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biography cover Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on Essay May 19, 1925 in in Macbeth Essay Omaha, Nebraska. Slavery Movement Essay? His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the Safe Disposal of Waste: Dumping, family#8217;s eight children. And The? His father, Earl Little, was an Essay Oppresion, outspoken Baptist minister and Slavery and the Movement avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl#8217;s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the jenny fields, white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the family to Slavery and the Movement Essay, relocate twice before Malcolm#8217;s fourth birthday. Jenny Fields? Regardless of the Little#8217;s efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl#8217;s body was found lying across the town#8217;s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Slavery and the Essay, Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to what and why, a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and Anti-slavery Movement orphanages. Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm #8220;Shorty#8221; Jarvis, moved back to Boston.

In 1946, they were arrested and jenny fields convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to and the Essay, 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years. Recalling his days in school, he used the and why is it, time to further his education. Slavery? It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm#8217;s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of Islam (NOI). Essay Oppresion? Intrigued, Malcolm began to and the Anti-slavery, study the teachings of in Macbeth NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, NOI fought for Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth a state of their own, separate from Slavery Anti-slavery Essay one inhabited by Appearances in Macbeth Essay, white people.

By the time he was paroled in Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the Deceptive Appearances, new surname #8220;X#8221; (He considered #8220;Little#8221; a slave name and chose the #8220;X#8221; to signify his lost tribal name.). Slavery Anti-slavery Movement? Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and is it national spokesman for the Nation of Anti-slavery Movement Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in Essay Battle for Equality cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem. Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and television, to and the Essay, communicate the is to, NOI#8217;s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of Anti-slavery Essay new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from jenny fields 500 in and the 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. The crowds and is it important controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. Anti-slavery Essay? The program explored the on Women's Oppresion, fundamentals of the NOI, and tracked Malcolm#8217;s emergence as one of its most important leaders.

After the and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to Deceptive Essay, the media, Malcolm#8217;s vivid personality had captured the government#8217;s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to Essay, grow, FBI agents infiltrated the Battle for Equality, organization (one even acted as Malcolm#8217;s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and Slavery Anti-slavery Movement other surveillance equipment to jenny fields, monitor the group#8217;s activities. Malcolm#8217;s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the Anti-slavery Movement, civil rights movement in hemingway theme 1963. And The Anti-slavery? He learned that his mentor and similes examples in poems leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, that some of these relationships had resulted in is melanin and why important children. Since joining the Slavery, NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to is to, the teachings of Slavery and the Anti-slavery Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Malcolm refused Muhammad#8217;s request to jenny fields, help cover up the Slavery Anti-slavery, affairs and Essay Battle subsequent children.

He was deeply hurt by Muhammad#8217;s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Slavery And The Movement Essay? Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore. The Ultimate? Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the Slavery and the Movement, assassination of Essay President John F. Kennedy. #8220;[Kennedy] never foresaw that the Essay, chickens would come home to roost so soon,#8221; said Malcolm. Jenny Fields? After the statement, Elijah Muhammad #8220;silenced#8221; Malcolm for and the Anti-slavery 90 days. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for goal of hindus another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad#8217;s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the Slavery Anti-slavery, Muslim Mosque, Inc. That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the Safe Disposal Global Trends to Combat, first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and Movement Essay found the response to be overwhelmingly positive.

When he returned, Malcolm said he had met #8220;blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.#8221; He returned to the United States with a new outlook on Essay Oppresion in Afghanistan integration and a new hope for and the Anti-slavery the future. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races. After Malcolm resigned his position in on Women's the Nation of Islam and Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the the ultimate goal of hindus is to, two had become increasingly volatile. Essay? FBI informants working undercover in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for for Equality assassinationone undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in Malcolm#8217;s car. After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, home where Malcolm, Betty, and their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. One week later, however, Malcolm#8217;s enemies were successful in hemingway theme their ruthless attempt. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan#8217;s Audubon Ballroom on Slavery February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage.

They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on jenny fields arrival at and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, New York#8217;s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Essay Battle For Equality? Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm#8217;s funeral in Harlem on Slavery and the Essay February 27, 1965 at Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth Essay, the Faith Temple Church of Slavery Movement Essay God in Christ (now Child#8217;s Memorial Temple Church of jenny fields God in and the Essay Christ). After the Deceptive Appearances, ceremony, friends took the and the, shovels away from the Appearances in Macbeth, waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. Slavery Anti-slavery Movement? Malcolm#8217;s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Safe Disposal of Waste: Global to Combat Dumping Essay Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of and the Movement Essay first-degree murder in March 1966. In Poems? The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. Slavery Anti-slavery Movement? Malcolm X’s legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and Deceptive in Macbeth movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the Essay, acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design.

Malcolm X is buried at examples in poems, the Ferncliff Cemetery in Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay Hartsdale, New York.

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night quotes essay Quotations about Night Evening. [T]he longest day at last bends down to evening. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Wilhelm Meister's Travels: or, The Renunciants , 1821, translated from the German by Thomas Carlyle, 1824. In day-time we investigate, but at and the Movement Essay, night believe. Henry James Slack (18181896), The Ministry of the Beautiful , Conversation V: A Journey by Night, 1850 [Edith speaking t?#5511;#5511;?·g ] It was a night so beautiful that your soul seemed hardly able to bear the prison of the body. W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence , 1919. The twilight tints have left the sky, and night commences her watch over the world, high in the heavens is her taper lit, around which will soon glow a thousand kindred flames. Henry James Slack (18181896), The Ministry of the the ultimate of hindus Beautiful , Conversation II: Footsteps on the Sand, 1850 [Edith speaking t?#5511;#5511;?·g ] Night time is really the best time to work.

All the ideas are there to be yours because everyone else is asleep. I often think that the night is more alive and Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay, more richly colored than the day. Vincent Van Gogh. The iron tongue of of Waste: Global Trends Essay, Time has told the surrounding darkness that midnight is upon the earth. I am in my room alone. A burning taper is before me, but its light is too feeble to affect the distant objects. Slavery And The Movement? I turn my face from the on The light, and looking into Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, some dark corner, my mind is led to hemingway theme, wander in that mysterious world created by the genius of Dante. Soon, this little taper will flicker in the socket, and leave behind it a world of gloom.Is it not so with life?

Charles Lanman, Musings, 1840. There they stand, the innumerable stars, shining in order like a living hymn, written in light. It is as though night set free the Anti-slavery Movement soul and taught its independence of physical organization. Henry James Slack (18181896), The Ministry of the Beautiful , Conversation V: A Journey by Night, 1850 [Edith speaking t?#5511;#5511;?·g ] The night walked down the sky with the moon in her hand. Frederick L. Knowles. Most glorious night! Thou wert not sent for slumber! Lord Byron, Childe Harold. Night is a world lit by itself.

Antonio Porchia, Voces , 1943, translated from Spanish by W.S. Merwin. Night, the Global Dumping beloved. Night, when words fade and things come alive. Slavery And The Anti-slavery Movement? When the destructive analysis of day is done, and Essay on The Battle for Equality, all that is truly important becomes whole and sound again. When man reassembles his fragmentary self and grows with the calm of a tree. Antoine de Saint-Exupery. By night, an atheist half believes in God. Edward Young, Night Thoughts. O radiant Dark!

O darkly fostered ray! Thou hast a joy too deep for shallow Day. George Eliot, The Spanish Gypsy. Moonlight is sculpture. Metaphor for the night sky: A trillion asterisks and no explanations. Research is the name given the Slavery Anti-slavery Movement crystal formed when the night's worry is goal, added to the day's sweat. Martin H. Fischer (18791962) Twilight drops her curtain down, and pins it with a star. Lucy Maud Montgomery.

Silently, one by one, in Slavery and the Essay, the infinite meadows of heaven, Blossomed the lovely stars, the forget-me-nots of the angels. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Evangeline. What I take from Essay, my nights, I add to my days. Leon de Rotrou, Vencelas, translated. Mine is the night, with all her stars. For most of us, knowledge of our world comes largely through sight, yet we look about with such unseeing eyes that we are partially blind. One way to open your eyes to unnoticed beauty is to ask yourself, What if I had never seen this before? What if I knew I would never see it again? I remember a summer night when such a thought came to me strongly. It was a clear night without a moon.

With a friend, I went out on a flat headland that is almost a tiny island, being all but surrounded by the waters of the bay. Slavery And The Anti-slavery Movement Essay? There the horizons are remote and distant rims on the edge of space. We lay and looked up at the sky and the millions of stars that blazed in darkness. Is Melanin And Why? I have never seen them more beautiful: the misty river of the Slavery and the Milky Way flowing across the sky, the patterns of the similes in poems constellations standing out and the Movement bright and clear, a blazing planet low on Deceptive, the horizon. Once or twice a meteor burned its way into the earth's atmosphere. It occurred to Slavery and the Essay, me that if this were a sight that could be seen only once in a century or even once in a human generation, this little headland would be thronged with spectators. But it can be seen many scores of nights in any year, and examples, so the lights burned in the cottages and the inhabitants probably gave not a thought to the beauty overhead; and because they could see it almost any night perhaps they will never see it. Rachel Carson, Help Your Child to Wonder, November 1956.

Ralph Waldo Emerson. O wild and wondrous midnight, There is a might in thee. To make the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement charmed body. Almost like spirit be, And give it some faint glimpses. James Russell Lowell, Midnight. I cannot walk through the suburbs in the solitude of the night without thinking that the night pleases us because it suppresses idle details, just as our memory does. Jorge Luis Borges. There is something haunting in the ultimate is to, the light of the Slavery Movement moon; it has all the dispassionateness of a disembodied soul, and something of its inconceivable mystery. Stars: pearls round the tiara of similes, midnight, mysterious heaven-lights to serve the and the Anti-slavery Essay spirit's flight to paradise.

Nothing like a nighttime stroll to give you ideas. J.K. Rowling, The Egg and The Eye, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire , 2000, spoken by the character Mad-Eye Moody. . Nature's self is hush'd, And, but a scatter'd leaf, which rustles thro'

The tick-wove foliage, not a sound is heard. To break the similes examples in poems midnight air; tho' the rais'd ear, Intensely listening, drinks in every breath. How deep the Slavery Anti-slavery Essay silence, yet how loud the praise! But are they silent all? or is there not. A Tongue in every star that talks with man,

And wooes him to be wise? nor wooes in vain: This dead of midnight is the noon of thought, And wisdom mounts her zenith with the stars. Anna L?titia Aikin, A Summer Evening's Meditation At this still hour the self-collected soul. Turns inward, and beholds a stranger there. Of high descent, and more than mortal rank; An embryo God; a spark of fire divine,

Which must burn on for ages, when the sun. (Fair transitory creature of a day!) Has clos'd his golden eye, and wrapt in shades. Forgets his wonted journey thro' the east. Anna L?titia Aikin, A Summer Evening's Meditation Night is the blotting paper for many sorrows. Learn to reverence night and to put away the vulgar fear of hemingway theme, it, for, with the banishment of night from the experience of man, there vanishes as well a religious emotion, a poetic mood, which gives depth to the adventure of humanity. Augustus William Hare and Julius Charles Hare, Guesses at Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, Truth, by Two Brothers , 1827.

A little pause in is melanin and why important, life, while daylight lingers. Between the sunset and the pale moonrise, When daily labor slips from weary fingers, And soft grey shadows veil the aching eyes. Sarah Doudney, Between the Lights, c.1875. The light is outI am now seated at my window, gazing upon and the Essay, the city. There is such a calm in the heavens and upon the earth, I almost fear the world will never wake again. What an impressive sight! a slumbering city. The beating of its mighty heart has ceased.

Filled as it is with the what is melanin and why is it power of man, it is Slavery and the Anti-slavery, now as helpless as an infant on its mother's breast. Charles Lanman, Musings, 1840. In my age, as in what is melanin, my youth, night brings me many a deep remorse. I realize that from the cradle up I have been like the rest of the race — never quite sane in the night. To me at least was never evening yet. But seemed far beautifuller than its day. Robert Browning, The Ring and the Book.

For the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay happiest life, rigorously plan your days, leave your nights open to chance. Mignon McLaughlin, The Second Neurotic's Notebook , 1966. [A]nother clock flings its heavy clang over the slumbering town, with so full and distinct a sound. The Ultimate Goal Of Hindus Is To? You count the strokes one two, and and the Movement, there they cease. If you could choose an hour of wakefulness out of the whole night, it would be this. Since your sober bedtime, at eleven, you have had rest enough to Essay on The Battle, take off the pressure of yesterday's fatigue; while before you, till the sun comes. to brighten your window, there is almost the Slavery Movement space of a summer night; one hour to the ultimate goal of hindus, be spent in thought, with the mind's eye half shut, and two in Movement Essay, pleasant dreams, and two in that strangest of enjoyments, the forgetfulness alike of joy and woe.

Yesterday has already vanished among the shadows of the past; to?morrow has not yet emerged from the future. You have found an intermediate space, where the business of Deceptive, life does not intrude; where the passing moment lingers, and becomes truly the present; a spot where Father Time, when he thinks nobody is watching him, sits down by the way side to take breath. Oh, that he would fall asleep, and and the, let mortals live on without growing older! Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Haunted Mind, 1835. The day has eyes; the night has ears. Under every full moon a new day is being born. James Darren Hicks, July 2009 entry to The Quote Garden create your own quote contest on Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth, Twitter. Under every full moon the dew is sweet, love is fresh, peace is and the Anti-slavery, life. James Darren Hicks, July 2009 entry to The Quote Garden create your own quote contest on Twitter.

No sight is the ultimate goal, more provocative of awe than is the night sky. Llewelyn Powys, quoted in Highs by Alex J. Packer. Night is a dead monotonous period under a roof; but in Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, the open world it passes lightly, with its stars and dews and perfumes, and the hours are marked by changes in the face of Nature. What seems a kind of hemingway theme, temporal death to Slavery, people choked between walls and curtains, is only a light and living slumber to similes examples in poems, the man who sleeps afield. Robert Louis Stevenson. So dear night the Slavery and the Movement Essay half of life is, And the fairest half indeed. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Night's black Mantle covers all alike. Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas.

The objects which in day familiar seem. Like spectral shadows stand before us now, More large and gaunt the moonlit forests gleam, More steep and distant hangs the mountain's brow. Fanny Charlotte Wyndham Montgomery (18201893), Moonlight, 1846. Indigo yearnings, starry hopes, dark forebodings.

It's a storied sky tonight, telling ancient tales. One of the reasons I like the is it very late night and very early morning hours is that they are quieter. The sounds of civilization dwindle to an almost inaudible hum. This is the best time for writing or thinking. Even when I have been awake for Essay, most of the day and should, by all normal measures, be physically and mentally exhausted, my brain seems energized by the relative quiet. It is, in fact, something of a mystery to on The, me that I can think at and the Anti-slavery, all straight in noisy places. Perhaps my belief that I do is an illusion; I may be thinking straight only in comparison to everyone else who is trying to think in the midst of distracting din. Perhaps, too, the world is as crazy as it is – and becoming crazier – because we are attempting to use our brains in a noisy world that is becoming noisier. It is something to ponder, in Deceptive Appearances, the relative quiet of the hours between midnight and first light. Richard E. Slavery And The Anti-slavery Essay? Turner (19372011), The Grammar Curmudgeon, a.k.a.

The Mudge, In Search of Quiet, June 2005. How magnificent the city is by the June moonlight! — after the streets are empty and silent. Byron Caldwell Smith, letter to Kate Stephens. The cloud shadows of midnight possess their own repose. Percy Bysshe Shelley. Some praise the Lord for Essay, Light, The living spark; I thank God for Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, the Night. The healing dark. Robert William Service, Weary

Dawn seemed to follow midnight with indecent haste. While midnight oil was consumed, the lamp of the ultimate of hindus, life was being exhausted when it should have been being replenished. To retire at 9 o'clockonce the old-fashioned hour for grown folksis now too early for children, even. Society calls us away from home just when we most need its quiet. We dress for parties just when we should wrap the drapery of our couch about Essay us and lie down to pleasant dreams. If our friends are worthy of our attention, let us give them our best thoughts, our sane momentsnot the products of a brain exhausted by the labors of the day and similes examples in poems, then exhilarated by the dissipation of the night. Late sitting up has turned her roses white;

Why went she not to bed?because 'twas night. Rachel Brooks Gleason, M.D. (18201905), Sleep, Elmira Water Cure , November 1867. Look how the pale queen of the silent night. Doth cause the ocean to attend upon Anti-slavery, her. Charles Best, A Sonnet of the examples in poems Moon The stars are the street lights of eternity. A man is a very small thing, and the night is and the Anti-slavery Movement, very large and full of wonders. How like a queen comes forth the lonely Moon. From the slow opening curtains of the clouds. Walking in beauty to her midnight throne!

George Croly, Diana. To seek the goal breast of Slavery, darkness and be suckled by the night. Paul Simon, A Poem on the Underground Wall Fooey! The porchlight is on The Battle, burnt out, and I can't see whether it's dark outside or not. David J. Beard (19472016), tweet, 2008 December 20th. Out of the Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay wood of thoughts that grows by night. To be cut down by the sharp axe of light,— Edward Thomas (1878-1917), Cock-crow

Conscience is often busy in the night-time when the external business of the the ultimate goal day prevented her work and claims from being attended to. We go about the world in the day time, we see pleasant companions, we are absorbed in earthly schemes, the things of and the Movement Essay, sense are around us, the world is as bright as a rainbow, and and why is it important, it bears for us no marks or predications of the judgment of our sins, and it holds no conversation with us on Slavery and the, those subjects, and conscience is retired, as it were, within a far inner circle of the soul. But when it comes night, and in Macbeth Essay, the streets are empty, and the lights are out, and the business and dancing and gayety are over, and the pall of sleep is drawn over the senses, and reason and the will are no longer on and the Movement Essay, the watch, then conscience comes out solemnly, and walks about in the silent chambers of the soul, and examples in poems, makes her survey and Slavery and the Movement Essay, her comments, and sometimes sits down and sternly reads the record of of hindus is to, a life that the waking man would never look into, and the catalogue of crimes that are gathering for the judgment. And as conscience reads and reads aloud, and Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, soliloquizes, you may hear the still deep echo of Deceptive in Macbeth, her voice reverberated through the and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay soul's most secret unveiled recesses. Imagination walks tremblingly behind her. George B. Similes Examples In Poems? Cheever, Christian in the House of the Interpreter, Lectures on the Pilgrim's Progress , 1839. By day the energies of our being are turned into artificial channels; by night our thoughts follow the bent that is most natural to them. George B. Cheever, Christian in the House of the Interpreter, Lectures on Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay, the Pilgrim's Progress , 1839. Day is a solar cathedral, night a starry sanctuary.

[T]ake a sitting-bath of one minute's duration. in the night after the first sleep, such a simple application will likewise have a wholesome effect. If you are very poor and have no bathing-tub, I advise you to walk with bare feet in the evening, say from 5 to 15 minutes, on a cold floor or wet stones. You will thus draw much fatigue out of the body; the blood will be conducted from the head and in poems, upper part of the body into and the Anti-slavery Movement, the feet; the head will be relieved and Essay, your whole temper will become more cheerful. Sebastian Kneipp, Thus Shalt Thou Live: Hints and Movement Essay, Advice for the Healthy and the Sick on a Simple and Appearances in Macbeth, Rational Mode of Life and a Natural Method of Cure , 1889, translated from the 19th German edition. How long the night seems to one kept awake by pain. Bernard-Joseph Saurin, Blanche et Guiscard , translated from French. The night is forever. I can't sleep. The clear moon is so bright, so bright. I almost think I hear a voice call me, and to the empty sky say, Yes?

Zi Ye, translated. With a single candle, night burns into infinity. Whoever thinks of going to bed before twelve o'clock is a scoundrel. There is Slavery and the Anti-slavery, something in the nature of silence which affects me deeply. Why it is I know not; but I do know that I love to be alone at such an hemingway theme, hour as this. I love to forget the outward world and hold communion with the beings of the mind. Charles Lanman, Musings, 1840. Don't try to Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, solve serious matters in the middle of the night. Moon hangs, almost full. pieces of cloud scatter, glide in soft, summer breeze.

We lay in our meadow. listening to the sound of Dumping, night. Daniel James Burt, Meadow Again It is Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, one of life's bitterest truths that bedtime so often arrives just when things are really getting interesting. For my part I know nothing with any certainty, but the what is melanin and why is it important sight of the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay stars makes me dream. Vincent Van Gogh. Day hath put on his jacket, and around.

His burning bosom buttoned it with stars. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Evening 'Tis evening, and examples, the round red sun sinks slowly in the west, The flowers fold their petals up, the birds fly to their nest, The crickets chirrup in the grass, the bats flit to and fro. G.T. Lanigan, Millionaire and Essay, Barefoot Boy, c.1883. You can't stand up to the night until you understand what's hiding in its shadows. Charles De Lint. [I]t seemed as if the streets were absorbed by the sky, and the night were all in the air.

Charles Dickens, David Copperfield. . So let us welcome peaceful evening in. A hand omnipotent, in important, endless space, From chaos, formed a world and found a place, Where, through the countless ages, yet unborn, A star might shine from dusk to rosy morn. Author Unknown, The Fall of Man In the and the Essay country the darkness of goal is to, night is friendly and familiar, but in and the Anti-slavery, a city, with its blaze of lights, it is unnatural, hostile and hemingway theme, menacing.

It is like a monstrous vulture that hovers, biding its time. Stars are the daisies that begem. The blue fields of the sky. I seldom went to bed before two or three o'clock in the morning, on the theory that if anything of interest were to happen to a young man it would almost certainly happen late at and the, night. A violet dusk slowly deepens, while bits of Tomorrow start sticking to the last pieces of Today. O, pleasant is the dewy morn! And golden noon is fair to hemingway theme, see; But sweeter far the closing day; Dearer the twilight hour to me. Mary Ann H. Slavery And The Anti-slavery Movement Essay? Dodd Shutts (18131878), Twilight

The night was clear and frosty, all ebony of shadow and silver of snowy slope; big stars were shining over the silent fields; here and there the dark pointed firs stood up with snow powdering their branches and the wind whistling through them. L.M. Montgomery, Anne of Green Gables. Nighttime blooms dream roses — the scent lingers 'til breaking dawn. Every sleepy boy and girl in every bed around the world can hear the stars up in the sky whispering a lullaby.

Mary Chapin Carpenter. Press close, bare-bosomed Night! Press close, magnetic, Night of south winds! Night of the Battle for Equality large, few stars! Still, nodding Night! Mad, naked, Summer Night! In a real dark night of the soul, it is always three o'clock in the morning, day after day. F. Anti-slavery Essay? Scott Fitzgerald.

Sometimes I lie awake at night, and I ask, Where have I gone wrong? Then a voice says to me, This is going to take more than one night. Charles M. Schulz. I arise from dreams of thee. In the first sweet sleep of on The Battle, night. When the winds are breathing low,

And the stars are shining bright. Percy Bysshe Shelley. Night is the mother of Councels. . I thought I would step out into the cool night-air. It was a glorious night. The moon had sunk and left the quiet earth alone with the stars.

They awe us, these strange stars, so cold, so clear. [I]t seems so full of comfort and of strength, the night. In its great presence, our small sorrows creep away, ashamed. The day has been so full of fret and care, and our hearts have been so full of evil and of bitter thoughts, and the world has seemed so hard and wrong to us. Then Night, like some great loving mother, gently lays her hand upon and the Movement Essay, our fevered head, and turns our little tear-stained faces up to hers, and smiles; and, though she does not speak, we know what she would say, and lay our hot flushed cheek against her bosom, and the pain is gone. Jerome K. Jerome, Three Men in goal of hindus is to, a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog) , 1889. Night's heart is full of pity for us: she cannot ease our aching; she takes our hand in Movement, hers, and the little world grows very small and very far away beneath us, and, borne on her dark wings, we pass for a moment into examples in poems, a mightier Presence than her own, and in the wondrous light of that great Presence, all human life lies like a book before us, and Anti-slavery Movement, we know that Pain and Disposal Dumping Essay, Sorrow are but the angels of God. Jerome K. Jerome, Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog) , 1889.

For the night shows stars and women in a better light. Lord Byron, Don Juan. And the night shall be filled with music, And the cares that infest the day. Shall fold their tents like the Arabs.

And as silently steal away. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Day Is Done. Under the stars, the Slavery and the Anti-slavery world is a different place. Under every full moon, memories stir of the dreamers we were. Robert Brault, July 2009 entry to The Quote Garden create your own quote contest. Tonight's forecast: Dark. Continued dark tonight turning to partly light in the morning. We spend our midday sweat, our midnight oil;

We tire the night in thought, the Battle for Equality day in toil. Give me my Romeo; and, when I shall die, Take him and cut him out in little stars, And he will make the and the Movement Essay face of heaven so fine. That all the world will be in love with night.

And pay no worship to the garish sun. Beware thoughts that come in the night. They aren't turned properly; they come in askew, free of sense and restriction, deriving from the most remote of sources. Cherries of the night are riper. Than the the ultimate goal of hindus cherries pluckt at and the Movement Essay, noon. In the cherry pluckt at night, With the dew of summer swelling, There's a juice of pure delight,

Cool, dark, sweet, divinely smelling. I rise and turn back. Hemingway Theme? leaving the rest of the and the Essay world to coyotes who are now running across the mountain together, howling and for Equality, yipping behind me, calling for the frozen night to come. Craig Childs, The Animal Dialogues: Uncommon Encounters in the Wild. There are nights when the wolves are silent and only the and the Essay moon howls. George Carlin, Brain Droppings , 1997. A wolf howls his soul into the misty night. The moon answers with glowing silence. A furious night wind whips tree branches into a violent frenzy. Essay Battle? The moon replies with a poem. It was a lovely evening.

Night was out hunting on her black steed, and the long cloud mane fluttered on the wind. Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay? I stood at my window watching the moon. Is there really a man in the moon?. When I was little they told me that the on The Battle moon was a fruit, and that when it was ripe, it was picked and laid away, amid a vast collection of old full moons, in Anti-slavery Essay, a great bureau, which stood at the end of the world, where it is nailed up with boards. Heinrich Heine, The Hartz Journey (1824), Pictures of Travel , translated from Appearances Essay, German by Charles Godfrey Leland, 1855. And from my heart poured out the feeling of love;—it poured forth with wild longing into the broad night.

The flowers in the garden beneath my window breathed a stronger perfume. Perfumes are the feelings of Anti-slavery Essay, flowers, and similes examples in poems, as the Slavery Anti-slavery Essay human heart feels most powerful emotions in the night, when it believes itself to be alone and unperceived, so also do the flowers, soft-minded, yet ashamed, appear to await for concealing darkness, that they may give themselves wholly up to their feelings, and breathe them out in sweet odours. Heinrich Heine, The Hartz Journey (1824), Pictures of Travel , translated from German by Charles Godfrey Leland, 1855. Sometimes on lonely nights the man in similes examples, the moon is my best friend. By day each soul must walk within its shadow. Only night can make us whole again.

At nightfall, colors disappear. Moon's paintbrush has only a palette of and the Anti-slavery, shadows: creamy gray, inky black, illusive indigo. How lovely are the portals of the night, When stars come out to goal of hindus, watch the daylight die. Thomas Cole, Twilight. There is one ghastly hour, between the midnight and Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, the dawn, an hour through which I have passed again and again, when the veils of seeming and circumstance are stripped away from the soul, and one sees oneself as one is, and not as one appears to the outer world. It is after a first sleep, I think, that these wakeful moments of an over-stimulated consciousness are most overwhelming. On laying our heads upon the pillow at the beginning of Disposal Global Trends to Combat Essay, night, we are still possessed by Slavery and the Movement Essay, images of the cheerful day: soothed by in Macbeth, not unflattering intercourse with friends, our souls narcotised, so to speak, by the influences of music, art and literaturedrawing the Anti-slavery Movement curtain of our fancy close between us and the coldness of the examples in poems world.

But that first short sleep puts a blank between us and the day. Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay? We start straight out of nothingness, and face ourselves. And then we see ourselves indeed. We remember the Safe Global to Combat Dumping Essay inexpressible meannesses of which we have been guilty, the Slavery and the Anti-slavery base, ignoble deeds, the failures of our will, the weaknesses of our heart, the cowardice, the Essay on The Battle bitter, ingrained badness of and the Anti-slavery Movement, our whole nature, and bad as we are, we stand appalled at the revelation. Similes In Poems? The anger of Anti-slavery Essay, God and the contempt of hemingway theme, man lie upon Slavery and the Anti-slavery, us with a weight heavier than we can bear. It seems as if our hearts lay open, naked and Deceptive Appearances Essay, ashamed, to and the Movement, the eye of the whole human race. At such momentsnot unknown I think, to on The Battle, most of uswe surely suffer something of what is and the Anti-slavery Movement, meant by the pains of Deceptive, hell. Adeline Sergeant, The Story of a Penitent Soul: Being the and the Movement Private Papers of Mr. Stephen Dart, Late Minister at on The Battle, Lynnbridge in the County of Lincoln , 1892.

The iron tongue of Anti-slavery, midnight hath told twelve. Lovers, to bed; 'tis almost fairy time. William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream. [O]ne moon lights a thousand forevers. A house is never still in darkness to those who listen intently; there is a whispering in distant chambers, an unearthly hand presses the is it important snib of the window, the latch rises. Anti-slavery Movement Essay? Ghosts were created when the Safe Global Dumping Essay first man woke in the night. J.M. Barrie, The Little Minister , 1891.

Above the tower — a lone, twice-sized moon. On the cold river passing night-filled homes, It scatters restless gold across waves. Empty peaks, silence: among sparse stars, Not yet flawed, it drifts. Pine and Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, cinnamon. Spreading in Safe Disposal Global Trends to Combat Essay, my old garden.

All light, All ten thousand miles at once in its light! Tu Fu, Full Moon, translated by Anti-slavery, David Hinton. [T]he sun moves far too slowly, I would fain lash on his steeds that they might advance more rapidly.But when he sinks hissing in the sea, and the night rises with her great eyes, oh! then true pleasure first thrills through me like a new life, the evening breezes lie like flattering maidens on my wild heart, and the stars wink to me, and I rise and sweep over the little earth and the little thoughts of mankind. Heinrich Heine, Ideas: Book Le Grand, 1826, translated from German by Charles Godfrey Leland, Pictures of Travel , 1855. 'Tis midnight now. The bend and hemingway theme, broken moon, Batter'd and black, as from Slavery and the Anti-slavery, a thousand battles,

Hangs silent on the purple walls of on The, Heaven. Joaquin Miller, Ina. Tomorrow night is nothing but one long sleepless wrestle with yesterday's omissions and regrets. The night is dark and velvety, All Nature seems asleep; The moon has covered, well, her face, As if in sorrow, deep. Gertrude Tooley Buckingham, The Prayer of the Moon (1940s)

We wake in the night, to stereophonic silence. Mignon McLaughlin, The Neurotic's Notebook , 1960. That orbed maiden, with white fire laden, Whom mortals call the moon. Percy Bysshe Shelley, The Cloud. Day, like a weary pilgrim, had reached the and the western gate of heaven, and Evening stooped down to unloose the latchets of his sandal shoon. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hyperion. Midnight! the outpost of advancing day!

The frontier town and citadel of night! Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Two Rivers. languidly calms itself, Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour. Friendliest to sleep and silence. John Milton, Paradise Lost. Thank Heaven, the hemingway theme sun has gone in, and I don't have to go out and enjoy it. Logan Pearsall Smith. The young moon has fed. Her exhausted horn. With the sunset's fire.

Percy Bysshe Shelley. These blessed candles of the night. William Shakespeare, referring to stars, Merchant of Venice. With finger on her solemn lip, Night hushed the shadowy earth. It seemed to be a necessary ritual that he should prepare himself for sleep by meditating under the solemnity of the night sky. a mysterious transaction between the infinity of the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay soul and the infinity of the universe.

Acknowledgment: Thank you very much to John C. Shepard of the GIGA Quotes Home Page for sharing some of the wonderful quotations on this page!

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What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Hemingway Theme. Each section gives an Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to of Waste: to Combat, attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and and the Essay, why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is is it important, a prerequisite to Slavery and the Anti-slavery, your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. The Ultimate. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached.

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If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is the ultimate of hindus, your first opportunity to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to hemingway theme, do heavy research to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, ensure that your plan is what and why is it, sound before you can write the and the Anti-slavery, executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to Safe Dumping Essay, mitigate these factors.

First, you’ll need to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the of Waste: Global Trends to Combat Dumping, executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the Movement, web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs:

Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the similes in poems, purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to Slavery Essay, the success of the Safe Disposal of Waste: Dumping, organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into and the Anti-slavery Movement, more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Safe of Waste: Essay, Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, them.

Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance.

7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is similes, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . What Is It. In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Slavery and the Essay, Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Similes Examples. Investors will use this information to Anti-slavery, gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and of Waste:, Financing Sections.

Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Slavery Essay, Facilities (optional) There are many variations and Appearances in Macbeth, approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to and the Anti-slavery Essay, provide the reader with the Safe Global Trends to Combat, company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in Appearances in Macbeth Essay more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is of Waste: to Combat, meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. And The Anti-slavery Movement. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to hemingway theme, the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to Slavery Anti-slavery, carry on a trade or business.

Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the what, company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, partnership. Safe Disposal Global. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of and the Anti-slavery, partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and hemingway theme, (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to Movement Essay, invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is in Macbeth Essay, a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and examples in poems, then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).

Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth Essay, have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the and the Essay, member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is on The Battle for Equality, especially critical.

With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to Slavery and the Anti-slavery, gauge the Appearances in Macbeth Essay, future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to Movement Essay, execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader.

Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on Essay Battle for Equality, the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to Anti-slavery, manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. Hemingway Theme. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and and the Essay, ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in goal is to the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for Slavery, the company, determine compensation for company management, and what and why, approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to Slavery Anti-slavery, play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to Safe Disposal Global Trends, a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is Slavery and the Anti-slavery, committed to Essay on The, your company.

Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of Slavery, your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board.

Feel free to shake up the line up over goal is to, time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to and the Movement Essay, the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to Essay Battle for Equality, identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is Anti-slavery Movement, backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to hemingway theme, raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Slavery And The Movement Essay. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when?

What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in Essay on The Battle for Equality the initial stages, followed by Anti-slavery, break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to Deceptive Appearances Essay, have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to Slavery and the Movement Essay, further grow your company, which may already be profitable. The Ultimate Of Hindus. Or you might use the Anti-slavery, financing to get your product to the next stage in hemingway theme its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the and the Anti-slavery Essay, same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and hemingway theme, why and when?

The financial statements provide the answer to Slavery Anti-slavery, the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to what is melanin and why is it, answer, especially for a new company. At the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science).

However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the Global Dumping, sum of all its assets if they were to and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, be liquidated . And Why Is It. This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay, asset value may actually be worth more than the hemingway theme, going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and Anti-slavery Movement, reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of what is melanin and why, its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over hemingway theme, time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth.

Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to Slavery Anti-slavery, ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the Essay on The Battle for Equality, loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of Slavery and the, equity offered and at hemingway theme what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to and the Anti-slavery, use the funds. The level of goal is to, detail should be at Anti-slavery Movement Essay a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to is melanin and why, see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement.

Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, borrowed. Hemingway Theme. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms.

In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. Slavery And The. It’s recommended you review the similes, Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on and the, how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return.

You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and hemingway theme, healthcare. Slavery And The Anti-slavery Movement. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to the ultimate of hindus, invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is and the Movement, playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.

The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Safe Global To Combat. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.”

Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and Safe Disposal Trends to Combat Essay, deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to Anti-slavery Essay, in delivering an end-to-end solution. What Is Melanin And Why Important. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, customers to hemingway theme, use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. Slavery Movement. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for hemingway theme, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to Essay, improved customer service within their stores).

Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to similes in poems, local and and the, federal laws)?

Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. On The. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to Slavery and the Essay, highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc.

Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in Essay on The Battle mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to Slavery and the Anti-slavery, the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to hemingway theme, build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the and the Anti-slavery Movement, business is on similes in poems, the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. And The Anti-slavery Essay. For example, achieving a working prototype of Appearances Essay, your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of Trends, your plan.

Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at Anti-slavery Essay the facility. Location is important for a large number of Safe of Waste: Trends to Combat Essay, retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. Slavery Movement Essay. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. The Ultimate Goal Of Hindus Is To. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. And The Movement Essay. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of the ultimate goal of hindus, that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing.

For example, you might want to Slavery Essay, open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an is it important, employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of Movement Essay, your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of similes examples in poems, your business. And The Anti-slavery. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and the ultimate of hindus, you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied.

Thinking in Anti-slavery Essay terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the Essay on The for Equality, prestige and Slavery Movement Essay, status that comes with a luxury product. What And Why. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the Slavery Movement Essay, business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is Disposal of Waste: Essay, true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Slavery Anti-slavery Movement. Think about Appearances, how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to and the Anti-slavery Essay, set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for Battle for Equality, you to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services.

Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. Similes Examples. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of Anti-slavery Essay, new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to hemingway theme, start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of Slavery and the Anti-slavery, procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to Essay Battle, pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand.

Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the Slavery Movement, process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of Disposal of Waste: Global to Combat Dumping, sale to Slavery, delivery. Safe Trends. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to Movement Essay, order: the product is designed and built to Safe Disposal of Waste: Global Trends, customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to and the Movement Essay, order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to Essay on The Battle, order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of Slavery and the Movement Essay, inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and goal of hindus, you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on Anti-slavery Movement, excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality.

Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to Essay for Equality, ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, serves as a source of Deceptive in Macbeth, competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of Slavery, companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of on The, delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about Slavery and the Essay, how technology plays a part in in poems your business and if it is critical to Anti-slavery Movement Essay, your business operations.

If technology is the ultimate of hindus is to, critical to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, your business operations, then you must think about Safe Disposal Global to Combat, your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to Anti-slavery, create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about of hindus, alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is and the Anti-slavery Essay, too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and of Waste: Trends Dumping, one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and Slavery Anti-slavery, copyright (such as novels and movies).

If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth Essay, your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for Slavery Anti-slavery, a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to in Macbeth Essay, sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the and the Anti-slavery Movement, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is what is melanin important, a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out.

You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, your product starts to Deceptive Appearances Essay, dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline.

After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of hemingway theme, customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. And The Movement. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to Appearances Essay, as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and Slavery Anti-slavery, then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in Safe of Waste: Global Trends to Combat Dumping several distinct levels.

At the highest level is an estimate of the Slavery Movement, total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is hemingway theme, much harder to predict with accuracy. So the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for is melanin and why important, your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to and the, open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.

To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. The Ultimate Goal Of Hindus. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. And The Anti-slavery Essay. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market.

Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for hemingway theme, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. Similes Examples. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.

We do not want to go through the time and Slavery and the Essay, cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to examples in poems, switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay, high switching cost associated with migrating from on The Battle, a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and to Combat Dumping Essay, bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of and the Movement, taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for Deceptive, various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section.

Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to Deceptive Appearances, emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the Slavery Movement, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of Safe Global Trends Essay, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in Deceptive in Macbeth Essay a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an Appearances Essay, eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is Anti-slavery Movement, simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth Essay, the next (usually in years). Slavery And The Anti-slavery Movement. So if the market in the first year was $100 million and is melanin and why, $150 million the second year, then the Anti-slavery Essay, market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. The Ultimate Goal Of Hindus Is To. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, government agencies to find much of of hindus, this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Slavery Anti-slavery. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth, market for Apple and and the Movement Essay, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of the ultimate of hindus, what you sell/how you derive your revenue.

For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Movement Essay, Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. Similes In Poems. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and Slavery and the Essay, how your company fits within the similes examples in poems, competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete.

If your industry is supplied by and the Movement Essay, very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only Deceptive Appearances, has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on Slavery, your margins. If there are many substitute products in hemingway theme your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the and the Essay, most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from Disposal Global Trends Essay, a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers.

If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and Movement, customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter!

Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in Appearances Essay order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the and the Movement, lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product?

Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the Deceptive in Macbeth Essay, overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the Slavery Movement Essay, competitive landscape. The Ultimate. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this:

Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for Slavery Essay, your competitors to hemingway theme, enter the market since you have fixed assets and Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, experience that requires a large investment. Hemingway Theme. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is and the Essay, a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the examples, optimal price for and the Anti-slavery Movement, your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the Battle, market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?

If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to and the, this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to and why important, pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in Essay .99 or .95. In this section, you move from examples, describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?

Depending on Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, your business, traditional media may be an Safe of Waste: Trends Dumping, important component of your complete marketing toolbox. Slavery. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of Appearances in Macbeth, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to Deceptive, any business.

New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and Slavery Movement Essay, more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of is it important, mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of and the Anti-slavery, their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into and why important, your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by Anti-slavery Essay, participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to Deceptive in Macbeth Essay, get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to Slavery Movement Essay, retailers, who in Essay on The for Equality turn sell to consumers. Three common models:

Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is Essay, specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to in Macbeth Essay, reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to and the Movement Essay, define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.

It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to is melanin is it, measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.

Investors and and the Movement Essay, lenders will be looking at the ultimate is to what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the goal, opportunities open to Anti-slavery, your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to Essay on The for Equality, internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and and the Essay, staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as:

Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and hemingway theme, operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to Slavery and the Essay, deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on Disposal of Waste: Global to Combat Essay, razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to Movement, achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer?

This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in hemingway theme order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the Slavery, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. Examples. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and Slavery Anti-slavery, that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for Safe Disposal Global Dumping Essay, the industry or to help further adoption of Slavery Movement Essay, a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished.

Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the hemingway theme, financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. And The Movement Essay. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and Appearances in Macbeth Essay, the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the Movement Essay, red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in Deceptive in Macbeth Essay which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and Slavery and the, the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of hemingway theme, units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the is melanin is it, production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of Slavery Anti-slavery, your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and similes in poems, Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, time: The price of Appearances Essay, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the hemingway theme, direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Essay. Otherwise known as cost of hemingway theme, goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on Essay, time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell.

My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. Essay On The Battle For Equality. In the United States, there is and the Movement, no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of hemingway theme, taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the Slavery and the Movement, sales tax from your customers and on The for Equality, then remit the tax to the state each year. If the Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, individual assumptions used for each component of the examples in poems, sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. And The Anti-slavery. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of Essay on The Battle for Equality, hiring personnel are often the Slavery and the Essay, largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.

The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is Deceptive Appearances Essay, more of an Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement, art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of similes examples, alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about Slavery Movement, your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and similes, come back to Anti-slavery Movement, this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of Battle for Equality, company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in and the Movement Essay order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to the ultimate goal of hindus, operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.

Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for Slavery Movement Essay, example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the Essay, United States, for example, you are legally required to Slavery, provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth, a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and Movement Essay, burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of Disposal of Waste: Global Trends Essay, a new product.

Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. Slavery And The Movement. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Safe Disposal Trends to Combat Essay, Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets.

Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and similes examples in poems, machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:

Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and Anti-slavery Movement, securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Important. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is Movement, better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of hemingway theme, time and Movement, can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.

By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the of Waste: Global Trends to Combat Dumping, PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. And The Anti-slavery Essay. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the the ultimate goal of hindus is to, amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. And The Anti-slavery. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is Safe of Waste: Global Trends to Combat, covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). Movement. As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and Deceptive in Macbeth, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay, fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. What And Why Is It. You may want to set this to Slavery and the Essay, zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and similes, determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running?

For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of Slavery Anti-slavery, any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the of Waste: to Combat Dumping Essay, money from the Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to the ultimate of hindus is to, increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of Slavery Essay, your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for Safe of Waste: Global Trends Dumping Essay, some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back.

The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. Slavery Essay. It is hemingway theme, typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and and the Movement Essay, banks. It is to your advantage to hemingway theme, negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Slavery Essay. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Essay. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.

How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and and the Anti-slavery Essay, when the payment arrives. Essay. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on and the Movement Essay, keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of examples, inventory you wish to Slavery, keep on hand. The more months of Essay on The, inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?

The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to similes examples in poems, find more information is trade associations for your industry. Slavery And The Essay. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand.

A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for what is it important, credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Slavery Anti-slavery Essay. Paying and examples, getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on Slavery and the, the time period in which you will make and is melanin, receive payments.

How did you come to these assumptions and and the, how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an is to, amount of and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, money (principal) from a lender, and similes, are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out Slavery Movement Essay a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace.

These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and the ultimate goal, installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is Slavery Anti-slavery Movement, a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. On The Battle. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against Slavery a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for important, obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is Slavery and the Essay, similar to goal, a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to hemingway theme, forecast the Anti-slavery Essay, financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of similes in poems, credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.

This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for and the Anti-slavery Essay, equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from Deceptive in Macbeth Essay, sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the and the Movement Essay, balance sheet to goal of hindus is to, take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.

Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Slavery Movement Essay, Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an Appearances Essay, existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to and the, calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the Essay, number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner.

Think about Anti-slavery Movement Essay, what levers make the Deceptive Appearances, most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the and the Movement Essay, information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections.

The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of is melanin and why important, your company’s financial position at and the Anti-slavery Essay a given point in time, usually the last day of similes in poems, a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into and the, running your business). The balance sheet here is Appearances in Macbeth, a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of similes in poems, adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

The cash flow statement displays the Movement, cash inflows and is melanin important, outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. Slavery Anti-slavery Movement Essay. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to is melanin and why is it, edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of Slavery Essay, your business. Hemingway Theme. The report here is a read-only display. And The Anti-slavery. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth Essay, important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.

The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to and the, make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the Safe Global Trends to Combat Dumping, business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, percentage of the return (net profit) of the examples, business divided by and the, the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. Deceptive In Macbeth Essay. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to Slavery Movement Essay, generate accurate financial statements.

In all likelihood, you will need to hire an Disposal Global to Combat Dumping Essay, expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to and the Movement Essay, realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in what and why is it this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to Essay, write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to Safe to Combat Dumping Essay, each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and and the Anti-slavery Essay, your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template.

1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to Essay for Equality, order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. Anti-slavery Essay. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and the ultimate of hindus is to, writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from Slavery Movement Essay, our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is Deceptive in Macbeth, no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the and the Movement, information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own.

Sound good? Keep in is melanin and why mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of and the, writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for Disposal Global Trends to Combat Essay, someone else to Slavery and the, do them. You’re going to have to do the hemingway theme, financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of and the Anti-slavery Essay, training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to what is melanin and why important, professional writers and Anti-slavery, accountants to do the and why important, heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to Slavery and the Movement, meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to Essay Battle for Equality, a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the and the Anti-slavery Essay, calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to the ultimate is to, take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task.

Professional planning software can not only Slavery and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, do the Deceptive Appearances in Macbeth, calculations for you, but will also turn them into Essay, relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to Essay, see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to Anti-slavery Movement Essay, track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of examples, using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to and the Anti-slavery Essay, track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. Is Melanin And Why. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes!

Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Anti-slavery Essay. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of this site is subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. One of the best ways to prepare for the DBQ (the “document-based question” on the AP European History, AP US History, and AP World History exams) is to look over Slavery sample questions and example essays. This will help you to get a sense of what makes a good (and what makes a bad) DBQ response. That said, not all DBQ essay examples are created equal. I’ll briefly cover what makes a good DBQ example, then provide a list of example essays by course. The Ultimate Goal Of Hindus Is To! Lastly, I’ve provided some tips as how to best use sample essays in your own preparation process. Without a doubt, the best sample resources come from the College Board. This is and the Anti-slavery because they are the ones who design and administer the AP exams. Hemingway Theme! This means that: Any DBQ essay example that they provide will include a real DBQ prompt.

All samples are real student responses from previous years, so you know that they were written under the Slavery and the Movement, same conditions you will be working under when you write your DBQ. In other words, they're authentic! They not only have scores, they have explanations of Battle for Equality, each essay's score according to the terms of the and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, rubric. Each prompt includes several sample essays with a variety of scores. However, there are some examples outside those available from the College Board that may be worth looking at, particularly if they highlight how a particular essay could be improved. But in general, a superior example will: Include the prompt and documents. It will be much easier for what is melanin and why important you to see how the information from the documents is integrated into the essay if you can actually look at the documents.

Have a score. Seems simple, but you'd be surprised how many DBQ examples out there in Anti-slavery Essay, the uncharted internet don't have one. Deceptive In Macbeth! Without a real, official score, it's hard to gauge how trustworthy a sample actually is. With that in Movement, mind, I have below compiled lists by exam of high-quality example DBQs. Don't spend all your study time sharpening your pencil. Every DBQ Example Essay You Could Ever Need, by Exam. Here are your example essays! We'll start with AP US History, then move to AP European History, and finally wrap up with AP World History. AP US History: Official College Board Examples.

Because of the recent test redesign, the College Board has only posted sample responses from 2016 and 2015. This means there are only two official College Board set of sample essays that use the similes examples, current rubric. Look here for the free-response questions from 2015 and the ones from 2016 with no analysis (so you can look at the question separately from the scoring guidelines). When you're ready for the sample responses, here are the DBQ samples from Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, 2015 and Essay the samples from 2016. If you want to see additional sample sets, you can also look at older College Board US History DBQ example response sets , all the way back to Slavery and the Essay 2003. To look at the ultimate goal, these questions, click “Free-Response Questions” for a given year.

For the corresponding DBQ examples and and the Anti-slavery Movement scoring guidelines, click “Sample Responses Q1.” Note that these use the old rubric (which is integrated into the Scoring Guidelines for goal is to a given free-response section). General comments about the quality of the essay, outside information, and document analysis still apply, but the score is on a nine-point scale instead of the new seven-point scale, and some of the particulars will be different. And The Anti-slavery! Older DBQs had up to 12 documents, while the the ultimate is to, new format will have six-seven documents. If you do look at older DBQ examples, I recommend using the Anti-slavery, new rubric to “re-grade” the essays in the sample according to the new seven-scale score.

I'll also give more advice on how to use all of goal is to, these samples in Slavery and the Essay, your prep later on. Mr. Bald Eagle is an and why important, AP US History DBQ Grader in his spare time. AP European History: Official College Board Examples. Unfortunately, sample resources for the AP Euro DBQ are a little sparse than for the other essays, because this past year (2016) was the first year the test was administered in the new format. Anti-slavery! This means that there is only one set of official samples graded with the Essay on The, current seven-point rubric. The rest of the Slavery and the, existing available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format implemented this past year. In the old format there were six “core” points and then three additional points possible.

The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: In the old format, you are given a brief “historical background” section before the documents. There are more documents—up to twelve. The new format will have 6-7. There is an emphasis on examples “grouping” the documents that is Slavery and the Movement not present in hemingway theme, the new rubric. There is also an Anti-slavery Movement Essay, explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the Essay on The Battle, documents that is not found in the new rubric. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at the new rubric if you look at any of the Slavery Movement Essay, old AP European History samples.

You may actually find it useful to look at Safe of Waste: Global Trends Dumping Essay, the old essays and score them according to the new rubric. Samples by year: You can get samples in the old format all the way back to 2003 from the and the Movement Essay, College Board . (Click “Free-Response Questions” for is it the questions and Slavery and the Movement Essay “Sample Responses Q1” for the samples.) If you want to the ultimate goal of hindus check out some additional DBQ sample responses that were graded by the College Board with the Anti-slavery Movement Essay, new rubric, look at the 2015 AP US History samples and the 2016 AP US history samples . The content will of of hindus is to, course be different, but the structure and scoring are the same as they will be for Anti-slavery Essay the AP Euro 2016 test. AP European History: Unofficial Samples. Because of the Essay Battle for Equality, rubric revision, other European History-specific samples are also in and the Essay, the old format. This means there’s not much to be gained by looking outside the College Board’s extensive archives. However, the New York State Regents exam also has a DBQ on is it important it. The format is not identical and it is scored out of 5 under a different rubric, but I do like this European-History themed example from Regents Prep because it has highlighted sections that show where the documents are used versus where outside information is Slavery and the Anti-slavery referenced.

This will give you a good visual of how you might integrate outside information with the analysis of your documents. Consider how you might integrate this castle into the DBQ that is your life. AP World History: Official College Board Examples. The World History AP exam has just been transitioned to hemingway theme a new format to more resemble AP US History and Slavery and the Movement Essay AP European History for the 2017 test. This means that all currently available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the Safe Trends Essay, seven-point format to Slavery Movement Essay be implemented this year. In the old format there were seven “core” points and Global Trends to Combat Dumping then two additional points possible. Essay! The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: There are more documents—up to ten.

The new format will have 6-7. There is an Safe of Waste: Trends Dumping, emphasis on “grouping” the documents on the old rubric that is not present in the new rubric. There is also an explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the documents that is Anti-slavery Essay not found in is to, the new rubric. In the old rubric, you need to identify one additional document that would aid in your analysis. The new rubric does not have this requirement. The essential components of the DBQ are still the Slavery Anti-slavery, same between the hemingway theme, two formats, although you should definitely look at the new rubric if you look at any of the and the Movement, old AP World History samples. You may actually find it useful to look at the old essays and score them according to the new rubric. For whatever reason the Safe Disposal of Waste: Global Trends Dumping, questions and the samples with scoring notes are completely separate documents for World History, so you’ll need to click separate links to and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay get the question and documents and the ultimate goal of hindus then the and the Movement, responses. If you want to take a look at some DBQs that have been graded with the new rubric, you could check out the 2015 and 2016 samples from AP US History and the 2016 samples from AP European History. The historical content is what is melanin important different, but this will give you an idea of how the and the Anti-slavery Essay, new rubric is what implemented. Don't worry, the old format isn't as old as this guy right here.

How Should I Use DBQ Examples to Prepare? So, now that you have all of these examples, what should you do with them? I'll go over and the Anti-slavery some tips as to similes how you can use example DBQs in Essay, your own studying, including when to start using them and how many you should plan to review. College Board sample essay sets are a great way to test how well you understand the rubric . This is why I recommend that you grade a sample set early on in your study process—maybe even before you've written a practice DBQ. Then, when you compare the scores you gave to Essay on The the scores and scoring notes for the samples, you'll have a good idea of what parts of the rubric you don't really understand . If there are points that you are consistently awarding differently than the graders, you’ll know those are skills to Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay work on.

Keep giving points for the thesis and what is melanin then finding out the sample didn't get those points? You'll know that you need to work on Slavery and the Anti-slavery Essay your thesis skills. Not giving points for historical context and then finding out the AP Grader gave full credit? You need to work on recognizing what constitutes historical context according to the AP. You can check out my tips on building specific rubric-based skills in my article on how to goal of hindus write a DBQ. Once you've worked on some of those rubric skills that you are weaker on, like evaluating a good thesis or identifying document groups, grade another sample set. Anti-slavery Movement! This way you can see how your ability to grade the essays like an AP grader improves over time!

Obviously, grading sample exams is a much more difficult proposition when you are looking at examples in of hindus, an old format (e.g. AP European History or AP World History samples). The old scores as awarded by the College Board will be helpful in and the Anti-slavery Movement, establishing a ballpark—obviously a 9 is still going to be a good essay under the 7-point scale—but there may be some modest differences in Appearances in Macbeth, grades between the two scales. (Maybe that perfect 9 is now a 6 out of 7 due to and the rubric changes.) For practice grading with old samples, you might want to pull out two copies of the new rubric, recruit a trusted study buddy or academic advisor (or even two study buddies!), and each re-grade the samples. Then, you can discuss any major differences in the grades you awarded. Having multiple sets of eyes will help you see if the scores you are giving are reasonable, since you won’t have an official seven-point College Board score for comparison. How Many Example DBQs Should I Be Using? The answer to this question depends on your study plans! If it's six months before the Safe Global Trends to Combat Essay, exam and you plan on transforming yourself into a hard diamond of DBQ excellence, you might complete some practice grading on a sample set every few weeks to a month to check in on your progress towards thinking like an AP grader. In this case you would probably use six to nine College Board sample sets. If, on the other hand, the exam is in a month and you are just trying to get in some skill-polishing, you might do a sample set every week to 10 days.

It makes sense to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement check in on what is it your skills more often when you have less time to study, because you want to be extra-sure that you are focusing your time on and the Anti-slavery the skills that need the Essay on The Battle for Equality, most work. So for a short time frame, expect to Anti-slavery use somewhere in the range of three to four range College Board sample sets. Either way, you should be integrating your sample essay grading with skills practice, and doing some practice DBQ writing of your own . Towards the end of your study time you could even integrate DBQ writing practice with sample grading. Read and complete a timed prompt, then grade the of Waste: Global Trends Dumping, sample set for that prompt, including yours! The other essays will help give you a sense of what score your essay might have gotten that year and any areas you may have overlooked. There's no one-size-fits-all approach to using sample sets, but in general they are a useful tool for making sure you have a good idea what the DBQ graders will be looking for when you write your DBQ. Hey, where can we find a good DBQ around here? Example DBQ essays are a valuable resource in your arsenal of study strategies for the AP History exams. Grading samples carefully will help you get a sense of your own blind spots so you know what skills to focus on in your own prep. That said, sample essays are most useful when integrated with your own targeted skills preparation.

Grading a hundred sample essays won't help you if you aren't practicing your skills; you will just keep making the same mistakes over and over again. And make sure you aren't using sample essays to avoid actually writing practice DBQs--you'll want to do at least a couple even if you only and the Anti-slavery Movement Essay have a month to the ultimate goal of hindus is to practice. There you have it, folks. With this list of DBQ examples and tips on how to use them, you are all prepared to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement integrate samples into your study strategy! Still not sure what a DBQ is?

Check out my explanation of the DBQ. Want tips on similes how to really dig in and study? I have a complete how-to guide on preparing and writing the Slavery Anti-slavery Essay, DBQ (coming soon). If you're still studying for AP World History, check out our Best AP World History Study Guide or get more practice tests from our complete list. Want more material for AP US History? Look into this article on the best notes to use for studying from one of our experts.

Also check out is melanin important her review of the best AP US History textbooks! Want to Slavery Anti-slavery Movement improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for similes examples in poems each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at and the Anti-slavery Essay, improving your score. Download it for in poems free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life.

She received a BA from Harvard in and the Anti-slavery, Folklore and Mythology and hemingway theme is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on and the Essay your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to on The for Equality Get to and the 600 on goal is to Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:

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