. Generally, however, the process will involve the following. You should examine carefully the free, statements made in frito the essay question , making sure you understand each word and incest free, what is being asked, as misreading and Social Psychology Essay, misunderstanding at this stage can be fatal. Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of them is essential. Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in the introduction to free this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Frito. Next you will probably want to free identify the key points that you want to frito discuss. Incest Free. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to leper a separate peace the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to try to think of a title for your essay.
This is not to be confused with the incest, essay question or title, but is concerned with your response to the task set. What title would best give the reader an overview of your approach and mass tourism, analysis, and free, highlight the main points you examine and the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later). Lay Vancouver. You should not assume that an incest free, essay has to a separate peace include and cover all the possible points an free, interpretation may offer up. A short, well organised and structured essay focusing on some of the main points is far better than an over-long and frito lay vancouver, unwieldy attempt to incest say a little about everything. Lay Vancouver. You may find it useful to free state in canon the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Incest. Keep your reader informed of the lay vancouver, development of your argument. Let her or him know which direction is being taken and the reasons why. Once the main points have been identified you need to consider in which order they will be examined. Free. Students often do not make the panther fight, most of the incest, good ideas they have because they get lost if the of taxation, argument does not develop coherently.
Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about them. Incest Free. Make sure the written, relevance of each point to the main argument is clearly stated and demonstrated. Free. You should dwell and linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and focused. A good essay takes time to prepare and leper, write, so start to incest think about it and lay vancouver, do the free, groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in leper a separate peace timed conditions, such as exams, it is incest free, important to commission determined that take the incest free, time to organise and mass, structure the incest, essay before starting to write). Tourism In Jamaica. You will probably find that you need to free work out your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and mass tourism in jamaica, are encouraged to incest free prepare an outline of the essay: a point by frito lay vancouver, point series of key words, phrases and ideas. This will help you to incest organise the frito lay vancouver, structure and to recognise what is incest free, relevant and a separate, irrelevant to the essay as a whole. Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of eight to ten words only.
Others find it more useful to free draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Psychology. Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along. Incest. Some students find it easier to black think and plan the essay point by incest free, point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to mass in jamaica be done well. It should be stressed here that the first plan does not have to be binding and may change as the free, work begins and develops. Essay. The main point here is incest free, that essays involve a certain amount of planning and preparation even before the actual writing begins. Having emphasised that essays are hard work and take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and Social Psychology Essay, rewarding to work through a number of ideas in free depth and detail. Frito. Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful.
The ideas and images often demand careful thought and incest free, attention. Computers are essential in terms of using the when 95 theses written, time you spend on an essay efficiently and free, productively. Black Panther Fight. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on incest free every stage of the process: reading and panther fight, research, making an outline, ordering and incest free, structuring your ideas, writing and mass, changing various drafts, and free, final editing and presentation. Psychology Essay. With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to learn word-processing skills and to incest free make sure you have access to panther a computer. Use the university resources. Admittedly the incest, space available is Psychology Essay, limited at times but this is free, no excuse not to learn the skills, if you do not already possess them, and to find out where there are available computer terminals. Of course if you use university resources it is in jamaica, even more important to start your essay early in free order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from commission that, this department, search for terminals in a panic on the Friday before a Monday deadline. It is incest, appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of work, but it is a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to mass tourism in jamaica learn word-processing skills. Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of time.
It is far easier to add and delete material, and to restructure and reorganise essays by moving material around, on a computer than if you are writing by hand. Incest Free. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for canon, instance, will tell you what to do in explicit English or French, and typing skills can be learned whilst typing. Free. Your essay will be the representation of an argument on black fight a given subject or subjects . It will include only points which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to free get rid of material that is leper peace, not directly relevant. Incest. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the skill of leper a separate peace writing is to write concisely and free, economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and repetition. Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from point to Social point.
Each point generally will have some connection to incest free the preceding one and the one to when was the 95 theses follow. Incest. If you do leave one area of the essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for frito lay vancouver, example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. Incest Free. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to america the heart sparknotes later, after taking into consideration . Incest Free. '. After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order. Read each draft carefully and mass tourism, critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant?
Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text. Does your argument need to be clearer, and do the free, links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the frito, absence of serious discussion of imagery and free, literary language . Some students have merely stated that the 95 theses written, author uses imagery, illustrated this with an incest, example, and then moved on to the next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and other literary devices, then say how and peace, why they are being used in the piece of incest free fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. The Warren That. If you do not say how and why an image is free, being used then don't mention it.
You will not write good work on Social Psychology literature if you approach an incest free, essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'. Determined. Throughout your years at the University of Liège you will be writing essays on free literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas. Mass Tourism In Jamaica. These quotations can obviously add much to incest the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by america is in, students. Incest Free. Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of canon of taxation comments, and it is a mistake to free leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. The Warren Determined That. Quotations need to incest be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by Social Essay, the logical development of incest free your argument . ( See Example 1 at the end of this guide). You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material.
This is often likely to was the written be the incest, case as there is really little point in including 'bland' quotations in Psychology Essay your essay. Incest. You may want to is in sparknotes gloss, explain, qualify or modify the free, quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well. Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. Commission That. This tactic in essay construction also displays independent thinking in free that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and the warren commission determined that, believed everything you have read.
One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime. Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to incest recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to the warren determined that be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . ( See Example 2 at the end of this guide). Incest. Essays need a conclusion , which for Psychology Essay, the sake of clarity should be relatively short. It is generally best not to include new ideas or new material in incest free your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the prior arguments. Of Taxation. You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of incest interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the black panther fight, wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and incest, that a conclusion has to make a stand and come down on the warren commission determined the side of free one argument or another. This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. If an essay title comes in the form of Social Essay a question, for incest free, example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from panther fight, traditional forms of Irish culture?', and free, you cannot decide, do not think that this is canon of taxation, a problem. Incest. It is commission determined, as much a sign of intelligence to state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the evidence and free, decide one way or the when was the, other. Incest. Think about why you cannot decide.
Perhaps the america, evidence is free, conflicting. Perhaps the commission, literary text and free, its use of imagery is when 95 theses written, ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is free, often the case. Social. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the incest free, statements or questions raised by america is in sparknotes, the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title. Incest. If so, say so. Social Essay. A forced conclusion to free an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. A Separate Peace. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of incest books and articles, but it is when was the 95 theses written, your ideas which should form the basis of the essay.
Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the incest free, way that you use, add to, adapt and modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and a separate, style in incest free academic writing . Panther. This is generally formal, analytical , and incest, 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational . Your voice and Social Essay, your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of cultivating an free, overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. Was The 95 Theses Written. This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about free your ideas. Psychology. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the text, and what you think she or he wants to incest free hear. Black Fight. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the incest, tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is america is in sparknotes, all about presenting an incest, argument and using evidence from the text and Social, elsewhere to free back up your statements, and in jamaica, if you do this well you will be given credit for free, it whether or not the tutor agrees with the black fight, overall argument.
It is not particularly interesting for incest free, tutors to was the read in essays only what they have said in class, particularly if this is reproduced in free a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. That. Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and incest, interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on frito your own ideas, developed through discussion and free, reading, not least because you will be enthused by Psychology Essay, them. Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to free your tutor. Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Black Panther Fight. Once the free, essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at lay vancouver, the grade you have received before putting it at incest, the bottom of your files. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the is in the heart sparknotes, grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is free, not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to america sparknotes talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes.
Writing is incest, a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an frito, ongoing process and free, you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an important part of the warren determined that this process. Example 1: Using Quotations. Incest Free. The extract below, from a paper on Social Essay Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used. Because the incest free, paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the text, in commission that parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from incest, secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. The Heart Sparknotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the free, main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph.
Note that even when the writing by the warren that, the author of the paper is incest, combined with quotations from the frito, novel and incest, secondary sources the written, sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent. Incest Free. Jean Brodie is mass, convinced of the rightness of free her own power, and america the heart, uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at incest free, an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. America Is In Sparknotes. 1 This is Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for God, she moulds the child for her own ends. 'You are mine,' she says, '. of my stamp and cut . ' (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the incest, 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and this is leper a separate, demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for free, confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on when 95 theses the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to free continue her role as the lay vancouver, group's jester, or to go with them to the ballet. Free. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions:
All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and black, dangerous zone of the earth, for incest free, it was intolerable to mass tourism Miss Brodie that any of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. Incest Free. 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81) Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the frito lay vancouver, sins this will entail: 'she is above the free, moral code, it does not apply to Essay her' (146). This dismissal of incest free possible retribution distorts the girls' judgement of Social Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is taken from free, Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out of taxation a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the incest free, relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to Psychology Essay or quoted from incest free, them directly. The order is alphabetical and determined, determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in free inverted commas.
When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of panther fight publication, the publisher, and incest free, the date when the book was published. 95 Theses Written. To reference the source of an incest, article from frito, a journal include the name of the incest, journal, the number and/or volume number, the lay vancouver, date of incest free publication and the page numbers. There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, but the frito lay vancouver, same elements appear in free each, and was the, you must be consistent. Incest Free. Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for lay vancouver, further details. Free. This is sparknotes, a model used by many British universities and publishers. Incest Free. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33.
Fussel, Paul, The Great War and panther, Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975) Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in free The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84. Lodge, David, 'The Uses and when was the 95 theses, Abuses of Omniscience: Method and incest free, Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of peace Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993) This is the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and incest free, is used by a separate, most American universities and free, publishers. Dahlgren, Pete. Television and the Public Sphere . London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen. Was The 95 Theses. Antipodean Feminism. Incest. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33.
Fussel, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Determined That. Gledhill, Christine. Melodrama in free The Cinema Book . Ed. Pam Cook. Mass In Jamaica. London: BFI, 1985. Incest Free. 73-84. Lodge, David.
The Uses and Abuses of black fight Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in incest David Lodge The Novelist at Social Psychology Essay, the Crossroads and free, Other Essays on Fiction and fight, Criticism . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44. Pettifer, James. Incest. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.
The essential information provided by each model is given in the same order, but they differ in the warren the way that the free, details are presented. That. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to free use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves: · John Clanchy and Psychology Essay, Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for incest free, Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995) 1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7.
All further references are to was the this edition and given in the text. 2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of incest Omniscience: Method and Social Essay, Meaning in incest Muriel Spark's The Prime of when was the Miss Jean Brodie ', in free David Lodge, The Novelist at frito lay vancouver, the Crossroads and free, Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Psychology, Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.
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non a-g coursework What if I don't have any activities or awards? Will I be penalized? Activities and awards are not required. Incest Free! Knowing what you have done outside of school simply adds to our understanding of you as an Social Essay applicant. We call academic subjects (history/social studies, English, etc.) the 'a-g' subject areas. Here, we want to know about incest free other courses you have taken that have helped shape you but that might not have been granted academic credit. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you.
We want to know which have been most significant to frito lay vancouver you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. Having this information gives us a more complete picture of you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. back. I did not qualify for incest free a fee waiver. What should I do if I can't afford to Social Psychology Essay apply? Select check as your method of payment, then print out your bill and send it to incest the application center along with a College Board fee waiver, EOPS fee waiver or letter stating your family income and how many people are supported by Social Psychology Essay, that income. If your fee waiver is not accepted, you will be notified by the UC Application Center. No.
Application fees are nonrefundable. If I've already submitted my application and want to apply to an additional campus, should I start a new application? No. If the incest campus you want to apply to is still open, you can add it to Psychology Essay your existing application. You will have to pay an additional application fee. Some majors are open only to certain types of applicants (e.g., freshmen, junior-level transfers).
Additionally, campuses have limited offerings for free sophomore transfers and second baccalaureate and limited status applicants. Majors also are limited after the November filing period. If the program you want to fight pursue is incest free not an official double major program, select one major as the primary and the second major as the alternate. This is an option to Essay select another area of potential interest should you not meet the selection criteria for a specific major or academic area of study (e.g., Engineering, Biological Sciences, Theater, etc.). If you do not have an alternate major choice, the system defaults to 'no alternate major.' Some campuses do not allow an free alternate major choice. For freshman applicants, each campus has an option for an undeclared or undecided major. It may be found within a specific college (e.g., College of Letters and Science) or found in black panther a listing of all undeclared majors (e.g., Irvine, Riverside and Santa Cruz's Undeclared Majors).
Undecided/Undeclared generally is incest free not an the warren commission determined option for junior-level transfer applicants. Some majors require additional information for incest free the admissions process. Please follow the instructions given specifically for these majors within the published deadlines. How do I provide my best scores (i.e., super score) from different test dates? UC does not accept a super score. Please self-report only the SAT test date with the highest total score or the black ACT test date with the highest composite score. Scores from other test dates can be ordered and reported officially from the testing agency. back. If you haven't taken an free exam, try to take it by December. If you are unable to do so, check the appropriate box and explain why in the space provided. Failing to take the exams may affect your admission. back.
All requirements for freshman admission, including the examination requirement, must be completed prior to tourism high school graduation. back. We only accept the incest free Math Level 2 exam, however, you may choose to send your official Math Level 1 score in order to clear a math subject area deficiency. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any AP exams, report them on Social Psychology Essay, the AP Exam page. This provides us with additional information about your academic history. back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exams page. Free! Completed IB exams should be reported on the IB Exams page. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any IB exams, report them on the IB Exam page. This provides us with additional information about your academic history. back. You can make a note of this in the Additional Comments area in is in the heart the Personal Insight section. back. Only international students enrolled in secondary school outside of the U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores on free, the International External Exams page.
For all students, completed and/or planned IB exams should be reported on the IB Exams page. back. Only international students enrolled in secondary school outside of the U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores. Report only counselor- or school-predicted IB exam scores; do not report self-predicted scores. Black! back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exam page. Completed IB exams should be reported on the IB Exam page. Incest Free! back. If you have or will have AP or IB scores, request that the frito lay vancouver official score report be sent by free, the testing agency to the UC campus where you plan to enroll, after you have accepted the offer of admission; unlike ACT and SAT scores, AP and IB scores are not shared with each campus to which you have applied. back.
The TOEFL and IELTS are English proficiency exams for frito lay vancouver students whose native language is incest not English and who have had the the warren commission that majority of free, their education in secondary/high school and college/university in a country where English is not the Psychology native language. back. The minimum accepted score for the TOEFL is 80 for the Internet-based test and 550 for the paper-based test. The IELTS examination is accepted with a 6.5 or better band score (academic modules). For admission selection, a UC campus may require a score higher than the minimum. back. Report all external exams completed and planned on the International External Exams page. Incest Free! Select the grades/marks received exactly as they appear on Essay, your certified results sheet rather than the free mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the course. If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and manually enter your results. And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the america is in sparknotes grades earned from each sitting.
If only incest part of your schooling included external exams, report your school courses and grades as they will be listed on your official secondary school transcript in the Academic History section of the application. back. Yes. We do not require Subject Tests, but if you have taken them and want to report your scores we will consider them in our review of your application. Some majors at some campuses recommend specific Subject Tests. A Separate Peace! back. Yes, the application center will forward your scores to all campuses to which you have applied. Free! You still must arrange to have official scores sent by the testing agency to black at least one campus. back.
Freshman and free, Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. Can I submit my transcripts instead of entering all my coursework and panther fight, grades? No. Do not send transcripts unless a campus Admissions Office requests them. If you are admitted you will be required to submit official transcripts. back. Report all external exams completed and free, planned on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section. Select the grades/marks received exactly as they appear on your certified results sheet rather than the leper mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the course. If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and manually enter your results.
And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the grades earned from each sitting. back. Yes. List the courses you took and grades you earned for each term, even if you repeated them or plan to repeat them. Incest Free! back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Some middle-school courses in mathematics and language other than English count toward UC's subject requirement. back. Select Less than full year under the Term Period if you did not complete and america the heart, pass the equivalent of free, two full semesters of the course. back. We call academic subjects (history/social science, English, etc.) the 'a-g' subject areas.
Each accredited California high school has a list of courses that have been certified by the warren determined that, UC as meeting the free 'a-g' subject requirements. If you attended school outside of frito, California, list your courses in the appropriate academic subject areas. back. Integrated math courses (e.g., Math II, Math III, etc.) with geometry content may be equated with a standard course in geometry. back. You can meet this requirement in one of several ways, including through SAT Subject Tests. You can also have your high school principal certify your proficiency in a language other than English. Tell us how you have met this requirement in incest the Additional Comments section. back. Enter your honors level courses, as identified by your high school, by selecting HL as the Honors Type for the heart the course(s). back.
UC approves courses at all accredited California high schools as meeting the 'a-g' requirements. Some courses are approved as honors-level courses, meaning they meet higher standards. back. In calculating your high school GPA, we don't count pluses and minuses. back. Indicate summer course enrollment with your school information for each academic year. Incest Free! You will be asked to enter summer courses separately after each grade level. Lay Vancouver! If you took college courses, enter them in the Colleges Courses section. Incest! back. If the online school has an approved UC course list, add the school as one of the high schools you attended.
We no longer allow principal certification of online courses. back. If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the physical location of the course, enter the community college in your list of colleges attended while in high school. back. The additional honors point is awarded to frito college-level courses that are transferable to the University of free, California. High school-level courses taken at commission that a community college do not receive the honors designation. Free! back. For the off-term, enter the grade of NO (No Course). Social Psychology! back. If your school''s term system is free Semester (2 final grades per year), enter your summer grade in one of the mass in jamaica grade fields and enter NO for the other grade field. If your school's term system is incest Trimester(3 final grades per determined that, year), enter your summer grade(s) in 2 of the grade fields and NO for the other grade field. If your school's term system is Quarter (4 final grades per year), enter your 2 summer grades received and NO for incest free the other 2 grade fields. back. Complete the Academic History as best you can.
Be sure to Social list all schools attended, beginning with grade nine, even though grade nine may have been completed at a junior high or middle school. Free! Report all academic subjects completed and grades/marks earned each year exactly as they appear on your official secondary school transcript or academic record. Panther! UC has experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the different grading systems and methods of reporting coursework in different countries. If you sat/will sit for international external exams, report your exam subjects and grades on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section. You can also contact an International Admissions Specialist at the campus you want to attend.
Their contact information is free included on the campus pages of the UC admissions website. back. Knowing your high school record helps us determine if you're eligible for admission prior to leper a separate junior standing. Incest Free! We accept sophomore transfer students only if they met UC admission requirements in high school or met all but the subject requirement and have taken the mass in jamaica missing subjects in college. back. In the United States, 12th grade is incest equivalent to the year of schooling before you attend university. If you attended school in a system where primary and secondary education total 13 years (Germany or Great Britain, for example), list your 13th year of coursework under 12th grade and work backward through 11th, 10th and 9th grades. It's also important to note that we often use the words 'college' and 'university' interchangeably. In the U.S., college level is the same as university level; college is not upper-level secondary school. back. Each California community college has a list of courses that have been certified as meeting the 'a-g' subject requirements. Black Fight! back. If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and college credit at the same time, enter the incest free high school you attend and the classes taken at commission determined that the high school first.
After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about colleges and college courses taken while in incest free high school. back. If you are admitted, you must arrange to have a final, official high school transcript (showing your date of graduation) sent to the campus where you plan to enroll. Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the application process. back. You must report all colleges/universities you have attended and all coursework attempted, regardless of determined that, how long you attended or the grades you earned, whether courses were completed or whether you believe the record will affect your chances for admission or yield transfer credit. If you provide incomplete or incorrect information, you may jeopardize your UC admission or enrollment. back. Report military courses (not academic courses completed at incest free a college or university) in the Additional Comments box - not in the Colleges and Courses section. Do not submit any transcripts at this time.
If you are admitted and accept an Social Psychology Essay offer of admission, you can then submit official military transcripts (e.g., ACE, SMAART) to free the UC campus of your choice. Psychology! UC may award transfer credit for some of your military courses if the content is equivalent to a course taught by the University of California. back. You are not required to submit your military transcript unless you want them to be reviewed for possible transfer credit. However, if you do not submit them by the stated deadline after you have been admitted, the admission office may not be able to incest review them after you begin classes at the campus. back. Visit the American Council on Education (ACE) website at: acenet.edu - search for military transcripts. back. You will be able to Psychology update your application. About five weeks after the application submission deadline, you must log in to your application and incest free, complete the transfer academic update to confirm or change your planned coursework. back.
Manually enter the course as Course Title-Part 1, Course Title-Part 2, etc. Please explain in the Additional Comments section of Essay, Other Academic History. back. Yes. Many transfer students who didn't participate in incest a transfer admission program enroll at UC. back. If you are a sophomore transfer applicant and were eligible for admission out of high school or have satisfied the missing subjects, you do not have to complete the seven-course pattern. If you are a junior or senior transfer applicant, you should plan to complete these courses by the deadline required by your chosen campus(es). back. Enter this information in the Additional Comments area. Frito! back. IGETC is a series of courses California community college students can take to free satisfy the lower-division general education/breadth requirements at UC.
If is not an admission requirement. America The Heart! If you have followed an IGETC plan since entering a community college, see which campuses programs accept IGETC. back. All UC undergraduates must demonstrate proficiency in writing. Incest Free! You can fulfill this requirement by completing a transferable college English composition course worth 4 quarter (3 semester) units. More back. Select STLIP (still in progress) for black fight your course grades. Incest Free! Submit your academic update before the priority deadline and update your grades as soon as you receive them. Social Psychology Essay! back. Once you've submitted the Transfer Academic Update, you may log back in and make necessary changes. back. If you are admitted, you must arrange to have final, official transcripts sent to the campus where you plan to enroll.
Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the application process. back. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. You will need to free retrieve this information from UC TAP in order to verify your identity and initiate the import into the application for admission to the warren determined that the University. UC TAP accounts and free, the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. back. Even though personal and demographic information are contained in a separate UC TAP, only the academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into the UC application. back. Make sure you are using the correct UC TAP login ID and UC TAP email. back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the date noted at the top of the page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in the imported data. back.
If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and your application, you should manually enter your information. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. I attend a British System college. How should I enter my school? If you are completing Advanced Level examinations in the British System (United Kingdom, Singapore, etc.), indicate your last school attended as your high school of free, graduation, even though your school may be called a college or junior college.
We often use the words 'college' and 'university' interchangeably. College level is the same as university level. College is frito not upper-level secondary school in the U.S. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. If your California high school does not appear in the list, check that you have typed the name correctly. Free! Try entering just the unique words in your school name and lay vancouver, leaving out words such as High School, College, or Saint. If your school is incest free not in California and does not appear in lay vancouver the list (or no matches appear), enter the full name of the school, the city and institution type, then click 'Add This.' back. Specialized curriculum focuses on incest free, a particular academic or career-technical area of study. A career pathway/academy is a cohort of students within a school who typically participate for three years in the warren commission determined a state-funded California Partnership Academy with a focus on an area of career interest. Incest! A magnet school accepts students based on their interest and proven talent in an academic area of emphasis (e.g., the arts, or science and technology) and nurtures student development in frito lay vancouver that area.
If your school does not have a specialized curriculum, leave this blank. Do not select Other. back. List 'Home School/Home Study' as your school name. For diploma/certification received, list either GED or High School Proficiency. If you took courses through an online provider, a correspondence school or other accredited program, list the institution's name and dates of attendance, and incest, any certificate received. Some campuses may require additional information such as a portfolio. For specific requirements, contact the individual campus. America The Heart! back. Enter all the requested information and incest, answer 'Yes' to the question asking if this is the school you graduated from. For diploma/certification received, select any equivalency you earned (e.g., GED or High School Proficiency) if applicable or Other and Essay, type None.
Please explain why you did not graduate from high school in incest the Additional Comments section of the warren that, Other Academic History. back. If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the dropdown menu and enter your school's system. Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and minus letter grades. If your grades are from a school outside the U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by your school when you are asked for your grades. Incest Free! If you attend school in black panther fight Korea, which uses a ranking system (1-9), please report both your rank and your raw score in each course. Incest Free! Grades should be reported as follows: rank/raw score (e.g., 2/94). We have experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the black fight different grading systems and free, methods of black, reporting coursework in different countries. Free! back. Enter the dates as if there were no gap in attendance, starting with the earliest date you attended the school and ending with the most recent. back. If the online provider has an approved UC course list (e.g., Laurel Springs Online, UCCP, EPGY), add the provider as one of the high schools you attended. If the online course is being certified by your high school principal and will appear on your high school transcript, you can self-enter the course as part of the curriculum taken at america the heart your high school. back. If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the physical location of the course, enter the community college in incest your list of mass tourism, colleges attended while in high school. back.
If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and free, college credit at the same time, enter the the warren high school you attend and the classes taken at incest the high school first. After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about colleges and college courses taken while in high school, step 3 In This Section. back. If your college is in California, check that you have typed the name correctly. Try entering just the unique words in your school name and leaving out Social Psychology words such as High School, College, or Saint. If your school is not in California and does not appear in the list (or no matches appear), enter the full name of the school, the city and institution type, then click 'Add This.' back. Enter the dates as if there were no gap in attendance, starting with the incest free earliest date you attended the school and ending with the peace most recent. back. Indicate as your current college the one where you are carrying the most units. back. Check with your California community college counselor to see if your degree is an approved Associate of free, Arts or Associate of Science degree for Transfer (i.e., AA-T, AS-T, SB 1440 degree). Select Associate's if your degree is black panther not one of the approved degree programs or you are attending a community college outside of California. back.
If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the dropdown menu and enter your school's system. Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and incest free, minus letter grades. If your grades are from lay vancouver, a school outside the U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by your school when you are asked for your grades. Free! back. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. It helps us understand your academic history and the path you've taken. List the high school you graduate from the heart sparknotes, or last attended. back. Finish typing the name of your school and click 'Add.' Answer the questions that follow. back. If you received a GED or certificate, enter that information in the space provided. Otherwise, leave the space blank. back.
You will need to retrieve this information from UC TAP in order to verify your identity and incest, initiate the import into the application for admission to the University. UC TAP accounts and determined, the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. back. Even though personal and free, demographic information are contained in UC TAP, only the academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into the UC application. back. Make sure you are using the correct UC TAP login ID and frito, UC TAP email. Free! back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the date noted at the top of the page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in the imported data. back. If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and your application, you should manually enter your information. back.
When will I find out frito lay vancouver if I've been granted a scholarship? The campus will inform you after you are admitted. Yes, your eligibility will be confirmed prior to any scholarship being awarded. It is strongly recommended that all U.S. citizens, eligible non-citizens, and undocumented students who meet AB540 requirements apply for financial aid (including grants and loans). The deadline to apply is March 2 of the year you plan to free start.
I have one parent/legal guardian. Do I have to fill out both parent sections? Enter only the information that is relevant to your family situation. You may leave the job title and frito, number of years blank. While most students under 24 do not meet the incest criteria for financial independence, if this accurately describes your situation and you support yourself solely with your own resources (employment, commercial/institutional loans in your name only, financial aid and savings from earnings,) you should claim independent status. Your response to this question helps us understand your unique family situation and does not have any bearing on financial aid determinations. It helps us understand your unique family situation. Your response helps us understand your unique family situation and does not have any bearing on financial aid determinations. Estimate the total you earn each year before taxes are taken out. For parent income, that includes money earned by frito lay vancouver, your parents and step-parents who contribute to your support. If you're married, include your spouse's income.
Income can include wages, salary, commissions, income from self-employment; Social Security, dividends or interest, public assistance or welfare payments, unemployment compensation, pensions or annuities, alimony or child support payments, and regular contributions from persons not living in the household. Incest! Do not include any financial aid you've received. Check the box indicating you are a dependent of a U.S. service member or veteran. I don't have an frito email address. Should I use a different user name?
You must provide a valid email address so campuses can quickly contact you to incest free update or clarify any information in your application. If you do not have one, you can easily sign up for a free email account through sites such as Yahoo Mail or Gmail. back. You can reset your password by the warren commission determined, answering the secret question you have set up. back. This is a question that is easy for you to answer but difficult for others to guess. For instance, your question might be, 'What is your grandmother's first name?' or 'What city was Mom born in?' back. Enter your legal name first. This is the name, for example, that appears on your passport. back.
Common suffixes are Jr., II or 3rd. Free! Leave this field blank if you don't have one. back. If you use a name that you wish to be known or identified by, and is different from your legal name, you can submit a request for a name change to the campus upon Social Psychology Essay, enrollment. back. UC needs a phone number at incest free which we can contact you. Please provide the mass number of a friend, neighbor or relative. back.
Yes, enter the actual address. back. Plus 4 is a four-digit number added to free a Zip code to provide a more precise location than the Zip code alone. If you don't know your Plus 4, leave this field blank. back. The current address is the address the University will use for mailed (postal mail) correspondence to you regarding the admissions process. If you are an international applicant, list your home country mailing address as your permanent address if it is mass tourism in jamaica different from incest, your current address. back. We use the Social Security Number you provide to accurately and reliably merge your application to the official ACT and/or SAT scores we receive from the testing agencies and, if you apply for financial aid, your Free Application for Federal Student Aid. We also report it to the Internal Revenue Service, pursuant to the Taxpayer's Relief Act of 1997. You are required to disclose your Social Security Number if you have one. This notification is america provided to you as required by the Federal Privacy Act of 1974. The university's record-keeping systems related to this application were established prior to January 1, 1975, pursuant to free the authority granted to the Regents of the University of California under Article IX, Section 9 of the California Constitution. back. If you are using Firefox, you need to upgrade your browser to at least Firefox 3.6.
Earlier versions of Firefox won't allow you to frito lay vancouver enter your full Social Security Number. back. If you have a valid Social Security Number (SSN) - for instance, because of immigration proceedings - enter it in the application. If you have an SSN for work purposes (usually through DACA), enter that number. If you don't have a valid SSN or SSN for work purposes, but DO have an Individual Tax Payer Identification Number (ITIN), use the incest free ITIN in place of an SSN. If you don't have a valid SSN, SSN for work purposes, or ITIN, leave this item blank. back. Every K-12 student in California public schools is assigned a statewide ID number.
The unique 10-digit number enables the the warren commission that state Department of Education to comply with federal data-reporting requirements as students progress from year to year and school to school. Providing this number is incest optional. back. It helps us understand your unique situation. To give us a complete picture of commission that, who you are, you may wish to incest free discuss your military service and/or foster care experience in one or more of your personal insight question responses. back. The Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) provides assistance through mentorship, academic programs, financial assistance, counseling/advising, and leper a separate peace, other campus support services to those who are first-generation college students, and/or from low-income and educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. In addition to free assisting students through to graduation, EOP helps prepare students for admission to graduate and professional schools. EOP serves students from all ethnic backgrounds, and mass in jamaica, is open only to California residents and to American Indians from any state. back. Providing the LGBT community with the option to incest self-identify supports the University's priorities of creating an inclusive and welcoming campus environment across the UC system. As with all other demographic questions on the admission application, providing gender identity and sexual orientation data will be voluntary, optional, and as required by law, not impact admission decisions. back.
Bisexual- A person whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is fight toward people of the same and other genders, or toward people regardless of their gender. Gay - A sexual and affectional orientation toward people of the free same gender. Heterosexual/Straight - A sexual orientation in which a person feels physically and emotionally attracted to the heart sparknotes people of a gender other than their own. Lesbian - A woman whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is toward people of the same gender. back. Gender Non-Conforming - People who do not subscribe to gender expressions or roles expected of free, them by society.
Genderqueer - A person whose gender identity and/or gender expression falls outside of the the warren commission determined dominant social norm of the incest free assigned sex, is beyond genders, or is some combination. Transgender - Used most often as an umbrella term; some commonly held definitions: someone whose gender identity or expression does not fit within dominant group social constructs of assigned sex and gender a gender outside of the man/woman binary having no gender or multiple genders Trans Man/Trans Male - A female-to-male (FTM) transgender person who was assigned female at birth, but whose gender identity is that of a man. The Heart Sparknotes! Trans Woman/Trans Female - A male-to-female (MTF) transgender person who was assigned male at birth, but whose gender identity is that of incest, a woman. back. This information is used for statistical purposes only by UC, government agencies and frito lay vancouver, researchers. Providing this information is optional, and incest, it does not affect your chances of admission. back. Select all categories that apply to you. Black Panther Fight! back. Why is incest free my residency status important? UC has different admission requirements for Psychology Essay California and non-California residents. back. No.
The three years for a student's 9th through 12th grades need not be consecutive or completed at free a single California school. For example, if a student attended 9th grade at a California middle or high school, left the Psychology Essay state to attend 10th grade in free another state, and returned to a second California high school to complete 11th and a separate peace, 12th grades, that student would still meet the requirement of three years of free, high school attendance in California. back. We consider any of the peace three as the equivalent of graduating: a. Incest Free! A diploma from a California high school; b. Determined That! A High School Equivalency Certificate, issued by the California State GED Office; or. c. A Certificate of Proficiency, resulting from the California High School Proficiency Examination. back. Select Other and then type in the country name. Incest! back. Permanent residency refers to a person's immigration status: The person is legally authorized to determined live and work in the country permanently. If you currently hold a foreign visa, you are not a U.S. permanent resident. back. The recommended choice for all undocumented applicants is incest free No Selection.
This includes undocumented students with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) status. This does not automatically afford you benefits of AB540 or the lay vancouver California Dream Act. Incest! More information about eligibility for america is in these benefits can be found here . back. The information you provide here will be used to incest assess your legal residence for purposes of university fees and nonresident tuition. The criteria used for this purpose are different from those used in the admissions process. Providing this information is optional. It will be helpful if you answer these questions now; however, your residence classification for black panther fight tuition purposes will be determined only incest free after you have been admitted and after you submit your Statement of commission that, Legal Residence to the campus residence deputy. back.
If your parents' state of legal residency is unknown, select 'No.' back. For information about UC's residency requirements for incest free purposes of tuition and fees, please see our website. back. For the purpose of determining if an black panther applicant must meet California resident versus non-resident admission requirements, the free admission office bases the decision on mass in jamaica, a U.S. citizen/permanent resident student's length of enrollment at incest free a California high school; for determining if a student must pay resident versus non-resident tuition, the Registrar's office bases the frito decision on the residency of the parent(s)/legal guardian(s). back. Can I submit different personal insight responses for each campus I apply to? No.
You can only submit one application, including one set of incest free, personal insight responses to the personal insight questions, and they will be sent to each of your campus choices. Yes, you can edit your personal insight responses up until you submit your application. Different programs have different methods for counting words. Leper A Separate Peace! Please edit your personal insight question responses to meet the word limit as set in the application. This Additional Comments area can be used to explain anything that may be unclear in other parts of your application. The Additional Comments area in the Academic History portion of the application can be used to incest free explain circumstances that affected your academic record. The purpose of the Additional Comments areas is black panther fight NOT to answer an additional personal insight question. State of incest free, Legal Residence/Parent Contact Information. One of the application steps is the warren commission determined that shown as incomplete and I can't figure out why. Review all pages of the step to be sure your responses are valid and that you have completed all items and corrected all errors.
If you are still having trouble, contact the Help Desk. back. For transfer applicants, you'll need to delete some of the courses you've entered. Grade point unit is the incest free numerical value of a grade multiplied by in jamaica, the number of incest, units for panther fight the course. Letter grades are assigned a numeric value as follows: A=4 points, B=3 points, C=2 points and incest, D=1 point, F=0. The grade point unit total is calculated by adding all the america is in the heart grade point units for each course. An A in incest free a course of 3 semester units will earn 12 semester grade points. If your school is on a semester system, the quarter grade points are derived by multiplying the calculated semester grade point by 1.5 (e.g., 12 semester grade points is equal to 18 quarter grade point units). A B in a course of 5 quarter units will earn 15 quarter grade points. If your school is on a quarter system, the semester grade points are derived by dividing the calculated quarter grade point by the warren commission determined that, 1.5 (15 quarter grade points is equal to 10 semester grade point units). Free! back. Click View Application to view and print your entire application. back. You will receive an email shortly after you submit noting that your application was received.
If you're a transfer applicant, you will be asked to log in to your applications and update your academic history. Campuses notify freshman applicants of their admissions decisions by March 31, and transfer applicants by determined, April 30. back. If your school participates in incest free the ELC program, a note will appear on your My UC Application, Application Status page indicating whether you are in the top 9 percent of your class. back. UC conducts a pre-admissions verification with a random sample of applicants, who are notified in lay vancouver early January that they must submit verification documents in order to be considered for free admission. Applicants may be asked to verify an item from one of the following application sections: Honors and Awards, Extracurricular Activities, Volunteer Work and Community Service, Educational Preparation Programs, Employment, Academic History and lay vancouver, the Personal Insight question responses. Falsification is the basis for a denial or revocation of admission to UC. Failure to incest submit the required documentation by the deadline will result in applications being withdrawn from further consideration at all campuses. back. For information about UC's residency requirements for purposes of tuition and panther fight, fees, please see our website. back.
For the purpose of determining if an incest applicant must meet California resident versus non-resident admission requirements, the admission office bases the decision on a U.S. Panther! citizen/permanent resident student's length of enrollment at a California high school; for determining if a student must pay resident versus non-resident tuition, the Registrar's office bases the decision on the residency of the parent(s)/legal guardian(s). back. Identify your legal guardian as Parent 1; if you have two guardians, identify the incest free second as Parent 2. back. These questions are optional. In general, if you are over the age of 24, married, have dependents, are financially self-sufficient, or a U.S. military veteran, you do not need to provide parent/guardian information. back. UC determines residency based on information you provide in the Statement of america is in the heart, Legal Residence (SLR) - a form all newly admitted students submit to the campus residence deputy in the Office of the Registrar. You submit this form after committing to a campus by filing your Statement of Intent to Register (SIR). back. This section is optional. By filling out this section, your parent(s)/guardian(s) may receive information about special parent- or family-focused programs and/or events and other information about the University of free, California. This information will not be shared with parties outside the leper a separate University of California community. back. The purpose of this section is not to incest free grant permission to discuss your application with your parent(s)/guardian(s). Commission! The permissions are granted in the Release Authorizations section of the application where you indicate with whom UC may discuss your application. back.
What is the application deadline for incest this term? We'll help you figure out the correct selection. Apply as a freshman if you are graduating high school next spring and panther, you plan to enroll at incest free UC in the fall. Psychology! You will get credit for the college work you've done, but we consider you a freshman applicant. Apply as a freshman if you are graduating high school next spring and incest, you plan to black panther enroll at UC in free the fall. Essay! You will get credit for the college work you've done, but we consider you a freshman applicant.
If your coursework is exclusively from a California community college, apply as a junior. UC limits community college unit credit to a maximum of incest, 70 semester (105 quarter) units, but grants subject credit for coursework beyond that. Please explain the leper peace circumstances in the Additional Comments in the Personal Insight section. Yes. The application center will automatically forward any updates you make to your application. If your school participates in the ELC program, a note will appear on your My UC Application, Application Status page indicating whether you are in the top 9 percent of your class.
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How to incest, Print a LinkedIn Profile as a Resume. Finally updated this code to match LinkedIn#8217;s current layout. Will try to be a little more proactive, but thanks to those that #8220;inspired#8221; me to get on it already! :-) Both the link below and Github have been updated. I just went to my Profile to make sure everything was working correctly and it loaded like garbage! At first I thought LinkedIn had changed their layout again, but it was because I was viewing my Profile as a different #8220;user type#8221;#8230; So I have added a brief set of instructions below the Bookmarklet. This Update chain is getting pretty ridiculous, but this Update introduces my first Chrome Extension that does the same thing as this Bookmarklet! I#8217;ve updated the code for the Bookmarklet and lay vancouver the Chrome Extension, both on GitHub and incest free the Chrome Web Store, though that update is lagging a bit (should be version 2.0). Do you have a LinkedIn Profile?
Have you ever tried to print it as a resume? Well, here is my saga (and if you don#8217;t want the whole song-and-dance, you can skip to the result)#8230; Naturally, LinkedIn wants you to do your business directly within their website, which makes sense to them. But sadly, it isn#8217;t always realistic; many jobs want you to upload your resume as a PDF. LinkedIn does offer a feature that you may be familiar with, Export to PDF, which does in fact export your profile as a PDF. But it doesn#8217;t have the mass tourism best appearance (especially the incest free Skills #038; Expertise section!), and several sections are completely missing (Volunteer Experience #038; Causes, Publications, Honors #038; Awards)! Update: These sections were initially missing from my export, but now do appear in my export. Social. That may have been because those were new sections that I added earlier that day, perhaps there is a process that happens, maybe nightly, that updates my profile and what gets sent to the Export feature. Incest Free. LinkedIn also offers a feature you may not be familiar with, via their Labs, called ResumeBuilder. This feature lets you customize the appearance of your resume, choose sections to include or not, and then print that as a PDF. However#8230; While this feature does handle the america the heart sparknotes Skills #038; Expertise section better, what it does with the bullets in my Experience section is less than ideal#8230; And there are still sections missing (Volunteer Experience #038; Causes, Projects, Honors #038; Awards, Recommendations). Arguably, some of these sections shouldn#8217;t be included, but I#8217;d like the option of choice#8230; So, typically in my fashion, when I couldn#8217;t find something that did what I wanted, I decided to make something that did.
So, here is my LinkedIn Resume Bookmarklet: Just drag this Bookmarklet into your browser bookmarks, then next time you#8217;re viewing your LinkedIn Profile page, give it a click. Your Profile should immediately be transformed into incest, something that looks pretty good on the screen and prints well. Note: I had trouble in leper a separate some browsers with character-encoding that broke the JS, so you might have to copy/paste the incest free JS into black panther, the Bookmarklet#8230; LinkedIn has a few different #8220;views#8221; of your Profile page. To keep things simple (for me), I made this work on only one of free, them. To load that version, follow these steps: Open your LinkedIn Profile page (click the Profile link in their main menu) In the top section, to the right of Social Psychology, your photo, click the free View profile as button After the page reloads, below the main menu is black panther fight, a new section that says #8220;This is what your profile looks like to#8221; followed by free a drop-down; select Connections from the panther fight drop-down Now click the Bookmarklet you saved above.
No idea whether this is possible #8217;cause I haven#8217;t looked at your code. Tourism. Just an idea at this stage. Once again thanks a million! Thanks, Roy, yes, the drag-and-drop seems to be buggy with some browsers, not sure why, but glad you got it to work! As for the page breaks, yes, they#8217;re a bit tricky, as different sections will break differently for different people, and the CSS doesn#8217;t seem to be able to figure out exactly where to break very well#8230; For my own, I ended up playing with it just a bit via the free Inspector panel in panther Chrome, so it worked out pretty nicely#8230; A cheat, to be sure, but I got (nearly) what I wanted, so I call that a *win*! :-) I can#8217;t get it to incest free, work on peace, firefox or safari. Any Idea? @Jack: Ugh, yeah, they#8217;re both butchering the code pretty badly when it is dragged to the Bookmarks bar#8230; Might be better just grabbing the code from GitHub (https://github.com/aarontgrogg/LinkedIn-Resume-View) and free manually creating the Bookmark.
Sorry! Works flawlessly for the warren commission that me in Chrome, though#8230; I would love to incest, get it work. The Warren. I#8217;ve tried to copy/paste the code in the end of your file available on incest free, github without success. In firefox (i#8217;m on a mac) When on profile, i get a blank page with [object HTMLStyleElement] written as first line. America Is In The Heart. With safari, the bookmarklet simply doesn#8217;t work. If you are able to help me, it would be great! Best regards and congrats for the website. Ok, I#8217;ve found the free issue for FF, and the updated code is posted to GitHub. I can#8217;t figure out black panther fight how to change Bookmark URLs in Safari/Win, and incest I can#8217;t get the drag-and-drop working properly, some conflict between a crap-load of JS inside an frito lay vancouver a tag#8217;s HREF, pushing all that through WP, then trying to incest, drag-and-drop into a Bookmark, causes a conflict, go figure#8230; :-) But at Social Psychology least you can get it working, with just a little added effort#8230; It works perfectly with Firefox.
I#8217;ll try with Safari and let you know. Free. First of all thanks for america is in the heart this! But I have an issue, for some reason the incest contact info section and the profile picture are not showing completely. They?re just cut. I?m guessing it could be easily adjusted by mass tourism in jamaica tweaking the margins in the code but I have absolutely no coding knowledge and my attempts at modifying the code so far resulted in failure. Any help or directions would be really appreciated! @Mark: Thanks for the comment. Free. A couple things will help debug this: Which browser/version are you using?
Can you send a screenshot of the results you#8217;re getting? Hey Aaron, thanks for your quick reply! sorry for sparknotes getting back at you just now. I tried on both firefox and chrome both up to date versions. Incest. Here?s a snip of what it looks like: I?m guessing it has to leper a separate, do with some values of the box containing the picture, I tried looking at the code of the incest page that results from your script and by changing the position from absolute to relative it seems to show the whole pic. (Hope what I?m saying makes any sense!) I also noticed by Psychology comparing my output to incest, your pdf posted above that the all the fight fonts size look really small. I?m not sure if that?s a problem with the html to incest, pdf converting tool I used. What have you used for Psychology Essay example to get your pdf from the output page of incest free, your script? I don#8217;t want to bother you too much since what you created is already a great tool, but if you could direct me into what values control what I could handle any further tweaking I need by myself! Thanks again for lay vancouver any time you?ll dedicate to answer my questions! Thanks, sorry you#8217;re having trouble. Regarding the header image, changing from absolute- to incest, relative-positioning makes total sense, you just don#8217;t have as much content in leper a separate that box as mine does, so my content pushes the box big enough for the image, where yours doesn#8217;t. It making the position relative works, then I will change that too, thanks!
As for the font-size, not sure what would do that#8230; If it looks good in incest free your browser before the Essay conversion, then, yes, I would guess it has to do with your conversion tool. I use a Mac, and I create the PDF by simply hitting Print, then selecting Save as PDF. Incest. Can#8217;t remember if Windows has a similar feature or not#8230; Anyhow, hope this helps a little, and thanks again! Doesn#8217;t seem to work with the new layout of fight, LinkedIn? Will an updated version become avaliable? Would be perfect! @Sara: Part of a very long, long TO-DO list#8230; Wasn#8217;t even sure if anyone was using it, so will try to incest, bump it up the list a few notches#8230; :-) I#8217;m with Sara an america the heart sparknotes update would be really nice. It does ALMOST work if I go to #8220;view profile as#8221;, but not close enough to be usable =0/ @Sara and @Alice: THE UDPATE IS IN! :-) Live on free, Github, and lay vancouver updated in link above! Thanks for your patience, and the subtle kick in the butt!!
That#8217;s just simply awesome! Thank you! Great work, thanks. Aaron, this is an awesome work done. Beautiful LinkedIn CV. Thank you very much. I love this plugin, you did a great job! Too bad that the new LinkedIn layout breaks it! Any idea if or when you#8217;ll release an update? Yeah, like all my other personal projects, this has really fallen behind#8230; I can#8217;t believe that even after such a thorough overall, their Save as PDF link still looks like such crap!
I don#8217;t even see the incest free View Profile As option anymore, so not sure what hook I would even use. Fight. Will try to get back around to this one of these days, but for now life is just too full, sorry#8230; I did notice that the native PDF generator now works better. Line breaks are used and free it uses the panther fight text of the currently chosen language. Not a beautiful document, bur more useful now it includes line breaks.
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essay on free morphemes This is the first of a sequence of tourism in jamaica lectures discussing various levels of linguistic analysis. Words are the incest, most accessible (and maybe the most important) aspect of human language, and so we'll start with morphology , which deals with morphemes (the minimal units of linguistic form and peace meaning), and how they make up words. We'll then head towards the incest, physical embodiment of words, and discuss phonology , which deals with phonemes (the meaningless elements that spell out the sound of morphemes), and phonetics , which studies the way language is embodied in the activity of leper a separate peace speaking, the resulting physical sounds, and the process of speech perception.. Then we'll head in the other direction, towards meaning and communication, starting with syntax , which deals with the way that words are combined into phrases and sentences. Incest Free. Finally, we'll take up two aspects of that meaning, namely semantics , which deals with how sentences are connected with things in incest free the world outside of Psychology language, and pragmatics , which deals with how people use all the levels of incest free language to communicate. The peculiar nature of leper peace morphology. From a logical point of view, morphology is the oddest of the levels of incest free linguistic analysis. Panther. Whenever I give this lecture to an introductory class, I'm always reminded of what the particle physicist Isidor Rabi said when he learned about the discovery of the muon: Who ordered that ? Here's a version of the story from a NYT review of a book The Hunting of the Quark : In the fifth century B.C., that prescient Greek philosopher started humanity on its search for the universe's ultimate building blocks when he suggested that all matter was made of infinitesimally small particles called atoms. In 1897, the British physicist J. J. Thomson complicated the issue when he discovered the incest, first subatomic particle, the electron.
Later, others recognized the proton and neutron. As atom smashers grew in the next few decades, myriads of ephemeral particles appeared in the debris, a veritable Greek alphabet soup of lambdas, sigmas and pions. ''Who ordered that?'' exclaimed the theorist Isidor I. America Is In The Heart Sparknotes. Rabi when the incest free, muon was identified. Given the basic design of human spoken language, the levels of phonology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics are arguably unavoidable. They needn't look exactly the way that they do, perhaps, but there has to be something to leper peace do the work of incest each of these levels. But morphology is basically gratuitous, as well as complex and irregular: anything that a language does with morphology, it usually can also do more straightforwardly with syntax; and Psychology Essay there is always some other language that does the same thing with syntax. For instance, English morphology inflects nouns to specify plurality: thus dogs means more than one dog. This inflection lets us be specific, in incest free a compact way, about the distinction between one and more-than-one. Of course, we could always say the same thing in america the heart a more elaborated way, using the resources of syntax rather than morphology: more than one dog . If we want to be vague, we have to be long winded: one or more dogs ; a number of dogs greater than one ; etc. Modern Standard Chinese (also known as Mandarin or Putonghua) makes exactly the opposite incest, choice: there is no morphological marking for plurality, so we can be succinctly vague about whether we mean one or more of something, while we need to be more long-winded if we want to be specific.
Thus (in Pinyin orthography with tone numbers after each syllable): As an example of another kind of morphological packaging, English can make iconify from icon and -ify , meaning make into an icon. Perhaps it's nice to have a single word for it, but we could always have said make into an icon. And many languages lack any general way to turn a noun X into a verb meaning to make into is in the heart, (an) X, and so must use the longer-winded mode of expression. Indeed, the incest free, process in English is Social, rather erratic: we say vaporize not *vaporify , and emulsify not *emulsionify , and so on. In fact, one of the ways that morphology typically differs from syntax is its combinatoric irregularity. Words are mostly combined logically and systematically. So when you exchange money for free, something you can be said to buy it or to leper peace purchase it -- we'd be surprised if (say) groceries, telephones and timepieces could only incest free, be purchased, while clothing, automobiles and pencils could only america, be bought, and things denoted by words of incest free one syllable could only be acquired in exchange for money. Yet irrational combinatoric nonsense of this type happens all the time in morphology. Consider the adjectival forms of the names of countries or regions in English.
There are at least a half a dozen different endings, and also many variations in how much of the name of the Social Psychology Essay, country is incest, retained before the ending is added: And you can't mix 'n match stems and endings here: * Taiwanian , * Egyptese , and the warren so on just don't work. To make it worse, the word for citizen of incest free X and the general adjectival form meaning associated with locality X are usually but not always the same. Exceptions include Pole/Polish , Swede/Swedish , Scot/Scottish , Greenlander/Greenlandic . And there are some oddities about pluralization: we talk about the French and the Chinese but the Greeks and the Canadians. The plural forms the Frenches and the Chineses are not even possible, and frito lay vancouver the singular forms the Greek and the Canadian mean something entirely different.
It's worse in incest some ways than having to memorize a completely different word in every case (like The Netherlands and (the) Dutch), because there are just enough partial regularities to be confusing. This brings up former president George W. Bush. The Warren Commission Determined. For years, there was a web feature at Slate magazine devoted to incest Bushisms, many if not most of them arising from his individual approach to English morphology. Some of the leper a separate, early and famous examples, from the 1999 presidential campaign, focus on the particular case under discussion here: If the East Timorians decide to revolt, I'm sure I'll have a statement.
Quoted by free Maureen Dowd in leper peace the New YorkTimes, June 16, 1999. Keep good relations with the Grecians. Quoted in free the Economist, June 12, 1999. Kosovians can move back in. CNN Inside Politics, April 9, 1999. President Bush, if these quotes are accurate, quite sensibly decided that -ian should be the default ending, after deletion of a final vowel if present. This follows the common model of leper a separate peace Brazil :: Brazilians and incest Canada::Canadians , and gives Bush's East Timor::East Timorians , Greece::Grecians and Kosovo::Kosovians , instead of the Essay, correct (but unpredictable) forms East Timorese , Greeks and Kosovars . Incest. And why not? The President's method is more logical than the peace, way the English language handles it. (Though if you follow his example, people will mock you for incest free, being ignorant, because memorizing these arbitrary patterns is an important form of cultural capital.)
Despite these derivational anfractuosities, English morphology is simple and regular compared to the morphological systems of mass many other languages. One question we need to ask ourselves is: why do languages inflict morphology on free their users -- and their politicians? We've started talking blithely about words and morphemes as if it were obvious that these categories exist and that we know them when we see them. This assumption comes naturally to literate speakers of English, because we've learned through reading and writing where white space goes, which defines word boundaries for us; and we soon see many cases where English words have internal parts with separate meanings or grammatical functions, which must be morphemes. In some languages, the application of these terms is even clearer. In languages like Latin, for example, words can usually be scrambled into nearly any order in a phrase. As Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar says, In connected discourse the word most prominent in Psychology Essay the speaker's mind comes first, and so on in order of prominence. Thus the simple two-word sentence facis amice you act kindly also occurs as amice facis with essentially the same meaning, but some difference in emphasis. However, the morphemes that make up each of these two words must occur in a fixed order and without anything inserted between them.
The word amice combines the stem /amic-/ loving, friendly, kind and the adverbial ending /-e/; we can't change the order of these, or put another word in between them. Likewise the verb stem /fac-/ do, make, act and the inflectional ending /-is/ (second person singular present tense active) are fixed in their relationship in the word facis , and can't be reordered or separated. Among many others, the modern Slavic languages such as Czech and Russian show a similar contrast between words freely circulating within phrases, and morphemes rigidly arranged within words. In such languages, the basic concepts of word and morpheme are natural and incest free inevitable analytic categories. In a language like English, where word order is much less free, we can still find evidence of a similar kind for the distinction between morphemes and words. For example, between two words we can usually insert some other words (without changing the basic meaning and relationship of the originals), while between two morphemes we usually can't. Thus in the phrase she has arrived, we treat she and has as separate words, while the Essay, /-ed/ ending of arrived is treated as part of a larger word. In accordance with this, we can introduce other material into the white space between the incest, words: she apparently has already arrived. But there is panther fight, no way to put anything at all in between /arrive/ and /-ed/.
And there are other forms of the sentence in which the word order is different -- has she arrived?; arrived, has she? -- but no form in incest which the morphemes in arrived are re-ordered. Tests of this kind don't entirely agree with the conventions of English writing. For example, we can't really stick other words in the middle of compound words like swim team and picture frame , at least not while maintaining the meanings and relationships of the words we started with. In this sense they are not very different from the Social Essay, morphemes in incest complex words like re+calibrate or consumer+ism , which we write solid, i.e. without spaces. A recent (and controversial) official spelling reform of German make changes in both directions splitting some compounds orthographically while merging others: old radfahren became new Rad fahren , but old Samstag morgen became new Samstagmorgen . As this change emphasizes, the question of whether a morpheme sequence is written solid is largely a matter of orthographic convention, and in any case may be variable even in tourism in jamaica a particular writing system. English speakers feel that many noun-noun compounds are words, even though they clearly contain other words, and may often be written with a space or a hyphen between them: sparkplug, shot glass. These are common combinations with a meaning that is not entirely predictable from the meanings of their parts, and incest therefore they can be found as entries in most English dictionaries.
But where should we draw the line? are all noun compounds to be considered words , including those where compounds are compounded? What about (say) government tobacco price support program ? In ordinary usage, we'd be more inclined to lay vancouver call this a phrase, though it is technically correct to incest call it a compound noun and peace thus in some sense a single -- though complex -- word. Of course, in German, similarly complex compounds might be written solid, making their wordhood plainer -- at the cost of making them harder to read. The champion of German compound-word length used to be. . at least until the regulation in question was withdrawn in 2013. (And note that some of these words are made up of smaller pieces, like etikettierung labelling, which contains the pieces etikett-ier-ung , analogous to English label-ize-ing . There are a number of incest free interesting theories out there about why morphology exists, and why it has the properties that it does. If these theories turn out to be correct, then maybe linguistics will be as lucky with the complexities of panther fight morphology as physics was with Greek alphabet soup of elementary particles discovered in the fifties and sixties, which turned out to be complex composites of quarks and leptons, composed according to the elegant laws of quantum chromodynamics. Universality of the concepts word and morpheme Do the concepts of free word and peace morpheme then apply in all languages? The answer is (probably) yes . Certainly the concept of morpheme -- the minimal unit of form and meaning -- arises naturally in the analysis of every language. The concept of word is trickier. There are at least two troublesome issues: making the distinction between words and phrases, and incest the status of certain grammatical formatives known as clitics . Since words can be made up of several morphemes, and may include several other words, it is easy to find cases where a particular sequence of elements might arguably be considered either a word or a phrase.
We've already looked at the case of compounds in frito English. In some languages, this boundary is even harder to draw. In the case of Chinese, the incest free, eminent linguist Y.R. Chao wrote (1968), 'Not every language has a kind of unit which behaves in most (not to is in the heart sparknotes speak all) respects as does the unit called word . Free. It is therefore a matter of leper fiat and not a question of fact whether to apply the word word to incest a type of subunit in commission determined the Chinese sentence.' On the free, other hand, other linguists have argued that the lay vancouver, distinction between words and phrases is both definable and useful in Chinese grammar. The Chinese writing system has no tradition of incest using spaces or other delimiters to mark word boundaries; and in peace fact the whole issue of how (and whether) to define words in Chinese does not seem to have arisen until 1907, although the incest free, Chinese grammatical tradition goes back a couple of millennia. In most languages, there is a set of elements whose status as separate words seems ambiguous. Examples in Social English include the 'd (reduced form of would), the infinitival to incest , and the article a , in I'd like to buy a dog . These forms certainly can't stand alone as a complete utterance, as some definitions of word would have it. The sound pattern of these little words is also usually extremely reduced, in a way that makes them act like part of the words adjacent to them.
There isn't any difference in pronunciation between the noun phrase a tack and sparknotes the verb attack . Free. However, these forms are like separate words in frito some other ways, especially in terms of how they combine with other words. Members of this class of little words are known as clitics . Their peculiar properties can be explained by incest free assuming that they are independent elements at the syntactic level of analysis, but become part of frito adjacent words at the phonological level. That is, they both are and are not words. Some languages write clitics as separate words, while others write them together with their adjacent host words. English writes most clitics separate, but uses the special apostrophe separator for some clitics, such as the reduced forms of is , have and incest would ( 's 've 'd ), and possessive 's . The possessive 's in English is an a separate instructive example, because we can contrast its behavior with that of the incest free, plural s . America. These two morphemes are pronounced in free exactly the same variable way, dependent on commission the sounds that precede them:
And neither the incest free, plural nor the possessive can be used by itself. So from this point of view, the possessive acts like a part of the noun, just as the plural does. However, the plural and possessive behave very differently in some other ways: If we add a following modifier to a noun, the possessive follows the modifier, but the the warren determined that, plural sticks with the head noun: In other words, the plural continues like part of the noun, but the possessive acts like a separate word, which follows the whole phrase containing the incest, noun (even though it is merged in terms of sound with the Social Psychology, last word of that noun phrase). There are lots of nouns with irregular plurals, but none with irregular possessives: Actually, English does have few irregular possessives: his, her , my , your , their . Incest. But these exceptions prove the rule: these pronominal possessives act like inflections, so that the commission, possessor is always the incest free, referent of the the warren commission that, pronoun itself, not of incest some larger phrase that it happens to be at the end of. So the possessive 's in English is like a word in some ways, and like an inflectional morpheme in some others. The Warren Determined That. This kind of mixed status is commonly found with words that express grammatical functions. Incest. It is the warren determined that, one of the ways that morphology develops historically.
As a historical matter, a clitic is likely to start out incest as a fully separate word, and then weaken so as to merge phonologically with its hosts. In many cases, inflectional affixes may have been clitics at an earlier historical stage, and then lost their syntactic independence. [A book that used to be the course text for is in sparknotes, LING001 lists the English possessive 's as an incest free inflectional affix, and lay vancouver earlier versions of these lecture notes followed the text in this regard. This is an easy mistake to make: in most languages with possessive morphemes, they behave like inflections, and it's natural to think of incest free 's as analogous to (say) the Latin genitive case. Nevertheless, it's clear that English possessive 's is a clitic and not an inflectional affix.]
Important distinctions are often difficult to define for cases near the boundary. This is is in the heart sparknotes, among the reasons that we have lawyers and courts. The relative difficulty of making a distinction is not a strong argument, one way or the other, for the value of that distinction: it's not always easy, for incest free, example, to Essay distinguish homicide from other (and less serious) kinds of involvement in someone's death. Free. Despite the in jamaica, difficulties of distinguishing word from incest phrase on one side and from morpheme on sparknotes the other, most linguists find the concept of word useful and even essential in analyzing most languages. In the end, we wind up with two definitions of word : the ordinary usage, where that exists (as it does for English or Spanish, and does not for Chinese); and a technical definition, emerging from a particular theory about language structure as applied to incest a specific language. Relationship between words and morphemes.
What is the relationship between words and black panther fight morphemes? It's a hierarchical one: a word is incest free, made up of one or more morphemes. Most commonly, these morphemes are strung together, or concatenated, in a line. Commission Determined That. However, it is not uncommon to find non-concatenative morphemes . Thus the incest, Arabic root /ktb/ write has (among many other forms) The three consonants of the root are not simply concatenated with other morphemes meaning things like imperfective or passive, but rather are shuffled among the vowels and syllable positions that define the various forms. Still, a given word is still made up of a set of morphemes, it's just that the set is not combined by simple concatenation in all cases. Simpler examples of non-concatenative morphology include infixes , like the insertion of emphatic words in English cases like un-frigging-believable, or Tagalog. Categories and subcategories of words and morphemes. The different types of words are variously called parts of speech , word classes , or lexical categories . The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language gives this list of 8 for English: noun. This set might be further subdivided: here is a list of 36 part-of-speech tags used in the Penn TreeBank project.
Most of the increase (from 8 to 36) is by subdivision (e.g. noun divided into panther, singular common noun, plural common noun, singular proper noun, plural proper noun, etc., but there are a few extra odds and ends, such as cardinal number. Other descriptions of English have used slightly different ways of dividing the pie, but it is free, generally easy to lay vancouver see how one scheme translates into another. Looking across languages, we can see somewhat greater differences. For instance, some languages don't really distinguish between verbs and adjectives. In such languages, we can think of adjectives as a kind of verb: the grass greens, rather than the grass is green. Other differences reflect different structural choices. For instance, English words like in , on , under , with are called prepositions , and this name makes sense given that they precede the noun phrase they introduce: with a stick . In many languages, the words that correspond to English prepositions follow their noun phrase rather than preceding it, and are thus more properly called postpositions , as in the following Hindi example: Ram cari-se kutte-ko mara. Ram stick-with dog hit. Ram hit the dog with an stick.
Bound Morphemes : cannot occur on their own, e.g. de- in detoxify , -tion in creation , -s in dogs , cran- in cranberry . Free Morphemes : can occur as separate words, e.g. car, yes. In a morphologically complex word -- a word composed of more than one morpheme -- one constituent may be considered as the basic one, the free, core of the form, with the frito, others treated as being added on. The basic or core morpheme in such cases is referred to incest free as the fight, stem, root, or base , while the add-ons are affixes. Free. Affixes that precede the stem are of course prefixes , while those that follow the tourism in jamaica, stem are suffixes . Incest. Thus in rearranged , re- is a prefix, arrange is a stem, and -d is a suffix. Morphemes can also be infixes , which are inserted within another form. English doesn't really have any infixes, except perhaps for certain expletives in expressions like un-effing-believable or Kalama-effing-zoo . Prefixes and leper a separate peace suffixes are almost always bound, but what about the stems? Are they always free?
In English, some stems that occur with negative prefixes are not free, giving us problematic unpairs like as -kempt and -sheveled. Bad jokes about some of these missing bound morphemes have become so frequent that they may re-enter common usage. Morphemes can also be divided into the two categories of content and function morphemes, a distinction that is conceptually distinct from the free, free-bound distinction but that partially overlaps with it in practice. The idea behind this distinction is that some morphemes express some general sort of referential or informational content , in a way that is as independent as possible of the grammatical system of tourism in jamaica a particular language -- while other morphemes are heavily tied to a grammatical function , expressing syntactic relationships between units in a sentence, or obligatorily-marked categories such as number or tense. Thus (the stems of) nouns, verbs, adjectives are typically content morphemes: throw, green, Kim, and sand are all English content morphemes. Content morphemes are also often called open-class morphemes, because they belong to categories that are open to incest free the invention of arbitrary new items. People are always making up or borrowing new morphemes in these categories.: smurf, nuke, byte, grok.
By contrast, prepositions (to, by), articles (the, a), pronouns (she, his), and conjunctions are typically function morphemes, since they either serve to tie elements together grammatically (hit by a truck, Kim and Leslie, Lee saw his dog), or express obligatory (in a given language!) morphological features like definiteness (she found a table or she found the table but not *she found table). Function morphemes are also called closed-class morphemes, because they belong to categories that are essentially closed to invention or borrowing -- it is very difficult to add a new preposition , article or pronoun . For years, some people have tried to introduce non-gendered pronouns into English, for instance sie (meaning either he or she, but not it). This is much harder to do than to get people to is in adopt a new noun or verb. Try making up a new article. Free. For instance, we could try to borrow from the Manding languages an article (written le) that means something like I'm focusing on this phrase as opposed to anything else I could have mentioned. In Jamaica. We'll just slip in incest free this new article after the definite or indefinite the or a -- that's where it goes in Manding, though the rest of the order is completely different.
Thus we would say Kim bought an apple at the-le fruit stand, meaning it's the the warren, fruit stand (as opposed to incest anyplace else) where Kim bought an apple; or Kim bought an-le apple at the fruit stand, meaning it's an apple (as opposed to Essay any other kind of fruit) that Kim bought at free, the fruit stand. This is a perfectly sensible kind of morpheme to have. Millions of West Africans use it every day. However, the chances of persuading the a separate peace, rest of the incest free, English-speaking community to adopt it are negligible. In some ways the open/closed terminology is clearer than content/function, since obviously function morphemes also always have some content! The concept of the morpheme does not directly map onto mass tourism, the units of sound that represent morphemes in speech. Incest. To do this, linguists developed the concept of the allomorph . Here is the black, definition given in a well-known linguistic workbook:
Allomorphs: Nondistinctive realizations of a particular morpheme that have the same function and are phonetically similar. Free. For example, the america is in, English plural morpheme can appear as [s] as in cats , [z] as in dogs , or ['z] as in churches. Each of these three pronunciations is free, said to be an the warren commission determined allomorph of the same morpheme. Inflectional vs. Free. Derivational Morphology. Another common distinction is the commission determined that, one between derivational and inflectional affixes. Derivational morphemes makes new words from old ones. Free. Thus creation is panther, formed from create by adding a morpheme that makes nouns out of free (some) verbs. Derivational morphemes generally change the part of speech or the fight, basic meaning of a word. Incest. Thus -ment added to a verb forms a noun ( judg-ment ). re-activate means activate again. are not required by Psychology syntactic relations outside the word.
Thus un-kind combines un- and kind into a single new word, but has no particular syntactic connections outside the word -- we can say he is unkind or he is kind or they are unkind or they are kind , depending on what we mean. Incest. are often not productive or regular in form or meaning -- derivational morphemes can be selective about what they'll combine with, and america is in the heart sparknotes may also have erratic effects on meaning. Thus the suffix -hood occurs with just a few nouns such as brother, neighbor, and knight , but not with most others. e.g., *friendhood, *daughterhood, or *candlehood. Furthermore brotherhood can mean the state or relationship of being brothers, but neighborhood cannot mean the state or relationship of being neighbors. Free. Note however that some derivational affixes are quite regular in form and meaning, e.g. -ism . typically occur inside any inflectional affixes. Thus in government s, -ment , a derivational suffix, precedes -s, an inflectional suffix. in English, may appear either as prefixes or suffixes: pre-arrange, arrange-ment . Inflectional morphemes vary (or inflect) the form of frito lay vancouver words in incest free order to express the tourism in jamaica, grammatical features that a given language chooses, such as singular/plural or past/present tense. Thus Boy and boys, for example, are two different forms of the incest free, same word. In English, we must choose the singular form or the plural form; if we choose the basic form with no affix, we have chosen the singular. Inflectional Morphemes generally: do not change basic syntactic category: thus big, bigg-er, bigg-est are all adjectives. express grammatically-required features or indicate relations between different words in the sentence.
Thus in Lee love-s Kim, -s marks the 3rd person singular present form of the verb, and also relates it to the 3rd singular subject Lee. occur outside any derivational morphemes. Thus in ration-al-iz-ation-s the final -s is inflectional, and appears at the very end of the word, outside the derivational morphemes -al , -iz, -ation . In English, are suffixes only. Some examples of English derivational and inflectional morphemes: Properties of some derivational affixes in English: Keep in mind that most morphemes are neither derivational nor inflectional! For instance, the panther fight, English morphemes Melissa , twist , tele- , and incest free ouch . Also, most linguists feel that the inflectional/derivational distinction is not a fundamental or foundational question at all, but just a sometimes-useful piece of terminology whose definitions involve a somewhat complex combination of more basic properties. Mass In Jamaica. Therefore we will not be surprised to find cases for which the application of the distinction is unclear. For example, the incest, English suffix -ing has several uses that are arguably on the borderline between inflection and tourism derivation (along with other uses that are not). One very regular use of -ing is to indicate progressive aspect in incest verbs, following forms of to be: She is going ; he will be leaving ; they had been asking . This use is mass, generally considered an inflectional suffix, part of the system for marking tense and free aspect in English verbs.
Another, closely related use is to make present participles of america is in sparknotes verbs, which are used like adjectives: Falling water ; stinking mess ; glowing embers . According to the rule that inflection doesn't change the lexical category, this should be a form of morphological derivation, since it changes verbs to adjectives. But in fact it is probably the same process, at least historically as is involved in marking progressive aspect on verbs, since being in the process of doing X is one of the free, natural meanings of the adjectival form X-ing. There is another, regular use of the heart -ing to make verbal nouns: Flying can be dangerous ; losing is incest, painful . The -ing forms in these cases are often called gerunds . By the changes lexical categories rule, this should also be a derivational affix, since it turns a verb into a noun. America Is In The Heart. However, many people feel that such cases are determined by grammatical context, so that a phrase like Kim peeking around the corner surprised me actually is related to, or derived from, a tenseless form of the sentence Kim peeked around the corner . On this view, the affix -ing is free, a kind of inflection, since it creates a form of the verb appropriate for a particular grammatical situation, rather than making a new, independent word. Thus the tourism in jamaica, decision about free whether -ing is an leper a separate inflection in this case depends on your analysis of the free, syntactic relationships involved.
It's for reasons like this that the determined, distinction between inflectional and derivational affixes is incest, just a sometimes-convenient descriptive one, and not a basic distinction in theory. The meanings of derivational affixes are sometimes clear, but often are obscured by changes that occur over time. The following two sets of examples show that the prefix un- is peace, easily interpreted as not when applied to adjectives, and as a reversing action when applied to verbs, but the prefix con- is free, more opaque. Are derivational affixes sensitive to the historical source of the roots they attach to? Although English is a Germanic language, and leper most of its basic vocabulary derives from Old English, there is also a sizeable vocabulary that derives from Romance (Latin and French). Some English affixes, such as re- , attach freely to vocabulary from both sources. Other affixes, such as -ation, are more limited. The suffix -ize , which some prescriptivists object to in words like hospitalize , has a long and venerable history. According to Hans Marchand, in The Categories and incest Types of Present-Day English Word Formation (University of determined Alabama Press, 1969), the incest, suffix -ize comes originally from the Greek -izo . Many words ending with this suffix passed from Ecclesiastical Greek into Latin, where, by the fourth century, they had become established as verbs with the Essay, ending -izare , such as barbarizare, catechizare, christianizare. In Old French we find many such verbs, belonging primarily to the ecclesistical sphere: baptiser (11th c.), canoniser (13th c.), exorciser (14th c.).
The first -ize words to incest be found in English are loans with both a French and Latin pattern such as baptize (1297), catechize , and organize (both 15th c.) Towards the end of the 16th century, however, we come across many new formations in English, such as bastardize, equalize, popularize, and womanize . The formal and semantic patterns were the same as those from the borrowed French and black panther fight Latin forms, but owing to incest the renewed study of Greek, the educated had become more familiar with its vocabulary and is in the heart sparknotes used the patterns of Old Greek word formation freely. Between 1580 and 1700, the disciplines of literature, medicine, natural science and theology introduced a great deal of free new terminology into the language. Some of the terms still in use today include criticize, fertilize, humanize, naturalize, satirize, sterilize, and symbolize . The growth of science contributed vast numbers of -ize formations through the 19th century and into the 20th. The -ize words collected by students in in this class twelve years ago show that -ize is almost entirely restricted to sparknotes Romance vocabulary, the only exceptions we found being womanize and winterize . Incest Free. Even though most contemporary English speakers are not consciously aware of mass which words in their vocabulary are from which source, they have respected this distinction in coining new words. The constituent morphemes of a word can be organized into a branching or hierarchical structure, sometimes called a tree structure . Incest Free. Consider the tourism in jamaica, word unusable . Free. It contains three morphemes: What is the structure? Is it first use + -able to make usable, then combined with un- to make unusable? or is tourism in jamaica, it first un- + use to make unuse, then combined with -able to incest make unusable?
Since unuse doesn't exist in English, while usable does, we prefer the first structure, which corresponds to the tree shown below. This analysis is peace, supported by the general behavior of incest these affixes. There is frito lay vancouver, a prefix un- that attaches to adjectives to make adjectives with a negative meaning (unhurt, untrue, unhandy, etc.). And there is incest, a suffix -able that attaches to determined verbs and forms adjectives (believable, fixable, readable). This gives us the analysis pictured above. There is free, no way to combine a prefix un- directly with the verb use, so the other logically-possible structure won't work. Now let's consider the word unlockable . This also consists of three morphemes: prefix un- verb stem lock suffix -able This time, though, a little thought shows us that there are two different meanings for this word: one corresponding to the left-hand figure, meaning not lockable, and a second one corresponding to the right-hand figure, meaning able to be unlocked. In fact, un- can indeed attach to (some) verbs: untie , unbutton , uncover , uncage , unwrap . Larry Horn (1988) points out that the america is in sparknotes, verbs that permit prefixation with un- are those that effect a change in state in incest free some object, the form with un- denoting the undoing (!)of that change. This lets us account for frito lay vancouver, the two senses of unlockable. . We can combine the suffix -able with the verb lock to incest form an adjective lockable, and then combine the prefix un- with lockable to make a new adjective unlockable , meaning not able to be locked.
Or we can combine the prefix un- with the verb lock to form a new verb unlock , and the combine the suffix -able with unlock to america is in sparknotes form an free adjective unlockable , meaning able to Psychology be unlocked. By making explicit the incest, different possible hierarchies for america is in the heart sparknotes, a single word, we can better understand why its meaning might be ambiguous. These questions and answers are based on some patterns of error observed in homeworks and exams in previous years. Can a word = a morpheme? Yes, at incest, least in the sense that a word may contain exactly one morpheme:
Are there morphemes that are not words? Yes, none of the following morphemes is a word: Can a word = a syllable? Yes, at least in the sense that a word may consist of exactly one syllable: Are there morphemes that are not syllables? Yes, some of the following morphemes consist of more than one syllable; some of them are less than a syllable: Are there syllables that are not morphemes? Yes, many syllables are less than morphemes. Just because you can break a word into two or more syllables does not mean it must consist of more than one morpheme! So (if you were wondering -- and yes, some people have trouble with this) there is no necessary relationship between syllables , morphemes , and words . Each is an independent unit of structure. What are the frito, major differences between derivational and incest free inflectional affixes?
First, it's worth saying that most linguists today consider this distinction as a piece of is in the heart convenient descriptive terminology, without any fundamental theoretical status. Then we can point to the basic meanings of the terms: derivational affixes derive new words from free old ones, while inflectional affixes inflect words for frito, certain grammatical or semantic properties. Are clitics inflectional or derivational morphemes? The answer would depend on your definitions -- and as we explained earlier, the categories of inflection and derivation are descriptive terms that really don't have a strong theoretical basis. However, based on comparison to typical examples of inflectional and derivational affixes, the answer seems to be neither, in that clitics are not really lexical affixes at all.