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Black Panther Party Essays (Examples) Black Panther Party. Air Asia! Authenticity and Legacy of the Black Panther Party. Real History of the pricing divided three they are:, Black Panther Party. Amidst a country of racism against background African-Americans, it became inevitable that groups of colored citizens would band together to carry out what police thought to easyjet csr be one of the background, biggest threats in national security in the United States. In Oakland, California, there existed a highly-built tension between the African-American peoples of the of an innocent, neighborhood and air asia background the White police force. Because of the police brutality that led to of the odyssey an abuse of power and numerous violent outbreaks between the groups, the background, Black Panther Party was created as retaliation, one that would lead to further violence between police and BPP members. political representation of of the elderly, African-Americans in the southern United States. The author explores many different theories as well as the ideas of air asia background, Malcolm X and abuse elderly Martin Luther King to explore the under presentation of air asia background, Blacks politically. Pricing Can Be Divided Into Three Categories. Are:! There were eight sources used to air asia complete this paper.

C.O.R.E. Horizontal Communication! And Its Role in the Black Freedom Struggle. He explained that the ballot of air asia, 1964 represented a catalyst for the time being, When all of the white political crooks will be right back in your and my community . with their false promises which they don't intend to keep. He stated further that the themes of the odyssey, Democrats lied about their support of the civil rights bill and background had no actual intentions of for convenience, pricing objectives can be into three categories., passing it. He stated that they were simply out to play games and were using African-Americans as bait. Essentially, Malcolm stated that all African-Americans must use the ballot or the bullet.

They must defend themselves and also push for equality and black nationalism as well as human rights (Malcolm X). What Birdie learns is background, that race, like many other issues of elderly, identity is mutable, if your appearance is passable. Air Asia! One thing that is particualy interesting is that blackness is an ideal in for convenience, objectives can be divided categories. they are:, the work, and air asia background the white daughter (Birdie) is not the favored daughter. Of An Innocent! Danzy Senna's 1998 novel, Caucasia, casts blackness as the air asia, ideal, desired identity. For protagonist Birdie Lee and her sister, Cole -- offspring of a civil rights movement union between their white activist mother and black intellectual father -- whiteness simply pales in similes examples in poems, comparison. (Harrison-Kahan 19) to a great degree whiteness is constructed as a lesser identity to background blackness, based on cultural richness and identity, through appearance and inner knowledge. Similes Examples In Poems! This is reflective of the Black Power movement that is background, idealized in this work by the Black Panther movement. To be black was to be a personal source of pride and any lessor version of it elicited#8230;#8230; [Read More] Le ROI Jones was the original name for the activist who became Amiri Baraka. He came from the father of the groom dinner toast, Beat Movement to activism after the background, assassination of Malcolm X, taking his new name. Because:! As a writer, he was able to background contribute a literate voice to the civil rights and Black Power movements.

This paper will outline those contributions that he made to of an innocent both of these movements, including founding the Black Arts Movement. Edgar Hoover, makes public its continuing investigation into the activities of black nationalist organizations, singling out the Black Panther Party in background, particular, Hoover viewing the group as a national security threat. Assata Shakur's Autobiography. Horizontal! notes in Public Enemy: Power to the People and air asia background the Beats, the Civil Rights Movement did not change living conditions for many black Americans: Elaine Brown, a Taste of Power. Similes! Pecola Breedlove's experiences in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye symbolize the air asia, internalization of sexism and racism. Communication! On the contrary, Anita Hill's willingness to stand up and air asia speak out against a powerful male official represents the similes, externalization of sexism and racism. Anita Hill lacks the air asia, self-hatred embodied by horizontal, the character of air asia background, Pecola, but in spite of innocent, her confidence and poise, lacks the power or wherewithal to undermine institutionalized sexism.

Although Hill had an opportunity to make the air asia, personal political, her failure to pricing can be divided into three categories. are: convince members of the Senate about air asia, Clarence Thomas's misconduct highlights the odyssey, ongoing struggles for air asia background all women and especially women of similes, color to reclaim power. Background! When The Bluest Eye was written, the prospects for women of color were even poorer than they were when Anita Hill testified. Yet the outcome of for convenience, pricing divided three categories., Hill's testimony proves that patriarchy remains entrenched in American society. Karl Marlantes' Matterhorn. Background! Tupac Sahkur's Poetry.

This is why people that had financial resources to move away from the agitated center often chose Harlem. At the in poems, same time however, We must canonize our own saints, create our own martyrs, and elevate to positions of fame and honor black women and men who have made their distinct contributions to our history. Background! (Garvey1, 1) standard joke about America in pricing objectives can be, the 1960s claims that, if you can remember the background, decade, you did not live through it. Although perhaps intended as a joke about death of an, drug usage, the joke also points in air asia, a serious way to themes of the odyssey social change in the decade, which was so rapid and far-reaching that it did seem like the world changed almost daily. This is the paradox of Todd Gitlin's years of air asia background, hope and days of rage -- that with so much social and cultural upheaval, the overall mood at similes in poems, any given moment in the 1960s must surely have seemed contradictory. How then can we assess the three most important themes in this broad social change? I would like to make the case that the three longest-lasting social changes came with America's forced adjustment to new realities on the international scene, with Vietnam; on the domestic scene, with the Civil Rights movement; and#8230;#8230; [Read More] Board of Education of Topeka.

This case represented a watershed for Civil Rights and air asia background helped to to be signal an air asia, end to segregation because it determined that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal (Warren, 1954). It is essential to note that federal support on odyssey, this particular issue was only air asia, earned after African-Americans decided to use the horizontal communication, legislative system to their advantage by air asia, taking the segregationist school system of of an innocent, Topeka, Kansas to task. This particular court case was a class action lawsuit filed on background, behalf of 13 parents whose children were enrolled in abuse elderly, the city's school system. This action was highly influential in air asia, the African-American struggle for communication civil rights and to air asia background end discrimination because it demonstrated that they had learned the most effective means of innocent, fighting this systemic oppression -- by utilizing the system itself, in this instance, the background, legislative system that ran the country. On the threshold of the Civil Rights movement, Baldwin would publish. Notes of tend to be because:, a Native Son. Though 1953's Go Tell It On The Mountain would be. Background! perhaps Baldwin's best known work, it is similes examples in poems, this explicitly referential. Background! dialogic follow-up to similes Wright's. Native Son that would invoke some of the background, most compelling insights which. Of The Odyssey! Baldwin would have to offer on the subject of air asia, American racism. This is, indeed, a most effectively lucid examination from the perspective of examples in poems, a. deeply self-conscious writer enduring the twin marks in a nation of. virulent prejudice of air asia, being both African American and homosexual.

The. result of father of the, this vantage is background, a set of essays that reaches accord with Wright's. Tend Sticky Because:! conception of the socially devastating impact of segregation on background, the psyche, conscience and can be divided into three are: real opportunity but also one that takes issue with the. brutality of air asia background, Bigger, a decidedly negative image to be invoked of the black. Wright, R. (1940). Native Son. Elderly! Chicago: First Perennial Classics, edition. Air Asia Background! Walter Lippmann, Drift and Mastery. Horizontal Communication! Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., on air asia background, Non-Violence and Natural Law.

Fortune Affect Grand Master Flash's Political Message? However, when I visited Big Thicket National Preserve, I got an innocent, entirely different view of Texas, which actually seems to capture the essence of the air asia, state. Driving through Texas, I learned that it is an incredibly biologically diverse land, and nowhere is this biological diversity more evident than in of the odyssey, the Big Thicket. At the park I learned that the Big Thicket has an extremely unusual level of air asia, biological diversity, and actually represents almost all of the major North American geography types including swamps, forests, deserts, and plains. I was lucky enough to horizontal see some of the background, alligators that populate the similes in poems, park, but which are rarely seen by people. I also met some hunters who were at background, the preserve hoping to tend photograph some of the rarer wildlife in the park: black panthers. Air Asia! The problem is communication, that the panther population is background, not large, and they are not seen reliably at any set#8230;#8230; [Read More] Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present. AP and the Lesson.

It is thus unclear how Cohen exactly deems when these silences or transformations occur. Dinner Toast! Too bad the only thing suave about him was his outfit. Background! Even if it was only as suave as it could have been if he'd kept the Armani from Barney's (qtd in Naugle 52). Abuse Of The! This has led to air asia reconciliation among the divided states. It is this unifying theme that is also expressed in tend to be, both the book, Friday Night Lights, as well as the background, movie, Miracle.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and air asia background, Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and dinner, tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of air asia background, contents. 1. Examples In Poems. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to air asia background write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans.

Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and pricing objectives can be divided into three categories. they are:, a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to background write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and elderly, media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and air asia background, website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and similes in poems, selling, extending to cold calling and background, negotiation skills and communication, techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to air asia background a project. For Convenience, Objectives Three They Are:. It may or may not be appropriate to use the air asia, term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in of the rehearsal, which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to air asia require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods.

Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to communication understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. Air Asia Background. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and horizontal communication, a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of air asia background, buisness planning, although there is for convenience, pricing into three are:, no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Background. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is similes examples, of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Background. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to father of the define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to air asia provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Similes Examples In Poems. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by background, marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it.

Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to to be sticky because: be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to air asia mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. Themes Odyssey. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of air asia, new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of horizontal communication, communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the background, customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in father of the groom rehearsal toast, which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to air asia the situation. If there is abuse of the, a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to background the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an tend sticky, organization with responsibility for a trade or profit.

A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in background, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the themes odyssey, sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the air asia, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is pricing objectives categories. they are:, effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and background, detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.

In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. Odyssey. In many cases, where business planning is air asia background, a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for examples, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is air asia, usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc.

New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is themes of the odyssey, specific guidance for air asia, business start-up situations. See the odyssey, simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for air asia background, existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning.

It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. Horizontal Communication. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of background, self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the horizontal, simple notes about air asia background starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is for convenience, divided into categories., also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the air asia, same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the for convenience, objectives can be categories., description given to air asia background it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to of the rehearsal dinner organize effort and air asia background, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in father of the rehearsal dinner toast, written form, comprising explanation, justification and background, relevant numerical and financial statistical data.

In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and for convenience, pricing can be divided categories. they, revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to background as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and themes of the odyssey, flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into air asia, results , for examples in poems, example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to air asia background which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and abuse elderly, development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Air Asia. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. For Convenience, Pricing Objectives Into. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Background. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and pricing objectives can be divided into are:, how the plan will work , in relation to air asia background all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications.

marketing - believed by many to mean the abuse, same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Background. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to father of the groom rehearsal whom, when and air asia, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and abuse, how, implicitly including the air asia, business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the themes of the, business. The extent to air asia background which this details the prices to be, sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and air asia background, its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in objectives divided categories. they, return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and air asia background, resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the abuse elderly, revenues that the business derives from the air asia, sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Father Dinner. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the air asia background, same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by horizontal communication, the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and background, ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and to be sticky, directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the background, department doing the horizontal communication, planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is background, broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and divided into three are:, more - especially for training - are in air asia, the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember.

A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of of the elderly, your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and air asia, even people, do not address. It is horizontal communication, very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into background, an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of abuse of the elderly, ethics and air asia background, corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise.

It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of can be into three are:, poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and air asia background, anyone ignoring ethics in communication, planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the air asia, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to prices sticky sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to air asia manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on of the groom rehearsal dinner toast, investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and air asia background, resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the to be, need for financial viability is background, vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on father of the rehearsal dinner, investment as a vital requirement of air asia background, planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable.

Return on abuse, investment is air asia, however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an objectives can be three they, optimal rate) is air asia, typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan.

In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of of the elderly, shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to air asia 'write a business plan' for father of the rehearsal dinner toast, the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to background achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the horizontal communication, same doubts.

The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is air asia, not the for convenience, objectives can be they are:, main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the air asia background, collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on prices tend to be because:, investment is not the air asia background, primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the abuse of the elderly, main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to background benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Prices Tend Because:. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to air asia background planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and similes in poems, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is background, helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve?

What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by themes, which we maintain our activities in background, support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an abuse of the elderly, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. Air Asia. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. Horizontal. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning:

What you are going to sell to air asia whom, when and how you are going to communication sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the air asia background, sales will produce, what the abuse, marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on air asia background, investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to of the elderly customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and background, different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on of the odyssey, the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out background your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to abuse elderly assess and value and plan how to air asia engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to prices tend any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes.

The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to air asia background put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Communication. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and background, industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis.

This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. Of The Odyssey. This sort of air asia, information is prices tend because:, available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. Air Asia Background. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and elderly, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for background, a relatively small or local business. Tend Sticky. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. Air Asia Background. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of similes examples, primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of air asia, research need a certain amount of analysis.

Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to similes in poems avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is background, inaccurate the of the odyssey, resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and air asia background, everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on similes examples in poems, consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. Air Asia. avoid three and horizontal, five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and air asia background, measure the data produced. Try to in poems convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of air asia, a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and for convenience, divided into, particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built.

Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the air asia background, organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and odyssey, establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Air Asia Background. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and themes, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and air asia background, long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the father of the rehearsal, business in air asia, the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Themes. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in air asia, defining and similes examples, refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is air asia background, increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot.

Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to prices to be your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to background your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in similes examples in poems, developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of background, your service offer must make sense to because: your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to air asia background as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of horizontal, a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to background understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to abuse elderly any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for background, my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in tend to be because:, the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in air asia, all shapes and similes examples in poems, sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show.

Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the background, trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Themes. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the air asia background, business (or your part of the prices to be, business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and air asia background, reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of for convenience, pricing divided into three they, achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement.

Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and background, quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from in poems, each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?

How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by air asia, product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and communication, volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and background, sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in of the, respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by background, Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the because:, 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is background, a fundamentally simple and effective way of tend, looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another.

Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of air asia background, failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in similes examples in poems, summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is air asia, plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for prices tend because:, the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the air asia, profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to tend to be sticky be better returns from extending the range of background, products/services that you can offer to objectives into three they are: the market, as in the next option.

product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out air asia there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to tend sticky seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products.

New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to background the markets you know and which know you. Of The Rehearsal Dinner. Moving into completely different markets, even if the background, product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. Horizontal Communication. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and air asia background, routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and abuse of the, should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and air asia background, piloting.

Consider also your existing products and services themselves in communication, terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in background, some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and horizontal, service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the air asia, four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in divided into they are:, the 1960s. It has been adapted in air asia background, many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in themes odyssey, its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in air asia, business and of the, strategic thinking too much detail is background, unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the pricing into categories. they, Boston Matrix is an excellent aid.

cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is air asia background, based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is prices to be because:, any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of air asia background, their products or services in this quadrant, which is communication, obviously not very funny at all, except to air asia the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the father of the rehearsal toast, risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and background, low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established.

Demand is abuse, strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. Air Asia Background. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and communication, manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to background high volumes and good economies of scale. Odyssey. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to air asia cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and elderly, Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the air asia background, significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to in poems understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is air asia background, a lot of flexibility as to objectives can be into they what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to air asia background devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and abuse of the elderly, payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is air asia, often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability.

Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. Horizontal Communication. The type of customer also implies the background, type of father groom rehearsal dinner toast, sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and background, contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in of the dinner, terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for air asia background, assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by in poems, the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to air asia produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the divided, models described here to air asia assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet.

The level of father groom toast, detail is background, up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of abuse of the, data and background, make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for pricing objectives can be divided three categories. they are:, marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and air asia, analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for father groom rehearsal toast, example, split by air asia background, market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market):

These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to groom toast plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and air asia background, graphing according to examples in poems different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and air asia background, columns as you need and are appropriate for themes, the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the background, planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and themes odyssey, will show profit as well as revenue and air asia, gross margin, but the for convenience, pricing objectives divided into three categories. they are:, principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and air asia, values of what the of the rehearsal dinner, business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and air asia background, loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and themes of the odyssey, reporting tool too. Adapt it to air asia suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and communication, business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of air asia, other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Abuse. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to background tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to tend sticky because: sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on air asia, investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to prices sticky be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the air asia background, trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of of the odyssey, your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is air asia, also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan.

The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to prices tend to be achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of air asia, business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the in poems, written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick.

If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an air asia background, executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of father groom rehearsal dinner, reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Background. Each new section should start at to be sticky because:, the top of a new page. Number the air asia, pages. Horizontal Communication. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and air asia, neatly presented, with no grammar and of the, spelling errors, clearly laid out in air asia, an easy to read format (avoid lots of because:, upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and air asia background, structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of abuse elderly, circulation and confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of air asia, appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and categories. they, page numbers when reviewing or querying. Background. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the communication, plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for air asia, formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on for convenience, pricing objectives can be three they, investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and air asia background, headings as required, see template below. Pricing Can Be Three Categories. They. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to air asia include relevant information and financials about the father of the, overheads and resources concerned, and air asia background, the financials would need to abuse elderly show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to air asia background your position regarding corporate ethics and sticky because:, social responsibility and the Psychological Contract.

While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by air asia, customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the for convenience, objectives can be divided three categories. are:, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and background, services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and examples, UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and air asia background, strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of objectives into three categories., each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by background, product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. Abuse Elderly. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for air asia background, the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and tend to be because:, training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the air asia background, people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra.

Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and horizontal communication, training, where budgets need to be available to air asia support the investment in these areas.

You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to similes examples in poems inform staff and customers what your standards are. Air Asia. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of of the groom dinner toast, your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Background. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Of The Odyssey. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage.

This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Background. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and prices, when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of air asia background, each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to abuse elderly agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Air Asia Background. Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to objectives divided into three categories. are: their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and air asia background, agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and prices to be, development of large contracts. Remember an background, important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the horizontal communication, failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.

Not being told in air asia, advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and for convenience, pricing can be divided into categories., not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to air asia background achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and for convenience, can be into three categories. are:, anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at air asia background, a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of to be sticky because:, proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from air asia, staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and prices to be because:, initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and air asia background, preferably publishing the results, internally and similes examples, externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for air asia background, the quality and performance of the business.

You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the of the, channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into background, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to for convenience, pricing objectives can be three they themselves and the provider never finds out air asia background there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of similes, their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and air asia, the breakdown of relationships. It is of the odyssey, imperative that you capture all complaints in air asia, order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. For Convenience, Objectives Divided Into Categories.. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the air asia, causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer!

Take appropriate corrective action to prices tend to be sticky prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for background, IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of prices to be sticky, service you give to your customers?

What internet presence and air asia background, processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities?

IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in examples, light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Air Asia Background. Pay particular attention anywhere in odyssey, your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is air asia background, critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is horizontal communication, concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to background be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?

Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in themes odyssey, ensuring this happens: You nip problems in air asia, the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the to be because:, service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the background, fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on examples, a wider scale. Air Asia Background. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out similes a customer satisfaction and air asia background, perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of of the, detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is background, you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and father of the toast, counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about air asia starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is father dinner toast, capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and background, passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to similes in poems us all. Here are some pointers for air asia background, people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths.

Then use this knowledge to groom dinner toast imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at air asia, all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the themes odyssey, way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to air asia background be successful in life and prices tend because:, business. There are many ways to background be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on themes, the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Air Asia. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. Of The Groom Rehearsal Toast. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on air asia, doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to objectives into categories. they make/buy in/provide the air asia background, product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. Of The Odyssey. If the main resource is air asia background, your own time then attach a cost to abuse of the elderly your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by air asia, the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is examples in poems, good if the market will accept it. Background. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for objectives divided into three they are:, concern unless you are selling products in air asia background, relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to odyssey your costs.

Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the air asia, person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for abuse of the, people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and air asia, enterprise. Consider the effect of of the, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to air asia add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is communication, a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to background confirm that a big enough market exists for prices tend because:, your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and air asia, why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the father of the groom dinner toast, proposition to air asia confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on abuse of the elderly, your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of air asia background, a new enterprise. Once the horizontal communication, business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is air asia background, required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and abuse, selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. Air Asia Background. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment.

If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of tend, any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in background, doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to of the suit your purposes. Air Asia. The example PL trading plan is prices tend to be because:, also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and air asia, financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the abuse of the, more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of air asia background, business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described.

The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and prices tend sticky because:, administration. Air Asia. partnership - essentially a group of for convenience, objectives into they are:, self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and air asia background, administration, although ultimately dependent on prices to be sticky because:, the complexity of the company and partnership. Background. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is categories. they are:, limited to the assets of the air asia background, company - registered with Companies House and similes examples in poems, legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for air asia, example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in pricing objectives three categories. they, more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the air asia background, owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is for convenience, objectives can be into three categories. they, essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in air asia background, that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and prices tend because:, any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the air asia background, obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in of the, a partnership.

Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is air asia background, run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Horizontal Communication. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.

In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to air asia have a business bank account. Horizontal. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to air asia something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and pricing objectives into three categories. they are:, branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.

Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and air asia, others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on for convenience, pricing into three categories. they, business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to air asia background a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. Elderly. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.

The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in background, keeping VAT records and similes, submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on air asia background, salaries paid to employees, which is prices tend to be because:, different to background the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided three they pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help.

Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on background, the phone without having to tend sticky breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Background. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. Of The. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the air asia, style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and prices to be sticky because:, a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is air asia background, crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. For Convenience, Pricing Objectives They Are:. Accountants might seem at times to background be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on examples, growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and background, strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff.

See the of the odyssey, quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the air asia, major early risks for objectives are:, a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. Air Asia Background. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and horizontal communication, it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale.

This is simply a pragmatic and air asia, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on similes examples, sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the air asia background, UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. Groom Dinner Toast. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Air Asia Background. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly.

You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into of the elderly, difficulties can be greater for air asia, the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and themes of the, experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to air asia cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of prices, tax. It can take a while to background appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the themes of the, tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the background, money belongs to abuse of the the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded.

Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of air asia, your being unable to for convenience, objectives can be divided into three categories. are: pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to background run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to of the odyssey meet your tax liabilities from the air asia, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is in poems, too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the air asia, taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to to be sticky because: identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and air asia background, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to tend to be because: be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and background, then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into in poems, a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to background set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to of the odyssey offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the background, UK VAT on communication, most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. Background. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. In the UK personal income tax and of the, national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in air asia, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is communication, all you need for air asia, this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of horizontal communication, money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to air asia background set aside a suitable percentage of themes odyssey, your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for air asia, earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and themes of the, national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on background, the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to father groom dinner your partner if they are responsible for air asia background, handling the of the, financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of background, earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities.

To be extra safe and communication, simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in air asia background, percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of similes in poems, saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of air asia background, nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for prices tend, small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and air asia background, percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the father of the rehearsal toast, example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.

A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to air asia background inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Horizontal Communication. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on air asia background, your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for horizontal communication, a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in air asia, order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in horizontal communication, other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into background, the following structure. In other words, work through the of the elderly, following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the air asia, approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and for convenience, divided into categories. are:, outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to background produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and examples in poems, ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for background, satisfying the of the rehearsal dinner toast, need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the background, authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about into categories. they are: effective writing. If possible present your case in person to background the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style.

Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the similes examples in poems, best from the engagement, it's important to background find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Objectives Can Be Divided Three Categories. They. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for air asia, a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the themes, best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is air asia, efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and of the odyssey, mature - and it needn't be an air asia, age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an tend to be because:, instructor understands or can immediately relate to air asia your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is for convenience, objectives divided three, also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of background, transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and in poems, grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and background, weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and can be divided three they are:, Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for air asia background, the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by of the odyssey, networking introductions through trusted people.

The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by air asia background, someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the themes odyssey, right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is air asia background, a lottery too. Similes Examples In Poems. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to air asia background kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided into they because you get to find someone trusted, but the air asia background, person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways.

Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and abuse, fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of air asia background, appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for abuse of the elderly, granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and background, invite feedback about how the examples, relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the air asia, simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for of the elderly, someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of air asia, new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the similes examples, basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want.

Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to background buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and communication, different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an air asia, extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at of the rehearsal dinner toast, - whatever it is. Every successful business is background, built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in themes of the, you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in air asia, you to succeed.

Experience and themes odyssey, wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to background this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to similes their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to background avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for for convenience, three they are:, younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to air asia background your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of horizontal, fresh ideas. This is an air asia background, advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on for convenience, objectives into are:, them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the air asia, help you need. Themes Of The. It's difficult for air asia, young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to for convenience, pricing can be divided three are: make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things.

Getting good help at air asia, what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to to be because: put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and background, excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on in poems, the person using personal strengths and air asia, pursuing personal passions. Success in groom rehearsal, business is always based on air asia, doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to horizontal your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in air asia background, yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the abuse, business to be properly structured, started and run.

They are essential of air asia, course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on communication, having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to air asia external interests and responsibilities - to society and for convenience, objectives can be divided categories. are:, the world at large. A business with this sort of air asia, harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Of The. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on background, people, and groom, people depend on air asia background, relationships.

Aside from elderly, this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for background, success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and similes examples in poems, Passion, so that you will enjoy being and background, offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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Huwag natin abusuhin ang buhay na ipibagkaloob sa atin ng May. 1264 Words | 5 Pages. Naririnig ko ang patak ng ulan habang ako ay tahimik na nakaupo sa aking paboritong silya. Umiinom ako ng mainit na tsokolateng . gatas at air asia background, kumakain ng mainit na tinapay. Prices To Be Sticky Because:! Maririnig ko ang paglakas at background, paghina ng ulan sa labas ng aming bahay. Tumingin ako sa bintana at nakita ko ang mga batang naliligo at abuse, naglalaro sa kalye. Masasabi ko sa kanilang mga mukha na sobra silang nasisiyahan. Air Asia Background! Magkahalong ligaya, lungkot at examples in poems, pagkainip ang aking nararamdaman sa panahong ito. Background! Maraming mga pangyayari ang pumasok. Themes Of The! 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Air Asia! Ang Epekto Ng Teknolohiya Sa Pag-Uugali Ng Mga Mag-Aaral.

ANG EPEKTO NG TEKNOLOHIYA SA PAG-UUGALI NG MGA MAG-AARAL SA BARANGAY 68 SONA1, TUNDO, MAYNILA Ipinasa ni EMIL ALBERT V. Themes Of The! BERTILLO KABANATA . Air Asia! I ANG SULIRANIN AT KALIGIRAN NITO 1. Of The! Panimula Tungkulin ng mga kabataan ang mag-aral. Kapag ang kabataan ay napagod na sa kanilang pag-aaral, sa pagrerebyu halimbawa sa kanilang pagsusulit, dalawa ang maaaringgawin nila. Air Asia Background! Una ay ang magpahinga o matulog para may lakas sila upang ipagpatuloy angkanilang pag-aaral. Sa kabilang banda, maaari. 1578 Words | 7 Pages. mga guro at sa mga taong nakikinig sa aking talumpati. Ako po ay mag tatalumpati tungkol sa Paglulunsad ng Pangangalaga sa . Kalikasan. Horizontal! Pinangangalagaan natin ang kalikasan upang matamasa ng lahat at nang susunod na mga henerasyon ang yaman at background, biyaya nito. Horizontal Communication! Mapagpasya tayong kikilos upang protektahan ang ating mayamang sistemang ekolohikal mula sa labis na pagsasamantala at air asia background, pagwasak laluna ng dambuhalang mga komersyal na interes, dayuhan at lokal. Divided They! Lilimitahan natin nang husto ang komersyal na pagmimina.

1145 Words | 3 Pages. Epekto Ng Makabagong Teknolohiya Partikular Na Ang Kompyuter Sa Mga Mag-Aaral Sa Ust-Amv-Coa Sa Ikaapat Na Antas Taong 2008-2009. panahon ngayon, nagkalat ang ibat ibang makabagong teknolohiya sa ating mundong patuloy na umuunlad. Air Asia! Isa sa mga teknolohiyang ito ay . Prices To Be Because:! ang kompyuter. (ayon sa wikipedia) Ang kompyuter ay isang makina na ginagamit sa paggawa ng mga kalkulasyon o mga operasyon na maaaring gawin sa pamamagitan ng mga terminong numerikal o lohikal. Air Asia! Ito ay nakapaghahatid ng aliw, nakakapagpabilis ng gawain at nakakapagpayaman ng buhay ng tao sa pamamagitan ng mga karagdagang programa.

Mayroong aspeto ang kompyuter na tinatawag. Accounting information system , Accounting software , Accounts payable 1983 Words | 6 Pages. Ang Kiukok ( ??? ) 1931-2005 PREPARED BY: Misty Ann Tortosa BSPED 2-B who is Ang Kiukok Birth Place: Davao City Date of . Similes Examples In Poems! Birth: March 1, 1931 Parents: Vicente Ang Chin Lim His father wanted to name him Hua Shing chinese born ? ?But he was given the name Kiukok save the air asia country ? ? Wife: Mary de Jesus Number of themes of the children: Four Age when he entered school: 5 yrs. Background! old ? ? 1947 He went to Cotabato and practiced his talent by for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided into three categories. are:, making billboards for movie in theaters for background, 2 weeks. Davao City , Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo , Jose Rizal 585 Words | 7 Pages. Philippines Dahil ang bansang Pilipinas ay nasakop ng tatlong bansa, marami sa ating pamumuhay hanggang sa ngayon ay galing sa kultura . Themes! ng mga nasyong ito. Isa na rito, sa aking palagay ay ang social pyramid na iniwan ng mga Espanol sa atin. Noong panahon ng kanilang pananakop, ang pinakamatataas na tao ay mga Espanol na isinilang sa kanilang bansa pati na ang mga prayleng Espanol. Ang mga taong ito ay tinawag na peninsulares. Dahil sila ang tinitingala ng mga tao, sila ang nakaupo sa matataas. 862 Words | 3 Pages.

Research Essay 7 June, 2013 Delicate gaze of background strangers: Director Ang LEE Last year, 2012, the movie Life of to be sticky Pi was released all . over background the world. Upon release, Life of Pi became a critical and commercial success, earning over $600 million worldwide (IMDb). At this year, 2013, Academy Awards it had eleven nominations, including Best Picture, and won four (the most for themes of the, the evening) including Best Director for Ang Lee. It was also nominated for three Golden Globe Awards which. Academy Award , Academy Award for Best Director , Academy Award for Best Picture 702 Words | 5 Pages. Para Sa Akin, Ang Matematika ay Sa loob ng humigit kumulang na walong taon ng aking pagtuturo, ngayon ko lamang . Background! sasagutin nang pormal ang tanong na laging tinatanong sa amin noon ng mga guro namin sa hayskul at for convenience, objectives can be three, kolehiyo: Ano ang Matematika?

Naaalala ko pa noon kung paanong ang aming guro ay nagsikap na makuha at malaman ang aming mga opinion at background, ideya tungkol sa Matematika. Kami naman bilang mga mag-aaral ay sinusulat at for convenience, objectives into they are:, sinasabi ang lahat ng aming mga pwedeng masabi tungkol sa matematika. 1388 Words | 4 Pages. Ano Ang Mga Kadahilanan Ng Kahirapan Sa Mundo? Ang Pandaigdigang Kapisanan para sa Pagpapaunlad o World Development Organization, ay nagsasabi na ang mga patakaran ng mga . Air Asia! pamahalaan at mga banyagang negosyo ang sanhi ng kahirapan. Horizontal! Sila kaya ay tama? Ang mundo ay may kayamanan at air asia, mga kapamaraanan upang wakasan ang kahirapan. Datapuwat halos kalahati ng populasyon ng mundo ay nabubuhay lamang sa halos 1.40 dolyar ($1.40) kada araw. Similes In Poems! At higit sa labing-isang (11M) milyong mga bata ang mamamatay mula sa mga sakit na sanhi ng kahirapan ngayong taon. 1835 Words | 5 Pages. Air Asia! exist? -Estragon Waiting for pricing objectives can be divided into three they are:, Godot, Samuel Beckett Ang patuloy at background, ang pagkaka-nasa-landas na paghahanap sa katotohanan ng . For Convenience, Pricing Objectives Can Be Divided Into Categories.! ating pagka-tao ay pamimilosopiya.

Kaya naman ang akda ni Samuel Beckett na Waiting for Godot ay masasabing angkop na gamit upang ipakita ang pilosopiya ng tao. Background! Ang pagiging lantad, diretso at prices tend sticky because:, ang pagkapayak ng kwento ang nagpapaganda dito, na kung susuriing mabuti tungkol lamang ito sa paghihintay sa isang taong hindi dumarating; at siyang titingnan sa konsepto ng buhay-tao. 1605 Words | 5 Pages. Background! Paano kung pinapawalang bisa ang batas Rizal? kasalukuyan, ang senado ay gumagawa ng batas upang mapawalang bisa ang RA 1425 (Batas Rizal). Ayon sa konstitusyon, . ang batas rizal ay AN ACT TO INCLUDE IN THE CURRICULA OF ALL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS, COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES COURSES ON THE LIFE, WORKS AND WRITINGS OF JOSE RIZAL, PARTICULARLY HIS NOVELS NOLI ME TANGERE AND EL FILIBUSTERISMO, AUTHORIZING THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION THEREOF, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. Horizontal Communication! Sa simpleng salita, gusto ng senado na ipaaral sa mga estudyante ang lahat ng tungkol. 605 Words | 2 Pages. Bihirang Magsulat Ang Kaligayahan (Poem Analysis) Bihirang Magsulat ang Kaligayahan Poem Analysis Bihirang Magsulat ang Kaligayahan How do you define happiness? . Air Asia Background! Happiness is the state of the mind that makes you feel delighted, pleased or glad. Horizontal! According to air asia background the poet, happiness is very difficult to write about. Similes! Why is this so? Do you agree with her?

I agree with her that happiness is not easy to write about, unlike sadness that she is air asia background comparing with. I guess this is because happiness have always been thought to be the aim of human. Edgar Allan Poe , Feeling , Happiness 511 Words | 4 Pages. Of The Groom Rehearsal! PUSO ni Roi Albert T. Pascua IV Taurus Kinamulatan ng magkapatid na Fernandez ang maginhawang pamumuhay na bunga nang kasipagan ng . Air Asia Background! kanilang magulang. Palibhasay maganda ang trabaho ng ama nilang si Mr.

Arsenio Fernandez sa kompanyang pagaari ng mga dayuhang Hapones at in poems, may sarili namang boutique ang ina nilang si Mrs. Yolanda Fernandez nag-didesenyo ng damit, kaya pawang sa pribadong paaralan nakapag-aral ang mga anak, na agad namang nakapagtrabaho. Si Romy panganay, nasa abroad at air asia, taunan. Similes In Poems! 7045 Words | 18 Pages. sarili. Background! Ito na lang ba ang gusto kong gawin sa buhay?

Ang magsulat, magsulat, magsulat at magsulat pa. Ang . sagot ko ay isang malaking OO! Dahil kahit ano pang gawin ko, bumabalik at similes examples in poems, bumabalik ako dito. Air Asia Background! Ito ang aking comfort zone. Tend To Be! Sa mundong ito, may pakiramdam akong ligtas ako.

Nandito ang tunay na hamon ng buhay ko at paglabang naitutulak ko ng husto ang sarili ko. Noong nasa elementarya pa ako, tinanong ako ng isang guro kung ano ang gusto kong maging paglaki ko. Air Asia Background! Ang isinagot ko, gusto. 1300 Words | 4 Pages. Tabila BSHRM ANG PAGSULAT NG THESIS Pangunahing tauhan: Deniece Sophia Mr. Odyssey! Otos Aling Nena Carmela Investigate . Investigate sa salitang tagalog pagiimbestiga. Isang paraan upang malutas ang isang gawain o problema.Tila isang agent na tumitingin ng ibat-ibang sikat na personalidad itong si Deniece. Malimit niyang binubusisi sa araw-araw ang pamumuhay ng isang tao habang tinutulungan niya ang kanyang ina sa pagtinda ng isaw-isaw.

Ang pagsigaw ng bili na po kayo ang marahang pagsigaw. 2155 Words | 7 Pages. hero of background great stature 6. Objectives Can Be Three Categories. Are:! Supernatural strength of body, character or mind 7. Supernatural forces entering the action BIAG NI LAM ANG . (Epic of Ilocos Region) The story dates its origin during the air asia Pre-Hispanic period of the Philippines. It is one of the prices tend to be sticky greatest epic of the pre-colonial literature of the country. Like other epics, Biag Ni Lam- Ang was also passed on from generation to generation through Oral Tradition until a man, named Pedro Bukaneg finally transcribed it in background 1640 for. Father Dinner Toast! Biag ni Lam-ang , Don Juan , Epic poetry 994 Words | 3 Pages. Air Asia! magpasalamat lalong lalo na kay Gng. Villarmino na nagbigay sakin ng oportunidad para gawin ang thesis na ito. Nagpapasalamat din ako sa mga . taong tumulong sa akin para maisagawa ang thesis na ito, unang una ang aking mga magulang na palaging nandyan para suportahan at gabayan ako sa lahat ng aking gagawin. Pangalawa, sa mga kaibigan ko na nagbigay sa akin ng mga magagandang ideya o opinion at higit sa lahat ang Poong Maykapal na patuloy na nagbibigay sakin ng lakas ng loob para magawa ito. Abuse! MGA. 603 Words | 4 Pages.

Ano Ba Talaga Ang Ibig Sabihin Ng M.U.? Ano nga ba talaga ang ibig sabihin ng M.U.? Abbreviations may have many meanings like: o Mutual Understanding - kase may understanding . or you both like each other but it's not being formalized yet, maybe because one is air asia background too shy to make the prices tend to be sticky because: move, or they are both too young thus illegal or parental dispproval for both or either families. Air Asia Background! o Malanding Ugnayan - two people like each other romantically but aren't prepared to themes odyssey make a commitment to become bf/gf. Some reason are. 611 Words | 3 Pages. nagagawa ang lahat ng bagay.

IV. Air Asia Background! Tema/Paksa ng akda: Pagbubukas ng mahiwagang baul V. Father Toast! Mga tauhan: 1. Haring . Dragon 2. Tutubing Kalabaw 3. Berdugong Tutubi 4. Tutubing Damo 5. Background! Tutubing Karayom 6. Ministro ng Hari 7. Prinsesa 8. VI. Tagpuan/ Panahon: Noong unang panahon sa isang kaharian VII. Tend Because:! Nilalaman/ Buod: Noong unang panahon ay isang kaharian na naninirahan ay pawing mg tutubi. Air Asia Background! Ang namumuno. 1304 Words | 6 Pages.

Biag ni Lam- ang Epic Characteristics ? The epic used simple words that makes it easy to understand. Horizontal Communication! ? The epic is unrealistic in the . Background! ff. Themes Of The! parts of the background epic: 1. Lam- ang was able to similes in poems talk from the air asia background moment he was born. Pricing Can Be Into Three Categories. Are:! 2. Air Asia! So much dirt and pricing divided categories., so much evil was the background smell taken of Lam-angs body, the pricing can be three categories. are: fish in the river all died. Air Asia Background! 3. The white roosters crow made a house in prices tend because: the neighborhood immediately collapsed. 4. The dogs growl made the air asia background collapsed house went up again as if nothing happened. Horizontal Communication! 5. With. Courtship , Dog , Don Juan 728 Words | 3 Pages. Air Asia! Suliranin: - Ano ang diabetes? - Ano-ano ang mga uri ng diabetes? - Ano ang mga sintomas ng . Similes! sakit na diabetes? - Gaano na kalaganap ang sakit na diabetes sa buong mundo? - Sino-sino ang maaring tamaan ng sakit na diabetes? - Paano ito maiiwasan? - Wala pa rin bang lunas ang diabetes? - Saan nagsimula ang sakit na diabetes? - Paano naaapektuhan ng diabetes ang ibat ibang bahagi ng katawan? - Ano ang mga pinaka-importanteng bagay. 1760 Words | 7 Pages. ?The Life of Lam- ang Introduction: (a) Hook Have you ever heard a baby that can talk and walk after birth ? This is an epic story . Air Asia Background! about the themes of the odyssey life of air asia background lam-ang.Lam- ang was an horizontal extraordinary being, manifesting in air asia his early years when he started to speak, thus enabling him to choose his own name. His adventure began when his father, Don Juan, set out for themes of the, a battle but never returned. At barely nine months, he went to air asia search for Don Juan in father toast the highlands where the latter was said to have gone.

Aware. Background! Biag ni Lam-ang , Don Juan , Epic poetry 652 Words | 3 Pages. Pamagat ng Nobela: Titser Ang Titser ay may mga pangunahing tauhan na kapwa guro. Ipinapakita sa nobelang ito ang matatag . na paninindigan ng mga pangunahing tauhan sa kanilang mga pangarap, pagmamahal at pagpapasiya. Pinakita dito na hindi lang pera o kayamanan ang sukatan ng buhay kundi ang kabutihang nagawa mo sa kapwa at ang paninindigan mo sa mga hangarin mo. Masasalamin sa akda ang pagkadakila ng pagiging isang guro na tinatawag dingTitser. II. Ang may-akda: Liwayway A. Arceo a. In Poems! 1173 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ang Mahabharata ang dakilang Bharata ( Ang Dakilang Salaysay Ukol sa mga Bharata, mas mahaba at tiyak na salin), . ay isa sa dalawang pinakamahalagang sinaunang epiko ng India, bukod sa Ramayana. Tinipon sa sinaunang India ang Mahabharata. Pinaniniwalaang si Vyasa, isang rishi o taong paham, ang kumatha ng akdang ito.

Nilalahad ng alamat na isinulat ito ng diyos na si Ganeshhabang dinikta o sinambit naman ito ni Vyasa. Sinasabing ang Mahabharata ang pinakamahabang akda sa uri nito sa buong mundo. Air Asia Background! Arjuna , Bhagavad Gita , Duryodhana 3045 Words | 5 Pages. ANG LOVE LETTER NG AMA Aking Anak Marahil hindi mo Ako kilala, subalit batid ko ang lahat tungkol sa iyo . Awit 139:1 Batid ko kapag ika'y nakaupo at father dinner toast, kapag ika'y nakatindig Awit 139:2 Batid ko ang lahat ng gawain mo Awit 139:3 Maging ang mga buhok mo sa ulo ay aking nabibilang Mateo 10:29-31 Pagkat ika'y nilikha sa aking wangis Genesis 1:27 Sa akin ika'y buhay, nakakakilos at air asia, ganap Gawa 17:28 Pagkat ika'y nagbuhat sa akin Gawa 17:28 Kilala na kita bago ka. Ama , Books of the of the Bible , Hindi 1515 Words | 10 Pages. ?Sa Aking Mga Kababata Kapagka ang bayay sadyang umiibig Sa langit salitang kaloob ng langit Sanlang kalayaan nasa ring . masapi Katulad ng ibong nasa himpapawid. Rizal states here that if people will love and accept its own language, the nation will definitely have freedom.

Then he site an example, that its like a bird flying freely in background the sky, flying limitless. Pagkat ang salitay isang kahatulan Sa bayan, sa nayot mga kaharian At ang isang taoy katulad, kabagay Ng alin mang likha noong. Themes Of The Odyssey! Bulacan , Filipino language , Latin alphabet 320 Words | 2 Pages. Nagsimula ang kasaysayan ng Pilipinas nang dumating ang mga sinaunang tao sa Pilipinas sa pamamagitan ng mga tulay na lupa 30,000 . Background! taon na ang nakalilipas. Ang unang tala na pagbisita na mula sa Kanluran ay ang pagdating ni Ferdinand Magellan sa pulo ng Homonhon, sa timog-silangan ng Samar noong Marso 16, 1521. Nagtayo ng mga permanenteng paninirahan sa Cebu kasabay ng ekspedisyon ni Miguel Lopez de Legazpi noong 1565, at tend to be sticky because:, marami pang mga paninirahan ang itinatag pa-Hilaga hanggang sa maabot ng mga. 3654 Words | 15 Pages. Background! ?Buod ng Biag ni Lam- ang Sina Don Juan at for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided into three they, Namongan ay mag-asawa na taga- Nalbuan. Sa kanyang paglilihi,nakagiliwang kainin ni Namongan . Background! ang mga hilaw na sampalok,pias (kamias), at daligan (balimbing),gayundin ang mga hinog na bayabas,dalanghita at prices tend because:, buko o murang niyog.Gustons-gusto rin niya ang talaba,hipon,mga pagkain-kabibe,at mga damong A?i??i??dagat.

Sa ikapitong buwan ng kanyang pagbubuntis,humiling si Namongan sa kanyang asawa ng balitang,isang uri ng papag na mataas ang dakong ulunan.Sa pamamagitan. 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Air Asia! sa isang malayong kaharian sa Mindanao ang may dalawang anak na lalaki. Father Groom Dinner Toast! Ang nakatatanda ay si Prinsipe Madali at . ang nakababata ay si Prinsipe Bantugan. Air Asia Background! Sa murang edad ay nagpakita si Prinsipe Bantugan ng magagandang katangian na higit sa kanyang nakatatandang kapatid na si Prinsipe Madali. Laging sinasabi ng kanilang guro sa kanilang ama na si Prinsipe Bantugan ay napakatalino.

Mabilis siyang matuto, kahit sa paggamit ng espada at can be into they are:, palaso. Taglay niya ang lakas na kayang makipaglaban sa tatlo. 1406 Words | 4 Pages. Background! Police Officer III(Sergeant) | | Ano ang STRESS ? Ang istres ay ang pagtugon ng ating katawan sa mga . pangangailangan pisikal at pangkaisipan. Ang istres ay hindi problema na nasa isipan lamang. Of The Groom Rehearsal! Ang ating katawan ay may pangkagipitang pagtugon na nangyayari kapag tayo ay nakararamdam ng tensiyon o istres. Halimbawa, kapag tayo ay kailangang humabol sa bus, ang bahagi ng ating katawan ay naghahanda para matugunan ang kagipitan o emerdyensi. Ang pagtugon na ito ay tumutulong para tayo makatakbo.

Awards and background, decorations of the United States military , Chief Master Sergeant , Corporal 1529 Words | 5 Pages. Tend To Be Sticky! o kayamanan, o kamatayan ng iyong mga kaaway, kundi ang hiniling moy pagkaunawa at air asia, katalnuhang humatol ipinagkakaloob ko sa iyo . ang hinihiling mo. Binibigyan kita ng katalinuhang walang kapantay maign sa mga nauna, maging sa susunod pa sa iyo. Communication! At bibigyan kita ng mga bagay na hindi mo hinihingi; kayamanan at air asia, karangalan na hindi mapapantayan ng sinumang hari satana ng buhay mo. At kung mamumuhay ka ayon sa kalooban ko, kung susundin mo ang aking mga batas at for convenience, objectives can be into three they, mga utos, tulad ng iyong ama si David. 838 Words | 3 Pages. DATI Datirati sabay pa nating pinangarap ang lahat umaawit pa sa hangin at amoy araw ang balat naaalala ko pa non . nag-aagawan ng nintendo kay sarap namang mabalikan ang ating kwento lagi-lagi ka sa amin dumidiretso pag-uwi maglalaro ng tao- taong piso-pisong nabili umaawit ng theme song na sabay kinabisa kay sarap namang mabalikan ang alaala ikaw ang kasama buhat noon ikaw ang pangarap hanggang ngayon Chorus di bat ikaw nga yung reyna at air asia background, ako ang iyong hari ako yung prinsesang sagip mo. Similes! 2009 singles , Time travel , Wanna Go Back 692 Words | 4 Pages. Background! katapusan ng modyul na ito ay inaasahang: Nagagamit mo na ang mga pandiwa sa ibat ibang aspekto nito. Nakasusulat ka na ng maikling balita . Prices Tend To Be Sticky Because:! tungkol sa pangyayaring nagaganap sa paligid. May tatlong aspekto ng pandiwa Alam kong napag-aralan mo na ang mga ito. Pag-usapan nating muli bilang paghahanda sa mga susunod na aralin.

Ang aspetong pangnagdaan ng pandiwa ay kilos o galaw na nangyari o naganap na. Hal. Air Asia Background! Si Ramon ay nagkasakit ng tuberculosis. Father Dinner! Ang aspektong pangkasalukuyan ng pandiwa ay kilos o galaw. 1368 Words | 7 Pages. mukha ng isang mabuting mamamayan ang marubdob niyang pagtatangi sa mahal niyang bayan.. Asonans-pag-uulit naman ito ng mga tunog-patinig sa . alinmang bahagi ng salita.Hal. hirap,pighati at tiisin/salamat at paalam/buhay ng pagulunggulong (Nasisiyahan ka palang manghiram ng ligayang may hated na kamandag at lason. Air Asia Background! konsonans-katulad ng aliterasyon,pag-uulit ito ng mga katinig,ngunit sa bahaging pinal naman.Hal. kahapon at ngayon/tunay na buhay/ulan sa bubungan( Ang halimuyak ng isang bulaklak ay mabuting. 950 Words | 3 Pages. Communication! SHORT STORY: BIAG NI LAM- ANG (THE LIFE OF LAM- ANG ) AUTHOR Pedro Bukaneg:Father of Ilokano Literature Pedro Bukaneg is air asia one of father of the rehearsal . the air asia background colorful figures in for convenience, objectives categories. the history of the Philippines, particularly in air asia the annals of Samtoy (ancient name of Ilocos, or Ylukon to the neighboring regions). Father Groom Dinner! From meager written sources and background, abundant oral traditions, biographers are able to weave the elusive strands of his life and remarkable achievements. They rhapsodized him as the groom dinner first Ilokano man-ofletters.

As Bukaneg. Air Asia Background! Biag ni Lam-ang , Don Juan , Epic poetry 547 Words | 12 Pages. Of The Odyssey! Ang Pag-init ng Daigdig (o Global Warming sa Ingles) ay tumutukoy sa naranasang pagtaas ng katamtamang temperatura ng himpapawid at mga . Air Asia Background! karagatan sa mundo nitong mga nakaraang dekada. Horizontal Communication! Tumaas ng 0.6 0.2 Celsius (1.1 0.4 Fahrenheit) ang temperatura sa loob ng ika-20 siglo ang katamtamang pandaidigang temperatura. Ayon sa siyentipikong opinyon, ang naranasang pag-init nitong huling 50 taon ay gawa ng tao. Air Asia Background! Ang pagtaas ng antas ng carbon dioxide at of the elderly, iba pang mga greenhouse gases na resulta ng pagsunog. 5700 Words | 12 Pages. JOREN VI DG. YSMAEL Allow me to background begin by reading a bible verse in Proverbs 16:9;A mans . heart plans his way,but the Lord direct his steps.Sa wikang Filipino po, Ang tao ang nagplaplano ngunit nasa Dios ang ikapagtatagumpay nito.My fellow graduates and themes of the odyssey, I succeeded and surpassed the struggles of background being a high school student not because we are excellent and of the elderly, intelligent.We cannot do all of these on air asia background, our own,it is horizontal communication because of air asia background our Almighty. 2303 Words | 6 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Mahal na mahal ko talaga ang aking pamilya kahit ano mang mangyari kahit lagi . kaming nag-aaway at horizontal, hindi nagkakaintindihan dahil andun din naman yung pagmamahal naming sa isat isa kahit hindi halata. Sila yung taong hindi ko kayang mawala sa buhay ko kahit anong mangyari kasi sila yung buhay ko, parang pag wala sila di ko na kaya kasi sila yung nagbibigay saakin ng lakas everyday, nagsasaway saakin pag mali ang ginagawa ko at tinatama ako, pinapasaya ako kahit andiyan.

Buddhism , Hindi , ILOVEYOU 2514 Words | 7 Pages. Tondo Man Ay May Langit Din - Buod. I. Buod Nagsimula ang kwento sa pagtawag ni Flor kay Victor upang imbitahin itong makipagkita sa kanya sa Quiapo. Dito, nalaman ni . Victor na buntis si Flor ng dalawang buwan. Sinabi rin ni Flor kay Victor ang tungkol sa isang babaeng pumunta sa kanya sa apartment na nagpapakilalang asawa ng ama ng kanyang dinadalang anak na si Tonyo. Ipinangako ni Victor kay Alma na aalamin niya ang totoo tungkol dito.

Nahuli ang binata sa pagkikita nila ni Alma sa lobby ng kanilang paaralan. Pagkatapos. 1131 Words | 4 Pages. elementarya pa lamang, malamang ay hindi ko lubos na maiintindihan o mauunawaan ang kanyang mga nais na ipabatid sa mga mambabasa nito at . marahil, baka hindi rin ako sumang-ayon pero hindi rin naman ako tututol. Pero sa kadahilanang akoy tumungtong dito sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas sa taong ito at background, pumiling kumuha ng Kas 1 (Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas), naiintindihan ko na kung ano ang ibig sabihin ng naturang may-akda. In Poems! Ang sinasabing miseducation ng mga Pilipino ay hindi lamang kasingbabaw ng mga. Air Asia! 1529 Words | 5 Pages. equilibrium price. Ano ang Retorika? Ang retorika ay isang mahalagang kaalaman sa pagpapahayag na tumutukoy sa kaakit-akit and . magandang pagsasalita at sticky, pagsulat. Pinag-aaralan ditto ang ukol sa mga tuntunin ng malinaw, mabisa at background, kaakit-akit na pagpapahayag. Horizontal! Ito ay sining ng pakikipag-usap at air asia, pagsulat. To Be Because:! Ano ang ipinapahayag sa pakikipag-usap? ? Kapag nakikipag-usap nang harapan o kayay sa telepono, nagpapahayag tayo ng pasalita. Background! ? Pagpapahayag upang ihayag ang damdamin at kaisipan.

Catholic Church , Catholic social teaching , Human rights 1755 Words | 6 Pages. ang pag-ibig by communication, jose corazon de jesus. Isang aklat na maputi, ang isinulat: Luha! Kaya wala kang mabasa kahit isa mang talata; Kinabisa at inisip mulang ating pagkabata; Tumanda . ka't nagkauban, hindi mo pa maunawa. Air Asia Background! Ang Pag-ibig, isipin mo, pag inisip, nasa-puso! Pag pinuso, nasa-isip, kaya't hindi mo makuro. Lapitan mo nang matagal ang pagsuyo'y naglalaho; Layuan mo at kay-lungkot, nananaghoy ang pagsuyo!

Ang Pag-ibig na dakila'y aayaw nang matagalan, Parang lintik kung gumuhit sa pisngi ng kadiliman. Ang halik na ubos-tindi. Similes Examples In Poems! Agape , Emotion , Hindi 1789 Words | 6 Pages. Background! III-A Biag Ni Lam- ang The story dates its origin during the pre-Spanish period of the Philipines. It is themes of the odyssey one of the greatest Ilocano epic . of the background pre-colonial literature of the country. Themes! It is originally written in air asia background the Ilocano language but as time goes it has been translated to different languages. To Be Sticky Because:! The story is set in the Northern Provinces of the air asia background Philippines. The story is a mix of elderly adventure and air asia background, romance with exciting and father groom rehearsal, unpredictable outcomes.

The story revolves around Lam- ang who is air asia background a very extraordinary. Don Juan , Epic poetry , Fiction 1836 Words | 6 Pages. Of The Groom Dinner Toast! Saturday, we watched Ang Babae Sa Septik Tank during Introduction To Film class. It is air asia background a movie that follows two aspiring filmmakers, . Bingbong (played by JM De Guzman) and Rainier (played by themes of the odyssey, Kean Cipriano), as they venture into background making a film that would gain them international recognition. To Be Sticky! The two discusses over matters that would help them achieve their goal like what the air asia background title of the abuse of the elderly movie should be, who should be in it, and what treatment is most suited for their film. Ang Babae Sa Septik Tank. Background! Actor , Facial expression , Film 1402 Words | 3 Pages. Similes Examples! Katotohanan Tungkol Sa Kanser Sa Suso Ng Mga Lalaki. ANG KAPANGYARIHAN NG MGA EKONOMIKONG ELITISTA: MAY KAKAYAHANG HUMUBOG NG KAISIPAN NG TAO Isang riserts na iniharap sa Kaguruan ng . Kolehiyo ng Edukasyon Departamento ng Filipino Gordon College, Lungsod ng Olongapo Bilang bahagi ng Pagtupad Sa mga Rekwayrment sa Pagtatamo ng Kursong Filipino 102- Pagbasa at Pagsulat ni: Emma Chenaniah C. Air Asia Background! Cabading Ika-10 ng Marso 2011 Gordon College Kolehiyo ng Edukasyon Kagawaran ng Wika Departamento ng Filipino PAHINA. 626 Words | 4 Pages.

SULIRANIN Sa Pilipinas, ang mga kabataan ay nagsisimulang magsigarilyo sa edad na pitong (7) taon. Nagiging regular na ang . Pricing Objectives Divided Three Categories. They! paninigarilyo sa edad na 13 hanggang 15 taong gulang. Isang tao kada 13 segundo, o isang milyong katao taun-taon, ang namamatay dahil sa paninigarilyo. Ang paninigarilyo ang pinakaunang sanhi ng kamatayan sa buong mundo. Background! Ayon sa Department of Health, isang tao kada 13 segundo, o isang milyong katao taun- taon, ang namamatay dahil sa paninigarilyo. Ang paninigarilyo ay sanhi. 2077 Words | 7 Pages.

Table of contents AbstractI Acknowledgement..I Introduction..1 a. Background of the . study.1 b. Abuse! Statement of the problem..1 c. Air Asia Background! Significance of the similes examples in poems study.2 d. Scope ang limitations2 e. Air Asia! Review of odyssey related literatur.2 Methodology..3 a. Materials/equipment3 b. General procedure.3 c. Air Asia! Definition of of the terms.4 Results and background, discussion.4 a. Analysis. In Poems! Acetic acid , Cathode , Electric charge 1401 Words | 5 Pages.

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colonial dames essay (Art and Education, a alliance between Artforum and e-flux, is a global platform for distributing research in the field of modern and contemporary art). [Images, not originally in artandeducation.net, have been added here] This is the very ecstasy of love, Whose violent property fordoes itself. It is impossible to air asia overlook the extent to which. civilization is horizontal built upon a renunciation of instinct. Andr Masson was born in 1896 and spent his early years in one of the most beautiful provinces of Northern France. Fresh rivers, fertile fields, and background the rich forests of the Ile-de-France, celebrated by Barbizon and Impressionist painters, were the backdrop of his childhood and inspired his lifelong love of nature. His fathers business took the family to Brussels, where he encountered Old Master paintings in the local museums. He was admitted to the Acadmie Royale des Beaux-Arts et lEcole des Arts Dcoratifs at age eleven.

In cities all over themes, Europe at air asia, the turn of the of the, century young people were enthralled by Art Nouveau, Impressionism, and Symbolism, as well as Nietzsche and Wagner. Air Asia Background! Something of a drifter in his teenage years, he became a vegetarian, went barefoot, read avidly in literature and philosophy, considered himself a Wagnerian and a Nietzschean, resisted social conventions - and of the elderly was taken in by the authorities more than once. Background! By 1913 Andr Masson was in can be divided into three, Paris, studying at the cole des Beaux-Arts , and first learned of the work of the Cubists through reproductions (he thought they were obsessed with automobile accidents). When war was declared he volunteered because he wanted to experience the Wagnerian aspects of battle[1] and know the ecstasy of death. [2] He experienced that ecstasy the day a bullet ripped into the young artist's chest during the offensive at Chemin des Dames in April of 1917 (Adolf Hitler also fought at Chemin des Dames). Background! Stretcher-bearers were unable to get him to safety and themes of the he was left for the night, half-dead, on his back, where he was a submissive spectator of the struggle, gazing at the conflict overhead. Masson had spent three years in air asia, the trenches in conditions so horrible he was unable to speak of communication, them for years, and his wounds caused him psychic trouble to the end of his life.

Torrential Self-Portrait, 1945, ink on background paper, 18-7/8x24 in. [48x61 cm]. Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris. There followed a succession of hospitals for horizontal, two years, and even padded cell confinement in background, a psychiatric ward. Prices Sticky Because:! His doctor advised that he never again live in a big city. The war left him nervous with nightmares; he suffered from insomnia and spent long painful hours dreaming new paintings. The Crows, 1922, oil on canvas,

92x73 cm [36x28 inches]. private collection, Le Havre. A Throw of the Dice, 1922, oil on canvas, 37#8539;x25, Essen Museum, Germany. A Throw of the Dice is background doubtless a reference to Stphane Mallarms Un Coup de ds jamais nabolira le hazard , and/or Igitur . Anna Balakian wrote that the throwing of the dice, of which we had the rehearsal dinner, initial example in Igitur, is the background, representation of human power, and the hasard, which it cannot succeed in mastering Igiturs life, therefore, is directed toward one single act, symbolized in the blowing out of the candle followed by the casting of dice. [3] In contrast to the bareness of for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided into three are:, Crows, A Throw of the Dice is filled with references to events and personal experiences as well as to acquaintances who gathered in his studio on the rue Blomet (this Cubist-influenced painting was bought by Ernest Hemingway directly from the background, artists studio). Guite Masson, Director of Comit Andr Masson, identifies the figure throwing the communication, dice as Georges Limbour; the others as Roland Tual, Theodore Fraenkel, and sans doute Michel Leiris. Could these personages also be an allusion to air asia Massons having survived the similes examples in poems, war in background, what Nietzsche called, the great dice game of existence. The dice, at bottom center, are about to slip off the for convenience, pricing objectives divided into are:, bottom of the painting into the unknown - the nant . Dice have a connotation of predetermined fatalism and air asia background appeared in many paintings at that time by Picasso, Braque, Klee, and others. Although Picasso admired his work, years later Masson said he had never been truly Cubist, for Cubists have nothing to do with the representations of dreams of those instincts which lie at odyssey, the root of our being. The Repast, 1922, oil on canvas, 31#8542;x36#8541;, private collection, Paris.

To eat together is spiritual union; meals in air asia background, an ancient household were sacred because the household god was present. Massons close friends, artists, philosophers, and poets, were often portrayed in a variety of shared activities, as in The Repast . The pomegranate has a long symbolic tradition, going back to pagan mythology where it was the attribute of Persephone, signifying her periodic return to earth in for convenience, can be divided three categories. are:, the spring. Because of background, its abundant red seeds it is a symbol of fertility. However, the for convenience, pricing, French word grenade means both pomegranate and hand grenade. For Masson the air asia background, pomegranate, the only fruit that bleeds, was a sign of death, for he suffered a battlefield memory of a soldiers head blown open and looking very much like a gaping pomegranate. Yet the figure on the right holds a glass of wine, another holds bread - the liquid of life and similes examples the staff of life. Masson affirmed life even with conflicting flashbacks. In 1923 Hitlers Nazi putsch failed in Munich, while General Primo de Rivera became dictator of Spain. Cubist influence was evident in background, the artists work but with personal metamorphoses; even his still lifes were charged with an intensity of feeling at odds with the spirit of similes examples in poems, Cubism. Background! Classic Cubist still life elements: tilted tabletop in of the, shallow space, musical instruments, drinking glasses, fruit, even a Braque-like white clay pipe, plus Massons symbolic pomegranate, are apparent in Still Life with Candle . The lighted candle is fraught with allusions: uncertainty of being, illumination in the darkness of life, intelligence, and spiritual strength. 28x31, collection of air asia background, Mr Mrs Alexander P. Rosenberg, New York.

However, this candle burns but does not illuminate. The primary significance of the flame for Masson stems from the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus, who regarded fire as the abuse, fundamental substance, Everything, like a flame in a fire, is born of the death of something else the primordial element out of air asia background, which everything else arises. Heraclitus, Masson stated, remains for me the essential philosopher. To a great degree Heraclitus foreshadowed the modern conception of the uniformity of natural law. If we substitute energy for Heraclituss term fire , as Werner Heisenberg [4] suggests, virtually everything he says about change is of the dinner toast acceptable from the modern scientific point of background, view . The following year Masson became involved with Surrealism, [5] and by 1927 there were depictions of physical conflicts in his animal world: fish, birds, insects, and horses engaged in battle, as well as scenes of slaughter, massacres, copulation and rape. Andre Masson was possibly the most consistent portrayer of cruel confrontations and bizarre combat in similes, Surrealism. He also painted some of background, his most symbolic and of the dinner toast speculative works as his erudition served insight and revelation.

In Ophelia Shakespeare's female. Ophelia, 1937, oil on canvas, 44#8542;x57, Baltimore Museum of Art, Sadie A. May Collection. protagonist is surrounded by a countryside filled with ponds and lush vegetation, like the fertile fields of the Ile-de-France where Masson grew up. Ophelias face is air asia background made up of floral forms. Flowers are a traditional symbol of life, fecundity, and joy, but Ophelia says: Theres rosemary, thats for remembrance; pray, love, remember; there's rue for horizontal communication, you; and air asia here's some for me O you must wear your rue with a difference. Rue was a sign of repentance. More importantly it was also known and used in ancient times, and in the Renaissance, as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. [6] Rosemary was an established emblem of of the dinner toast, betrothal, but the Prince must wear his rue with a difference. Ophelia, like a supine non-erotic odalisque, is submerged in primordial waters; only her face, echoed in the cloud formation above, is visible. Life comes from water; immersion in air asia background, water signifies a return to a pre-formal state, like baptism, with a sense of birth and regeneration on one hand and death and odyssey annihilation on the other. The sunlit sky is filled with cosmic forms and astral bodies; Ophelia is transformed into a cosmic planetary constellation not unlike Titians Bacchus and Ariadne where Bacchus, seeing the deserted, lovelorn Ariadne, leaps from his chariot to embrace her.

That event is mimicked by the clouds whose shapes echo the drapery and gestures of the principles, and air asia where the starry crown of immortality awaits Ariadne as a constellation. National Gallery, London. Above Ophelia is no Bacchic benefactor, but the reaper Death, Claimer of Souls; while scorpion-like insects (similar to examples in poems mantes, scorpions show cannibalistic sexuality [7]) frolic, play, and serenade Ophelia - as their lives go on unencumbered by Shakespearean tragedy. As Ophelia said, We know not what we are, but know not what we may be (IV,5,45). militias on the Place de la Concorde near the seat of the National Assembly.

It was one of the major political crises. during the Third Republic and entered the popular consciousness of the socialist movement as an attempt. to organize a fascist coup d'tat; 16 people were killed and 2,000 injured. Masson witnessed the fascist riots of 1934 in Paris; he anticipated another war and decided to leave France. Recalling the doctor's advice to avoid city life, he decided Spain would offer a peaceful life. Hardly had he and his family reached Spain than insurrection broke out in Barcelona.

They found themselves trapped in background, the home of a friend in themes, the middle of shelling and sniper fire. Lying behind mattresses for shelter, Masson felt he was in the trenches again. [8] The Masson family returned to background France when the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936. The next year German planes bombed the little town of abuse of the, Guernica, Picasso painted his mural, and Andre Breton was put in charge of Galerie Gradiva for air asia, the Surrealist exhibitions. It is tend to be because: likely that Masson, just returned from the terrible scenes of the air asia background, Civil War, and horizontal disturbed by the indifference of Europe to the fascist horror, was making a statement about the existence of dreadful suffering and impending disaster. A titanic figure, like Samson destroying the temple, seems to be bringing down the modern world around himself in the disturbing In the Tower of Sleep. 32x39, Baltimore Museum of background, Art, Sadie A. May Collection. Vital fluid gushes from his genitals and a gaping head wound spills forth seeds like an open pomegranate. Blood flows, fires (Heraclitean?) are burning. Groom Dinner Toast! At upper right a womans nipples are bleeding as though pierced from air asia, within with sword-points. A humanoid, Bosch-like musical instrument (left of the central figure), reminiscent of the scorpion-like insects in Ophelia , tears its own strings with a saw-like bow in a sadomasochistic serenade. The flayed figure came from similes examples, a memory of the war, explained Masson, a figure lying in a trench with his head split open; [9] it all takes place in a tower from which there is no way out except into the abyss. [10] In ancient and medieval warfare, a tall tower was used in storming fortified castles, and terrible carnage ensued.

The tower, in air asia background, dream symbolism, represents elevation, pedestal, and inaccessibility, with phallic connotations. Massons subconscious flashback explains the themes of the odyssey, chaotic composition of the painting, almost psychotically* thrown together like a horrible nightmare with its plethora of complex motifs. As with the infamous Famine Tower where Ugolino and children were immured, horrific images grow in the imagination. Possibly also a reference to the Tour de Nesle Affair, a scandal of the French royal family in 1314, during which the daughters-in-law of Philip IV were accused of adultery. The Tour de Nesle was a tower in Paris where much of the adultery occurred. Air Asia! The scandal led to torture, executions and imprisonments, with lasting consequences for the final years of the Capetian dynasty. The knights suffered horrific deaths: flayed, broken on the wheel, burned with hot lead and sulfur, genitals thrown to the dogs, and decapitation. Is Masson making a comment on the final years of European dynasty? * William Rubin refered to the late 1930 pictures as ugly and In the Tower of Sleep as the most repugnant of these Guignols. (William Rubin, Notes on Masson and Pollock, Arts , November 1959, p. Abuse! 41). [Presumably, he meant Grand Guignol theatre [ Le Thtre du Grand-Guignol ] in the Pigalle area of Paris that specialized in background, horror shows, not Guignol, the character in abuse of the, a puppet show for background, children]. Masson had wide-ranging fascination and sticky interest in all things throughout his life. Sigmund Freud's essay of 1906, Delusions and Dreams in Jensen's Gradiva, translated into air asia background, French in 1931, impressed the Surrealists more forcefully than his other writings.

It was an elderly, analysis of a novel about an archeologist so devoted to his profession that he had no place in his life for women. He visited Pompeii where he met Gradiva, who turned out to be a childhood friend who, in love with him, conformed to his delusions in order to cure him. Freud refers to this revelation and final salvation as the medication of love. Air Asia Background! The Surrealists adopted medication as their program, and Gradiva as their Ideal Woman; Gradiva could intercede between the real and the surreal, life and death, creation and destruction. 34x48, Collection Parti, Paris. Masson's Gradiva retains the right foot in abuse of the, erection, [11] as in the ancient marble relief of Gradiva in the Vatican Museum - and similar to the stance of a preying mantis. The body of air asia, Gradiva is in both a birth and themes odyssey death stance, like a combination Aztec birth goddess and an Ariadne sleeping pose. Masson, other Surrealists, Freud's paper, Breton's essay, all used the air asia, Gradiva theme as a myth of metamorphosis and regeneration of life. 19#8541;x25, collection of Francois Odermatt, Paris. Le rve d'Ariane , (1941, Francois Odermatt Collection, Paris) betokens the of the elderly, mysteries of female organs, just as the shell-vulva in Gradiva is air asia associated with water and in poems Venus, sources of fertility and symbols of one generation rising from the death of the preceding - similarities and parallels to air asia background motifs in Ophelia and the Heraclitean concept.

The profile of the sacred white bull (ominously darkened here) morphs frenziedly through spiraling tubal labyrinths to the waiting Ariadne (the volute suggests a vaginal plexus ). W.F. Jackson Knight cites Hommel as finding Cretan and Babylonian evidence of prices to be sticky, a connection between the spiral labyrinth and the internal organs of the human anatomy, one being a microcosm of the other. [12] Indeed, in Leiris' novel, Aurora [13] the act of descending stairs is a descent into the self, a characteristic surrealist form of a pursuit of self-knowledge: This stairway is set in background, a spiral which permits access to the various parts of the premises which contain your attic, it is your very viscera, it is your digestive tract which connects your mouth of which you are proud, to your anus, of which you are ashamed, hollowing out through the body its sinuous sticky way. Does Ariadnes labyrinthine umbilical-thread help Masson to represent the dreams of those instincts which lie at tend because:, the root of our being? or the medication of love? Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, poet and author, worked as a scientist in various fields such as mineralogy, comparative anatomy, botany, and the theory of air asia, color. There were years when science occupied him more than poetry. 28x45#8541;, Vera and Arturo Schwarz Collection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem. In Massons Goethe and the Metamorphosis of father of the groom, Plants , Goethe, who wrote the eye both perceives and speaks, [14] gazes intently at a gorgeous vision of primordial-looking germinations, crystalline radiations, and prisms. Perhaps the geometric prism between Goethe and air asia the plants is a reference to themes Isaac Newtons rationalistic documentation of air asia, color that Goethe resisted. Until then, most of the accepted concepts about color had been advanced by artist-scientists, like Leonardo da Vinci, who based their theories on abuse of the elderly their experiences with pigment rather than light.

Paint and light are fundamentally different: light is the source of all color, and background pigments are simply reflectors, absorbers and transmitters of colors. Eventually the sensation of color is in our brain. Of The! Like Masson, Goethe knew that the sensation of color was a psychological and sensual experience of the mind; his Theory of Color (a premise now known as phenomenology of background, colors) he regarded as proof against similes in poems, Newtonian optics. In his epoch-making, Essay on Metamorphosis of Plants Goethe set out to air asia trace the specific phenomena in the magnificent garden of the universe, back to one simple general principle. He saw plants as reflections of life forces and believed that the genera and species were variations of a basic archetype, the Urplanz , Ur -Plant, or First Plant. He published his scientific theory, but botanists and themes of the scientists snickered and advised him to stick to poetry. He took their advice and rephrased his views in background, a poem, The Metamorphosis of Plants. Gradually his theory accumulated supporters, and is today the foundation for much of the study of of the elderly, plants, just as his color theories have new adherents through Color Field paintings. Masson felt great affinity for this genius whose insight was illuminated by his study of nature.

When the Germans occupied France in 1939, Masson was in danger of persecution by the Nazis because of his degenerate work, because the Surrealists had ties to air asia background the Communist Party, and because his wife was Jewish. Shortly after finishing the painting, Masson and his family fled to Auvergne in unoccupied France and eventually to America. Masson found Manhattan a sublime city entirely made by our contemporaries. Nevertheless, his old horror of the confusion of horizontal communication, urban life was intensified by the city, so he moved to the seclusion of an old Colonial-style house in suburban Connecticut where he painted Meditation on an Oak Leaf . 40x33, Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in air asia background, 1941 and the U.S. declared war. Massons American Period began with what he called triumphant tellurism symbols of blooming and germination. [15] During the war Americans were urged to grow their own food in Victory Gardens; accordingly the artist dug into the dark rich Connecticut earth and grew his own vegetables. He was impressed by the fertility of communication, American soil; years later in France he exclaimed: In New England there are oak trees three times larger than here, the leaves also!

The weeds are three times larger than here and the insects gigantic, for there is an air asia background, astonishing fauna and horizontal communication it remains very wild 250 kilometers from New York . Air Asia! so I put a wildcat in my painting. [16] No Cartesian meditation, no contemplation on the Tree of Life, Meditation on abuse elderly an Oak Leaf is organized in air asia background, organic, cartouche-like compartments, pinched in the middle like cell division; the entire configuration is a kind of totem pole of private myths of tend sticky, pod and womb-like forms. The wildcats head surmounts this staff, and air asia background next to it are two eyes - one glowing red connected by a figure-eight, symbol of infinity. For Convenience, Pricing Into Categories. They Are:! The painting is in primary colors: red, blue, yellow; and white, on air asia background a black ground that stands for earth, as the source of growth and regeneration, like Goethes reflections of life forces. Red is the energy principle, yellow the solar force, and blue the color of contemplation. American energy fascinated me, Masson said, I painted the power of the earth. The magic. Of The Toast! The climate. The saturated hues of his American works, the sensual and mental experiences were an attempt to battle against the light that he found so fiercely bright in his adopted country. There are suggestions of air asia background, roots and tendrils in the painting, of growing things weaving throughout the composition. Compressed, bisected shapes are translated into for convenience, can be divided into three are:, vegetable and human fragments: leaf, worm, seed, flower, eye. [17] Below the oval, womb-like compartment is a depiction of the air asia, quiescent artist in meditation (not unlike the pose in Matisses Girl Asleep , or Le Rêve, and reminiscent of the. 31#8542;x25, private collection, Paris.

figure in Repast , slumped over with his head in themes, his arm and a pomegranate in (Massons?) hand, along with the umbilical threads of Le rve d'Ariane . At middle right is primordial, cactus-like foliage, as in Goethe and the Metamorphosis of Plants . The larva, seed, or embryo of air asia background, nascent white below the peacefully dreaming painter has a broken line (always a sign of movement in Massons art) indicating that fertilization has taken place. Masson designed a curtain, Libert, Egalit, Fraternit , in 1942 for a Society of American Friends of France ceremony that showed his involvement with Frances plight in the midst of war. Clement Greenberg stated that Masson's visit to America played a pivotal role in father rehearsal dinner, the development of Abstract Expressionism in New York. Air Asia Background! Jackson. Pollock's Totem 1 (1944) is considered an extrapolation of Masson's Meditation on Oak Leaf , [18] and similes in poems his Pasipha (1943) was painted soon after Massons work of the same title, while Gorkys Garden in Sochi series (early 1940s. They were neighbors in background, Connecticut) has parallels with Massons art of horizontal, those years.

With the end of the war, Masson returned to air asia background his native France where he was the subject of retrospective and of the odyssey solo exhibitions throughout Europe. He won France's National Prize for Painting in 1954. Air Asia Background! He had seen the large collections of Chinese art at the Metropolitan Museum in New York and at the Boston Museum in Massachusetts, and recognized sensibilities toward nature that paralleled his own. At first glance theres no human trace in Chinese landscapes, he said, as the eye travels over the painting, a few brushstrokes reveal the figure of a man. A grain of dust in that world - reminiscent of William Blakes To see the for convenience, pricing objectives can be into they, World in a Grain of Sand, / And a Heaven in air asia background, a Wild Flower In the abuse of the, mid 1950s, calligraphic forms derived from Chinese and Japanese ideograms began to appear in Massons works. He was enthralled by the play of spontaneity and control in Asian art and air asia was drawn to the philosophy of Zen Buddhism. Interestingly, Surrealism and Zen share the concept that surprising juxtapositions can inspire powerful insights and intuitions. Having left the realm of Surrealism, Masson was expressing a broadly humanistic, existentialist conception of the artists activity, stated Clark Poling. In their visual dynamism these works embody creative energy, thus recapitulating a central aspect of automatism without bearing particular evidence of a source in the unconscious. [19] 39#8540;x59, Mobilier National, Paris. In Pursuit of Hatchings and Germinations is communication a study Masson made for a Gobelin tapestry. Over an air asia background, earth-brown underpainting is a fusion of subtle depictions of a bird, a floating figure with fruit, heart-fashioned vagina, fish, insects, leaf, worm, seed, flower, eye, egg and embryo shapes, - images that have long intrigued Masson - and trailing hatchings of colorful meandering calligraphic lines, veins and streaks.

Masson is pursuing the hidden reality, the psyche, or spirit of the dynamics of nature that cant be detached from its aesthetic values. Zen, the meditative method of reaching serenity and imbued by a deep sense of the cosmic order of creation, opened the way to inner tranquility and prices tend to be sticky because: enlightenment for background, Masson. In 1976 Masson was honored with a retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York; four years later he had to abandon painting because of ill health. In early 1987 a large exhibition of his drawings was held at the Haywood Gallery in London; he made his last trip to see it. Of The! He died, age 91, in his Paris home in background, October of divided into categories. they are:, that year. Without a renunciation of instinct Andr Masson sought the ecstasy of death as a young man. He survived, and found the ecstasy of life, love, and art, of courage and sagacity, in the chaos and carnage that was the twentieth century. Sophocles ended King Oedipus with: learn that mortal man must always look to his ending, for air asia background, none can be called happy until that day when he carries his happiness down to the grave in peace. Massons valor and acumen, his affirmation of life in the face of abuse elderly, devastating odds, earned him the ancient Greek maxim: Satisfaction, all passion spent. [1] Interview with Masson, Newsweek magazine, 15 November 1965, vol.

2, no. 35, p. 106. [2] An allusion to Tristan und Isolde ’s Liebestod where death is the only consummation. Isolde’s final words were höchste Lust [highest bliss]. When Polonius says “ecstasy of love” (II,1,113), when Ophelia describes Hamlet as “blasted with ecstasy” (III,1,160), and when Hamlet declares “ecstasy was ne’er so thrall’d” (III,4,74) to his mother, Shakespeare uses the word “ecstasy” in the Elizabethan sense of air asia, disordered, madness, unbalanced, - a derangement of the senses . [3] Anna Balakian, Literary Origins of Surrealism: A New Mysticism in horizontal communication, French Poetry (New York, King's Crown Press, 1947), p. 129, p. 92. [4] Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy , NY: Harper and air asia background Row, 1958, p.71; as quoted in Robert Nadeau, Readings from the New Book on Nature: Physics and Metaphysics in the Modern Novel , University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, 1981, p. 21. [5] Masson introduced the idea of the Minotaur and labyrinth to the Surrealists, “ it was Masson and Georges Bataille who suggested Le Minotaur as well as Labyrinthe as titles for horizontal, Albert Skira’s publications”: Martin Ries, “Picasso and the Myth of the Minotaur,” Art Journal , XXXII/2, Winter 1972/73, p.142. In a letter, dated 26 June 1967, in answer to questions by Martin Ries: “The title of the magazine Le Minotaure had not been proposed by the orthodox Surrealists but by Georges Bataille and myself in a meeting at air asia background, Vitrac's house, Rue de Seine, we won after arguing against the opposing Surrealists who wanted to call the magazine l'Age d’or . It was only later that Breton and the rest of the loyal Surrealists worked for it too. To Be Because:! But not without some reserve because of the title.

About Labyrinthe , it was Bataille who gave the air asia background, idea to Skira.” [6] John M. Riddle, J. Worth Estes, and Josiah C. Russell, Ever Since Eve . . . Birth Control in the Ancient World. Objectives Divided They Are:! Archaeology vol. 47, no. 2 (March/April, 1994), 29-35. [7] Mantes, unlike other insects, do not eat plant life; they are the cannibals of the background, insect world and devour members of similes examples in poems, their own family. They appealed to the Surrealists because of the fact that, while mating, the female devours the male, although the male continues to copulate. See William L. Air Asia! Pressley, The Praying Mantis in Surrealist Art, Art Bulletin , vol.

LV, no. 4, (December, 1970) [8] Dawn Ades, André Masson , NY: Rizzoli, 1994, p.17. [9] Jean-Paul Clébert, Mythologie d'Andr é Masson , Geneva:Cailler, 1971, p. 57. Cited in William Rubin and prices to be because: Carolyn Lanchner, André Masson , New York, Museum of Modern Art, 1976, p. 227, n. Air Asia! 94. [11] Freud described her foot as perpendicular, in Jensen's 'Gradiva' , ( Standard Edition of the abuse, Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, trans. James Strachey, London, 1959, IX, pp.

10, 28, 46, 95). See Jean-Paul Clébert, Mythologie d'Andr é Masson , Geneva:Cailler, 1971, p. 95; also cited in air asia background, William Rubin and Carolyn Lanchner, André Masson , MOMA, 1976, p.227, n. Prices To Be Because:! 94; Whitney Chadwick, Masson's Gradiva : The Metamorphosis of a Surrealist Myth, Art Bulletin , vol. LII, No. 4, (December, 1970); and Martin Ries, Andre Masson: Surrealism and His Discontents, Art Journal , vol. 61, no. Background! 4, winter 2002. [12] Knight, W. F. Jackson, Maze Symbolism and Trojan Game Antiquity , December 1932, vol. 6, #24, p. 450; citing Fritz Hommel in Orientalistische Literaturzeitung , 1919, XXVI, 63 ff. [13] J. H. Matthews, Surrealism and the Novel , Ann Arbor 1966, p. 108; citing Michel Leiris, Aurora , Paris: Gallimard, 1946. p. 23. Aurora was written between 1927 and for convenience, can be divided into 1928, published in 1946 (Matthews, p. 122). [14] The ear is background dumb, the mouth deaf, but the eye both perceives and speaks, Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften, [Nature Studies] vol.

5, p.12. [15] Andre Masson, Entretiens avec Georges Charpentier , Paris: Julliard, 1958. [18] William Rubin and Carolyn Lanchner, André Masson, NY: Museum of Modern Art, 1976, p. 67. [19] Clark V. Poling, Andre Masson and the Surrealist Self , New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008, p.162. This paper was written with the help of a Release-Time Research Grant from Long Island University, the Brooklyn Center.

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John C. Reynolds Doctoral Dissertation Award. Presented annually to the author of an outstanding doctoral dissertation in the area of Programming Languages. The award includes a prize of $1,000. The awardee can choose to receive the air asia background award at ICFP, OOPSLA, POPL, or PLDI. At the discretion of the Selection Committee, multiple awards and/or honorable mentions may be presented for a given year. All questions about the John C. Reynolds Doctoral Dissertation Award should be directed to reynolds_award@sigplan.org . Nominations must be submitted via the horizontal communication SIGPLAN Awards Nomination Portal at https://awards.sigplan.org/nominate/reynolds/ by background, January 5th 2018 (anywhere on earth) to be considered for this years award.

The nominated dissertation must have been awarded in 2017 and objectives divided into they are:, be available in English (to facilitate evaluation by the selection committee). A nomination consists of the following items: Name, address, phone number, and email address of the person making the air asia background nomination (the nominator). Name, address, phone number, and email address of the for convenience, divided are: candidate for whom an air asia, award is recommended (the nominee). Dissertation - either as a pdf or a url where the dissertation can be found. Horizontal! A short statement (200-500 words) explaining why the nominee merits the background award. Supporting statements from up to two people in addition to the nominator. This award recognizes the contributions to computer science that John C. Reynolds made during his life.

It is a renaming of the SIGPLAN Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award to encourage the rehearsal dinner toast clarity and rigor that Reynolds embodied and at the same time provide a reminder of Reynoldss legacy and the difference a person can make in air asia background, the field of of the rehearsal toast, programming language research. Reynolds is renowned for his many technical contributions. Gedanken, a core untyped language mixing functional and imperative features, which influenced Scheme; Defunctionalization, which gives principled ways of constructing compilers; Polymorphic ?-calculus, a fundamental calculus of polymorphic functions, which influenced Java and C# generics; Syntactic control of background, interference, a resource-oriented type system, which prefigured linear logic; ?-calculus with subtypes, which is a foundational component of object-oriented type systems; Idealized Algol, a core typed language for mixing imperative and pricing into three categories. they, functional features, which prefigured monads in air asia, Haskell; Possible-world semantics for similes in poems local state, a widely-used technique in programming language theory; Relational parametricity, a fundamental theory of data abstraction; Separation logic, an extension of Hoare logic to mutable data structures, which forms the air asia basis of similes examples in poems, a new generation of proof tools. Reynolds was an inspiration to all he worked with. He was well known for helping colleagues and students work through ideas. But his influence went well beyond his immediate circle; many researchers who never worked with Reynolds nevertheless built on his ideas.

2017 Ramana Kumar, Cambridge University. Advisor: Mike Gordon and Magnus Myreen. This thesis establishes end-to-end verification with a comprehensive chain of connections all the way from the air asia semantics of a theorem prover expressed in set theory down to x86 machine code running it. It also makes striking use of self-application for father of the rehearsal toast both the compiler and the theorem prover. The CakeML compiler is compiled with itself. But more than that: it is formally proved correct, and the core of the air asia background theorem prover used to prove its correctness is also compiled using CakeML and formally verified using itself. Not only is similes this a compelling demonstration of the possibilities for formally correct software, and the promise of the CakeML system as an enabling technology for air asia background it, but gives perhaps the first really convincing correctness proof for the core of father groom, a higher-order logic interactive theorem prover. Air Asia Background! It is possible that this combination of theorem prover and formally verified path to machine code will become one of the of the primary platforms for developing high-assurance software.

2017 Zachary Kincaid, University of background, Toronto (Honorable Mention) This thesis proposes a new solution for the problem of concurrent program verification introducing the use of of the rehearsal, explicitly parallel models and logics to represent and reason about concurrent programs. An effective way of finding a sweet spot in the cost-precision spectrum is provided, weaving together the two steps of constraint generation and cons traint resolution, offering a new way to think about proofs of concurrent programs. This paradigm shift has been missing in air asia, the space of automated program verification of infinite-state programs, since despite the absolute elegance of Owicki-Gries and Rely-Guarantee proof techniques, the of the odyssey completeness of these techniques heavily relies on the concept of auxiliary proof state. In this thesis, inductive data flow graphs (iDFG) offer the same completeness and background, elegance as the Owicki-Gries method minus the need for the auxiliary state in of the dinner toast, generating provably compact proof arguments. The elegance of background, iDFGs are generalized into a proof method proof spaces for concurrent programs with unboundedly many threads. 2016 Shachar Itzhaky, Tel Aviv University. Automated verification of imperative data structures such as lists is challenging because of the need to define complex loop invariants that have a sensible interpretation in horizontal communication, an underlying program logic. This thesis presents a number of foundational results that greatly simplify the proof obligations that must be provided by the programmer for the verification of such programs.

Through the introduction and application of air asia, concepts such as deterministic transitive closure and property-directed reachability, the thesis demonstrates the feasibility of themes of the, using a decidable logic (EPR) as an air asia background, effective basis for answering reachability queries on an expressive class of imperative list-manipulating programs. The thesis also extends these foundational ideas to define modular principles for reasoning about imperative data structures across procedure boundaries. These contributions ultimately lead to a system that can effectively infer loop invariants from an expressive template family using existing SAT solver and objectives categories., shape analysis technology. Collectively, these results lead to a thesis that makes very important foundational and practical contributions to our understanding of the potential of automated program verification and its application to real-world programs. 2016 Vilhelm Sjoberg, University of Pennsylvania. Advisor: Stephanie Weirich. This work represents a major step toward the holy grail of general-purpose dependently typed programming i.e., the design of programming languages that allow programs to be written using the full spectrum of standard features and idioms while, supporting machine-checked correctness proofs for these programs, expressed in the very same language. Such languages, combining the logical power of air asia background, full-spectrum dependent languages such as Coq and Agda with the convenience and themes of the, expressiveness of mainstream functional languages and supporting lightweight verification targeting just the most important properties of the background most critical parts of the code, have been imagined for prices tend sticky decades, but realizing this dream has proved technically challenging. The language and its accompanying metatheory introduce two important innovations. Air Asia Background! The first, and to be because:, more technical, of these is the design of a core language combining a call-by-value evaluation order, a pragmatically motivated treatment of computational irrelevance (to support compilation to efficient machine code), and a novel treatment of air asia, propositional equality.

The second is a new approach to surface-language design, where two terms (including proof terms) are considered to be equivalent if one can be rewritten to the other by applying a set of known equalities arising from previous definitions, which is quite convenient and intuitive for programmers. Of The! This beautiful thesis will be a cornerstone of a new generation of language designs supporting significantly more robust and reliable software development. 2015 Mark Batty, University of Cambridge. Mark Battys dissertation makes significant contributions to background the understanding of memory models for C and C++. The ISO C++ committee proposed a design for C and C++ concurrency that was not up to the task of rehearsal toast, capturing a realistic relaxed-memory concurrency model. Battys work uncovered a number of subtle and serious flaws in the design, and produced an improved design in completely rigorous and machine-checked mathematics.

Using software tools to air asia explore the consequences of the design, derived directly from the mathematics, it showed that it has the desired behavior on many examples, and pricing objectives can be, developed mechanized proofs that the design meets some of the air asia original goals, showing that for programs in various subsets of the language one can reason in for convenience, objectives divided into three, simpler models. The standards committee have adopted this work in their C11, C++11, and air asia, C++14 standards. Themes! The members of the award committee were impressed with the quality of the air asia work, the impact it has had on the standardization process for C++, and the clarity of the presentation. 2014 Aaron Turon, Northeastern University. Aaron Turons dissertation makes several major contributions to the design, implementation, and verification of scalable concurrent programs. First, the dissertation presents reagents, a high-level language of combinators for designingand composing lock-free data structures. Prices To Be Because:! Second, the dissertation shows how lock-free data structures can be used to scalably implement Fournet and Gonthiers join calculus, in a newly re-engineered C# library that significantly outperforms prior lock-based implementations.

Third, the dissertation develops powerful theoretical foundationsbased on logical relations and separation logicfor verifying the air asia background correctness of scalable concurrent algorithms via contextual refinement. The members of the tend to be sticky award committee were impressed with both the breadth and depth of the background work, as well as the elegance of the exposition. 2013 Patrick Rondon, University of California, San Diego. Patrick Rondons dissertation makes several significant contributions to the field of automatic program verification. It takes a type system a highly scalable yet not quite precise method of dealing with programs and refines it using Satisfiability Modulo Theory (SMT) techniques to compensate for the precision loss. There are implementations for horizontal communication both OCaml and background, C. The achieved degree of for convenience, pricing can be divided into categories. they, effectiveness and automation is astonishing: programs that are beyond the existing verification tools can be handled fully automatically within seconds. It demonstrates that formal verification can yield significant reliability guarantees for mainstream software engineering, at a reasonable cost. In addition, the thesis contains a comprehensive formalization with very detailed, readable proofs. The members of the background award committee were impressed by the quality of the work and the clarity of the presentation.

2012 Dan Marino, University of California Los Angeles. This dissertation addresses the problem of obtaining reliable results from concurrent programs. As a first step, the dissertation presents LiteRace, which uses sampling to in poems dynamically detect race conditions. As a second step, the background dissertation presents DRFx, which is a memory model that enforces sequential consistency, where hardware and software share responsibility for detecting violations of pricing objectives divided into categories. are:, sequential consistency. Air Asia Background! Finally, the dissertation presents the design of an optimizing compiler that preserves sequential consistency. The dissertation thus demonstrates how a revised distribution of responsibilities among programmers, programming languages, and hardware can help detect and avoid concurrency violations. The committee was impressed with the dissertations broad vision for both the problems of concurrency and themes of the odyssey, the possible solutions. John Boyland (U. Background! Wisconsin Milwaukee) Chen Ding (U. Rochester) Matthew Flatt (U.

Utah) David Gregg (Trinity U.) Norman Ramsey (Tufts U.) Jeremy Siek (U. Colorado) Adam Welc (Oracle) 2010 Robert L. Prices To Be Because:! Bocchino, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This dissertation makes several significant contributions to the field of parallel and concurrent programming. The main technical contribution is a type and effect system that enables reasoning about non-interference at a fine granularity. A second contribution is support for non-deterministic code sections that are explicitly marked as such.

A third contribution is support for background object-oriented frameworks, where user extensions are guaranteed to adhere to the frameworks effect restrictions. These contributions are backed by formal models, soundness proofs, and the Deterministic Parallel Java implementation. Evaluation shows that highly satisfactory speedups can be achieved on interesting code bases, sometimes beating the performance of hand-crafted implementations. The members of the award committee were impressed by the quality of the work and the clarity of the presentation. Selection commmittee: Ras Bodik, Matthew Dwyer, Matthew Flatt, Matthew Fluet, Kevin Hammond, Nathaniel Nystrom, Kostis Sagonas, Peter Sewell, Peter Thiemann. 2009 Akash Lal, University of Wisconsin. This dissertation develops improvements to abuse of the elderly interprocedural program analysis through context-bounded analysis and through Lals extended weighted push down systems, which generalize weighted push down systems to handle local variables. The dissertation describes both algorithms and experiments, and air asia, it shows, for example, a 30-fold speedup over existing algorithms for similes analyzing concurrent programs. Air Asia! The members of the award committee were impressed by the unusual scope and depth of the dissertation and for convenience, pricing objectives can be into three categories. they are:, its excellent presentation. 2009 William Thies, Massachusetts Institute of background, Technology.

Advisor: Saman Amarasinghe. This dissertation describes the StreamIt synchronous dataflow language, for which Thies led the definition. Of The Elderly! The language supports several novel constructs, notably teleport messaging. Thiess dissertation includes a technique for processing compressed video data, and it also describes dynamic analysis techniques to convert legacy C applications to streaming applications. The members of the award committee were impressed with the novelty, interdisciplinary nature, and breadth of the work, the care given to evaluation, and background, the quality of the presentation. 2008 Michael Bond, University of Texas at Austin.

This dissertation makes several significant contributions to the problems of tracking down and tolerating software errors in deployed systems. Horizontal Communication! It proposes a variety of techniques, ranging from a breakthrough, probabilistic method of compactly representing calling contexts, to novel techniques for tracking null pointers, to garbage collector modifications that let programs tolerate memory leaks. The evaluation committee was impressed by Michaels fresh perspective on these problems and the thorough experimental evaluation by which he backs up his claims. His research has already had broad adoption and impact, and we believe that his techniques will be brought to bear on a wide range of future applications. 2008 Viktor Vafeiadis, University of air asia, Cambridge.

Advisor: Alan Mycroft and Matthew Parkinson. This dissertation introduces a novel logic for reasoning about concurrent shared-memory programs. This logic subsumes both rely/guarantee reasoning and separation logic in an elegant and for convenience, pricing objectives can be divided into three, natural manner. The dissertation establishes the semantic properties of the logic and demonstrates its applicability on a range of highly complex concurrent algorithms and data structures. Air Asia! The evaluation committee found the clarity of Viktors presentation and the technical depth of his results particularly compelling, and we believe that this work creates a foundation for new tools and automated techniques for reasoning about concurrent programs. 2007 Swarat Chaudhuri, University of Pennsylvania. The thesis explores a formalism called nested trees, that can represent complex branching behavior (loops and recursion) and support modular statement of context-sensitive correctness conditions.

It further makes a specific technical contribution by offering the first algorithm for reachability in in nested trees that is sub-cubic in performance. The committee believes this work has great potential for long-term utility. 2006 Xiangyu Zhang, University of Arizona. Dynamic slicing is a technique for determining which variables and data structures affected values causing a fault (bug) at a particular location in a particular run of a program, thus allowing a programmer to work backwards to determine the ultimate cause of a fault. Horizontal Communication! Previously this approach was too expensive to use in practice. Zhang has improved the performance by orders of magnitude, making it practical.

The committee believes this work will have considerable impact and value in practice.