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authority resume click above to schlieffen plan definition ww1 view Barnes Noble Example. The Absurd. Sports Authority Example. Schlieffen Ww1. Please use your back button to return to sears the outline. V. Generation of definition ww1, Alternative Marketing Programs. Nursing. A. Alternative Objectives/Strategies/Missions. 1. Strategy Alternatives. Schlieffen Definition. Sports Authority currently combines a price leadership strategy with a differentiation strategy. The company seeks to sears marketing have the lowest prices in definition ww1 the industry, while differentiating themselves with large selections and adelie strong customer focus. Moving forward, the company has three viable options regarding this strategy.

One option would be to continue the schlieffen ww1 existing strategy of combined price leadership and differentiation. An alternative would be to austen abandon the plan definition ww1 price leadership strategy and jane focus on differentiating themselves within the sporting goods industry. Another alternative for the company would be to schlieffen plan ww1 focus on the price leadership strategy while eliminating their differentiation strategy. Each option will be discussed with regards to essay its effect on the marketing mix and programs. Schlieffen Definition Ww1. a) Existing Strategy. If Sports Authority continues the combined price leadership and differentiation strategies, no changes will be required to nagel the absurd the marketing mix. The companys current mission, objectives, and programs support this combined strategy. Schlieffen Definition Ww1. b) Price Leadership Strategy.

One alternative strategy would require Sports Authority to abandon the differentiation strategy and focus on racism intro, a price leadership position. Schlieffen. This alternative would have a large effect on the marketing mix and penguin pronunciation existing company programs as outlined below. Schlieffen Plan Definition. The product lines narrow width would remain constant; as Sports Authority would continue to offer three product lines of sporting equipment, footwear, and apparel. The product line depth would be impacted by sears marketing strategy this strategy modification, and Sports Authoritys large selection would transition to a shallower product line. Plan Definition Ww1. Currently, the racism intro company has the largest selection of plan definition, merchandise within each product category as part of their differentiation strategy. If a price leadership focus is strategy, adopted, Sports Authoritys goals will no longer include large product selections. To maintain price leadership, the definition ww1 company will be required to most feel about theories negotiate better pricing from suppliers. Purchasing products from a smaller number of suppliers will assist in schlieffen plan definition attaining these lower prices, but will limit the penguin merchandise selection in each store. Sports Authority will need to ww1 examine sole source suppliers to maintain the lowest prices in nagel the industry. Schlieffen Ww1. Overall, a price leadership strategy will decrease product line depth.

Pricing and discount policies would be affected significantly with a price leadership strategy. Across all product categories, Sports Authoritys objective will be to strategy have the schlieffen plan ww1 lowest pricing in the industry. Asimov. Currently, the company does not offer an extensive discount policy. This strategy alternative would change the plan definition ww1 companys discounting approach to pronunciation include the options that follow. The company can offer discounts based on the frequency and plan volume of purchases made by customers. Strategy. This would include the definition implementation of frequent customer programs, providing special discounts and promotions to loyal customers. Sports Authority could extend their Automated Allocation System to include individual customer tracking and chromosomes do chickens have offer promotions based on plan ww1, frequent customer purchases. Nagel Summary. Sports Authority could also implement student and school discounts, where partnerships with local schools and recreational programs would be developed. As an plan definition, example, athletes on jane heroines, the University of Connecticuts basketball team will receive a 15% discount on athletic footwear and basketball accessories. Limited time offers can be implemented to ww1 increase store traffic. Sears Marketing Strategy. With the schlieffen ww1 growing number of mature adults, senior discounts can be offered on racism essay intro, days when store traffic is low (e.g.

Monday). Schlieffen. With regards to promotion, modifications to selling strategies and advertising would result from jane austen heroines this strategy change. Customer service levels and definition ww1 employee training will decrease to about theories maintain low costs. The Sports Authority will need to re-evaluate the efficiency of segregating selling and non-selling functions, which is currently done at the retail store level to focus on definition ww1, customer service. The current customer service approach will be replaced by cost cutting measures aimed at nagel the absurd providing the lowest prices in schlieffen definition the industry. Foundation Asimov. With regards to schlieffen ww1 advertising, Sports Authority will no longer proclaim to penguin pronunciation be the schlieffen definition ww1 authority on marketing strategy, athletics. They can continue to definition ww1 maintain their slogan of racism intro, get out and schlieffen plan play but their advertising theme will need to revolve around pricing and sales promotions and discounts. Advertisements will need to be overhauled to penguin focus on ww1, low prices, and media channels will need to be reevaluated.

Ad frequency will need to increase to continually inform the consumers of asimov, sales and promotions. Public relations will become less important to the company but programs will remain relatively unchanged. Sports Authority currently has a multiple distribution network, which includes traditional brick and mortar stores as well as their retail Internet site. In order to maintain low fixed costs, Sports Authority will need to create a niche for e-commerce in the sporting goods industry. Ww1. Although the companys website is how many do chickens, well designed for plan, ease of summary, use, the company will strive to schlieffen definition increase sales through the Internet. One means of nagel the absurd, achieving increased Internet sales is to establish partnerships with suppliers to create Internet links directly from schlieffen definition ww1 manufacturers informational sites. Regarding Sports Authoritys brick and mortar stores, the adelie companys objective to refurbish existing stores would be modified. Schlieffen Definition Ww1. The remodeling efforts were part of the nagel summary companys differentiation strategy and definition ww1 would not be required if a price leadership strategy were adopted. Store locations will also need to asimov be evaluated. Schlieffen Plan Definition. Currently, Sports Authority employs freestanding stores or shopping center stores. The price leadership strategy will invite the company to how many do chickens include mall location stores where consumers often compare prices between competitors before making a purchase.

c) Differentiation Strategy. Another alternative that Sports Authority must consider is schlieffen definition, focusing on a differentiation strategy. Although this strategy is consistent with the companys mission, various changes to the marketing mix and most industrialists feel about the laissez-faire theories companys programs will be required. Schlieffen Definition. With this alternative, Sports Authority will abandon their price leadership role in the sporting goods industry, and will continue to focus on pronunciation, their existing differentiation objectives and schlieffen goals aimed at establishing themselves as the hopelessness nursing diagnosis authority on athletics. This alternative requires no changes to the product line width, but the strategy will encourage increases in the product line depth. Plan Definition. The companys objective of sears marketing strategy, having the largest selection of sporting equipment, footwear, and apparel in the industry will remain unchanged. The differentiation strategy will allow Sports Authority to increase prices on schlieffen plan, merchandise in order to improve net margins, specifically on sporting equipment where margins are extremely low. Equipment prices will be increased by foundation asimov 3% with this strategy alternative. The discount policy will remain relatively unchanged. Plan Definition. To better serve customers, the company will need to expand their Automated Allocation System to hopelessness include individual customer tracking and schlieffen plan definition offer promotions based on frequent customer purchases.

With regards to promotion, this strategy will require Sports Authority to maintain their strong customer focus by enhancing their selling strategy, advertising, sales promotions, and essay public relations image. Plan Ww1. Sports Authority should continue to adelie segregate selling and schlieffen definition ww1 non-selling functions of employees within their retail stores to continue providing excellent customer service. Employees should be knowledgeable about the nursing diagnosis product selection and brands that the ww1 store carries. Feel The Laissez-faire Theories. The existing sales force is mainly comprised of definition, high school and asimov college aged adults that typically do not mature with the company, while the schlieffen plan ww1 field management consists of more educated professionals. This sales force is sufficient to service customers; however, continual training is how many have, necessary in order to maintain current product knowledge. This change in work culture can be achieved through direct product training from manufacturers, such as a Nike sales representative providing a product specific demonstration, as well as monthly training seminars.

This training objective is an schlieffen, expansion to their current policy of providing training to employees at the time of hire. Pay scales will need to be adjusted to chromosomes do chickens include annual increases in schlieffen plan definition ww1 order to reduce high employee turnover rates and maintain an experienced sales force. Nagel. Currently Sports Authority employees are trained in plan all product categories. An alternative to this type of organization would be to have employees specialize in diagnosis a given department. Schlieffen Definition. One employee may be dedicated to outdoor sports while another is dedicated to footwear, resulting in a more educated sales force. Adelie. This alternative allows for a more knowledgeable sales staff and improved customer service. Advertising will remain relatively unchanged with a differentiation strategy. Advertisements will continue to focus on promoting the company as the schlieffen plan definition ww1 authority on athletics with less of racism essay intro, a focus on schlieffen definition ww1, product pricing. Chromosomes Have. Product information and instruction will be a key element to establishing the proper image for plan definition, the Sports Authority.

Advertising media will continue to austen heroines use billboards, newspaper inserts, television, and schlieffen plan ww1 radio announcements. Nagel. Sales promotions such as athlete autograph signing sessions will need to be coordinated to increase store traffic. Presenting a positive public image is integral to Sports Authoritys differentiation strategy. No changes are required in the companys public relations approach, as Sports Authority has done an excellent job of promoting positive public relations through various community and national programs. These programs include a national fitness campaign with the Boys and Girls Clubs of schlieffen plan definition ww1, America and adelie pronunciation the Be a Sports Authority program with local schools. The company may consider additional event sponsorships such as the schlieffen plan definition ww1 Olympics and adelie penguin national sporting events (e.g. Plan Definition Ww1. Super Bowl, NCAA, Little League). Adelie Penguin Pronunciation. With this alternative, Sports Authority will be required to maintain their brick and plan definition ww1 mortar stores and Internet distribution channels.

Ensuring that their Internet site offers the same large quality merchandise selection, as the retail stores is extremely important to the success of e-commerce. The Internet retail site must be distinguishable from competitors sites with regards to selection and industrialists about ease of use. Schlieffen Plan. Brick and how did most industrialists about the laissez-faire mortar store locations will need to schlieffen plan definition be evaluated with this strategy alternative, and mall based stores may be considered. The 2001 objective of refurbishing existing stores to nagel include product information and schlieffen plan definition ww1 in-store television networks is consistent with the differentiation strategy. 2. How Many Chromosomes Have. Growth Alternatives. One of Sports Authorities current objectives is to schlieffen ww1 discontinue their expansion policy and foundation concentrate on refurbishing existing stores. This non-growth policy has two alternatives that include store expansion in schlieffen plan definition a limited or aggressive manner. Expansion of store locations would include the West and summary Mid-West regions of the United States. Previous expansion policies have not been very effective; however, Sports Authority needs to remain competitive with other large format stores such as Dicks Sporting Goods, whose expansion policy has included opening 20 new stores per definition year. Hopelessness Nursing Diagnosis. With a no-growth strategy, Sports Authoritys distribution focus would more heavily rely on promoting sales through the Internet. In addition, rather than open new stores, the schlieffen plan definition company would continue to refurbish existing stores in jane heroines an effort to provide an schlieffen plan, easier shopping environment to customers.

A no-growth strategy will also require for the company to rely heavily on jane heroines, in-store sales promotions. Schlieffen. Although Sports Authority currently does not offer any sales incentives to employees, this is an important change the company would have to austen heroines make in schlieffen order to sears help motivate their sales force. Schlieffen Plan. Today, store employees are solely compensated on an hourly rate. An alternative is to implement an how did most industrialists, employee recognition program to reward employees who are successful in executing sales. Such incentives such as non-monetary product points allow an employee to select merchandise from a pre-selected catalogue. This would help to plan definition improve customer service and simultaneously motivate employees to make additional sales. Assuming satisfactory employee performance, pay increases will occur every six months to chromosomes have improve the companys high employee turnover rate. In addition, the company can expand their compensation structure to include benefits such as tuition reimbursement. Limited advertising efforts would be executed for a no-growth strategy. Schlieffen Definition. Rather than attempting to hopelessness attract new customers, the stores advertisements would aim to schlieffen plan maintain the current customer base keeping in line with the nagel companys present theme. Advertisements would promote the schlieffen definition refurbished stores and attempt to nursing attract customers based on these improvements. b) Aggressive Growth.

In order to promote an aggressive growth objective for schlieffen plan ww1, the company, Sports Authority would have to heroines open additional stores in growing markets and in areas with saturated competition (such as the West and Mid-west states of the U.S.). Concentrating on plan ww1, U.S. expansion would be sufficient for the time being; however, international markets (with the nagel exception of schlieffen definition, Japan where there are currently 28 stores in sears operation) may be a possibility for definition, future growth. How Did Most Industrialists About. At present, world markets favor smaller sporting goods outlet types; however, with the growing popularity of Mega stores in Europe, the potential for schlieffen, a large format retailer such as Sports Authority may present itself in the future. Hopelessness. The current advertising mix for schlieffen ww1, Sports Authority includes billboards, newspaper inserts, and limited television ads. These tactics have proven to adelie penguin pronunciation be relatively successful; however, an alternative advertising vehicle exists due to technological advances, namely Internet advertising. Ww1. With an austen heroines, aggressive growth strategy, this vehicle would allow the schlieffen definition Sports Authority to reach a wide range of potential customers from the young sports enthusiasts to the mature leisure population.

The extended market will be targeted by hopelessness nursing search engines so that customers will be more frequently exposed to Sports Authoritys message when inquiring about sporting activities or merchandise. Another advertising vehicle that Sports Authority can utilize in a more aggressive manner is schlieffen definition, television ads. Nursing Diagnosis. This form of plan ww1, advertising has a wide reach potential, as does the nagel summary Internet, and will help promote the plan companys aggressive growth objectives. How Many Chromosomes Do Chickens. Sales promotions will also need to definition be very intense with an aggressive growth objective. At the consumer level, this can be exemplified through shopping incentives such as coupons for intro, frequent customers. Definition. An additional sales promotion activity would be to strategy create a contest or promotional sweepstakes to increase store traffic. Schlieffen Definition. This would include autograph signings by highly recognized local and asimov national athletes. Plan. With the strategy opening of new stores, the company would need to plan ww1 provide sales training for jane austen heroines, new employees on schlieffen, a mass level. Training can either be provided through corporate or regional staff that will be relocated to the opening store locations during the critical opening months. c) Limited Growth. With both a limited and aggressive growth objective, no significant price changes would occur.

The company would want to maintain their current pricing structure in marketing strategy order to maintain market position. For a limited growth strategy, the schlieffen definition company would continue to hopelessness utilize its current advertising vehicles and extend their reach to new customers on a small scale. The same is true for schlieffen plan definition, sales promotions and training, which would be required for new store openings, but not at how many have the same capacity as an aggressive growth schedule.

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Section 56:Business Customer Options. All references to BT Business One Plan apply equally to BT Business One Plan Plus unless otherwise stated. Changes to the Reward eligibility have been made - please refer to ww1, Benefits of how many do chickens have, BT Business One Plan below. Please also see Special Notice 07/13 Withdrawal of End of Contract Period Credit, Reward Credit Reward payments . Special Offers appear in plan definition ww1, the Special Notices section of intro, this BT Price List. These Special Notices include information about the ww1, terms and conditions (including the chromosomes do chickens, charges) applicable to the Special Offer. Customers requesting BT Business One Plan up to and including 29th June 2007 may benefit from a cap on schlieffen plan definition, their mobile calls (where mobile is one of the qualifying services) under the terms of a Special Offer. Details can be found at the Special Offer link above. Where customers take the Special Offer, the Minimum Period and Minimum Term for the Mobile Qualifying Service referenced under Eligible and Contributory Spend must be 24 months.

Subsequent Contract means a Contract (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated on or after the 20th August 2012 which replaces a Contract for BT Business One Plan (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated before the 20th August 2012 (the Original Contract) and which is for how did most, the same BT Business One Plan option and schlieffen definition, includes the same Commitment Period and Nominal Committed Spend as those applicable to the Original Contract. All other definitions are detailed in the standard terms and conditions for BT Business One Plan which can be found at : BT Business One Plan is a converged pricing package which enables customers to consolidate mobile calls in foundation asimov, order to benefit from capped calls on fixed and mobile services dependent upon which options the Customer takes. BTs Standard Terms and Conditions apply including a 24 month Commitment Period. Schlieffen! Improved fixed PST call prices are available through a tiered commitment structure (as detailed below). BT Business One Plan is for the Customer's own use and must not be resold or otherwise transferred. BT Business One Plan is available to racism, all business customers provided that they: a) Commit to an annual Committed Spend within one of the spend bands (which are referred to as Tiers) listed below. b) Have contracts with BT for at least one of the services listed in the Access column and a minimum of one other service from either the Broadband column or from the Mobile column (the `Qualifying Services'). Schlieffen Plan Definition Ww1! c) retain an Access Qualifying Service.

BT Business Total Broadband Products- see note 3. BT Business Mobile see Note 4. BT Business PSTN Access Line - See Note 1. BT Business Total Broadband Option 1. BT Business Mobile service taken with any of the following services or tariffs: BT Business Standard. Business Circle VPN. Business Circle IA. Business Circle Fixed Link. Business Circle Complete VPN.

Business Circle Complete IA. Business Circle Complete NI. BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as Talk Time)- see note 5. BT Talk Time Solo. Blackberry Internet Service (BIS) Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES) Blackberry Professional Service (BPS) BES Express - Managed Service.

Business Highway - See Note 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 2. BT Office Anywhere. BT Mobile Direct (Low, Medium and High) for contracts signed prior to 1st April 2008. Not now available for penguin pronunciation, new supply. ISDN-ISDN 2e, ISDN2, ISDN30 - See Notes 1 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 3. BT Business Mobile Broadband - see note 6. BT Business Broadband Network. BT Business Broadband Network Premium. BT Business Mobile SIM Only.

BT Business Mobile Solo. BT Business Mobile Sharer. BT Business Mobile Flex. BT Business Mobile Extras. BT Business Broadband Advanced (SDSL) BT Infinity for business Option 1 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business Option 2 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business - Advance Support (Option 3)

BT Infinity for plan ww1, business - Option 4 Advance Support (unlimited usage) BT Business Total Broadband Fibre. BT Business Total Broadband Fibre Plus. BT Business Total Broadband Office. BT Business Total Broadband Office Unlimited. BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Up to 15m) BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Fibre)

Note 1 - BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and adelie penguin, BT Business Critical PSTN) and schlieffen plan definition ww1, ISDN lines (including ISDN2e, ISDN2 and pronunciation, ISDN30) provided under a Contract to which Standard Charges apply*. Schlieffen Definition Ww1! Lines provided under contracts where charges other than Published Charges apply are not Qualifying Services. Adelie Penguin Pronunciation! Business PSTN will not be an schlieffen plan Access Qualifying Service where it is the absurd taken as part of a Business Broadband calls and lines package. Note 2 - ISDN and Business Highway cannot be provided over the same access as Broadband. Note 3 - BT Business Total Broadband products to schlieffen plan, which standard terms and conditions (including the charges) apply*. BT Business Total Broadband products will not be a Broadband Qualifying Service where they are taken as part of a Business Broadband calls and lines package. Note 4 - Mobile Qualifying Services. (i) Where the customer is including more than one Mobile Qualifying Service in BT Business One Plan, all of the how many chromosomes have, Mobile Qualifying Services must be within the schlieffen definition, same eligibility category (which means either Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend) as detailed in Eligible Contributory Spend paragraph 2 (b) below. For example a customer cannot include a Mobile Qualifying Service where the spend is Eligible Contributory Spend and sears, a Mobile Qualifying Service where the spend is Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. The eligibility category that will be applied to all the definition ww1, Mobile Qualifying Services within the customer's BT Business One Plan is the eligibility category relevant to whichever Mobile Qualifying Service was first included within the customer's Business One Plan.

(ii) Please see notes below under Eligible Contributory Spend regarding re-sign of foundation asimov, contracts for Mobile Services. Note 5 - Mobile Qualifying Services. BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note 6 - BT Business Mobile Broadband will be included as a Qualifying Service from the 20th October 2008. Plan Ww1! Call and Rental Spend on BT Business Mobile Broadband from that date can be included as Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend, as detailed in this BT Price List Entry within BT Business One Plan.

BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband is not a Qualifying Service within BT Business One Plan. Termination of Qualifying Service. Where the ending or modification of a Standard Contract causes a Qualifying Service to be withdrawn from the Inventory and as a result: (a) there is no longer an racism intro Access Qualifying Service in schlieffen plan, the Inventory, the BT Business One Plan Contract will end immediately and BT will apply the reconciliation charges set out how many do chickens have below; or. (b) the definition ww1, customer retains an Access Qualifying Service but the number of Qualifying Services is reduced, the how did most industrialists about the laissez-faire theories, BT Business One Plan contract will continue until the next Spend Measurement Date. If on schlieffen plan, the next Spend Measurement Date the how many chromosomes, Total Contributory Spend is less than the schlieffen plan ww1, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, BT will apply the reconciliation charges set out below as appropriate and may also end the BT Business One Plan contract. The Customer must commit to a Committed Spend per annum within one of the asimov, Tiers below (which are exclusive of VAT). The stated minimum for each Tier is the schlieffen plan definition ww1, Nominal Committed Spend. The Customer will benefit from: The call Prices shown in the tables at the end of this Part which are dependent upon strategy the Tier within which the Committed Spend lies; and.

Non Rollover Contracts * Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum. Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. *These are contracts which will not rollover to definition ww1, a Subsequent Commitment Period. At the racism, end of the Commitment Period the following will not apply: (a) A Subsequent Commitment Period; (b) The Committed Spend and associated reconciliation charges (for the avoidance of doubt any reconciliation charges due for the Commitment Period will apply). Contracts dated before the 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of plan, which are set out below under Benefits of BT Business One Plan. Rollover Contracts are not available to foundation asimov, customers who have 10 or less employees. Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum.

Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. **These are contracts which will rollover to a Subsequent Commitment Period (to which the Committed Spend will apply) upon expiry of a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period unless the Customer ends the schlieffen plan ww1, Contract between the sixth day before the end of essay intro, a Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period and the 28th day after the schlieffen ww1, end of nagel, a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Contracts dated before the 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of plan definition, which are set out below under Benefits of BT Business One Plan. The Customer is responsible for identifying the racism, lines and services which are to be included within their BT Business One Plan. The Customer must therefore ensure that all services and lines are clearly identified on the order form (or provided to BT by any other means where no order form is completed) and advise BT of plan definition, any omissions or changes as soon as possible. Failure to do so may: 1. Nagel Summary! Delay acceptance and activation of the Customer's order for BT Business One Plan which may delay the application of the benefits provided under BT Business One Plan; 2. Impact on the Customer's ability to meet the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend in which case a reconciliation charge will apply.

Eligible Contributory Spend includes the following: 1) Rental and call spend (excluding VAT) on the Access and Broadband Qualifying Services. Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the Qualifying Service and any calls in excess of the schlieffen plan definition ww1, inclusive call allowance. Note: Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on Featureline Corporate Option A and how many chromosomes have, call spend charged at anything other than standard published charges is not Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. 2) Rental and definition ww1, call spend (excluding VAT) on the Mobile Qualifying Services. a) Subject to the absurd, (b) below, in order for schlieffen definition, spend under a Mobile Qualifying Service to be Eligible Contributory Spend the Customer must sign a new mobile contract for the Mobile Qualifying Service with a new Minimum Period and a new Minimum Term. Where an existing customer does not wish to sign a new contract, the spend on the Mobile Qualifying Service will be Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. (b) Please note that where the foundation, tariff included within the Mobile Qualifying Service has been tailored using Mobile Selector Customers will be advised at the time they apply for schlieffen ww1, BT Business One Plan whether the how many chromosomes do chickens have, rental and call spend on these services is Eligible Contributory Spend or Non Eligible Contributory Spend and whether or not signature of schlieffen plan definition, a new Mobile contract is appropriate. (c) BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. (d) Call and Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under the paragraph Benefits of foundation, BT Business One Plan below, will not be eligible for any Reward and will not contribute to achievement of the plan ww1, Committed Spend it is therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 3) Any additional spend on rental subscription charges on: (a) BT Office Anywhere (excluding BT WiFi usage); (b) Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES), Blackberry Internet Service (BIS), BES Express - Managed Service; (c) the 100MB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the 100MB data Option); (d) the 3GB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the 3GB data option); (e) the User 3000 Text Extra option available with BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as the User Unlimited Text Extra option and the Unlimited SMS option); (f) the UK Voice Extra option (previously known as the Unlimited UK Voice Extra option) and how did most industrialists feel about, UK Landline Voice Extra option (previously known as the Unlimited Calls Bundle and Unlimited Landline Calls) and the SMS Allowance (previously known as the Unlimited SMS Allowance) available with BT Talk Time Solo; (g) the schlieffen plan definition ww1, 500MB UK Data Extra option; (h) the sears marketing, 1GB UK Data Extra option; (i) the ww1, Account 3000 SMS Text Extra option (previously known as the Account Unlimited SMS Text Extra option); (j) the User 3000 Text Extra option (previously known as the User Unlimited Text Extra option); (k) the Helplines Voice Extra option; (l) the how many do chickens, Europe Roamer Voice Extra option; (m) the Talk Time Sharer Value Extra option; (n) the EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra (as detailed in Section 10 Part 7 ) where it is ordered at schlieffen plan definition ww1 the same time as the racism, Contract for schlieffen definition, the Mobile Qualifying Service.

Note: Where an EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is adelie penguin pronunciation added to an existing Contract for plan, a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 4) Call and rental spend (excluding BT WiFi usage in nagel the absurd summary, excess of the inclusive allowance) on BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with the BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer , Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband. 5) Spend (excluding VAT) on: BT Internet Security Pack BT Internet Business Pack BT Business Email Plus (BT Business Email Plus Organise, BT Business Email Plus Organise Share, BT Business Email Plus Additional Storage) BT IT Support Manager (BT IT Manager PC, BT IT Support Manager Server, BT IT Support Network Manager) BT Static IP (BT Single Static IP, BT 5 Static IP, BT 13 Static IP) BT Business VoIP Services: (i) rental and schlieffen definition ww1, call spend on lines within the customer's One Plan inventory at standard published prices for Business Broadband Voice and BT Office Communicator. (ii) rental and sears marketing, call spend on ww1, lines within the customer's One Plan inventory at racism standard published prices for BT Hosted VoIP. (iii) BT IP Trunk - access and call spend (iv) BT SIP Trunk - access and schlieffen, call spend. Note: Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for racism essay, details. 6) Maintenance Spend (excluding VAT) on or after the 21st January 2008 on those switches listed at www.bt.com/oneplan , or any other online address that BT may advise the ww1, Customer, where that spend is incurred under a contract with BT for how many chromosomes have, maintenance of those switches.

7) BT MeetMe (UK and Global) bridge access spend, Inbound Outbound MeetMe call charges (excluding VAT) billed at least one month prior to the Spend Measurement Date. Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the schlieffen, Qualifying Service and any calls in excess of the feel, inclusive call allowance. 1) Rental and plan, call spend (excluding VAT) on Mobile Qualifying Services which does not qualify as Eligible Contributory Spend under 1 above, with the penguin, exception of Call and schlieffen plan definition ww1, Rental Spend on sears, BT Talk Time Solo where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and definition, UK Voice Extra under the foundation, paragraph Benefits of schlieffen plan ww1, BT Business One Plan below, which will not be eligible for sears, any Reward and plan definition ww1, will not count towards achievement of the Committed Spend. Note: Where an racism intro EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is added to an existing Contract for schlieffen plan ww1, a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note: BT WiFi usage: (a) on BT Office Anywhere; and. (b) in excess of the nagel the absurd summary, inclusive allowances on plan definition ww1, BT Business Mobile Broadband under BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband, is neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note: BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and summary, the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 2) Call Centre Advance Spend will contribute towards the schlieffen definition, Non-Eligible Contributory Spend for contracts with a Committed Spend of ?5000.00 (exc VAT) per asimov, annum and above. The terms and schlieffen plan, conditions of Call Centre Advance are set out at Section 56 Part 19 Subpart 1 . The Contract between BT and the Customer for Call Centre Advance will be a Standard Contract for the purposes of penguin, BT Business One Plan.

3) IDC Call Charges made using the International Direct Connect product will contribute towards the plan definition ww1, Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note - Where the Customer's calls and / or rental spend is included in another calls and / or line package, that call and rental spend will not contribute to the Customer's Eligible and Contributory and/or Non Eligible and Contributory Spend. 4) Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on Featureline Corporate Option A and call spend charged at anything other than standard published charges is not Non-Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. Mobile Subscription Charges. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for chromosomes have, BT Talk Time Sharer on or after 2nd July 2012: (a) the schlieffen, BT Talk Time Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for adelie pronunciation, each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and. (b) where the plan ww1, Customer takes the UK Landline Voice Extra option, the asimov, additional Monthly Subscription charge per Connection for that option will be reduced by ?3.00 per plan definition ww1, month. If the the absurd summary, Customers contract for plan, BT Business One Plan is terminated then the discounts stated in (a) and (b) above will no longer apply and marketing, the customer will be charged in accordance with the Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Sharer. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for BT Business Mobile Sharer: (a) the BT Business Mobile Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and. (b) where the Customer takes the UK Voice Landline Extra, the schlieffen definition, additional Monthly Subscription charge per Connection for that Extra will be reduced by ?3.00 per racism essay intro, month. If the Customer's contract for BT Business One Plan is plan terminated then the adelie penguin pronunciation, discounts stated in schlieffen plan definition ww1, (a) and (b) above will no longer apply and essay intro, the customer will be charged in accordance with the Standard Contract for BT Business Mobile Sharer. For BT Business One Plan customers who order a new BT Mobile contract with a 24 month Minimum Term for BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA as one of the Mobile Qualifying Services before the 1st September 2010, the following will apply:

1. Definition! Subject to paragraph 4 below, the customer will receive 3 months free mobile rental per connection on foundation asimov, that Mobile Qualifying Service except: a) where the schlieffen plan, Mobile Qualifying Service(s) has been tailored or priced using Mobile Selector, and racism, the customer has been advised at the time they apply for BT Business One Plan that the schlieffen plan definition, 3 months free mobile rental will not apply, or. b) where the adelie penguin pronunciation, contract is for Blackberry Internet Services with Talk Time Sharer entered into on or after the 1st July 2009; or. c) where otherwise stated in any special offer terms and conditions. 2. Plan Definition Ww1! This will be applied to months 22, 23 and 24 of the Minimum Term of that Mobile Qualifying Service as a credit on the applicable monthly bill. 3. Subject to paragraph 5 below, where the customer includes the 100MB Data Option, the customer will receive a credit equal to the additional monthly subscription payable under the 100MB Data Option in months 22, 23 and 24 of the industrialists about, 100MB Data Option. This credit will appear on plan, the relevant monthly bill.

4. Marketing Strategy! Should the ww1, Customer terminate the BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA contract within the Minimum Term, the 3 months free mobile rental will not be applied. 5. Should the do chickens have, customer terminate the 100MB Data Option prior to or during months 22, 23 or 24 of the 100MB Data Option, the 3 months free 100MB Data Option subscription will not be applied. 6. The 3 months free mobile rental and schlieffen plan definition ww1, the 3 months free 100MB Data Option will only adelie pronunciation apply once per plan definition ww1, connection. BT Talk Time Solo: Monthly Subscription Charges. Customers signing a contract for BT Talk Time Solo on or after the do chickens have, 18th April 2011 and before the 19th September 2011, with a 24 month Minimum Period and Minimum Term, will receive the following: A ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied to schlieffen definition, the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the foundation asimov, ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per Connection each month and will not be applied to schlieffen plan, any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for any additional options that the Customer has contracted for. For the sears marketing strategy, purposes of Eligible Contributory Spend, the Monthly Subscription Charge will be included net of schlieffen plan definition, discount. The ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will apply for the Minimum Term of the Connection provided that the Customer has not terminated the BT Business One Plan Contract.

Where the Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will cease to apply. Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra (previously known as Unlimited UK Voice Extra) For Customers who place an order for BT Talk Time Solo with a 24 month Minimum Period and Minimum Term, the following will apply (provided that the Customer has not terminated the BT Business One Plan Contract): (a) Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on or before 6th January 2013 will have a ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount applied to the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to pronunciation, the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per Connection each month and will not be applied to any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for any additional options that the schlieffen plan ww1, Customer has contracted for. (b) In addition for marketing strategy, Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on schlieffen plan definition, or before the 30th June 2012 the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be 1 pence per month per Connection (excluding VAT) for adelie penguin, the first 3 months of the Minimum Term of the Connection to schlieffen definition, which the asimov, UK Voice Extra option has been applied. At the end of the 3 month period the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be as stated in the Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo. Where the schlieffen plan definition, Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the Monthly Subscription Charge and the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge for how many chromosomes do chickens, the UK Voice Extra option will be charged as detailed in their Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo.

Where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under this paragraph (Benefits of schlieffen definition ww1, BT Business One Plan), the Call and Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo will not be eligible for any Reward and will not contribute to achievement of the foundation, Committed Spend it is therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. OTHER BENEFITS OF BT BUSINESS ONE PLAN. 1. The following products are provided at schlieffen plan ww1 free or reduced connection or conversion prices for industrialists the laissez-faire theories, BT Business One Plan customers, as detailed in schlieffen plan, Section 1 of this Price List: BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and BT Business Critical PSTN) (takeover only) ISDN2 ISDN30 Featureline. 2. The customer may also receive: BT Call Tracker - by registering on BT.COM via the adelie pronunciation, My BT Account and this will subsequently be provided at schlieffen definition no additional charge until the BT Business One Plan contract is terminated unless a contract with another qualifying package is signed. Please note that this service is not available on all lines. Lines will be checked for asimov, eligibility at the point of order. BT Call Tracker is provided subject to its own terms and schlieffen plan definition, conditions available at marketing strategy http://www.bt.com/terms . Schlieffen Ww1! BT Bill Direct. These products are provided under the relevant terms and conditions as detailed in this Price List.

The following products when included in a BT Business One Plan contract with a Nominal Committed Spend of ?30000 or more, or a BT Business One Plan Special Offer, will receive a discount on the standard rental within BT Business One Plan. Customer Achieves the adelie, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date, the definition ww1, Customer's Total Contributory Spend is equal to or more than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, no reconciliation charges will apply. Customer Does Not Achieve the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is below the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend the Customer will pay a reconciliation charge of 20% of the difference between the how did most about, Total Contributory Spend and the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. All reconciliation charges which are below ?10.00 will be waived off by definition, BT. Termination Before the End of the do chickens, Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Where the Contract is schlieffen definition ww1 terminated before the end of the Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period the following rule applies: On the termination date, BT will measure the Customer's Total Contributory Spend for the year of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period in which the termination took place. Where this Total Contributory Spend is less than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the year in adelie, which termination took place, the definition, Customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is most feel the laissez-faire theories 20% of the difference between this Total Contributory Spend and this Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend.

In addition, where the schlieffen definition, termination has taken place in the first twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, BT will apply a reconciliation charge for the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period which will be 20% of the sears strategy, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period. Note: reconciliation charges are applied on schlieffen, each Spend Measurement Date. Spend which has been included in BT's calculation of the nagel the absurd summary, Customer's Total Contributory Spend on one Spend Measurement Date cannot be included within the Customer's Total Contributory Spend on any other Spend Measurement Date. This payment will be invoiced after cessation of the schlieffen definition, Contract against the Customer's PST nominated billing account or if not available any other billing account. Reconciliation Charge and Migration. Where a Customer is racism essay migrating from schlieffen definition, BT Business One Plan, in essay intro, accordance with the migration rules below a reconciliation charge will apply as follows:

Where, on the date of plan definition, migration to another BT product, the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is less than 75% of the pro rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the year in asimov, which the migration takes place, the customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is 20% of the difference between the pro schlieffen plan, rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend and intro, the Total Contributory Spend. Migration to or within BT Business One Plan. 1) Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the plan definition, Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move to an equal or higher Committed Spend within BT Business One Plan, but not to a lower Committed Spend to which an equivalent or greater Commitment Period applies. 2) Customers may migrate from BT Business Plan to most feel the laissez-faire theories, BT Business One Plan without incurring reconciliation charges provided that: a) At the date of plan ww1, migration they have achieved 85% of the foundation asimov, pro-rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend: or. b) the Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract is plan equal to or greater than the Committed Spend applicable to foundation asimov, their BT Business Plan contract (the Nominal Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract may however be less than the Nominal Committed Spend applicable to the BT Business Plan contract).

In all other circumstances, the schlieffen plan definition ww1, reconciliation charges (due under the BT Business Plan contract) will be applied. Where the foundation, customer migrates to BT Business One Plan from schlieffen plan, BT Business Plan, the sears strategy, original BT Business Plan contract will be terminated and schlieffen definition ww1, a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. Most About The Laissez-faire Theories! The new Contract will be for a full Commitment Period and ww1, spend under the ceased BT Business Plan contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for essay intro, the new BT Business One Plan contract. 3) Where a Customer migrates from BT Business Reward to plan, BT Business One Plan or BT Business One Plan Plus the customer will receive a pro-rata payment of any reward on do chickens, their BT Business Reward contract provided that: a) at the date of schlieffen definition ww1, migration they had achieved their pro-rata Committed Spend. b) the Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract is equal to or greater than the committed spend applicable to their BT Business Reward contract.

In all other circumstances, the Reward Credit (under the nagel the absurd summary, BT Business Reward contract) will not be applied. Where the customer migrates to schlieffen, BT Business One Plan from BT Business Reward, the original BT Business Reward contract will be terminated and pronunciation, a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. Plan Ww1! The new Contract for BT Business One Plan will be for a full Commitment Period and spend under the ceased BT Business Reward contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for nagel summary, the new BT Business One Plan contract. Migration from BT Business One Plan. 1. Schlieffen Plan Definition Ww1! Customers may (subject to racism essay intro, the reconciliation rules above) at schlieffen any time during the sears, Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move from definition, BT Business One Plan to BT Business Complete and how did, a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) The BT Business Complete Minimum Period is greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) Either: (i) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is greater than the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend; or (ii) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is greater than 85% of the Customers actual rental spend on the Access Qualifying Services, Mobile Qualifying Services (the Monthly Subscription Charge) and the Broadband Qualifying Services included in the Customers BT Business One Plan Inventory measured over the 12 months immediately prior to the termination of the schlieffen ww1, BT Business One Plan Contract or calculated pro rata if the Customers BT Business One Plan has not been in racism, place for schlieffen plan definition ww1, the full 12 month period. 2. Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from BT Business One Plan to BT Business Flex and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the sears marketing strategy, BT Business Flex Minimum Period is greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and.

(b) the definition, Customer includes the lines that were included in the BT Business One Plan Inventory on the date of termination as Lines within the industrialists feel theories, BT Business Flex Inventory. 3. Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from BT Business One Plan to another BT product and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the Commitment Period (sometimes referred to schlieffen definition, as the Contract Period or Minimum Period) applicable to the new contract is adelie penguin pronunciation greater than or equal to the BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) the Committed Spend on the alternative BT product is greater than or equal to the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend. Where paragraphs 1 to 3 above apply, the original BT Business One Plan Contract will be terminated and a new Commitment Period will commence under the schlieffen ww1, new contract. Asimov! Any period of time served on schlieffen plan ww1, the BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards the new contract. Spend under the BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards any Committed Spend applicable to the new contract. 1) BT Business One Plan is provided under BT's Contract for BT Business One Plan. 2) The services listed under Eligible Contributory Spend and Non Eligible Contributory Spend are provided on the applicable standard terms and charges for those services (`Standard Contracts') as amended by BT's Contract for Business One Plan and sears strategy, the charges listed below. Customers' are entitled to an average of four hours calling per schlieffen definition ww1, day of Capped Calls (for each call type for which there is sears marketing a Capped Call price) from plan, any one line to any one number throughout each calendar month. Usage beyond this level will be subsequently charged at BT Business One Plan pence per minute prices as set out in Tables A, B and F, unless, in racism, addition, the average number of calls per day per calendar month to the relevant number is definition 16 or greater. The average of nagel summary, four hours per day per calendar month is schlieffen definition ww1 calculated by dividing the total duration of Capped Calls to any one number in most industrialists about the laissez-faire, any calendar month by schlieffen definition ww1, the number of foundation, days in that calendar month.

The average number of calls to any one number per day per calendar month is calculated by plan ww1, dividing the total number of Capped Calls to any one number in any calendar month by the number of days in that calendar month. The following services are excluded: Residential Lines Service Provider Calls and Access lines Payphone lines Temporary Lines / Temporary Service Lines Rented Card Phone line Lines not provided by BT ISDN Connect BT Service lines FeatureNet Embark Private Circuits Business Start Up lines Incoming DDI lines Custodial Tagging Lines Chargecard Calls billed to a credit card Exchange Lines provided at non-served premises Inbound Service calls and Network Service facility fees. Business PSTN and marketing, ISDN lines provided under a contract which includes charges other than Published Charges. No other PST call pricing packages (including BT Dual Discount, BT Exchange Line Credit Scheme, BT Access Credit Scheme and BT Business Line Reward) bespoke package or BT Business Broadband calls and plan definition ww1, lines package may be taken in conjunction with BT Business One Plan on the same items that are in the inventory. * Charges for PSTN, ISDN2, Featureline and BT Total Broadband include charges where existing customers have applied for one of the following offers and been advised at the time of entering into the contract that a credit would apply: (i) For PSTN, ISDN2 and Featureline. Between 11 January 2010 and 31 July 2010 inclusive for existing customers entering into a: (a) new PSTN (24 month Minimum Period) contracts a credit equivalent to 1 or 2 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available or.

(b) new ISDN2 or Featureline long term contract (3 or 5 years), a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available. (Excludes existing customers on ISDN2 Start Up, and Call Plan who sign a new ISDN2 Start up, or Call Plan contract). (ii) For BT Total Broadband. Between 4 May 2010 and 4 August 2010 inclusive for existing customers resigning a further BT Total Broadband Option 1, 2, 3, Network, or Network Premium contract with a minimum contract period of sears marketing, 12 or 24 months (Minimum Period) a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months rental charge (excluding VAT) may be available. Any rental and calls types not listed below will be charged in accordance with the ww1, Standard Contract. Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for chromosomes have, details. Dialled Call Charges. See General Notes Section Dialled Call Charges for details of schlieffen plan definition ww1, Call Duration and Call Charges rounding. The application of minimum call charges. Minimum Call Charge applies. (See General Notes ) Where a minimum call charge is applicable the minimum call charge applies once the adelie, call has been connected. Where the charge for the call exceeds the minimum call charge the plan, charge for the call is applied rather than the minimum call charge. The following tables show the prices applicable for BT Business One Plan:

Table A: Local and National Geographic Call Prices - See Note 1. Set Up Fee At All Times. Per minute. At all times. Local and National Calls (1) Local and National Calls (1)

Changes to marketing, this product from 1st May 2016 may be to the significant detriment of some customers. (1) Includes calls charged at g21 rate and schlieffen plan ww1, shown as 11 under Categorisation for Customer Options in Section 2 Part 11. Table B: International Direct Dialled Call Prices. Set Up Fee At All Times. At All Times (Day, Evening Weekend) pence per how did most industrialists feel, minute. pence per minute. See Table H for a list of countries by IDD chargeband. Table C: Access Charge for calls to 084, 087, 09 118 numbers. Table D: Calls to schlieffen plan definition ww1, Mobiles (excludes ISDN 64Kbit/s data calls to racism essay intro, mobile telephones - see Section 2 Part 25 for schlieffen plan ww1, charges) Set Up Fee At All Times.

Table E: International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls. The BT Business One Plan prices shown below for all tiers apply to marketing strategy, International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls. The chargebands are as shown below. International ISDN 64K/bit Chargebands. Pence Per minute. See Table I for a list of countries by International ISDN 64k/bit chargebands. Table F: Prices for International Direct Dialled (IDD) Calls to Mobile Telephones for All Tiers. IDD calls to some mobile telephones and ww1, other special and higher rate services registered in foreign countries will be charged at 35.00p (ex VAT)/ 42.00p (inc VAT) per minute more than the equivalent pence per minute price shown in intro, Table B above for an IDD call to plan definition, a fixed telephone in that country. Full details of the destinations and number ranges to which this applies are shown at Section 2 Part 17. Prices for Calls From Northern Ireland to the Republic of Ireland for All Tiers. Calls from Northern Ireland to fixed telephones in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at the appropriate Inland rate.

Calls from Northern Ireland to mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at most feel the laissez-faire theories the same rate as calls from the rest of the ww1, United Kingdom to marketing, mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland. Table G - BT Text Prices for all Tiers. Price in Pence per Text* Text to a fixed line in plan definition ww1, the UK. Text to a mobile telephone in the UK. UK texts - to sears strategy, a premium rate service** * each text message is schlieffen plan ww1 limited to 160 characters.

Where a request is made to send a text which exceeds 160 characters the message will be delivered as multiple messages each up to how many do chickens have, 160 characters length. Each text will be charged at the rate appropriate to the destination telephone. ** Texts to premium rate services are not currently available. Please see Section 2. Part 1 Sub-Part `BT TEXT' for further information relating to the BT Text service. Table H - International Chargebands for definition, PSTN and ISDN Calls. Applicable to PSTN and ISDN calls for BT Business One Plan except for International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls. Central African Rep. Democratic Republic of the penguin, Congo (formerly Zaire) Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of) Ireland (Republic of)

Korea Republic (South) Malawi (The Republic of) Palestinian National Authority. Spain (inc. Balearic Islands) St Kitts Nevis (formerly St Christopher) St Vincent the Grenadines. Togolese Republic (The) Turks Caicos Is. United Arab Emirates. Virgin Islands (UK)

Virgin Islands (USA) Note 1 : Calls to all other countries are charged at definition ww1 BT standard prices, see Basic International Call Charges in Section 2 Part 2. For customers on intro, the Capped Option, the Capped call price for these routes is ?50.00 (Exc. VAT). Table I - Chargebands for International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls.

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Faculty Guest Essay: Just War and Law of War: A Primer. Professor Johnson, then at the School of Advanced Air Power Studies, Maxwell AFB, lectured to US special forces on human rights and theories of justice in war. Emphases have been added to assist freshmen readers. Prof. Johnson later taught at the US Marine Corps Academy. - Jeremy Lewis. The great Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz included in his definitive work, On War , a straightforward definition of war: it is an act to compel our enemies to ww1 do our will. But Clausewitz also recognized that compellence by force is accompanied by certain self-imposed, imperceptible limitations . . . known as international law and custom. Thus , constraint in war is generally self-imposed , informed by legal parameters and tradition. As Clausewitz alludes, war by its very nature involves conflict, but not all conflict is war . Foundation Asimov! Forty percent of human skeletons recovered in plan, the Egyptian Nubia, dating some 12,000 to 14,000 years ago, showed evidence of violent death by how did industrialists about the laissez-faire, lethal instruments.

Yet although such violence was a testimony to the nature of relationships between primitive humans, it was not indicative of any comprehensive concept of war. The rise of organized society is the plan, key to differentiating between wanton violence perpetrated by marauding nomads and states at war. With the agricultural revolution, previously nomadic peoples settled and racism essay intro, a sense of communal identity evolved. Schlieffen Definition! Strength of numbers was one of the first advantages that accrued to these settled peoples over hunter-gatherer tribes. The subsequent rise of a social construct fostered the development of shared customs and values that gave rise to specific social structures and classes. As these societies became more role-differentiated and complex, castes developed values and customs specific to their roles. Over time, a set of ideals evolved in penguin pronunciation, these societies (and within each caste) that was intended to regulate the behavior of its members. These ideals are at the root of self-imposed restraint in war. Different civilizations developed different ideals and thereby different rules regulating the conduct of war. Definition Ww1! For example, the great Arabic historian Ibn Khaldun summarized in his seminal Muqadimma the traditional Islamic understanding of war as universal and inevitable and therefore a feature of human society that is asimov sanctioned, if not willed by God himself.

As a result, war and peace fall within the realm of divine legislation and Islamic ethics regarding war are eo ipso derived from the same sources upon which Islamic law is based. The fundamental source from which a consistent ethical system of war can be derived is, of course, the Qur'an , which is held by Muslims to schlieffen plan be God's final and definitive revelation to humanity. But there is summary also the example set forth in the life of the Prophet Muhammad, or sunnah (custom or practice). It clarified the scripture, elaborated upon it, supplemented it, and thus fulfilled new demands. Schlieffen! The record of actions or sayings of the most industrialists feel theories, Prophet himself, hadith , also became a source for deliberations on the nature of schlieffen definition ww1 war and what was and what was not allowed therein. But as disagreement between Muslims during the foundation asimov, Persian Gulf War of schlieffen plan 1990 would indicate, there is much diffusion regarding the nature of a just war (or jihad ) within Islamic ethics. Much of industrialists about the laissez-faire theories that controversy resulted from the tension between Islam's legal and schlieffen plan ww1, ethical dimensions. The same can be said of the Western tradition, that is, the tension between early Judeo-Christian ethics and the rise of the secular Western concept of law. To begin to understand the sears, Western way of war, one must necessarily begin with the Old Testament.

The Old Testament recounts war after war, genocide, ethnic cleansing, rape, plunder, and ww1, a host of other atrocities associated with war. Indeed, on many occasions the Hebrews were instructed by Yahweh , or Jehovah, to do these things. How Many Do Chickens Have! For the ancient Hebrews, war was waged upon schlieffen definition ww1 the command of God for the vindication of justice and the restoration of peace . The Hebrew word shalom , or peace , meant more than simply the absence of war--it meant well-being and do chickens have, prosperity . Schlieffen Plan! Peace also meant security and for that reason is at the etymological root of the Jewish word for most industrialists about impregnable fortress, Yeru'shalom , or Jerusalem. Plan! As evidenced in the Old Testament, for the Hebrews peace was a gift of God. How Did Most Industrialists About Theories! If the Hebrews fulfilled the covenant, God bestowed peace upon schlieffen plan definition them. And peace bestowed abundance. Jehovah therefore bestowed peace and allowed and sometimes commanded war in order to restore peace. Interestingly, war and defeat for the Hebrews was also a form of most industrialists the laissez-faire chastisement. When Josiah was defeated at Megiddo, Israel became enslaved. Later, Jehovah even suffered the Jews to be taken captive into Babylon.

The Hebrews' defeat and enslavement was a consequence of their disobedience. Nevertheless, war was waged of necessity and schlieffen plan ww1, therefore was restrained by a code. This code was elaborated in Deuteronomy 20 . Old Testament legislation (i.e., Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) was a direct revelation from Jehovah through Moses. Not unlike Islam, the divine origin of Old Testament law constituted one of its distinctive features. Greek law, on the other hand, was entirely man-made. For the racism essay, early Greeks, peace was also associated with prosperity ( eirené ) and schlieffen definition, Hellenistic Greeks similarly linked security with justice. Arguably, it was the Greeks who first promulgated the notion that man fights not only in defense of racism his society but also in defense of plan definition ww1 his ideals apart from divine legislation . In that sense, war ennobled the human spirit in the sense that the highest values of man--courage, valor, sacrifice--were made manifest. The Greeks internalized these ideals that would later govern intra-Hellenic warfare and ultimately warfare in the Western world. Two formal agreements have survived that illustrate Hellenistic ideals in war.

The first was a tradition reported by the geographer Strabo around 700 BC during the War of the Lelantine Plain, in which the how many, opposing armies agreed to ww1 refrain from the use of missiles. The second, mentioned by the orator Aeschines, suggests that around 600 BC, the victors of the First Sacred War swore never again to cut off food and water to besieged fellow Greeks. These and other rules of war, referred to as koina nomina (common customs), were socially reinforced in Greek mythology and the Homeric sagas. From 700-400 BC, restraints on warfare in Greece continued to evolve. Among the Greeks, the object in battle was decisive victory and the restoration of peace. Surrender could not be refused if requested and a retreating enemy was exempt from attack. Adelie! Attacking the social and economic order was informally banned. Schlieffen Plan Definition! As a result, warfare between the various poleis was generally short and rarely endangered the survival of any one state. It was a very different matter, however, when Greeks fought non-Greeks and how many, the common customs broke down during the Peloponnesian War. Nevertheless, the Greek ideal of restraint remained largely intact and greatly influenced the Roman Empire, which sought to emulate much of the Greek ethos.

Not unlike the Hebrews and the Greeks, the Romans associated peace ( pax ) with security and prosperity and were more than willing to schlieffen plan definition ww1 wage war in order to impose peace. In Virgil's Aeneid , Anchises bid his son Aeneas to make war for do chickens have the sake of peace: Roman, be this thy care--these thine arts--to bear dominion over the nations and to impose the law of peace, to spare the plan definition, humbled and to war down the proud. Nagel The Absurd Summary! Thus, again, we find the schlieffen plan definition, linkage between peace and foundation, justice and the necessity of war to achieve both. Plan Definition Ww1! By the do chickens have, same token, the Latin word pax is schlieffen plan from the same root word for pact, an agreement not to fight , and therefore is similarly linked with the summary, word securitas ('security). The barbarian tribes that delivered the deathblow to the Roman Empire did not destroy Roman moral authority in this regard, however, as it re-emerged in the Catholic Church. And before the schlieffen definition, fall of Rome, with Constantine's ascendancy to Emperor in 312 AD, Christian morality had a profound influence on Roman ethics . The conversion of Constantine and the resultant Christian character of the asimov, latter Empire laid the groundwork for the Catholic concept of just war. The development of just war theory is of immense importance to the development of Western civilization and the Western way of war. Theoretically at least, the tradition placed war under the schlieffen plan definition, dominion of conscience and in doing so established the precept that right was more important than might. Derived largely from the Greek ethos stressing democratic virtues alongside such virtues as courage and bravery, war now required a moral sanction.

Moreover, war required the imprimatur of how many chromosomes state authority and was to be carried out by plan, professionals. Early Christian doctrine regarding jus ad bellum --the right to wage war --was first formulated by Ambrose and adelie pronunciation, then developed more fully by definition ww1, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas . Ambrose had little if any reservations about Christian participation in war--the state existed to racism essay intro protect the Church. No doubt his position as Bishop of Milan in schlieffen plan, northern Italy, on the frontier facing barbarian enemies, shaped his perspective. His primary treatise in this regard, On the Duties of the Clergy , was influenced by Stoicism and the Old Testament and signaled a fundamental shift in marketing, Christian doctrine on the appropriateness and conduct of war, giving rise to the concept of just war. Augustine (354-430 AD) is generally considered to schlieffen plan ww1 be the father of jus ad bellum . Augustine was a realist . Early Christian pacifism had stressed that all violence was morally wrong, but Augustine, writing as the empire collapsed around him, concluded that perfect peace was not possible save the direct intervention of Jesus Christ. Thus, the Church had to be protected since it provided the essential stability needed for Christianity to marketing strategy survive in plan, a violent and unjust world. The object of just war, then, was the establishment of peace , or the absence of war, and the promulgation of justice . To Augustine, the key was intent and to a lesser degree the codification of what constituted a noncombatant. With regard to the former, war was not to be pursued for wealth or power but only as a means to marketing strategy vindicate justice. Providing the war was just, the individual soldier's role was therefore equally justified and violence, though regrettable, was allowed. As dispassionately as possible, the soldier's role was to punish the transgressor, reestablish right order, and prevent further wrongdoing. Regarding noncombatants, Augustine was less clear.

It is schlieffen definition largely inferred that Augustine believed that noncombatants were to marketing strategy be spared any violence associated with war but there is some indication that he held an schlieffen plan definition expanded notion of collective war guilt that could potentially include whole populations. Nevertheless, noncombatant immunity is generally considered integral to just war theory as propounded by Augustine and the absurd, enlarged upon by Aquinas. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) further codified the position of the Catholic Church regarding war in his seminal work, Summa Theologica . Aquinas reduced the idea of just war to three fundamental tenets: A just war must have a just cause ; it must be fought on right authority ; and it must be waged by a right intention . A just cause existed where some fault was to be punished. Right authority existed where the magistrate was acting as a minister of God in executing God's vengeance upon the evil-doer. Right intention existed where the pursuit of schlieffen definition ww1 justice and asimov, the establishment of peace motivated the magistrate. Although Augustine's ideas can be characterized as defensive in disposition, Aquinas contended that heresy and other crimes against God warranted attack--allowing for an offensive disposition. The just cause was pursued by a vindicator, fighting against an unjust opponent that had perpetrated some form of evil. Aquinas thus armed the Church with an plan definition ww1 offensive dogma--the armed missionary--that would later underpin the justifications made for the Crusades and the extirpation and attempted extermination of non-European peoples in the Americas. Nevertheless, among civilized peoples, restraint toward an enemy was regarded as appropriate in order to lay the foundation for post-conflict reconciliation and Christian conversion. There is no question that Augustinian and how did most feel about theories, Thomist teachings had a profound influence on the Western concept of plan definition war. First, jus ad bellum provided for self-imposed restraint in war in terms of vindictive justice; and racism essay, second, the spirit of the Greek's common customs was reinforced in the Augustinian and Thomist ideas regarding jus in bello --that is, rules governing the conduct of war.

These values were reinforced further in the Middle Ages within the idea of chivalry. The idea of just war as it emerged in the late Middle Ages manifested a dialect between the theological (Church doctrine) and the legal (drawn from Greek and Roman codes of conduct). The synthesis of the two found its first expression in the chivalric codes . Although at first glance these codes appear to have been rendered largely irrelevant by the Hundred Years' War (ending in 1453), what is often overlooked is that the knightly ideal ( jus militaire ) did not perish. Before the Hundred Years War, Honoré Bonet's L'Arbre des battailes (Tree of Battles) and plan definition, Christine de Pisan's Les Faits d'armes et de chivalrie (Acts of Arms and Chivalry) both praised and entrenched the chromosomes have, virtuousness of war as an ideal in terms of a means to achieve peace and schlieffen ww1, justice. When the knight acted virtuously --that is, with restraint and in the pursuit of justice--war itself was virtuous. Despite the apparent loss of this ideal during the foundation asimov, Hundred Years War, it re-emerged in definition ww1, the regimental system. The creation of the British regimental system by a victorious English parliament.

recovering from a bloody civil war against monarchial power had a profound impact on English military culture and ultimately the Western way of war. The knightly ideal of virtuous warfare restrained by an ethical code was extended and reinforced in the regimental system in an effort to regulate the behavior of the common soldier. Officers upheld the knightly concept of the gentleman and a code of behavior in war. The soldiers, in turn, would be restrained by the officers from acting out their more vulgar inclinations. An enemy whose culture regimental officers deemed compatible with their own was considered a worthy opponent . The enemy therefore ceased to be a threat to social stability and was to pronunciation be treated fairly and with professional restraint. At the same time, with the rise of the nation-state, religious differences largely ceased to be the predominant motivation for war. Schlieffen Plan Definition Ww1! Nations now went to war for more practical reasons . As war aims became more limited, restraint became more pronounced in a way analogous to the Hellenistic Greek city-states. With national hatreds muted, and the conduct of strategy war governed by a strict code of ethics, hostilities became more and more regulated. Schlieffen! Such regulation would be reinforced during the period known as the Enlightenment. The Reformation of Christianity begun by Martin Luther in 1517 challenged the Catholic Church as the sole authority in matters of morality and ethics. Protestant theology offered new interpretations and posited that the Church had failed to live up to marketing strategy the ideals of equality and morality as expressed in the person of Jesus Christ.

Europe was still Christian, yet the wars of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had often been the product of religious intolerance. Therefore, it became increasingly exceptionable to argue social and political points from a theological basis because the discussion would degenerate into heated and schlieffen definition ww1, unresolvable arguments about doctrinal matters. As a result, European intellectuals devised secular solutions embodied in penguin pronunciation, the idea of natural law, which itself was an expression of Greek Stoicism, Epicureanism, and the emerging physical sciences that offered rules sans divine legislation. With respect to war, natural law would find its apotheosis in schlieffen plan definition ww1, the writings of Hugo de Groot of Holland, better known by his Latin name as Hugo Grotius . Called by many the father of modern international law, Grotius wrote De Jure Belli ac Pacis (On the Law of War and Peace), published in 1625, in which he set forth the idea that there are certain inalienable rights held by each individual in human society . How Did Industrialists Feel About Theories! War, as an instrument of society, must therefore adhere to a specific code in plan, terms of its justification and how many do chickens, conduct in order to preserve these inalienable rights. Grotius's central thesis was that war was analogous to civil action--that is, the idea that there is an schlieffen definition injury done or offered . Grotius returned to the Augustinian notion that war was just in the defense but he broadened the idea of self-defense to most feel include preemptive strike against another state with clear hostile intent. With respect to jus in bello (or the conduct of war), for Grotius, Those things that conduce to the End, do receive their intrinsic value from the End.

In other words, the ends justify the means. This is not to suggest that Grotius favored unrestrained and wanton violence but rather he emphasized what later ethicists would call double effect . Not unlike early Christian writers, Grotius contended that what matters is intent. If the intent is by definition just, but otherwise innocent lives are lost, the ends nevertheless outweigh the means. For example, if a village is bombarded in order to permit the seizure of a bridge that is crucial to victory by a state engaged in a just cause, while it is regrettable that noncombatants were killed in schlieffen definition ww1, the process, the deaths were necessary and therefore legal. The importance of Grotius's work is that it represented the marketing, first step in moving just war doctrine away from a mostly theological basis to what can charitably be described as a universal secular or legal basis . The legal basis for war was enlarged upon by subsequent writers, including John Locke . What distinguished Locke from schlieffen definition others at the time was not his justification for war--which largely reflected earlier thinking--but rather his emphasis on right conduct . To Locke, a just defender had the right to punish an evil-doer and exact reparations, but this right extended no further than to those who were actually guilty. If a victorious state extended punishment to the innocent, then just defense became unjust conquest. In effect, Locke limited the use of force only against intro, the enemy government and its soldiery, not innocent noncombatants. Never before had anyone advanced the idea that an enemy's population had inalienable rights to schlieffen definition ww1 immunity as such. Locke's ideas are important because hey had a particular influence on the founders of the pronunciation, United States, where the first true modern law of war emerged. The American way of schlieffen plan war is sears marketing strategy derived from the Western tradition and American hegemony in the late twentieth century has largely shaped the just war tradition. When Americans go to war, it is to defeat evil --or so Americans believe.

The undoing of evil is the justification for war, rooted in the Augustinian tradition, and has been the historical motivator for Americans to kill one another and other peoples since at least the American Revolution--but with a unique twist. The early Fathers embarked upon war for specific and limited goals and conducted war in a way that would not shred the social fabric. Such an ideal resulted in self-imposed restraints both in the resort to violence and in the application of plan ww1 violence. Yet, at the same time, American leaders have considered war also to be an racism essay instrument of State policy. It was the intersection of these two themes that defined the transformation of the American way of war during the Civil War. The military necessity of total war expanded the idea of the combatant and the just war tradition and associated law of war necessarily evolved as well. During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln asked Dr. Francis Lieber to prepare a code of law for schlieffen plan definition Federal forces. Dr. Lieber wrote two documents.

The first addressed the issue of guerrillas specifically with regard to the law of war. But the second, General Orders No. Essay! 100, became the schlieffen plan definition, first modern statement of the law of war and the foundation for much of law of war as it developed to the present. Dr. Lieber's writings codified centuries of thought with respect to just war; however, more akin to a broad interpretation of Augustine and racism essay, unlike Locke, Dr. Schlieffen Plan Definition Ww1! Lieber asserted that the civilian population could be regarded as a legitimate target of destruction in the sense of collective war guilt. In that sense, Dr. Lieber wrote that military necessity consisted of those measures indispensable to securing the ends of war. Military necessity therefore permitted direct destruction of life or limb of armed enemies, and racism essay, of other persons whose destruction is incidentally unavoidable. Moreover, war existed as a state of armed conflict between sovereign nations or governments. In that the citizens of a hostile state were no less an enemy than the state's soldiers, they were subject to the hardships of war.

Since the restoration of peace and schlieffen plan, the preservation of justice were the ultimate object of war, the deaths of otherwise innocent noncombatants was regarded as necessary in the pursuit of quick victory. Industrialists About The Laissez-faire Theories! As Dr. Lieber wrote: Sharp wars are brief . Unquestionably, General Sherman's march to the sea and schlieffen plan ww1, his burning of the city of Atlanta reflected this total war outlook as well as the assumed culpability of Confederate citizens in the perpetration of an unjust war. General Orders No. 100 remained the principal law of war reference in the United States for the balance of the nineteenth century and into industrialists theories the early twentieth century. But the major powers, including the United States, sought to universalize the concept of schlieffen ww1 law of adelie penguin pronunciation war. Definition Ww1! These efforts included the first Hague Peace Conference of 1899; a second conference in 1907; the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament in 1922; the Hague Commission of Jurists in 1923; Aerial Law of War in 1923; and the 1949 Geneva Conventions . Racism Intro! Detailing these various conventions is beyond the scope of this essay. Suffice it to schlieffen plan ww1 say that all of these efforts reflected centuries of thought in the West regarding the nature of war and its proper conduct.

Upon reflection, several points are notable regarding the proper conduct of war in the West. First, what is legal is not necessarily moral and what is moral is not necessarily legal . Yet the two are inextricably intertwined in the Western tradition (and to some extent the Muslim tradition as well). Foundation Asimov! At the heart of the just war tradition is right intent. Secondarily, we find the plan definition, principle of discrimination , which, in simple terms, means noncombatant immunity. But noncombatant immunity is not absolute. It has always been permissible to chromosomes attack combatants even though some noncombatants may be killed or injured in ww1, the process, so long as the injury to noncombatants is indirect and unintentional. The great ethical dilemma that remains unresolved, however, is where the racism essay intro, threshold resides between direct and indirect and intentional and unintentional. That noncombatant immunity within the plan definition, just war tradition can be overridden in order to preserve and protect the very tradition itself is a paradox.

Indeed, supreme emergency and other arguments arising from the need to override noncombatant immunity formed the basis for justifying the aerial bombardment of civilians in Germany and Japan by the Allies during the latter stages of World War II. Objectionable as that standard may be by today's apparent sensitivity regarding collateral damage , the killing of innocent civilians by aerial bombardment remains today an unresolved legal and moral dilemma as evidenced by claims that NATO violated the law of war during air attacks on Serbia as recently as 1999. NATO and asimov, the United States thoroughly rejected the accusation--as the United States continues to do with respect to air attacks on Iraq--offering moral and legal arguments rooted thoroughly in the just war tradition. So what does it all mean? This essay is simply a very brief attempt to trace the definition, evolution of just war thought in asimov, order to illustrate the ethical roots of the plan ww1, Western way of war. Interestingly, one sees the how many chromosomes have, influence of the Greeks, Augustine, and schlieffen plan definition, thinkers not mentioned, such as the Right Honorable Lord John Fletcher Moulton, in the play of children, in terms of that which is fair and unfair, just and foundation asimov, unjust, and what constitutes proportionate response.

This is not to suggest that war is child's play, but rather to suggest that, like child's play, war has developed a set of rules that are generally self-imposed, even by those who admit of divine legislation to restrain themselves regarding the conduct of war. In the end, war is a dynamic concept, still evolving and schlieffen plan, adapting to changing social, political, and juridical realities. As continued globalization links societies, one may hope that the dialogue regarding just war will promote agreement with respect to a universal law of war that may ultimately be reflected in a universal idea of peace.

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