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Nov 25, 2017 Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay,

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art deco essay 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. More’s Impact On Humanism Essay. Copyright 2017 Art Deco was an art movement that flourished through the 1920s and sammy mature 1930s. The decade opened up an extensive variety of original and distinctive styles and still remains to be the foundation of an era so rich and so remote that at Thomas Impact and Socialism, times it seems to belong to beatrice nothing the unfathomable domain of dreams (Cocteau, n. d). More’s On Humanism And Socialism Essay. Art Deco was a necessity at Experience Essay, the time, due to the economic crisis and war. Society needed pop colour and creative, eccentric designs to Thomas on Humanism brighten up the dull life they were living. In Much Nothing. People needed to Escape reality and drown in a world completely unlike their own. Freethinking and Thomas More’s Impact Essay creativeness was embraced, not frowned upon.

It was revolutionary, the start of Media’s Effect Essay, something new. The Art Deco movement was a time marked by Fashion Illustrator Paul Iribe as he revived the fashion plate in a modernist style, in order to produce a streamlined natural yet fashionable silhouette. A designer so great, utilizing simplicity as well as developing the Impact on Humanism and Socialism aesthetics of modernism, in order to House of Spirits by Isabel Essay rename himself in the elite and More’s Impact and Socialism exclusive world of art. Ado About. It is exemplified that this period has helped develop and Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism shape art in ado about nothing, general, through merging naturalism and realism as one. More’s And Socialism. Antonio Lopez Garcia is Violent Essay not only acknowledged as one of the Thomas Essay most revered contemporary artists to Media’s Effect Essay the Spanish, but to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism the world. The extreme sense of realism or his so-called hyper realistic illustrations convey his visual sensitivity to Violent the elements of Thomas on Humanism, colour, space and light. On Resistance To Power Luke, Afterschool, Matrix. Lopez Garcia#8217;s style may be deemed as inquisitive and surreal although highlights irony through the way in which he uses his illustrations to capture the commonplace spaces that instill life in his eyes, to Thomas More’s Impact enable the tranquility that allows for the encroachments of everyday life (Lopez Garcia Serraller, 2010). Paul Iribe acknowledged artist, journalist, fashion illustrator and designer deemed as a pioneer of the Art Deco movement. It was through his originality he was able to Hand gain an international reputation, which was through designing the layout Le Robes de Paul Poiret in 1908. Impact. Director and producer Cecil B. DeMille brought Iribe to Hollywood in 1920, where he was a well-recognised designer of fabrics, wallpaper, furniture and several costume designs of DeMilles dramas.

Iribe was recognized for abuse of the elderly his clean graphic line, jeweled-tone palette and his ability to produce exotic silhouettes through the main utilization of line, giving it a sense of naturalism. His designs portrayed naturalistic yet modernistic fashion illustration figures, which enjoyed life in relaxed arrangements. Thus represented elegance, functionality, glamour and modernity. Lopez Garcia, a well-known artist of this present day explores the More’s Impact and Socialism classical themes of and Clara in The House of Spirits Essay, still life, landscape and figure; this was done through the depth insight of his immediate ambiance. Thomas More’s On Humanism And Socialism. Furthermore this created a faithful representation of his simple motifs (Boston Museum, 2008). David Literary Experience. Lopez Garcias work comprises of More’s and Socialism Essay, particular combinations of illustrations of backdrops and observation people, while many of Thomas Impact on Humanism, his illustrations resulted in a mysterious yet pragmatic composition. Lopez Garcia deciphered his personal view into poetic canvases, drawings, and experiments sculpture (Boston Museum, 2008). He is accredited for his astonishing patience which allowed him to create authentic masterpieces, Lopezs work is its timelessness; he is an old master in Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism Essay, the contemporary world (Brutvan, 2008). Lopez Garcias relationship with Madrid developed through the extensive periods of observation he put in, in of the, order to and Socialism Essay complete his work, this resulted in repeatedly visiting the chosen landscapes whether it was days or years. This exemplified his passion and determination for producing precocious works of fine art. Sammy Mature. The exquisiteness of Lopez Garcia#8217;s work begins with the appreciation he has for his personal technique.

He believed that every artist [should] work out for [themselves] what technique [they] need for [their] work (Lopez Garcia, 2009). More’s Impact On Humanism And Socialism. He is observation examples perceived as a versatile realist, who is proficient in the medias of oil painting on More’s on Humanism Essay board, carved wood sculpture, charcoal, pencil drawing or water colours, pen, ink, Polaroid film and bas relief in plaster. Abuse Elderly. The watercolor seen in an array of Lopez Garcia#8217;s work insinuates the transparency and Thomas Impact and Socialism how it allows the ado about nothing light to reflect from the Impact on Humanism direct surface of the paper, giving it that incandescent look. Experiments. He uses stick of More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, charcoal or thin pastel to sammy mature blend and soften his original drawing strokes; this helps furnish his work a bona fide touch. The world comes to Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay life with the abuse elderly stunning pragmatism of Antonio Lopez Garcia, through his depiction of Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, buildings, plants and cluttered interiors (Kaufman, 2009). His meticulousness can be insinuated as quite invigorating, in Esteban and Clara in The of Spirits by Isabel Allende Essay, which he paints the commonplace with its lingering beauty as it pervades [the simplicity in] life (Kaufman, 2009). On Humanism Essay. Lopez Garcia illustrates every aspect and every angle depicting stains, grime and shadows with a verisimilitude that goes beyond photographic realism toward an absolute faith (Daily News, 2010). He is recognised as one of Spains most revered artists, where his characteristics of participant, his work, were deemed as the translation of the everyday. Thomas Impact On Humanism. You could say Lopez Garcia was an observer, as he painted with an astonished precision of a man perceiving the world for abuse the very first time.

He captured the More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay visual and of the elderly his extraordinary deftness prolongs our attention to Thomas More’s Essay these quotidian prospects, disrupting our perceptual complacency and directing us to sammy mature reexamine forms, often leading us to experience their beauty (Kaufman, 2009). You work until the Thomas More’s and Socialism whole surface has an on Resistance Luke, and The Matrix, expressive intensity equivalent to what you have before you, converted into Impact and Socialism, a pictorial reality (Lopez, n. d). Yeast Experiments. Lopez Garcias depictions enable him to stand out from More’s on Humanism, other illustrators, as he understands the use of regular proportion in Henry David Thoreau's Experience Essay, which he uses to pinpoint certain emotions from an individual. The proportion he seems to Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism master can be linked with harmony as his art creates specific feelings through the Essay to Power Hand Luke, Afterschool, colour, lighting and space he uses. The composition combines those elements of colour and space to More’s on Humanism Essay give simplicity to yeast experiments his work. Lopez Garcia is Thomas on Humanism and Socialism deemed to form composition in methods he uses to create a sense of David Thoreau's Experience, delusion, through the planes of Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, colour from a monochromatic and subdued palette, a precursor to experiments minimalist aesthetics (Boston Museum, 2008). He has an uncanny ability to understand light and Thomas Impact and Socialism translate it into colour (Brutvan, 2009). The techniques which helped Lopez Garcia in producing astounding work, and assisted him with the David Thoreau's proportions of Impact on Humanism, creating precise form [and] space and experiments measuring distance between angles was simply a ruler to Thomas his cheekbone, and beatrice ado about the other end with his hand also holding a compass upright (FAA News, 2009). Thomas Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay. To comprehend the effect of light as it touches an object or landscape, he limited his time painting in Essay Hand Luke, and The Matrix, the same spot at the exact time each day, so that he could adapt his work to More’s on Humanism and Socialism the weather, which was done without the participant observation use of photographs or cameras, giving it a sense of naturalism. Thomas More’s Impact On Humanism. The composition of his work can be associated with unity in sammy mature, the way in Impact and Socialism Essay, which it gives his works wholeness, giving his piece the yeast realistic perfection he intended. Subsequently Lopez Garcias main technique to and Socialism Essay perfection at a length, is patience, eyes wide open (FAA News, 2009). In stark contrast to Esteban and Clara House of Spirits Allende Essay Garcia, Paul Iribes technique differed as his key method of design was by utilizing the pochoir technique in which colours were brushed onto paper through thin copper or even zinc and were cut out tencils were an More’s and Socialism, important boost for the art of fashion illustration. Iribe used this to depict the fashion at the time. Iribes technique was based on simplicity with the yeast experiments use of simple lines creating flat, broad and abstract expanses of brighter colours in order to capture the Empire dresses, which gave him his creditability and on Humanism Essay name as a designer. Iribes designs can be executed as simple yet sophisticated.

The way in observation examples, which he plays with contrast and Thomas More’s Impact colour and of the elderly captures the Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay essence of a womens beauty through the in much simplicity of lines work brilliantly together. And Socialism. Although Antonio Lopez Garcia and yeast Paul Iribe remain to Thomas on Humanism and Socialism be designers in stark contrast, you can consider the David Thoreau's Experience following designs and Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism they ways in which both the sammy mature artists translates the fashion realm into something a little less ordinary. The perception of Impact and Socialism, realism is dependent on the time, exemplified through the Violent on Youth Essay Art Deco movement simplicity was as real as it got, however because times are changing, so is the More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay art, which is examples why Antonio Lopez Garcia was able to modernize and evolve through his art. Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay. Both their styles remain as limitless and in much ado about crafts of perfection. The aura of not only fashion is evident through Iribes art, but life in the self-portraits of Garcias. Fashion and Life were seen as an art form and both their illustrations capture the idea of Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay, what their idea is on life/fashion. For there is Violent Media’s beauty in More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, placement and Violent on Youth Essay detail as well as skill in the application of Thomas More’s Impact, colour in all the elements of a work of art as there is in beatrice in much nothing, fashion. Impact On Humanism Essay.

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Nov 25, 2017 Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay,

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negtive homework Copyright 2002 by Elizabeth Yeow. Included here with permission of the author. #9;Every fall excitement fills the air as students arrive at Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay school with new backpacks and school supplies, eager to Esteban and Clara Allende, meet their new teacher. Always a new beginning, the start of school allows every student to have a fresh beginning and make this year the Thomas Impact on Humanism, best year ever.

Yet within weeks of the start of school, teachers begin to see a certain pattern emerging: the same students repeatedly neglect to turn in homework. The teacher will then remind, reprimand, take away recess, and threaten to call home and talk to their mom and dad. Esteban And Clara In The Allende Essay? Occasionally, this will work and the student will miraculously appear with homework in hand, most of the time there are just excuses. More often, the teacher becomes more frustrated and disheartened, the student#146;s grades drop and he or she will feel like a failure. The repetition of this scenario caused me to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism, really consider the value and effect of homework. House Of Spirits By Isabel Allende Essay? Every year, and on Humanism and Socialism this year is no exception, I have at least one student, usually two, who never bring their completed homework back on time. I was puzzled by Essay on Resistance in Cool Hand Afterschool, Matrix these students#146; attitudes towards homework. I wanted to understand more about their perceptions of homework and to find out what kind of support they were receiving at home.

Perhaps, these students do not understand the homework or maybe their parents are unable to help them. Maybe the instructions were unclear or the homework is too difficult for them. I wanted to Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, understand more about yeast experiments, their parents#146; views about school and homework. I also wanted to know more about other issues that may be going on at home. What are some things that I could do to help them bring their homework back? As I began this study, I had several assumptions. Thomas More’s On Humanism? I saw homework is an important part of their schoolwork and is a reinforcement of what is learned at school.

This extra practice is helpful to students and when students do not do their homework it affects how they do in school. Also, lack of finished homework may be an indication of their attitude towards school or learning. I teach at Clara Barton Elementary School (pseudonym), a public elementary school in the suburbs of in much ado about, a metropolitan area, about Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay, 15 miles outside of Washington, DC. At the beginning of this school year Clara Barton Elementary School switched from a traditional school calendar to a year round calendar. On the year round calendar school is in session for experiments, nine weeks and then there is a two or three week intersession break. During the intersession remediation and More’s Impact Essay enrichment classes are offered to students. The cost of in much ado about nothing, attending intersession is five dollars. The community around Clara Barton Elementary School is comprised of Thomas Impact and Socialism, single family homes, townhouses, and multifamily dwellings. Violent Effect Essay? The majority of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School live in the townhouse community directly behind the school.

The townhouse community accepts Section 8 housing certificates. Many of the townhouses house more than one family. There is Thomas Essay, a high transience rate at Clara Barton Elementary School of about 40 percent. Seventy-five percent of the examples, school is composed of ethnic- and language-minority students. More than 22 countries and many different languages are represented at Clara Barton Elementary School. Many of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School are from low-income families. Clara Barton Elementary School receives funding from Title I and many of the students receive free or reduced lunches. The school is organized primarily into self-contained classrooms. Thomas Essay? The school does not have a formal homework policy, but in the staff handbook there is a recommended amount of time students should spend on homework based on grade level. Esteban Allende? Third grade students should have between 30-60 minutes of More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism, homework per yeast experiments, evening.

The school slogan is Clara Barton Reads and More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay students are encouraged to read 20 minutes at home every night as part of their homework. This is my fourth year teaching and Henry I have taught third grade at Impact on Humanism Essay Clara Barton Elementary for all four years. I am an Asian female. Essay To Power In Cool Matrix? The students in More’s Impact Essay, my class are all in the third grade. The class is composed of 18 students, 8 boys and 10 girls. Sixteen out of the to Power Afterschool, and The Matrix, 18 are ESOL students. Thomas More’s Impact? Eight of the to Power Hand Luke, Matrix, students speak Spanish at home, 5 speak Vietnamese, and 1 speaks another language. Homework in my classroom is assigned Monday through Thursday evenings and usually includes spelling, reading, and math. When students arrive at school in the morning they take out their homework and stack it on a table at the back of the More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, room. While they are putting their backpacks, books, and jackets away I check in yeast experiments, their homework.

Any student who does not bring in completed homework has to finish their homework during free activity time. Selecting a Focus Group. As I looked over Thomas Impact my homework grade sheet I noticed that I had three students, all boys, who repeatedly did not bring in their homework. Two of the boys, Jose and Juan (pseudonyms), are Hispanic and one, Aaron (pseudonym), is Violent Media’s Effect Essay, African-American. More’s Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay? Originally I decided to look at Essay on Resistance to Power Hand Afterschool, Matrix all three students, but then Juan moved mid-year. Thomas More’s And Socialism Essay? So, I had two students to focus on, but the more I collected data and reflected I realized that I really was focusing more on Jose. Due to time constraints and the inability to contact Aaron#146;s mother I decided to focus this study about Jose. #9;Jose is a third grade, ESOL student. His primary language is Violent, Spanish; however he is very fluent in English. Jose has helped translate a few words for me before. He is the Thomas More’s Impact, oldest child in his family and has one younger sibling who is yeast, not old enough yet for school.

He lives with his mother, father, grandmother, and younger sister. His father and More’s Impact Essay mother both work full-time. His father often has to work night shifts and sometimes does not get to see Jose much because of his work schedule. Effect? Jose has attended Clara Barton Elementary School since kindergarten and lives in the townhouse community behind the school. Jose loves to draw during his free moments and More’s on Humanism Essay will frequently take out a notebook and draw action figures. Jose takes Tae Kwon Doe classes in Esteban in The House by Isabel Allende, the evenings and frequently talks about how he enjoys these classes. Thomas Impact? He is well-liked at participant examples school and has many friends, both boys and girls, in his class.

He is reading on More’s on Humanism Essay grade level, but his writing and math are below grade level. Frequently Jose needs short extensions on in-class assignments. As I considered my puzzlement over students#146; attitudes towards homework I realized there may be many different things contributing to this puzzling situation. My own beliefs and examples values may be contributing to this puzzling situation. Thomas More’s Impact Essay? Perhaps my expectations for completed homework are too high or I am giving too much homework. My expectation that students should have and do homework may be influenced by my experience with homework as a child. #9;In the last thirty years the controversy over the value of David Literary Experience Essay, homework has come up again and again. Depending on the decade there are either demands for Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, more homework or cries for less homework.

Proponents for Essay Luke, Afterschool,, homework believe that it can help students retain more, improve study skills, and teach students that learning can take place anywhere. In addition, homework can promote independence and responsibility and it can help parents connect with what their children are learning in school. Opponents of homework believe that homework can hinder children from participating in other beneficial activities, such as sports or scouts. In addition, parental involvement with homework can confuse students if their parents use techniques that are different than their teachers. Thomas? Homework can also accentuate the disparity between students from and Clara House of Spirits Essay low-income homes and students from middle-class homes.

Students from low-income homes may have more difficulty completing an assignment (Cooper, 2001). It is also possible that there is Impact on Humanism, a cultural mismatch between what is emphasized at home and what is emphasized at school. Experiments? My belief that homework is important and Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay should be given Monday through Thursday nights is in Cool Hand Afterschool,, also emphasized by the administration at More’s on Humanism and Socialism Essay my school. In Much Ado About Nothing? Perhaps Jose#146;s parents do not value schoolwork and Thomas Impact and Socialism homework as much as it is emphasized in school. They may feel that homework is repetitious and David Literary Experience Essay unnecessary for Thomas More’s Impact, their child.

Maybe they feel they can provide more authentic learning after school for their children by providing them with cultural, athletic, or other experiences. Parents may feel that these other activities will benefit their child more and may therefore not stress homework. It is also possible that parents may not value school and this feeling is conveyed to students. Outside influences may also affect Jose. Perhaps he has seen older friends or relatives who do not do their homework. He may view these older ones as cool or maybe he has seen kids on television or in movies that do not do their homework. Another outside influence might be the economic situation of the family.

The family may be struggling to make ends meet and there may be difficulties at David Thoreau's Literary Experience Essay home that are a higher priority to students than homework. #9;These cultural influences are important for Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism, me to look at because they could change the way I administer homework or the amount of homework that I give. After considering all of the possible cultural influences, I decided to narrow them down to Henry Thoreau's Literary Experience Essay, the two that I believe to be the most significant. Impact On Humanism Essay? The two cultural influences that I thought might be the most applicable to my puzzlement are teacher beliefs (CIP 3.1) and a cultural mismatch between home and school (CIP 3.3.2). My beliefs as the teacher affect my giving of homework, my expectation that it be done, and how much I actually assign to students.

I believe that one of the strongest influences on young children is their family and their home. Since young children are still very much under the direct charge of their parents, if they bring in their homework or not is yeast, especially dependent on their parents. More’s Impact And Socialism? Their parents have control over whether or not they are given time after school to complete homework. The school culture emphasizes an importance on homework and this may not coincide with parental beliefs or practices. David Experience Essay? This discord will ultimately affect how a child is perceived by his/her teacher and how successful he/she is Thomas and Socialism Essay, academically. In order to determine what cultural influences were contributing to my puzzlement I needed to gather information about my beliefs. I chose to look at these by journaling, a technique recommended in the Cultural Inquiry Process (Jacob, 1999).

In my journaling I needed to consider why this situation was puzzling to nothing, me and why I think this situation is happening. My beliefs, background, and More’s on Humanism previous experience influence how I look at this puzzling situation and Esteban and Clara House of Spirits by Isabel Essay how I approach this situation. If I can identify my beliefs and values then I can see how they might be contributing to the puzzling situation. After reflecting and journaling about my homework beliefs I had the opportunity to More’s Impact, discuss the topic of my research with my colleagues at school. Through this discussion I realized that I should ask them what their beliefs were about homework and find out how much homework the other third grade teachers were giving (CIP 4.1). #9;Information also needed to in The by Isabel, be gathered about a mismatch between the student#146;s home culture and the school curriculum (CIP 4.3.2). The school or the school district might have a homework policy that I am unaware of.

If there is a homework policy then there is not a strong emphasis on Impact and Socialism Essay it and it does not seem to influence teachers and how often or how much homework they give. Experiments? Weisenthal, Cooper, Greenblatt Marcus, (1997) found that schools with a strong emphasis on homework influenced how often teachers gave homework. I realized it was important to look at the school culture and then to look at the home culture and see if there was a mismatch. In order to find out more information about Jose#146;s home culture I considered visiting his home but I had difficulty contacting his parents. I sent many notes home, called home and tried to leave messages. Eventually I was able to speak to Jose#146;s father. Thomas Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay? I also interviewed students using a modified version of experiments, The Student Survey of Homework Practices (Grajria, M. Salend, S. J., 1995) to try to determine what the home environment and culture was like as well as to find out Thomas Impact on Humanism Essay what their attitude was toward homework. I looked at Jose#146;s school history and Essay on Resistance to Power in Cool Hand Luke, Afterschool, Matrix contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to see what Jose had been like as a second grader. #9;I grew up in Impact Essay, an environment where receiving and doing homework was part of a daily routine. Teachers gave me homework, my parents expected that I would have it done, and if I did not do it I felt horrible.

My parents always made sure that my homework was done when I was in elementary school. By the time I reached middle school and high school I had acquired the habit of doing homework independently. I have always believed that homework helps students learn and Henry Literary reinforces concepts. More’s On Humanism And Socialism? The question I have to David Thoreau's Essay, ask myself in More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism, this puzzlement is Do I know for sure that homework benefits students? In order to Henry Thoreau's Experience, answer this question I decided to look at some research that has been done on the benefits or detriments of homework. Thomas More’s? The correlation between completing homework and academic achievement has been the subject of much research.

Depending on which side of the homework argument one is on, research can have both positive and negative effects on yeast experiments students. According to Cooper (2001) some positive academic effects of homework include retention and understanding of material, improved study skills, improved attitudes toward school. Some nonacademic effects of homework include promoting independent and responsibility in students and involving parents in More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, what is going on in the classroom. Homework also has some negative effects, such as boredom, denying students leisure time and the benefits of wholesome learning from scouts or sports. Esteban In The House Of Spirits By Isabel? Homework can lead to Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, cheating and can emphasize the disparity between the homes of Henry Thoreau's Literary Essay, low-income and middle class students. Students from low-income homes may have to More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, work after school or may not have a quiet place to House by Isabel, study at home. When looking at Impact on Humanism and Socialism 50 studies done on homework and student achievement, Cooper (2001) found that homework had little or no effect on student achievement at the elementary level. #9;After reading some research on the effects of homework on academic achievement I had to seriously consider how my beliefs fit into this. I realized that giving homework benefited me as the teacher.

These benefits matched the benefits teachers expressed having in the Homework Attitude and Behaviour Inventory for Teachers (Weisenthal et al., 1997). Homework improved my ability to cover the and Clara in The House of Spirits Allende Essay, curriculum and acted as a kind of bridge between the last lesson and the next one. On Humanism Essay? Although homework benefited me, as the teacher, I found myself reconsidering why I was handing out homework to Henry David Experience, students. According to Thomas Impact on Humanism, Kralovec and Buell (2001), elementary school students show no significant academic gain from doing homework. So, if homework was not helping students academically then how worthwhile was giving homework? #9; I found out that the other two third grade teachers, both males, at my school were not giving as much homework as I was. One teacher usually gave only spelling and reading as homework. Esteban And Clara House By Isabel Allende? Every once in a while he would give math homework. The other third grade teacher usually gave math and reading as homework and rarely gave spelling homework.

I, on the other hand, gave math, spelling, and reading as homework. Why weren#146;t the other teachers giving as much homework as I was? According to Weisenthal et al. (1997) some teachers may go easy on themselves so they have less homework to collect and to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, grade. I decided to go back and and Clara in The of Spirits Allende interview the other third grade teachers to find out what their beliefs about homework were. One of the Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, teachers did not believe that giving homework was a big deal unless a child did not understand the homework. He believed that homework should be given for students to to Power in Cool Hand Afterschool, and The, build responsibility and for character building. In his experience the ones that don#146;t bring their homework back are usually the ones that don#146;t understand the concepts. He also felt that at the elementary level if students pay attention in class then they will achieve and homework will not necessarily help them achieve. The other third grade teacher believed that homework should be a reinforcement of what is taught in school and he felt that it made a difference in Thomas Essay, their achievement at school. He said that he could tell the next day by student performance if a student did or did not do their homework.

He also believed that homework helped students learn to be responsible and build a good work ethic. After discussing homework policies and their beliefs about homework with my colleagues I went to the principal and and Clara in The House Allende asked her if we had a school wide homework policy. She referred me to the staff handbook. Although there is not a school wide homework policy, there were some generally accepted principles that should govern teachers when assigning homework. Some of the principles include, flexibility and differences in Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, the assignments to Media’s Effect, individual students, homework should be reasonable in Thomas More’s on Humanism, view of the pupil#146;s situation including health, housing conditions, outside work or responsibility, leisure-time activity and conflicting demands of home and school.

On the daily announcements students are encouraged to read for 20 minutes every night as homework. Any homework given out in Experience Essay, addition to this is up to the individual teacher. I also looked through Homework Helper: A Guide for Teachers which was published by the school district. This guide was handed out at a staff meeting at the beginning of the school year and teachers were encouraged to use it as a guide. Since that time homework has not been discussed with the staff. According to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, the guide the Essay on Resistance in Cool Luke, and The, purpose of homework is to practice skills, reinforce academic concepts, extend learning, promote good study skills, apply new skills and concepts, involve parents, and Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism develop positive attitudes toward school and learning. The guide does not discuss the amount of homework to Henry David Thoreau's Experience, be given. Any homework, aside from the Thomas More’s Essay, daily reading, is Literary Essay, up to the individual teacher.

#9;In order to gather more information about Jose#146;s home culture I tried to contact Jose#146;s parents through notes and phone calls home. After repeated attempts to contact Jose#146;s parents, his father appeared one afternoon at my classroom door. It appeared that he had finally received one of the many messages I left for him. I was very excited to meet with him, but wondered how the meeting would go as we did not have a translator. After a few minutes I thought it would be appropriate because it seemed that he had enough of Thomas, a grasp of the English language for us to be able to communicate without a translator. Our meeting was short (we really did need a translator). I asked him a few questions about his job and Jose#146;s behavior and work habits at home.

He seemed very responsive and examples concerned. Apparently Jose had been telling him since the beginning of the year that he did not have any homework. He had believed Jose and did not try to contact me to confirm it. He and his wife both worked long hours and many times he had to work the Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, night shift. Often when Jose comes home his mother is at work and his father is either at work or sleeping. His grandmother, who speaks only Spanish, is there to watch him. Jose#146;s father said that he or his wife always asked Jose if he had finished his homework. He did mention that one afternoon when he told Jose his friend had to go home he saw Jose give his friend a piece of paper that looked like homework.

His father didn#146;t ask about it and forgot about Media’s Effect on Youth Essay, it until his meeting with me. The weekly notes that I had been sending home did not reach Jose#146;s parents either. Impact On Humanism Essay? Jose#146;s father suggested that he could sign Jose#146;s homework every evening and maybe this would help Jose do his homework and beatrice in much ado about nothing bring it to school. The day after meeting with Jose#146;s father, Jose did not have his homework. He did bring his homework the next day signed by Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay his father, but since then he hasn#146;t had anything signed by either parent. #9;I realized through this brief interaction with Jose#146;s father that he and his wife both cared about their son and his success in school. However, I realized that they also had other things, such as tae kwon do lessons, that they wanted their son to Henry David Literary Essay, learn. Gonz á lez (1995) points out More’s on Humanism how important it is for teachers to observation, know their students#146; culture and to not have a prepackaged awareness of on Humanism, cultural diversity. They were providing nonacademic experiences for their son that they felt were important for his development as a person. Violent Media’s On Youth Essay? In addition, I realized that Jose#146;s father wanted his son to do his homework, but was very limited due to his work schedule to encourage and help Jose. I#146;m not sure why Jose#146;s mother did not return phone calls or come to school with Jose.

I have only seen Jose#146;s father with him when attending school events. Although Jose#146;s father indicated that they asked Jose about his homework they did not seem to do anything to encourage or require that Jose do his homework. Since they may not have been encouraging him to do his homework Jose may have been getting the message that homework was not valuable to Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism, his parents. #9;I contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to discuss his homework habits in second grade. I found out that he rarely brought in finished homework and Jose#146;s second grade teacher frequently tried to contact his parents to discuss work habits. She noticed that when his father had to work the night shift Jose came to school quite disheveled and without any homework. When Jose#146;s father switched to working during the day Jose seemed more attentive in observation examples, school and sometimes was able to bring in finished homework. Jose#146;s achievement in school, including homework completion, seemed to on Humanism and Socialism Essay, be directly affected by his father#146;s work schedule. Yeast? Tapia (1998) indicated that the most important factor influencing poor students#146; academic performance is More’s on Humanism Essay, family stability. Jose#146;s feeling of family stability seemed to be affected by seeing his father regularly during the afternoon and evening.

#9;To find out Esteban in The of Spirits Allende my class#146; attitude and homework habits I passed out the Thomas More’s Impact Essay, Homework Survey to nothing, my whole class and read it to them as they circled responses. I emphasized that this was not for a grade and they should answer exactly how they felt and not be worried about being wrong. On Humanism? Some sample questions from the survey are as follows: - I get easily distracted when I am doing my homework. - I feel unsure about which homework assignment to do first. - I feel teachers are unfair and give too much homework.

- Activities such as sports and in much ado about nothing music are more important to me than doing my homework. - Someone checks my homework for Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, me when I am done. - Someone at yeast experiments home asks me if I have finished my homework. I handed out the surveys and then read through each item and Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay explained any of the questions that students did not understand. Effect On Youth? As I looked over the surveys I realized that my students were limited in their ability to self-report because of More’s on Humanism Essay, their young age and their self-reports may not be identical to their actual practices at home.

For example, Aaron reported that he always turned in his homework when he actually rarely turned in his homework. Nine students, half of the class indicated that they need someone to Experience Essay, remind them to do their homework. Thomas More’s And Socialism? Half the class indicated that they sometimes need help with their homework. It was interesting to note that Jose indicated that he does not like to do homework, many times feels he needs help with his homework, and he thinks homework is important only some of the time. Jose also indicated that he received daily reminders at home to do his homework, but despite these reminders he did not always do his homework. Interventions and Monitoring.

#9;One intervention I tried was to change homework assignments so there wasn#146;t as much of a mismatch between Jose#146;s culture and the school curriculum (CIP 5.3.2). Maybe Jose did not see the relevance of the homework that was given and needed homework that was more meaningful. Kravolec and Essay on Resistance to Power in Cool Hand Luke, Buell (2001) found homework could be very disruptive of family life. It can interfere with what parents want to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism, teach their children and punish children in poverty from being poor. Parents may have cultural and religious beliefs or life skills that they feel are important for their children to learn, but homework may interfere with the limited time they have with their children to share those beliefs or skills. Henry Experience? Since Jose frequently talked about Tae Kwon Do lessons and Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay other things that he did during the week with his parents, I realized that it was important to participant observation examples, them for More’s Impact and Socialism, their son to be trained in some kind of sport. They might also feel that as a growing boy Jose needed some physical activity after school. Yeast? Although Jose indicated that his parents asked him about his homework they did not ask to see his homework. They believed him when he said he did not have homework or that he had finished his homework. Thomas More’s And Socialism? It is possible that they did not have the experiments, time or energy to look at Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay his homework.

They both worked long hours and it is possible that they had many daily survival demands that are more important than Jose#146;s elementary school homework. Since outside influences can not always be controlled or changed, I realized that interventions had to yeast, be made at Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay the school or classroom level to help students (CIP 5.4.1). It seemed that Jose was not getting the support that he needed from home because his parents#146; time is occupied with work and other basic survival issues, so one intervention was to give less challenging homework. Although all the homework I give students should be able to do independently, he had indicated on his Homework Survey that he needed help a lot. So, I modified his homework and noticed that he started turning in part of Hand, his homework.

His parents#146; limited English may affect Jose, so I tried to give more homework that was self-explanatory and Thomas More’s on Humanism made sure that he understood all the directions before he left school. Another intervention I tried was to allow Jose to begin his homework at school. I let him start his homework at school. I noticed that the next day sometimes the David Thoreau's, only part he would have to turn in Thomas Essay, was the part he had started in school. Jose seemed to have difficulty getting his homework from in The of Spirits by Isabel Essay school to Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay, home and then back to school. Violent Media’s Effect On Youth Essay? So, I gave Jose a checklist with a Velcro check that he could move when he had completed a task.

The checklist was to help him write his homework down, collect the materials he needed for home, put them in his backpack. His father was given a matching one to keep at home. And Socialism? Before leaving to go home everyday he had to make sure to check in with me so I could check his backpack. Violent Media’s Essay? After receiving the checklist I watched Jose everyday and and Socialism noticed that he wasn#146;t following it. I reminded him and encouraged him to use it, but he still didn#146;t use it. On a daily basis I continue to check Jose#146;s backpack and give verbal reminders to use his homework checklist. He lost the Velcro check for his end-of-the-day checklist on his desk, so I gave him a new one, but he still hasn#146;t used it.

He has gotten used to checking with me before leaving. For about Violent Media’s Effect Essay, two weeks I reminded him that he needed to see me before he walked out the door. Now he remembers on his own that he has to Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, show me his homework inside his backpack. Experiments? He comes up to me with his backpack open and his homework at the top so I can see it. I send informal weekly progress reports home to his parents so that they know how he is doing in school and Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay whether or not he has been turning in his homework. Summary and Implications. After all the interventions and monitoring I can say that Jose turns in Violent Media’s Effect, his homework about half the on Humanism and Socialism, time. Essay On Resistance In Cool And The Matrix? For the Thomas Impact, first half of the year he rarely turned in Luke, and The Matrix, any homework assignments and the ones he turned in were usually unfinished.

He seems to have more of an understanding that for me doing homework is just as important as doing work in school. I also have a better understanding of his home situation and that although his parents want him to do well in Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay, school they also have other things that they feel are important for yeast experiments, Jose to learn. The communication between home and school is definitely better. Impact On Humanism Essay? In addition I feel that I am more aware that the situation at yeast home greatly affects students#146; ability to work on homework and bring it back to school. This inquiry and research on the benefits and negative effects of homework on students like Jose has really caused me to rethink why I give homework and the amount of homework I give. I realized that my beliefs and values about homework really contributed to my puzzlement. I have really been considering and debating within myself the issue of Impact on Humanism Essay, homework.

I feel like I have been forcing my culture and background on students and making them relive how I went through school. Do I give homework for character building or do I really believe that it will help students#146; academic achievement? Checking homework usually takes fifteen minutes in the morning. Maybe this time would be better spent giving minilessons at the beginning of the day or building community in participant examples, the classroom. Although the school and school district set policies for homework, they do not stress that homework must be given every night. As a result of Thomas More’s on Humanism, this research, I want to make sure that I give meaningful homework. I have also decided to give more differentiated homework. Students like Jose seemed to and Clara House by Isabel Allende, be overwhelmed with the amount of More’s and Socialism Essay, homework that I give so I will try adjusting assignments to fit the individual student as necessary. Cooper, H. (2001). Homework for all #151; in moderation.

Educational Leadership , 34-38. Gajria, M. Salend, S. J. (1995). Experiments? Homework practices of students with and Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism without learning disabilities: A comparison. Essay To Power Afterschool, And The? Journal of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism, Learning Disabilities, 28 (5), 291-296. Gonz á lez, N. E. (1995). The funds of knowledge for teaching project.

Practicing Anthropology, 17 (3), 3-6. Kralovec, E. Buell, J. Participant Observation Examples? (2001). End homework now. Educational Leadership , 39-42. Tapia, J. (1998). The schooling of Puerto Ricans: Philadelphia#146;s most impoverished community.

Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 29 (3), 297-323.

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Nov 25, 2017 Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay,

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NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory. At present, our society is Thomas on Humanism, still locked up with a classic structure of class distinctions or in other viewpoint, discriminations. The boundary categorizing each group of people is best epitomized by the pyramid structure in which the base constitutes to Esteban of Spirits Allende Essay the greater majority of individuals better known as the working classes or the proletarians while the upper part of the More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay pyramid or the peak is best represented by the elite class in the society, the ones who exploit the proletarians for the pursuit of their own self-gratifying gains; better called as the non-working class or the bourgeoisies. The bourgeoisies are the ruling class of today who maximizes their capitals by providing the beatrice in much means for production and exploiting the working group of people for production (Kreis, 2000). Evidently, anywhere one puts his eyes on, there will prevail a one domineering identity or institution that governs a certain aspect of humanity. And of course, if there is someone inhabiting the upper portion of the society and enjoying superiority, there would also in More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, turn be inevitable subjugates to play inferior with the ones above them. As such, the issue of class struggle has long been disputed by several philosophers in history and theories were since hypothesized in participant observation examples, order to predominantly discuss and attend to the social issue itself (BLunden,1847). One theory to name is the and Socialism Conflict Theory which posits that in a given society, each individuals belonging within functions and participant, participates in that society such that the benefits they could obtain is well maximized, consequently resulting into Thomas More’s Impact Essay social change. This theory is Violent Effect on Youth Essay, mostly attributed to demonstrate and explain the conflicts between social classes and between the ideologies of capitalism and communism. Furthermore, assumptions to the conflict theory may be identified into for aspects namely for competition, structural inequality and revolution (Kreis,2000). Competition arises due to the progressing and Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, unlimited needs of a growing population given only a limited set of.

Need essay sample on NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. resources. Such resources include money, leisure, food, shelter and the likes. Secondly, inequality regarding power is structurally interwoven into the social network. Yeast Experiments. Individuals or any player involved within the social structure seeks to maintain their positions or more, struggle to cut above the More’s on Humanism Essay rest. Lastly, there resurface an assumption that points to the action of participant a revolution. Relatively, change becomes the product of the conflict between or among the social divisions. Change, for this matter is considered often as drastic and More’s Impact on Humanism, revolutionary. And through the search for a change in the structure of the society and Media’s, its prevalent norms discriminatory to most, a name in history sounds outstandingly; Karl Marx. Thomas More’s And Socialism. social status and emerging political forms in the society. As such, he was quickly subjected to grave government fracases and divergences.

This portrayal of radicalism by Marx tended to be recognized as purely communist. Karl Marx as a thinker of various perspectives concerning the society, particularly with the creation of his major economic literary Das Kapital, is furthermore recognized rather as a revolutionary communist than a crude social philosopher during the twentieth century. In relation with the discussed notion of social or class struggle, Marx conjectured a theory of history known as his historical materialism which principally concentrates its ground upon the idea that social status rise and fall (Stanford,2003). On Youth Essay. Furthermore, such alteration in the forms of the society will be then dictated by an obstruction to the development and continuous progress of any human beings productive power. As for Marx, he advocates the notion that each and every human beings have such an instinct to on Humanism and Socialism assert their communal essence. Beatrice In Much Ado About. The humanity is a structuralized community mutually benefiting from other individuals or group as well and whether or not we are able to distinctively recognize such essence, our existence thrives through the arena of being a coherent community.

The mutual dependence of the. individuals involved on the wide range of social and economic relations given in the network of the society is the main rationale that makes the possibility of human existence. However, the communal essence supposedly innate within the social context of the society should be at hand with equality. Equality, for religion is on the contrary deviously acknowledged thus creating a false impression of an equally divided community(Stanford,2003). Such is said to be a false insinuation of a community due to the fact that individuals, on the perspective of any religion, is considered equal only and only in the eyes of God. This falsifying by the religion to establish a bogus community soon fragmented. To compensate, reformation was done by the state.

The state in Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, turn offered the society another illusion to dwell on; a community of citizens. People are now classified as citizens; citizens due to a common privilege in the society and such privilege is manifested through the Henry Essay equality depicted by the legal constitution or the law(Burke,2000). Here in this case, equality among individuals is seen only through the eyes of the law. Thomas And Socialism Essay. As with regards the competence between the class of proletarians and the class of the bourgeoisies, Robert Owen and others put forth the assumption that people can be changed only by altering or modifying the circumstances besetting them. Karl Marx, regarding this issue perceived the materialization of Henry David Essay change within the society via the self-imposed convictions and eventual transformation of the proletarians to disentangle themselves from their current status in the social order and achieve a higher level of living(Kreis,2000). More’s On Humanism Essay. Marx, being a firm advocate of communism, markedly desires for a classless society. Via the creation of his opus, The Communist Manifesto , Marx instigated a venture for a revolutionary action that would suggest the Media’s on Youth ousting of the bourgeoisies. social order by the revolt of the Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay proletarians. Experiments. The Communist Manifesto seeks to enlighten the groups of the proletarians of their current social position in the society by which the non-working classes of the bourgeoisies overpower (Stanford, 2003). The suppression of the equal rights by the bourgeoisies in the hierarchy of the society is a mere product of capitalism.

The capitalist system is an economic system wherein the means of production are chiefly owned privately and on Humanism and Socialism, operated for profit. Of these, Marx values the state by which the proletarians are being held inferior by in The of Spirits, the upper non-working social class. To depict such discriminations, Marx identified four types of alienated labour being encumbered by the workers under the system of capitalism. The first alienation suffered by the labourer is their alienation from the product they have produced. Philosophically, the producers of Impact on Humanism a certain product are the ones who shed the effort in creating it, and in this case, the labourers are considered as the producers. Experiments. However, because there exists a non-mutual arrangement between a worker (proletarian) and the non-worker or the supplier of the means for Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay, production (bourgeoisie) , alienation from David Thoreau's Experience product occurs since as immediate as the product was produced, it is then taken away from the More’s on Humanism and Socialism Essay laborer. Secondly, the alienation in the productive work of the laborer or the worker is practiced in torment. There is inevitably an unjust treatment to workers, for example through the optimum utilization of ones capabilities beyond his limit. Third isolation suffered by the worker is from species-being. Humans, according to Marx, is produced not in accordance with their corresponding human capacities but for the pursuit of the capitalist to profit from the Essay on Resistance to Power in Cool Hand Matrix production (Burke ,2000) This type of alienation labour matches up with what have previously mentioned as the obstruction to a human beings productive development and progress.

Laborers tend to work on something inappropriate or under their conviction, thus, their. productivity as a laborer is impeded (Blunden,2000). Ostensibly, the skills of any worker must be directed properly to any work for a better functioning and improved production. Lastly, the workers are variably isolated from other human beings where mutual needs are replaced by the relation of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism exchange. Violent Media’s On Youth Essay. Mutual dependence, in this instance, is wearied off and inequality turns up. Bourgeoisie economics, including the idea of wages, exchange, rent, profit and others settle into the community, which is an apparent and a clear provision of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism prejudice among the Henry David Literary Essay two concerned classes because the Thomas on Humanism economics of the proletarians on the other hand are discriminated (Blunden,1847). And for Karl Marx, if he were to familiarize himself with the present social state of the working classes and participant examples, the prosperity they currently are engaging in, he would supposedly still point the grave discrimination they are experiencing despite their prosperity. Currently, laborers are still subject to various discriminations or suppressions from the capitalist they work for. For example, the chief capitalist of any production still acquires the greater share of profit whilst the workers were left for More’s Essay, hardly a meager compensation, granting the fact that efforts and time were enterprised for the carrying on yeast of the production.

Karl Marx would not alter his view of capitalism since the prevailing state of class distinction has not achieved any further change prior to his advocacy. Moreover, a man whose principles are deeply rooted in practice and personal application would be stern to stand up for what he has already based upon. Marx, being a philosopher which is strongly revolutionary in nature will not easily alter his viewpoint. Karl Marxs say on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Canada, United States and Mexico formed the worlds largest free trade treaty in January 1944 (Williams,2004). Impact And Socialism Essay. The agreement seeks to call off the tariffs on the products traded among the three participating countries. Restrictions were to be removed from computers, textiles, motor vehicles and others. Additionally, the treaty furthermore protects intellectual property rights which include copyrights, patents and trademarks.

Supplemental to the NAFTA is the North American Agreement on and Clara of Spirits Labor Cooperation (NAALC) which aims to create a rigid foundation for Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism Essay, cooperation among Canada, the United States and experiments, Mexico(Berta,2005). It additionally fostered the growth for labor production. North American Free Trade Agreement along with the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperations resolution for labor empowerment is a positive effect defined by More’s, the treaty for the three respective countries continuously benefiting from it(Williams,2004). In this light, Karl Marx, moreover would think of Violent Media’s on Youth Essay NAFTA as something really beneficial for the laborers because when they purchase a certain product, the amount that they will pay for it will not include any taxes, so it appears that they are not buying their own labor production. On Humanism. In contrast with a product levied with tariff, if a laborer who created the product bought it, then his labor for the production is seemingly being quantified as the Henry David Thoreau's Experience tax. Obviously, the laborer is disadvantaged given such case.

On the other side, the capitalist or the non-working class further tends to increase his profits granted the condition that tariffs were to be imposed because as a higher price is bid upon a product, then supply for Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism, it would increase as well especially if the Essay on Resistance to Power Luke, product is a necessity(Berta,2005). And Socialism Essay. Thus, if it is a commodity, more laborer is. needed and entitled to produce it and so, allocation of Esteban and Clara benefits of each laborer is likewise decreasingly apportioned among them. Discrimination is evident without the procurement of NAFTA in this likely instance indeed. Effects in the masses within the partner countries.

The possible benefits that can be achieved via the aid of having similar agreement would be one-sided, that is, considerable only for the capitalist since the are the principal coordinators of the prevailing production and whatever increase in profit is attained, levying of Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay taxes for example, then the amount that they incur from in Cool Luke, such is pocketed as part of accumulating wealth as well as with the nature of any business they are in. And since the Impact NAFTA treaty is Media’s Effect on Youth, advantageous for several reasons, Karl Marx would think of it as proletarian-oriented. Several benefits that has been recorded out of the Essay commencement of the Esteban and Clara House by Isabel North American Free Trade Agreement is its positive upshot to poverty rates in Mexico. It was seen that poverty rates have drastically been decreased while increasing Mexicos real income(Beta,2005). United States achieved a fifteen million growth in employment rate between 1993 and 2001. Thomas Impact On Humanism And Socialism. To note also, the automobile industries of beatrice ado about Mexico has reached a high percentage of industrial export. North American perspective of NAFTAs effects is significantly remarked in Thomas Impact Essay, the lingual labeling of products for a simultaneous retail distribution in in The of Spirits by Isabel Essay, Canada, the United States and Mexico (Cahoon ,2004). The agricultural productions for the United States and Canada have further shown to be increased.

Figure 1 illustrates this. Growth in US Agricultural Exports to the rest of the More’s world 55% Figure 1. Growth of Agricultural Exports. Growth in U.S. Agricultural Exports to Canada Increases for 1994-2002 and Growth share of exports to the rest of the world increases up to 55% (Cahoon,2004). Effects in culture. The differentiating cultures of Canada, the United States and Mexico may well be affected at the same time due to the substantiation of NAFTA. Culturally speaking, the variations among the Violent Media’s Effect Essay individuals themselves likewise renders similar variations to each of their customs or way of life. Thomas. The exports in automobiles for example by Mexico would mobilize the areas to which the vehicles were exported. In Cool Luke, And The. Increased production in agriculture, on the other hand may affect the culture of the three countries by the further utilization of agricultural products instead of the synthetically manufactured products that may be classified detrimental to ones health (Cahoon,2004).

Health consciousness or awareness may then be promoted and applied into the cultures of the three involved countries. Consequently, since there is a direct contact and/ or transaction agreed upon by each and among the localities of Canada , the United States and Mexico, then the possibility for a direct sharing or distribution of cultures from one country to More’s Impact and Socialism another. Provided that there is participant examples, a strict implementation of governance to exports of goods and that illegal production in black markets is completely tracked and Impact, eventually blocked out, then sharing of cultures among the three countries will prove to be advantageous and an aspect of trade worthy of imitation. Cultural differences would be alleviated, and as for Karl Marx, his stand of agreement upon in much, the matter of Impact Essay NAFTA would be strengthened because as mentioned beforehand, his intense advocacy to a non-discriminatory world is where his philosophies and principles are embedded. Effects in the wealth of the ruling class and the marginalization of the on Resistance in Cool Hand Luke, Afterschool, and The Matrix poor. The creation of NAFTA is unmistakably seen to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay be egalitarian in participant examples, the sense that there is an equal exchange of Canadian, Mexican and US products or goods . At some point, it may increase or further accumulate the More’s Impact and Socialism current wealth of the ruling classes nevertheless preventing the marginalization of the poor.

The ruling class, or those who are labeled earlier as the non-working social order of the bourgeoisies will inevitably accrue and build up their assets because trade via the legalization of NAFTA is still stable. And as long as trade is mobilized and operates in the business or commercial world, then gaining profitable amounts would still be possible because there is a source of trilateral consumers who are willing to purchase certain products from different countries. The poor, alternatively, will not be marginalized since the North American Free Trade Agreement would account and yeast experiments, pave the way for a relatively low-cost products. Such circumstance would afford the More’s on Humanism Essay unruling social order to avail products at a lower value but of similar quality as with an untaxed product.

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Nov 25, 2017 Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay,

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Analysis Essay on Patrick Henry Essay. Give me Liberty or Give me Death by Patrick Henry is an example of how a powerful persuasive speech can be delivered through a manipulative use of language and word choices. In the speech, Henry is attempting to convince the colonists to come together to go to war against Britain. Thomas. As mentioned in the speech, the colonists are having numerous issues with the British and its ruling to the point where suggestion to Violent on Youth fight and break apart from Britain has surfaced. To make the colonists see his point of view and More’s, support his idea, Henry tries to fire up his audiences emotion by repeatedly stressing that there is no other alternative but to fight for yeast freedom. Patrick Henry skillfully uses biblical passages familiar to the colonists to motivate their spirits. He always mentions God and his power that will lead them through the fight, as they fight for the righteous cause. Numerous rhetorical devices have been used in his speech to emphasize on the issues that matter more to the colonists in order to get the colonists willingly, to pick up their arms to enter the war with Britain. Patrick Henry brings forth an idea of freedom or slavery, I consider it nothing less than question of freedom or slavery. He wants the colonists to Thomas Impact and Socialism realize, with their current state, the future for them is to have freedom or to become slaves for the British. Some colonists are opposed towards the idea to fight against the British. In order to persuade everyone to be on board with the idea, Henry repeatedly stresses that fighting is the only way to live. House Of Spirits. All the hopes to avoid the war but not to live in Thomas More’s Impact, slavery are just futile as he says: Mr.

President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of Violent Effect on Youth Essay hope#8230; If we wish to be free#8230; we must fight. Henry states, war-like preparations which cover our waters and darken our land, which says that the British are suffocating the colonists and imprisoning them. Thomas More’s On Humanism And Socialism. Furthermore, he makes the Esteban House of Spirits Allende, audience realize the reality of the situation by listing all their past efforts to try to make peace with Britain, that do not involve fighting, and how all of them have come to no avail. He points out that the British has prepared to force them into submission by asking Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and More’s Impact, reconciliation? They are meant for us#8230; They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains There is no retreat but in submission and observation, slavery! Throughout the speech, Henry talks about the significance of God and how he has an impact on the situation that the colonists are in. In the beginning of his speech, Henry implies how he still has respect for the British government, king, etc. but there are problems with their ruling. He talks about God and that God is on their side, as he labels the Impact on Humanism Essay, fight is to fulfill the great responsibility which we hold to God and and Clara House of Spirits by Isabel Allende Essay, our country. Referring to his previous statement, Henry states that he puts God above the English King, I should put myself as guilty of treason towards my country and an act of disloyalty toward the majesty of heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. Also with these words, he tries to gain the audiences approval and at the same time to give them courage that the fight will be the right thing to do and Gods power will be on their benefit. Back in Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism Essay, the 1700s, the people were morereligious and familiar with words of to Power in Cool Matrix God. It is a powerful persuasion for Henry to mention bible verses and to convince the audience where God stands as the Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism, colonists are considered the underdogs, They tell us, sir, that we are weak#8230; Sir, we are not weak#8230; are invincible by any force#8230; There is Essay on Resistance in Cool Hand Luke, Matrix, a just God who presides over the destinies of nations; and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. Thomas More’s Essay. Henrys speech is filled with the Henry Thoreau's Experience Essay, use of rhetorical devices to put power, emotion, and persuasion into his words. In the beginning of his speech, he uses a rhetorical shift, #8230; very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the Thomas Impact on Humanism, house, but different men often see the same subject in participant, different lights, the shift expresses the idea, men see things differently, there is not just one way to see it. For example, British ruling is seen differently to the British than it is seen to the colonists.

Allusions are also used throughout the Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism Essay, speech; the allusions refer to many biblical verses or situations that the colonists are familiar with, enabling them to realize more of the wrongdoing of the in much, British and Thomas More’s and Socialism, their laws. Henry also chooses his words carefully to properly describe the beatrice in much ado about nothing, British; insidious smile this enforces that the British may seem nice, but they are fooling everyone. At the climax of Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism his speech, he uses parallel repetition and many rhetorical questions followed with the David Thoreau's Literary Experience, answers. The repetition is used in parallel sentences to put more emphasis on what he is stating, thus give strong emotional uproar to the audience. Henrys use of rhetorical questions has a huge impact on his speech to convince the audience. More’s On Humanism. With the rhetorical questions, Henry challenges the audiences ego and puts them on the spot where they cannot do otherwise but to fight the British, Why stand here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? To respond towards those questions, he gives his famous line, give me liberty or give me death. Effect On Youth Essay. On March 23, 1775, Patrick Henry gave a speech, expressing his opinion towards the British and More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, providing the reality for what the colonists next step should be. According to him, the colonists can only choose freedom or slavery.

If they wanted freedom, they must fight. Understanding the circumstances, the momentum, and the audiences belief and emotion, Henry provides much needed facts and spirits to the colonist to justify the fight. Henrys speech is very powerful, emotional, and convincing; it is an excellent example of how the Violent Effect, right use of Thomas on Humanism and Socialism rhetorical devices and emotive language can motivate a persons opinion to agree with the speakers idea. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of experiments paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

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cloze essay For other Paradoxplace links visit the home page. Welcome to the Paradoxplace Chronology Pages. Part Two - The Renaissance and Early Modern Europe (1350 - 1600) First there is a list of the various entries on on Humanism Essay, this page - click on the one that interests you to link to the detail. Yeast. If you are looking for a particular person or place, there is an More’s Impact and Socialism Essay, Alphabetical Master Listing of all entries in the chronologies as well as a Master Timeline and a Map of Central Italy . The Insight Pages bring together interesting subjects, groups of people and events that shaped the course of observation, history and More’s Impact on Humanism how we live. More about many of the movers and shakers is to be found in the Italy Photo and History pages , and nothing Paradoxplace has now been enriched with major sections covering Spain , France and Britain . And now the stories behind the names . To eliminate an unnecessary mental gymnastic, the Italian form the 13 hundreds has been used throughout in Thomas Impact on Humanism Essay preference to the English expression the David Literary Experience Essay 14th Century or 14C (though to be accurate the Impact on Humanism Essay Italians would call it the 3 hundreds - but that's another story!) Founder of the Medici dynasty and the Medici Bank (in 1397). Firenze (sometime Chancellor)

One of the outstanding scholars of yeast, his generation - picked up on Petrarch and used the Impact and Socialism word 'umanista' for the first time - grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy and history being the beatrice in much ado about nothing subjects taught for this. One of several Florentinians who went to Greece and Byzantium (particularly Constantinople) and brought back collections of ancient books. Collections is probably the wrong descriptive term. Mostly these book buyers were merchants, and would just load up wagons with books bought by the ton, secure in the knowledge that the thirst in Florence for everything related to the classical world would pretty much guarantee sales of Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay, anything at attractive profit margins (though at that time one did not talk about in much profits per se!). Goldsmith, inventor of the mathematics of perspective in painting, inventive engineering genius, secretive control freak but above all an More’s and Socialism Essay, architect, and in fact the first well known named architect.

Brunelleschi first catapulted to architectural fame with his design and subsequent building management of the Spedale degli Innocenti (Foundling Hospital) in the 1420s between San Marco and the Duomo. The elegant colonnaded facade (below) was a completely new look, as was much of the hospital design. Earlier, after losing the 1403 Florence Baptistery door competition to Ghiberti , Pippo went travelling, and on returning to Florence produced the participant mathematics of perspective in painting (1434) - demonstrated by a famous (now lost) painting of the Baptistery which was designed to More’s and Socialism Essay be held in front and facing away from the face of an observer standing at yeast experiments, the spot where the picture was painted. When the latter peeked through a pinhole aperture in the painting at a mirror reflecting it back, it was said to be impossible to distinguish picture from reality (except the former was back to front!). Brunelleschi was the architect of the Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay great Florentine churches of San Lorenzo and Santa Spirito, and the Pazzi Chapel at Santa Croce (his favourite). His immortal and most visible achievement was designing and building what is still the world's largest masonry dome (for the experiments Florence Duomo) (and without the use of any internal scaffolding / supports - see Part One ). Contemporary, competitor and personality opposite to Brunelleschi, from the Impact on Humanism and Socialism time he beat him in the 1403 competition for the North Door of the Baptistery to their uneasy coupling from 1420 as joint capomaestri for beatrice ado about the Duomo Cupola project (a tussle eventually convincingly won by Brunelleschi). And Socialism. The North Door panels were completed in 1424, and Lorenzo was asked to move straight on to the East ones (unusually for yeast Florence, without any competition being held). The East doors took him most of the rest of his life to Thomas Essay complete (1425 - 52) but it was worth it - an unquestionable masterpiece called by Michelangelo The Gates of Paradise (with the Henry Experience Essay original panels now to be found in and Socialism the Cathedral Museum across the road to the east of the Cathedral).

The French Pope Clement V (aka Raymond Bertrand de Got) (1264 - 1305 - 1314 (50)) had moved the seat of the Papacy from Rome to (you guessed) France - firstly Poitiers, then more permanently to Avignon in the early 1300s. Gregory XI returned the Papacy to Rome in 1376, but after his death two year's later, rival Popes appeared in Avignon, Rome, and at the final stage a third - the Anti-Pope Baldassare Cossa, John XXIII - mostly in Bologna. All were deposed by the Council of Konstanz (1414 - 1418) , and a single papacy restored in Rome, occupied by participant observation examples Martin V - the first of the Impact on Humanism Essay Popes of the Renaissance . Cossa got the posthumous satisfaction of a magnificent (and the only) tomb in the Baptistery in Florence - by Donatello and Michelozzo - commissioned in yeast 1427 by the early Medicis who were grateful recipients of Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay, church banking business. Read the story of Cossa in the factional book A Trembling Upon Rome by Richard Condon. Son of House Allende Essay, Giovanni . Drove the Medici bank to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay its peak as the greatest bank in Europe, in significant part by engineering the Violent Essay position of the first ever monopoly banker to the church. Built the Palazzo Medici and San Marco monastery and church (a suggestion by the Pope as a penance for More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism all the money he was accumulating).

Note that when there is a reference below to beatrice in much nothing the later Cosimo I (1519 - 1574) coming from the cadet branch of the family, this means that he was a descendant of Cosimo the Elder's brother Lorenzo the Elder (1395 -1440). The penultimate Byzantine Emperor. Impact On Humanism And Socialism. Spent more than a year in Italy trying to in much ado about stitch up a deal with the Pope that would pave the way for military support for the fast disappearing Byzantine Empire. The negotiations were moved to Thomas More’s Impact Essay Florence at the start of 1439 and, based at Santa Maria Novella, became known as the Council of Florence (the Pope was running out of money to support the hoards of ecclesiastics, courtiers and assorted retainers, but the Medici had plenty of moolah!). On Sunday 5 July 1439 a Decree of in much ado about nothing, Union was signed between the Latin and Greek churches. This did not last, but what did was John and Lorenzo de'Medici's images in the Procession of the Magi fresco by Benozzo Gozzoli in the chapel of the Palazzo Medici in Firenze. The Convent of More’s Impact and Socialism, San Marco (Firenze) is now devoted to the work of its most famous monk - the master of Annunciations. Don't miss: the Cell 3 Annunciation in addition to experiments the famous one at the top of the stairs, the reds and golds in the paintings that have not been spoiled by inept restoration, and the exquisite miniature New Testament illustrations on a silver cupboard door downstairs! While there, also enjoy Fr Bartolomeo's portraits of various saints and his two famous paintings of Savonorola , and be sure to experience the space in Michelozzo's Library, Europe's first public library. South of Florence, off the Thomas and Socialism Essay A1 in San Giovanno val d'Arno, the Basilica di Santa Maria delle Grazie contains a particularly beautiful Angelico Annunciation which can be enjoyed in peace away from the tourist crowds.

One of the greatest and most innovative of a great and innovative peer group. David (Bargello, Firenze, but originally in Media’s Effect Essay the courtyard of the Palazzo Medici) and much much more (e.g. see Opera del Duomo and Santa Croce in Florence). Cosimo the Elder's architect. San Marco (see especially the Library upstairs), and the Palazzo Medici . Trained under Ghiberti in Florence, and was then at the forefront in pushing forward the application of perspective in painting, often in small paintings . In fact he was a bit obsessive about perspective (if having sleepless nights thinking about something is obsessive) and was the first to Thomas More’s Impact Essay use two vanishing points successfully. He hit the big end of town with his famous and massive equestrian portrait of Sir John Hawkwood frescoed on the walls of the Florence Duomo, but it is the smaller works that remain most interesting.

Astronomer and Violent Effect on Youth Essay Geographer. One of the Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism great mathematicians and Essay in Cool Hand Afterschool, astronomers of the century. Made use of Brunelleschi's Duomo dome structure to create a huge sundial and make astronomical calculations (his gear can still be seen in the dome). Revised the old 1252 Alfonsine Tables to give greater accuracy to latitude calculations at sea, then got into remapping the More’s on Humanism Essay world, and then calculated (incorrectly as it turned out) that it would be shorter to go to China by heading West, and wrote to Christopher Columbus to tell him the news. Rejected by the Portuguese monarch, Columbus turned to Spain for funding and headed west in 1492 with Toscanelli's thesis copied onto the flyleaf of in Cool Hand Afterschool, Matrix, one of his books. Sadly none of Toscanelli's map originals swurvive. (Il Rinascimento - The Rebirth))

Driven by the generation born since the (first) black death (1348-50), The (Italian) Renaissance usually refers to Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay the time span of the fourteen hundreds and yeast the first half of the fifteen hundreds, with Florence playing the central role. On Humanism And Socialism Essay. (In Music the Renaissance label extends to beatrice in much ado about nothing the emergence of Baroque in the early sixteen hundreds). Some argue that the term Renaissance should be back dated to the centuries before the Black Death when the North Italian City State structures and Thomas and Socialism institutions were being built up. The grim economic conditions that had characterised most of the thirteen hundreds and the first half of the fourteens, gave way in the later fourteens and participant observation the fifteen hundreds to an economic boom even greater than that experienced in Thomas Impact and Socialism the earlier boomtimes of the Violent Media’s on Youth eleven and twelve hundreds. And the international merchants and bankers of the city state of Florence, now known more for its silk than wool, were in there leading the Thomas Impact and Socialism charge. The wealth they generated spilt over into conspicuous consumption (within the constraints of various sumptuary laws), and yeast experiments especially patronage of the artists who became a part of the Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay Renaissance (and its historical public face). Whilst the focus of the early part of the renaissance was very much on rediscovery, the magic was that somehow the creative energy of the artistic and intellectual talents that assembled (particularly in Florence), bankrolled and experiments driven by Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay knowledgeable patrons (especially the Medici ) flush with the winnings of beatrice nothing, economic success and Thomas on Humanism and Socialism enjoying the political independence of the leading city state - the happening Euro-Place - reached some sort of critical mass and yeast boiled over into a feast of speculation, enquiry, discovery and rediscovery (of things Greek and Roman) and of course accomplishments. In these pages you are meeting some of the Thomas and Socialism leading players in this drama. ARTWORKS from Masaccio's 600th Birthday exhibition in Giovanni Val d'Arno in 2002.

Despite his short life, Masaccio's talent was such that he is often called the and Clara House of Spirits by Isabel Father of Renaissance painting. Unfortunately not much remains. The fully restored Brancacci Chapel frescos (Santa Carmine, Firenze) (closed Tuesdays), are a high priority must - compare for example the emotional power and sense of movement (including shadows) of Massacio's Expulsion from Eden with the number opposite by Masolino (himself no slouch and also Masaccio's master). Look at some of the faces in the web photos. The Trinity in More’s on Humanism Essay Santa Maria Novella is often cited as a best picture candidate, though this will not be immediately apparent to the layman in the same way as the Brancacci frescoes are. The most prominent member of a talented family of ceramic artists. A polymath and observation examples along with Brunelleschi the outstanding designer and architect of the early 14 hundreds.

Wrote On Painting (amongst many other things) explaining the Renaissance insights into Thomas and Socialism, the representation of Esteban by Isabel, perspective. The humanist Sienese Pope (from 1458) who bulldozed and rebuilt the Thomas More’s Impact Essay centre of his home borgo Pienza (the first example of town planning since the Romans) and is remembered in the huge frescoes by Pinturicchio of scenes from his life in the Piccolomini Library in Siena Cathedral, built in in much his honour by his nephew Francesco Piccolomini - latterly (very briefly) Pope Pius III. The library was never, as originally planned, filled with his books because the family flogged them all off. Thomas Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay. One of the scenes in the life of this widely travelled and intelligent man which does not appear in the frescos is David Experience Essay, his viewing, whilst on a visit to Frankfurt in 1454, of the first printed bible ( the Gutenberg Bible ). It had, he reported, such neat lettering that it could be read without glasses, and he was informed that every copy had been sold. The last year of his life was spent in a futile attempt to mount a Crusade to recapture Constantinople , and he died on the way to the small fleet in Ancona which he had paid for but for which he had no army. Fra Filippo Lippi was a Florentine painter who experienced an unusually eventful life. Early on Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, he was captured by Moors (Arabs) whilst out boating and sold into Henry David Thoreau's Literary Essay, slavery in Africa, then later freed and returned to Italy where, as a Carmelite monk, he became famous not just for his painting but for his affair (and subsequent marriage, facilitated by More’s and Socialism his Medici patrons) with the nun Lucrezia Buti (mother of painter Filippino Lippi). Henry V and the deadly English longbow men beat the French in in Cool and The what turned out to be a dead cat bounce towards the end of the Hundred Years' War . The Piero della Francesca Trail - Duke Federico of Urbino (see below) portrait in the Uffizi; the fresco cycle in the Franciscan church in Arezzo (the one shown is Judas (not the famous one) being taken out of the well where he had been imprisoned until he told where he had hidden the cross - the mother of Constantine the Thomas More’s Essay Great, Empress Helena (248 - 328) was in Jerusalem and determined to find it); the Esteban and Clara in The House of Spirits Allende fresco of Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, Saint Louis and other more famous works like the yeast dramatically distorted Resurrection in Sansepolcro Museo Civico; the Pregnant Madonna in Monterchi (near Sansepolcro); the sublime Madonna di Senigallia and the mysterious Flagellation in the Urbino Palazzo. Piero was especially good at Impact on Humanism Essay, beautiful Madonnas in the same way that Angelico's speciality was Annunciations. Andrea del Castagno did not arrive in Florence until his late teens - talent scouted and brought there by Thoreau's Bernardetto de' Medici. He became in a short time an outstanding artist, influenced in particular by on Humanism and Socialism Essay Masaccio and Donatello.

In Florence you can see his works (particularly a resurrection and a last supper) at the Convent of Sant'Apollonia (near San Marco). Henry Thoreau's Literary Experience. He was also responsible for the enormous equestrian fresco of Nicol da Tolentino in the Florence Duomo, and the Famous Men and Women cycle of Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay, nine portraits in yeast experiments the Villa Legnaia (now in the Uffizi) - of particular interest for the (posthumous) portraits of Boccaccio, Dante and Petrarch. His promising career was cut short by the plague in 1457. Reigned as Signore then Duke of Urbino from 1444. A condottieri, professionally trained by Niccolo Piccinino (regarded as the best around), he was strictly a (very successful) gun for Impact on Humanism Essay hire - fighting for cash payments and looting rights on short term contracts and with no underlying allegiances (except expanding his own territory around Urbino) - for Florence v the Pope, or the Pope v Florence (he did both), for Esteban in The House of Spirits Allende Essay Naples, Venice etc - whoever paid and booked a slot in More’s and Socialism Essay his dairy!! In 1472, under contract to the Florence of Lorenzo de' Medici , he sacked Volterra with an appalling brutality that is still remembered there today. Strange then to find that the Esteban of Spirits by Isabel Allende Essay Duke is universally extolled in books as the ultimate model of a Renaissance man of culture and civility!

His profession was merely the cash flow generator for his passion for More’s on Humanism and Socialism books (he had a larger manuscript library than most universities), art (he was the patron of Violent Media’s, Piero della Francesca amongst others), and beautiful buildings (including the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino , also its little sister, the Palazzo Ducale in Gubbio ) in which to house his civilized court. See his famous face painted by Piero della Francesca in about 1472 (in room 7 of the Uffizi). The diptych also features his second wife - Battista Sforza. She married the 35 year old Duke when she was 13, bore him seven daughters then a son, and died in 1472, aged just 28 and Impact and Socialism probably exhausted, at the birth of the latter. Led the charge as Venetian artists learned to paint light and soft colours and feeling, and, in Giovanni's case, a new generation of sublime Madonnas (for example I Frari and San Zaccaria in Venice).

Devoted his life to the translation and study of the works of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, and participant examples the integration of Plato's philosophy into Christian theology. Suppported by the Medici who trucked in Greek texts for him like there was no tomorrow, Ficino established the Platonic Academy in 1462 in the Medici Villa at Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, Careggi. He produced the first translation of the works of Plato, Plotinus and many others into any European language. Originally trained as a goldsmith, Verrocchio expanded into sculpture and painting and must have been a most effective workshop entrepeneur and teacher - his students included Leonardo, Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Perugino. Apart from teaching, he spent most of his life working on beatrice ado about nothing, commissions for the Medicis (see particularly his David in the Bargello). He designed the globe over the lantern of Brunelleschi's Dome , and his last great work was the magnificent equestrian statue of Condottieri Bartolomeo Colleoni in on Humanism Essay Venice. At one stage during the latter he was sacked, but then got reinstated at twice the fee ( story ). Sadly however, he died before the statue was cast and the job was completed by Alessandro Leopardi. Built 1444-72 for the Duke Federico da Montefeltro . It could be argued said Kenneth Clark in the 1970s book and BBC TV series Civilization (both still available) that life in Urbino was one of the high water marks of western civilization. (As for the Palace ), the arcaded courtyard is calm and timeless the rooms are so perfectly proportioned that it exhilarates one to walk through them: in fact its the only palace in Essay the world that I can go round without feeling oppressed and exhausted.

Another commentator says that above all it was judgement, not just a lucky use of available talent, that made the proportions, the spaces and Thomas Impact and Socialism the decorations of his palace the purest and most harmonious expressions of Quattrocento aesthetic ideals (J.R.Hale, U.C. London). Outstanding painter of the mid Renaissance. Pupil of Lippi, patronized by Il Magnifico (Lorenzo de' Medici), buried in Violent Ognissanti, parish church of the Vespucci family amongst others. Merchant's apprentice, Franciscan friar, but really a formidable mathematician and teacher who spent some time in Milan working with Leonardo da Vinci. He wrote an encyclopaedia of number theory and geometrical proportion (which subject he also tackled in a book illustrated by Thomas Impact Leonardo), but is remembered on Henry Experience, a more mundane level as the Thomas guy who wrote the first book on double entry book keeping (which by then had been around in yeast Italy for Thomas on Humanism and Socialism a hundred years)! Visual chronicler of Florentine society, master of narrative frescoing and paintings of Last Suppers in convent / monastery refectories. See Florentine society in his narrative frescos in Santa Maria Novella and Santa Trinita , last suppers in Ognissanti , San Marco , and Badia a Passignano in Chianti (done in 1476 with his brother Davide). (Lorenzo the Magnificent) Grandson of Cosimo the Elder (the main builder of the beatrice in much nothing Medici megawealth), Il Magnifico (what a nickname!) was much more renaissance man than business developer. more spender than banker, and the last effective head of the Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism senior line of Medicis.

An irrelevant personal detail: he had no sense of smell! (and first Printing Press) First Printed Book. 1450 - THE PRINTING PRESS LIGHTS UP EUROPE. Printing from moveable metal type was the key technology behind spread of knowledge and philosophy in Europe. Johann Gutenberg (1400 - 1468) set up the first European printing presses in participant observation Mainz, Germany, around 1450. By 1473 a printing press is recorded in More’s Impact on Humanism Spain, and William Caxton started his press up in Essay on Resistance to Power in Cool England in 1476.

It's interesting to reflect that popular authors such as Marco Polo (1254-1342), Dante (1265-1321), Petrarch (1304-1374), Boccacio (1313-1375) and Geoffrey Chaucer (1340-1400) all died well before their works could benefit from this seismic shift. Machiavelli (1469-1527), by contrast, was clever enough to be born later! Printing presses were also important to the new breed of protestants for on Humanism and Socialism Essay spreading their pamphleted messages, as indeed they had helped the papacy manufacture indulgences - the focal point of early protestant anger. Actually, as in many other areas, the Chinese had been at it for centuries . Wood block printing of books - particularly Buddhist texts and later the works of Confucius - had been practised since at least the six hundreds, with some enormous print runs recorded. Moveable type was invented in the 1040s by one Pi Sheng.

He used clay, others used wood and sometimes metal. The technology developed spasmodically and spread to ado about nothing Mongol Turkestan and Persia, though it was for some reason not embraced by the Moslem world which is Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism, odd in view of the way they took up paper and their penchant for mechanical gizmos. We will never know whether Gutenberg, who took the in much nothing credit, 400 years after Pi Sheng, had actually seen some of the Thomas More’s Impact and Socialism products of the latter's technology, but it is more likely than not that he had! Printing, of course, needs large supplies of paper (and suitable inks) to be of any use. It is to the Chinese again that we owe the first paper - an Esteban and Clara in The House of Spirits by Isabel Allende Essay, invention claimed by a Chinese court official, Ts'ai Lun, in Essay AD 105. The evolving technology of papermaking migrated east, to Korea then Japan, and Violent Media’s Effect Essay west - to Central Asia and Tibet and Thomas More’s Impact Essay then on to India. When the Arabs, in the course of their eastern expansion, neared Samarkand they too became acquainted with the production of paper and paper mills were subsequently set up in Essay Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo, and later in the western Arab states of Morocco, Spain and Sicily. Thomas More’s On Humanism Essay. In the twelve hundreds paper mills were set up in Italy in Amalfi and Fabriano.

At every stage new or modified raw materials, chemical processes and mechanical processes (particularly involving the use of water power) were constantly being tried out. A step function in the employment of heavy water driven production equipment was achieved in Nurenburg during 1390 with the help of paper makers imported from Italy (though there were reportedly many cultural tensions and at some stages the German entrepreneur Ulmann Stromer wondered whether it was despite the help of the Italians!). After this paper mills spread throughout Europe - an early example of in The of Spirits Essay, a capital intensive manufacturing process. Notwithstanding the advance of paper - one of the More’s on Humanism editions of experiments, Gutenberg's bible was actually printed on vellum (calves' hide) - British Library Gutenberg Bible pages . Born near Perugia, Perugino learned his trade in Verrocchio's workshop in Florence. In 1481 he went to Rome to Thomas More’s and Socialism work on the Sistine Chapel wall frescos with Domenico Ghirlandaio, Sandro Botticelli and Cosimo Roselli. Although he played the dominant role in this project, several of on Youth Essay, his contributions have since been destroyed. For the last decade of the century he was mainly in Florence, combining works for Impact on Humanism religious establishments (such as the Last Supper in the Foglino convent refectory at No 42 Via Faenza, which can be visited as part of your off the tourist track itinery) with teaching (amongst others) Raphael and Esteban and Clara of Spirits Allende some quite outstanding portraits (especially our favourite - La Maddelina ). Returning to Perugia in 1502 he ran out of puff and completed no more major works in the last 20 years of his life.

He eventually died of the Essay plague. Most famous now for his Legend of Saint Ursula cycle (1490s) a series of huge paintings which occupy a huger room in the Accademia and which meticulously portray the people, customs and built environments of Esteban and Clara in The by Isabel Essay, his time. A much more accessible way to discover him is to go to the Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni , a beautiful little place inside and out, and have a good look at his painting of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism, Saint George slaying the yeast dragon. Patronized by Il Magnifico and the Pope, his best known work is the fresco cycle depicting the Last Judgement (painted 1499 - 1503) in the San Brizio Chapel of Impact Essay, Orvieto Cathedral . A technical master - particularly in the areas of the male anatomy and Henry Experience the tricks of Thomas on Humanism, foreshortening, he is Violent Essay, thought to have been taught by Piero della Francesca and to have influenced both Raphael and Michelangelo. Other works of his are spread from the Vatican through Umbria and Tuscany, and include some of the 36 large frescoes on the the life of Saint Benedict in Impact the Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore to the South of Siena. Genoa, Lisbon and Spain. Entrepreneur Explorer, Admiral of the to Power Ocean Sea Born a wool merchant's son in Genoa, swims into Portugal in 1476 after his ship is More’s on Humanism and Socialism, sunk in battle. Conceives of The Enterprise of the Indies in 1484 (as a result of his own voyages from Iceland to Guinea and encouraged by Toscanelli's calculations (see above)). After failing to get financial support from the Portuguese King John, Columbus negotiated the Contract of Santa Fe with Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, who were on a roll after evicting the Moors (and Jews) from their last Spanish stronghold in Grenada.

Columbus' first expedition departed Spain on 2 August 1492 and the New World (=Bahamas) was sighted at 2am on 12 October 1492. Nothing. In accordance with his contract, Columbus was made Admiral of the Ocean Sea, viceroy of his discoveries and owner of 10% of any new wealth. But it never really worked out as he (possessor of advanced nouveau riche values) wanted. Three other expeditions followed with mixed results (in a class of his own as an intuitive navigator, there was nothing intuitive or classy about his leadership or organization skills!) and he died in obscurity in Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Spain in 1506, still convinced that what he had reached was Asia. In 1502 he had all the agreements he had made with the Spanish Crown, along with an associated Papal Bull, bound together into a book The Book of Privileges, and all three vellum copies of yeast, this still exist. There is also an unusual gastronomic insight into the first voyage from Castello Banfi in Montalcino . Prior and Zealot. Dominican monk and Prior of San Marco who briefly ruled Florence after Il Magnifico died, but ended up on a bonfire on Pz Della Signoria (having himself orchestrated the Bonfire of the Vanities in the same place a year earlier in 1497). Sculptor, architect, engineer, inventor, philosopher, musician, poet and More’s Impact and Socialism painter. Fall of Constantinople (Byzantine Empire ends)

Fall of Constantinople to the armies of Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II - the end of a 1,129 year empire that, along with the Muslim centres of Baghdad and Cordoba, had kept some of the classical flame alight during the participant examples European dark ages. In Constantinople on the evening of the 28 May Constantine XI, eightieth Emperor of Byzantium, and thousands of his subjects gathered in the the great church of Santa Sophia, for what became the last Christian service to be held there. The next day Constantine was killed defending the city, and Thomas More’s on Humanism four days later Santa Sophia, Justinian's greatest church in Christendom, had become a mosque. Cosimo the Elder gave shelter in Florence to many exiled scholars from Byzantium. Incidentally Byzantine is examples, a descriptive term invented retrospectively after the fall of Constantinople (and based on the fact that the ancient name for the city was Byzantium). Thomas More’s Impact Essay. At the time they called themselves The Empire of the Romans. Mainly remembered as the creator of the frescos illustrating the life of the Sienese Pope Pius II (Aeneus Sylvius Piccolomini) in the Piccolomini Library (Siena Duomo). Like Piero della Francesco he was also an accomplished painter of sublime Madonnas . Firenze and Seville (Spain) Navigator whose name Amerigo = America was given to two continents.

Amerigo Vespucci 1454 - 1512 (58) was a member of a prominent Florentine family (who, as a matter of interest, worshipped at Ognissanti , Botticelli and Ghirlandao's church on the north bank of the Violent Media’s Effect Essay River Arno near the centre of Florence). He worked for the Medici Bank, though was not one of their high fliers and was obviously more interested in cartography and exploration that banking. By the 1490s he was living in Seville working for one of the merchants who supplied Columbus (1451 - 1506 (55)), and in the process became a lifelong friend of the great explorer. No doubt fired up by this, Vespucci gave away merchanting and in 1597 took off as the More’s Impact navigator of a westerly voyage of his own also under the flag of Spain. Effect Essay. He claimed to have been involved in at least one more voyage supported by Spain (which discovered the More’s Impact on Humanism mouth of the River Amazon), and two for Portugal before he returned to Spain as Pilot Major of Spain.

All these expeditions were to Violent Effect on Youth the continent that became known as South America, and all have been called into question, partly because there are no ships' logs to corroborate Amerigo's accounts. However, it is and Socialism Essay, now widely accepted that our man did what he had claimed, and in particular became the first person to understand and do the participant hard yards to Thomas Essay show that this was actually a new continent and Literary Essay not India, as most had hitherto thought. READ MORE . One of the most eloquent poets of the Renaissance - author of the Stanze. Friend of More’s on Humanism and Socialism, Lorenzo the Magnificent, whom he saved from assassination in the Pazzi Conspiracy. Holy Roman Emperor. Arranger of marriages for the greater territorial glory of the observation Habsburg line. Acquired the Low Countries by marrying Mary of Burgundy, married off son Philip (the Handsome) to Joanna of Castile (heir to the Spanish throne and also barking mad - the throne skipped her and went to son Charles - the Emperor Charles V). Undertook long wars in Hungary and Italy to further extend the family lands. All of which bequeathed to on Humanism and Socialism grandson Charles V the largest empire since Rome, and Henry Thoreau's Literary Experience one which proved completely unmanageable. The Fugger family were merchants in Augsburg, the capital of the powerful medieval Duchy of Swabia, in Thomas Impact on Humanism Essay the south west of modern Germany ( Frederick II had been King there once). Born almost 100 years after the Esteban in The of Spirits Allende founders of the Medici Bank, Jacob Fugger built a bank far bigger and richer than Giovanni and Cosimo could have imagined in their wildest dreams (though posterity remembers the name Medici rather than Fugger!).

Young Jacob understood that sovereign risk was high risk unless a) you lent big to the winning sovereigns (in his case the Habsburg Emperors Maximillian I and his grandson Charles V ) b) you only lent against over adequate tangible irrevocable collateral (in his case Habsburg monopoly silver mines in the Tirol, gold mines in Silesia, and copper mines in Impact and Socialism Hungary - all of which effectively gave him ownership of currency production as well). He could thus sleep soundly after lending Charles 534,000 florins in 1519 to bribe the Princes and Archbishops who elected the Violent Media’s Essay Holy Roman Emperor. He was known by the functional nickname of Jacob Fugger The Rich, died without children and nowadays very few people outside Augsburg have heard of him. Portuguese navigator who in Impact Essay 1497, five years after Columbus' first voyage, sailed to India via the Cape of Good Hope. On the way he named his southern African landfall Natal after making it ashore there on Christmas Day 1497. In fact the Cape of Good Hope, and thus the existence of a sea route to India, had been discovered by the Portuguese navigator Bartolom Dias in 1488 in the wake of several earlier Portuguese expeditions down the David Literary west coast of Africa, and it is and Socialism, odd that almost another decade elapsed before an in Cool Afterschool,, expedition was mounted to exploit it. Philosopher and Scholar. Though he died young, Pico was one of the most influential of the Renaissance neo-Platonists (as opposed to Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism scholastics and Aristotleans).

Also influenced by the writings of the Essay in Cool Luke, and The Spanish Muslim philosopher Averroes and Jewish philosophy, and driven by a desire to synthesize almost everything - Platonism, Aristotelianism, Stoicism, Hebrew thought, Jewish mysticism, Arabic philosophy, and a whole host of other stuff, into a single philosophical system to serve humankind and Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism what he saw as its unlimited capacity for spiritual self development. His Oration on the Dignity of Esteban in The, Man (easily findable on the Web) is a kind of Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, manifesto of the Renaissance and Humanism. Inevitably he fell foul of the church, but the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici kept them off his back and allowed him to pursue his writings in Florence. Government Official and. Career senior Florentine administrator - Secretary for War, the Interior etc, but then excluded from the circles of (briefly restored Medici) government and forced into premature retirement in 1513. He became an yeast experiments, author and dramatist (and wine maker - his estate to the south-west of Florence still flourishes), and is now recognized much more widely than many of his day because of his authorship of The Prince - a do it yourself guide for rulers who want to manipulate people effectively in order to Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay advance their own interests (and the first such book in yeast experiments Europe to treat politics and ethics as being separate and not necessarily linked). Sculptor, Painter, etc. In Florence, see the original David (finished in January 1504) in the Galleria dell'Accademia (though there's not much else of consuming interest there and the copies outside the Palazzo Vecchio and in the Piazza Michelangelo are pretty good and much more accessible). Thomas And Socialism. We would rather spend time with the powerful Pieta in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo (with the added bonus that the central figure is a Michelangelo self portrait and Donatello's Maddelina is nearby). Then, of participant observation examples, course, there is Rome and a sublime Pieta in St Peters and . Giovanni de'Medici, second son of Lorenzo and younger brother of the fatuous Piero, became the first of the Medici Popes (Leo X - Leone Decimo) at the age of 38 on Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, 11 March 1513. Prior to this his life had been a complete roller coaster . Henry David Thoreau's Literary Experience. LINK TO PAGE ON THE MEDICI POPES.

Painter, along with Luca Signorelli, of some 36 large frescoes on the life of San Benedict in the Great Cloister of the Abbazia di Monte Oliveto Maggiore - the Abbey in the Clouds. Note the attractive young lads with tunic skirts slashed to the thigh! While at the Abbey, dont miss the extraordinary marquetry work (circa 1505) by Fra Giovanni di Verona in the chapel's choir stalls. Brothers from an old rival Florentine banking family to the Medici, Francesco and Girolamo Pazzi, have a go (with the Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism secret support of Pope Sixtus IV (della Rovere)) at killing Giuliano and (Magnificent) brother Lorenzo de Medici in the Florence Duomo, but the latter escapes with the help of Angelo Poliziano, and the Pazzi clan are systematically eliminated. Although the institution of The Inquisition had been around since 1231, it only David Thoreau's Experience, became a byword for terror and indiscriminate torture in Spain in 1478, when Ferdinand and Isabella, with the support of Sixtus IV , appointed Dominican priest Toms de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor and he headed for the ranks of Thomas More’s Impact Essay, Jews and yeast Muslims who had converted to Christianity, followed by assorted other supposed heretics followed by various other people and activities he did not like.

Torture followed by confession was the standard procedure, after which came punishment - including more than 2,000 burnings at the stake in Torquemada's time alone. The underlying dynamic of all this was fear of the Jews (and to Thomas a lesser extent Muslims), and in 1492 nearly 200,000 Jews had their assets confiscated and Experience Essay were expelled from Impact and Socialism, Spain. The Inquisition in Spain and its colonies was only Essay to Power in Cool Hand Afterschool, and The Matrix, finally suppressed in 1834. (Pope Clemente Settimo) Second of the Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay four Medici Popes . Violent On Youth Essay. Handsome, well travelled, a sophisticated intellectual and an outstanding musician - none of Thomas More’s Impact, which stopped him presenting more as an unattractive, devious intriguing Pope (from 1523) who scored home goals by participant examples losing Rome and also Henry VIII's England. In fact poping was not a Medici strength - the corrupt manoeuvrings (especially the sale of Essay, indulgencies, facilitated by the new printing presses) of the first Medici Pope, Clement's cousin (and Il Magnifico's son) Leo X , triggered the birth of the Protestant movement - see below. Portugal then Spain. Portuguese courtier turned navigator who transferred his services to Spain. In 1519 he set sail from Seville across the Atlantic with five ships and over 270 men in search of the Spice Islands. They sailed past the interestingly named Cape of the Eleven Thousand Virgins and beatrice nothing through what was to become known as the Thomas Magellan Strait at the southerly tip of South America, crossed an ocean he named the House by Isabel Allende Essay Pacific because it was, and landed in the Philippines, where our man was killed in a scuffle with the natives. One ship and 18 men made it back to Spain in Thomas More’s 1522.

One of Esteban and Clara of Spirits, those who returned was the Italian nobleman Antonio Pigafetta whose detailed day by day account of the entire voyage survived and is available as a book . Magellan is credited with circumnavigating the world because he had earlier (1501-12) made it to Thomas the Spice Islands via the Cape of Good Hope. On 31 October 1517, married Augustinian monk Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg - the launch of the Reformation and the Protestant Movement which, facilitated by the recent inventions of printing and cheap paper, was to sweep Northern Europe. Leading late renaissance painter - Painted The Mute Woman in Thoreau's Literary Essay Urbino Palace, (Medici) Pope Leo X in the Uffizi and much much more (especially La Stanza della Segnatura in Rome which includes the Thomas famous School of Athens). Portraited alluringly by Pinturicchio in one of the Piccolomini Library frescos in the Siena Duomo, and by himself in Violent Essay the School of Athens fresco and several self portraits . Prolific and Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism Essay long lived late renaissance painter from Venice. Outstanding with flesh textures (see for example the Venus of Urbino in the Uffizi). Much in demand for to Power and The Matrix court portraits such as those of Charles V and Suleiman the Magnificent . Greve in Chianti. Giovanni da Verrazzano (from Greve in Chianti where his statue stands in the Piazza) was the one who did the early hard yards in the discovery of the East Coast of North America. Giovanni set out in 1524 with four ships, promoted by the French King Francis I, and paid for by Italian Bankers and Thomas and Socialism Merchants from Lyons (Kings did not pay for things). Two of the ships sank early on and a third got no further than the coast of Spain before having to return home as it was fully laden with booty taken from other less well armed travellers - an interesting commentary on the times! Our lad made it across the Atlantic in ship 4 and amongst other things discovered New York Harbour (hence the bridge there bearing his name - the longest suspension bridge in the World) and participant observation lots of different tribes of native Americans.

He also erroneously identified a sea passing through the More’s and Socialism middle of the continent to China. He made two more expeditions before being captured and eaten by natives in Guadeloupe in 1528. On Resistance In Cool. Well that's the Italian culinary version of More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, his end. Spanish records indicate that he was captured off the coast of participant observation, Cadiz and executed on the orders of Charles V, who was probably still smarting about the loss of Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay, a treasure ship loaded with priceless loot sent to him from Mexico by Corts, and captured by Verrazzano in 1522. A timeline link with one of the better known English Kings - It was Medici Pope Clemente Settimo (see above) who refused to let Henry divorce Catherine of yeast, Aragon to More’s Impact on Humanism Essay marry Anne Boleyn - which led to the creation of the Esteban and Clara House by Isabel Essay Church of England in 1534, followed by the dissolution / looting of all England's monasteries and More’s Impact Essay convents starting in 1536. As well as having a lot of Queens, Henry was a collector of Thomases, including Cardinal Wolsey (c1470 - 1530 (60)) (Chancellor with 1,000 servants and a general liking for Henry David Experience Essay the luxuries of life), Cromwell (Vicar General and enforcer of the biggest redistribution of wealth in England since the Norman conquest of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay, 1066), Moore (1478 - 1535 (57)) (Chancellor, executor of protestants, author of Utopia, executee and from 1935 (that's right it took 400 years) saint - in ado about fact patron saint of politicians), and Cranmer (the Archbishop who guided Henry and England through divorces and reformation, who wrote the still used Book of Common Prayer, and who ended up after all this being executed by Henry's daughter Queen Mary). Spanish soldier who converted to the religious life in 1521 after being wounded in Impact and Socialism battle. Not content with this he went on to co-found (with another Basque, S Francis Xavier) the Jesuit Order (the Society of Jesus) in 1534. Lorenzo the Magnificent dies in Florence, Columbus discovers America (almost), and Granada (the last Moslem presence in Spain) falls, which is why 1492 is yeast, regarded by many as symbolically the last year of the Middle Ages!

Unrelated to Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism Essay these internationally seismic events, it was also the ye ar that Roderigo de Borgia became Pope Alessandro VI . Ottoman Sultan (from 1520) Another Magnifico, Suleiman the Magnificent , the tenth and greatest Ottoman Sultan. Builder of great empire and buildings, giver of laws (and for on Resistance in Cool Hand Luke, that also remembered as Suleiman the Law Giver) and effective administrative systems, promoter of the arts, writer of poems - particularly concerning his love for his chief wife Roxelena . Valois King who spent most of his long reign (1515-47) biffing and being biffed by Charles V in a series of wars. When not thus engaged he practised absolute monarchy in the comparatively small area around Paris where he held sway. Leading mannerist painter.

Gathering groundswell in Thomas More’s Essay the early years of the century, given focus and unstoppable momentum by Martin Luther and David Literary his Ninety-Five Theses , backed by the spread of printing presses following their introduction at Mainz in Germany in Thomas Impact the mid fourteen hundreds, and by William Caxton in England in on Resistance in Cool Hand Luke, and The Matrix 1476. Holy Roman Emperor King (Charles I) of Spain other places. The most powerful Habsburg of them all (in theory). Charles V inherited and expanded the World's first trans oceanic global empire, encompassing the lands of the More’s Essay Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria etc), the Netherlands, Southern Italy, Spain and substantial bits of Essay in Cool Matrix, North Africa and More’s Impact Essay the Americas, and Essay on Resistance in Cool and The latterly much of Italy and Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Eastern Europe. Nothing like it had existed before or since.

His kingly reach was a triumph of the marriage engineering skills of his paternal grandfather, the on Youth great Habsburg Emperor Maximilian I , who passed on the Holy Roman Emperorship to him (with the help of a huge amount of More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism, bribe money organized by mega banker Jacob Fugger ) and indirectly bequeathed the Netherlands via his son and Charles' father, and the Spanish bits via his mother ( Joan , the daughter of Los Reyes Cathlicos, Ferdinand and Isabella , who lost it after the early death of her handsome Habsburg hubbie and got locked up). It is fascinating to David Experience appreciate that the Impact Habsburgs then and later believed that they owned all this unconditionally by right, and were very pissed off with anyone who did not subscribe to this truth. However, such huge tracts of territory might have been governable by examples brute force in the era of Genghis Khan , but were not in Thomas More’s Impact the era of post Renaissance Europe and emerging Nation States. Charles was inevitably confronted by of Spirits Essay other strong monarchs - particularly Francis I of on Humanism and Socialism, France and Suleiman the Magnificent , and to a lesser extent Henry VIII of England (whose first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was Charles' Auntie). In The House Of Spirits Allende. And within his own lands there was an even bigger obstacle - Martin Luther - whom he met face to face at More’s Essay, the Diet of Worms in 1522 and took an instant, deep and lasting dislike to. In the end, in 1555 he gave the Spanish stuff to his son Philip II , and the rest to his brother who became the Emperor Ferdinand II (a single Habsburg was never again to rule both East and West in Europe), and spent the last three years of his life in the monastery of and Clara House, Yuste. Goldsmith and Author. A seriously good goldsmith and sculptor, but remembered just as much for his Autobiography - a vivid and convincing portrait of the manners and morals both of the rulers of the sixteenth century and their subjects Architect, Painter Author. Another of your great Renaissance all-rounders.

Taught by Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay Michaelangelo, it was he who rescued for on Resistance to Power in Cool Afterschool, safe keeping the broken off arm of the More’s and Socialism Essay great sculptor's David, which had been toppled over in beatrice ado about one of the Thomas and Socialism frequent Florentine riots in the early decades of the 1500s. Examples. Giorgio became Cosimo I's architect of choice. He replaced the core of the Pal Vecchio (and also painted some of the big works in the Hall of 500), frescoed the inside of the Duomo cupola, was architect for the new civic offices (the Uffizi) and the revamped Palazzo Pitti (and the Vasari Corridor connecting the last two, which allowed Cosimo I to get to Thomas Impact and Socialism Essay work without being assonated). Last but not least, he authored Lives of the Artists which is the source of much of today's received knowledge about the Artists of the Renaissance. First Grand Duke of on Resistance Hand Luke, and The, Tuscany.

From the More’s on Humanism cadet branch of the family after the senior branch had failed, Cosimo I was plucked in Henry Literary Experience 1537 from country obscurity by Thomas More’s Emperor Charles V at the age of 18 to rule Florence in a compliant way. Cosimo I proved to be a very competent detailed administrator at a time when being a dull pompous control freak did not seem to matter. This was the Cinquecento - the swash buckling visionary Renaissance glory days of the Henry Thoreau's Literary Quattrocento were over - bit like a cold dose of economic rationalism today but with more support for the arts thrown in! During his 37 year rule he managed the growth of Thomas and Socialism Essay, Florence into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, finally defeating and absorbing the Republic of Siena in 1557 and reducing the influence of the Emperor and of the French King Francis 1 ( link to Insight Page ) by playing them off against each other (though it was to be another 300 years before Italians finally got rid of Esteban in The House of Spirits Allende, foreign rulers). On the home building side he moved early in Essay his reign to yeast the Vasari renovated Palazzo Vecchio, and then later to the Palazzo Pitti (bought by wife Eleanora of Toledo , wealthy daughter of the Spanish Ambassador to on Humanism Essay the Kingdom of Naples, to better house their ten children, though half died before twenty and Eleanora herself died of malaria, contracted whilst holidaying on the West Coast of Tuscany, in 1562 at the early age of 40). He then had Giorgio Vasari build a huge corridor (better described as a series of galleries) at first floor level across the Ponte Vecchio / Arno and linking the and Clara in The Allende Essay Palazzo Pitti with the Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay newly built Uffizi offices and the Palazzo Vecchio itself, so that he could walk to Esteban and Clara House by Isabel Essay work in elevated safety. Today the galleries of the Vasari Corridor are used to display the Uffizi's huge collection of artist self portraits, and can be visited by prior arrangement.

Organist of St Marks Venice from 1566. Writer of madrigals and, most famously, grand music involving several choirs. Most important composer of church music in Italy in the latter fifteen hundreds (and a success story of the Counter Reformation). Simplicity, purity and sensuousness are three of the words used to describe the Palestrina sound - where music reflected and allowed the meaning of words to come through rather than obscuring them. The grizzly sack and destruction of More’s on Humanism and Socialism Essay, Rome by a mercenary Landsknecht army of observation examples, Hapsburg Spanish King and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Escape of disguised Medici Pope Clement VII (Clemente Settimo) to Orvieto where he had earlier ordered the building of the Essay vast Pozzo di San Patrizio - a 62 m deep well accessed via double spiral stairways so that those going down never meet those coming up! Along with Tinoretto, took over Violent Media’s Effect Essay from Titian the leadership of Venetian art. More into huge scale decorative paintings than intense emotional expressiveness. To get a flavour of what this means, go to Room 10 of the Accademia and spend half an hour with the Feast at the House of Levy - the Last Supper that brought Veronese before the Inquisition ( transcript ). Thomas More’s Impact On Humanism Essay. The Louvre and London's National Gallery also have large Veronese masterpieces.

This time by the Prince of Orange on behalf of Charles V - even a total scorched earth strategy and Michelangelo's help designing the defences was of no avail, leading to beatrice ado about the reestablishment of Medici rule in the form of Clement VII's nephew (=illegitimate son) and eventually, after his murder by his cousin, in More’s on Humanism and Socialism the elevation of Cosimo I in 1537. The Catholic Church at Henry David Thoreau's Essay, the long running Council of Trent (1545-63) decides that the Reformation needs to be rolled back (or stopped from further expansion anyway) - two of the European instruments used in this were the More’s Impact Jesuits (founded by S Ignatius Loyola in 1534) to of Spirits Essay teach, and Thomas More’s and Socialism Essay an expanded Inquisition to root out and eliminate those who did not want to be taught! It was 1562 before the deliberations got round to music, resulting in the banning of masses based on popular songs (which most of them were) and participant observation examples other distractive music. Luckily Palestrina and Victoria were in Rome to take up the challenge of producing the new church music, and produced a transcendently beautiful style that was to retain its influence into the eighteenth century. Along with Palestrina , the great composer of the Counter Reformation - listen to CD recordings of his soaring masses by the Westminster Cathedral Choir. Nephew of Andrea and the greatest composer of the Venetian school. Court singer to the Medici who wrote the first known opera - La Dafne (since lost) in 1598, and later L'Euridice in 1600. Late scientific thinker of the Renaissance, early thinker of the Enlightenment. He was supported and More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay encouraged by the Medici, who created the position of Court Professor especially for him. Henry Thoreau's Experience. Amongst many other things he surprised the world by demonstrating that ice floated, and that canon balls of different weights dropped from the leaning edge of the Tower of Pisa hit the and Socialism ground at the same time. The telescope (spy glass) had been invented around 1605 by a Dutch spectacle maker.

However it was Galileo who a couple of years later started to Effect on Youth Essay refine lens making so that the x3 magnification achievable with crude spectacle lenses became x30 in More’s Impact Essay his telescopes. Most importantly, Galileo turned his new telescope towards the planets and stars. Later he was famously brought before the inquisition for stating that the experiments Earth revolved around the Sun, and forced to recant and retire. See his and many other large and beautifully made instruments in the fascinating Instituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, just behind the East wing of the Uffizi in Florence. Well known English playwright.

Breakout painter of people in on Humanism and Socialism dramatic lighting - go to Media’s Effect on Youth Rome to view! 46 Ceilings in the East Wing of the Uffizi painted by Antonio Tempesta and Alessandro Allori - after the style of rooms decorated by Fabullus in the palace of Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism, Emperor Nero, discovered in Rome in the 1480s and then thought to be grottoes. The use of reason and logic to support social progress, and the exploitation of the Hand liberating possibilities of rational and scientific knowledge. Progress was facilitated by the intellectual concept of differentiating human oneness into More’s Impact Essay, three value spheres of Essay on Resistance in Cool Hand Luke, and The, morals, science and art (the good the true and the beautiful) so that a (reason based) scientific theory (for instance) no longer needed the approval of the (belief based) church. For other Paradoxplace links visit the home page . Adrian Fletcher 2000-2015 - The contents may not be hotlinked, or reproduced without permission.

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Ellen Foster Object Relations Essay. Ellen Foster is a ten-year-old, Caucasian, female who experiences a series of traumatic events during her childhood. These traumatic events include her witnessing domestic violence in the home, her mothers suicide and subsequent physical, sexual and on Humanism and Socialism, psychological abuse by her alcoholic father, her maternal grandmother and other relatives (aunts and cousins on the mothers side). Ellen shuttled from home to home, staying for a short time at the home of her teacher, then to different relatives homes, to finally a foster home where she eventually resides. Ellens new mama, as she refers to her, is a much better role model then she has ever experienced before. New Mama is to Power in Cool Hand Afterschool, and The, supportive and nurturing towards Ellen. Ellen reports that government and church funding support the foster family. She has no siblings. On Humanism! Ellen is intelligent and enjoys doing art.

She often rides a pony at her new foster home. Ellen misses her mother, and longed for a caregiver before she had new mama. This is evident when she reports eaves dropping on a colored family and started making a list of all that a family should have. Of course, there is the mama and the daddy but if one has to be missing then it is OK if the one left can count for yeast two. Impact! But not just anybody can count or more than his or herself (p.

67). She often sought help from Violent Effect on Youth Essay her Aunt Betsey and neighbors. Her mother, father and Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, grandmother, or mamas mama as Ellen calls her, are all deceased. The grandmother was old and in much, abusive towards Ellen forcing her to work the fields with the colored field hands on her farms in the middle of a sweltering hot summer until school started. Ellen eventually becomes the caregiver and housemaid to mamas mama after the grandmother fires all of her household servants.

Despite Ellens care and good works for her, the More’s Impact and Socialism grandmother despises her because she is convinced that Ellen was in cahoots with her father in abusing her daughter, taking her revenge out on Essay on Resistance in Cool Luke, Afterschool, and The Matrix Ellen since the father is More’s Essay, dead. In Much Ado About Nothing! Ellen has a best friend, an and Socialism Essay, African American girl named Starletta, Since Ellen likes Starletta, and she struggles with her own burgeoning racism. Of Spirits! She has beliefs about Thomas and Socialism, African Americans that are mainly negative. Ellen eventually realizes that race makes no difference in the quality of the Henry David Thoreau's person. Ellen enjoys art and playing with her microscope often fantasying about being a scientist on Impact on Humanism and Socialism the brink of a new discovery that will change mankind. Beatrice Ado About! She sees a counselor at school on Wednesdays. Ellen does not enjoy doing therapy and has negative transference towards her counselor. Presently she is seeing me for therapy. More’s On Humanism! She can be aggressive, defensive and competitive at times at school. During one session Ellen reported that her counselor asked her about her last name because Foster isnt her real last name. She did not want to Esteban Allende discuss it any further.

Perhaps she chose the last name Foster from her label as a foster child. Object Relations As stated by Impact on Humanism Lesser and Pope (2011) according to object relations theory, human development takes place within the context of relationships (p. 69). Participant! British object relation theorists, Melanie Klein, Ronald Fairbairn, and Harry Guntrip introduce definite and functional ideas about Thomas More’s Impact Essay, what internal object world, or the inner world, consists of. Essay In Cool Hand Luke, Matrix! The inner world includes representations of self and other, representations structured by Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism thoughts, recollections, and occurrences within the external world. A representation has a lasting continuance in the inner world and although it begins as a cognitive structure, it eventually takes on a profound emotional meaning for the person (Berzoff, Melano-Flanagan, Hertz 1996).

The word object is set apart from the subject. The subject is the Essay on Resistance to Power in Cool Luke, Afterschool, self and the object is the part outside the self, the object is Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism, what the self identifies with, encounters, wants, has uncertainties about, feels denial about, or absorbs. In Freudian drive theory and in ego psychology, the term object is sometimes used in reference to participant observation examples people. The word, object, in drive theory can be to Essay some extent depersonalized, because the to Power in Cool Hand Luke, Afterschool, Matrix word essentially does exemplify a thing not a person as in: the object of oral impulse can literally be the breast(citation). More’s On Humanism! In psychodynamic theory the word object, usually refers to people, but other objects such as cooking, art, pets, or can become objects when they are profoundly and representatively connected to powerful object experiences in to Power Hand Luke, Afterschool, and The Matrix the inner world. Thomas More’s On Humanism And Socialism! Some of to Power in Cool Hand Luke, Afterschool, Matrix, Ellens physical objects are her microscope, her encyclopedias, her money, and her art supply. A conjecture about Thomas Impact Essay, Ellens inner world and what these object represent is that her money could represent an insurance plan, in case things go wrong. And her microscope, her art, and her encyclopedias represent an escape for her and they also represent hopes for the future. Klein (1948) was the first theorist to observation examples revise Freuds notion of the Thomas Essay object by giving more consideration to the interpersonal environment in deciding its influence in developing personality. She amongst other object relations theorists now defined the Esteban House by Isabel Essay target of relational needs as a concept known as relationship seeking.

Klee 2005 stated that relationship seeking is the belief that through relationships with significant people in our lives, we take in parts of others (objects) and gradually develop a self-structure that we ultimately call a personality . This mental process by which a person changes the regulatory features of her environment into internal regulations and features is called internalizing (Lesser Pope 2011). D. Thomas Impact And Socialism Essay! W. Winnicot (1958), a pediatrician and psychoanalyst, is influential in the field of object relations theory, gave great consideration to the notion of being alone. He believes that the ability to abide, take pleasure in, and utilize healthy solitude could be refined, ironically, only in the proximity of another. If aloneness is Thoreau's Experience, experienced as desolate, isolated, or miserable, it becomes agonizing. This can happen is a child has been neglected. In this situation, the Thomas and Socialism inner world is not filled with enough soothing figures. In Much Nothing! On the contrary, aloneness becomes too excruciating or insufferable for the child, if the inner world is too crowed with threatening and More’s Essay, abusive figures who offer neither protection, reassurance, nor tranquility. The ideal environment for the growing child to share experiences with the soothing figure for a period of time and to beatrice ado about nothing experience time alone to reflect and to adventure on the childs own (Berzoff et al. 1996). And Socialism Essay! Klein (1948) described six early processes and primitive defenses developed from early infant years. Projection is when the infant believes an object has characteristics that are in fact the Henry David Thoreau's Literary infants own feelings.

Introjection is the mental desire in More’s on Humanism Essay which the participant observation examples infant consumes the perceived in the world. Projective identification is creatively splitting off a part of oneself and ascribing it to another in order to control the other (Berzoff et al. 1996). Thomas Impact On Humanism And Socialism Essay! Splitting occurs when a child cannot separate conflicting thoughts or feelings in the mind at the same time, and therefore instead of integrating the two thoughts or feelings the child focuses on just one of them. In Much Nothing! A split can take any form, from visual appearance to concepts and Thomas Impact and Socialism, ideas.

For example, a frequent split is into good and bad. The good part is preserved and participant observation examples, cherished at Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay the same time the bad part is wrestled with or repressed. In extreme case of schizophrenia, when a part of the self linked with one of the separate thoughts, and Essay to Power Hand Luke,, another part of the self is linked with another, the person is then split (Berzoff et al. 1996). Thomas More’s On Humanism And Socialism! Idealization is a defense used to keep painful and unacceptable feelings out of consciousness.

The feelings that are troublesome are usually the same feelings that people often want to David Thoreau's Experience Essay reject: anger, disappointment, envy, sadness, desire, and Impact, greed (p. 145). Devaluation is the opposite Violent on Youth Essay of idealization and is a defense mechanism used to reject troublesome feelings such as neediness, weakness, insecurity, envy, or desire (p. 146). Thomas! A person who denies desire through devaluation ends up feeling smug and superior but quite alone (Berzoff et al. 1996). Essay Matrix! An important developmental point in Impact on Humanism object relations is the depressive position according to Klein (1948). The depressive position is constantly maturing throughout a persons lifetime.

Feelings of remorse, grief, and the yearning for atonement take hold in beatrice the developing mind in the depressive position. The person now recognizes the ability to cause harm or push away a person who one undecidedly loves. The defenses attributed to Thomas Impact on Humanism and Socialism the depressive position include the manic defenses, such as preoccupation for reparation. As the depressive position causes growing integration in the ego, prior defenses shift in the character, becoming less powerful, allowing the experiments character to move into psychic reality (Berzoff et al. 1996). Throughout this turbulent time in Ellens life she is experiencing many new relationships and is relationship seeking with many adults. These adults are supposed to be caregivers for her. These people are her mother, father, her grandmother, Julia, Aunt Betsy, Aunt Nadine, and new mama.

There is Thomas More’s Impact on Humanism and Socialism Essay, a time after Ellens mother dies that I feel she is Esteban and Clara in The House of Spirits Allende, too alone, in agreement with Winnicot (1958). Ellen often reports that when she would come home from school it was already dark and he had the lights on. I went in Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay and did not speak to him. I did not speak to him or else I stayed outside most of the time (p. Participant Examples! 24). She said that her father was drunk all the time, often passed out, she was alone and eventually she had to take care of the More’s and Socialism Essay bills.

There are other times when Ellens life is overflowing with abusive adult figures in Henry Thoreau's Literary Essay her life. On New Years Eve, Ellen claimed that a bunch of black drunk men came into her house with father. My daddy showed up at my house less and lesshe did show up on Thomas and Socialism New Years Eve. Of course I went and hid when I heard him and a whole pack of colored men come in the door (p. 36). Ellen is frightened when this happens often trying to escape through a window in her room. In accordance with Winnicot (1958), aloneness becomes too much too bare for Ellen and she feels the need to hide. Her inner world is too crowed with threatening and abusive figures who are threatening her safety. The whole mothers side of the family overcrowds Ellens inner world too.

This is a risk for Ellen, because disruptions in object relations may result in Violent an inability to fall in love, emotional coldness, apathy or withdrawal from interaction with others, co-dependency, and/or extreme need to Thomas on Humanism and Socialism control relationships (Berzoff et al. 1996:70). Media’s On Youth Essay! Ellen attempts to Thomas on Humanism control Starletta as much as she can through projective identification; she splits off a part of herself and attempts to control Starletta. Ellen often tells Starletta what to do, for example one day when Ellen was over Starlettas house and she wanted to play, however Ellen thought to participant observation examples herself and told Starletta the following: Starletta still had on her nightgown and she needed to be washed. You got to wash before I will play with you is what I told her (p. 31). She taped Starlettas crayons back together after she broke them.

She would often talk down to Starletta: Tell your Mama I thank her I said to her. Say it over in your head and out loud so it will not leave your head (p. 52). This relationship may unconsciously aim to get rid of unmanageable feelings for Ellen and help her deal with these feelings. Ellens relationship with grandmother is toxic at best. In the Thomas More’s on Humanism Essay beginning, Ellen thought that her grandmother might like having a girl around the house, even though she is David Experience, not a vision(pg), but Ellen said she had good intentions. In my opinion, good intentions meant she wanted to have a relationship with her grandmother. The grandmother wanted to punish Ellen for Ellen and her father causing her daughters suicide. Ellen confronts her grandmother, asking her why she hates her so much.

Ellen asked her grandmother: Well I know you hated my daddy but what about Thomas and Socialism, me? Why cant you see that I am not like him? (p. 78). The grandma lashes out at Ellen with an onslaught of abusive hurtful words directed towards Ellen to break her down. Ultimately, that is what Ellen does she shuts down. So I decided to spend the rest of my life making up for experiments it. Whatever it was. Whatever I decided I one day I actually did (p. 78-79).

Ellen is in the depressive position, she feels guilty about everything for her mothers death, for her fathers death, and then for the grandmothers death when she passes. Ellen utilizes her manic defenses, in Impact Essay my opinion, when she finds the grandmother dead and decides to Essay on Resistance Hand Luke, dress her in her Sundays best clothes and surround her with flowers in order to make amends with her guilty feelings. I made her like a present to Jesus so maybe he would take her. Take this one I got prettied up and mark it down by name to balance against the one I held from you before. be sure I get the credit for it and if you can please show me some way that you and me are even now (p. 92). Ellen becomes slightly preoccupied with reparation. Ellen begins to move past this phase when she moves in the home of her Aunt Nadine. Object relations can be applied to Thomas More’s on Humanism and Socialism Ellens traumatic past and helps to yeast experiments identify some significant points in her life that she would like to work in future treatment. A pleasant thing about Thomas on Humanism Essay, object relations is Essay in Cool Luke,, that as the Thomas More’s on Humanism therapist and patient collectively examine the patients internal world and Henry David Thoreau's Literary Essay, its effect on the patients relationships, the patient and therapist are in a relationship as well. Thomas Impact And Socialism Essay! In this way, patient and therapist have an existing shared connection that both can study and learn from (Berzoff et al. 996). Sociocultural Theory Sociocultural theory stemmed from the to Power Hand Luke, work of psychologist Lev Vygotsky.

Vygotsky (1934/1986) felt that human cognition was innately social and language based. Vygotsky believed inner speech is qualitatively distinct from normal external speech. It is language, advanced during the earlier years, and progressively improved during the middle years (where Ellens age lies) that actually aids in giving the older child the capability to organize things mentally rather than by using concrete items (Lesser Pope 2011). As Berk 2003 stated: Vytgotsky felt that children speak to More’s on Humanism Essay themselves for self-guidance; he felt language was the foundation for all high cognitive processes, including control attention, deliberate memorization and recall, categorization, planning, problem solving, abstract reasoning, and to Power in Cool Luke, and The Matrix, self-reflection (p. 257). One of Vygotskys concepts is the Thomas More’s Impact Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). The ZPD is the difference between what a child can achieve when working by themselves and yeast, what the same child can achieve when given assistance from someone with the necessary knowledge (Wertsch 1985). Vygotsky viewed the ZPD as a way to better explain the relation between childrens learning and cognitive development.

The lower limit of ZPD is the level of skill attained by the child working alone; this lower limit can also be accredited to as the childs actual developmental level. The upper limit is the level of Thomas on Humanism and Socialism Essay, latent skill that the child is able to reach with the assistance of a more capable instructor (Wertsch 1985).. A concept associated with ZPD is the concept scaffolding. It is essential to make a note that Vygotksy never used this concept in his writing; introduced by David Wood, Jerome S. Bruner, and Gail Ross (1976). Scaffolding is in Cool Luke, and The, a process through which a mentor or more competent peer helps a person in his or her ZPD learn for as long as necessary and tapers off until the student no longer needs the mentor, much like a scaffold is detached from a building when construction is finished or deemed stable (Wood et al. 1976). Vygotsky viewed make-believe play as the vital context for development of self-regulation. Despite the fact that Ellen is ten years old going on eleven years old, this still pertains to her. Make-believe is full of More’s Impact and Socialism, shared dialogue and development-enhancing skills. Vygotsky takes make-believe to the next level making it a important part of development a distinguishing, experiential ZPD in which children try out a wide range of difficult skills and learn culturally valued skills developing a significantly stronger capacity for self-regulation.

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